Munger district

Munger district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India. Munger city is the administrative headquarters of this district. Munger district is a part of Munger Division. Its literacy rate of 73.3% is higher than the state literacy rate of 63.8% and lower than national rate of 74.04.

Munger district
Hills near Jamalpur
Hills near Jamalpur
Location of Munger district in Bihar
Location of Munger district in Bihar
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DivisionMunger
Established3 December 1834
HeadquartersMunger
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMunger
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesTarapur, Jamalpur and Munger
Area
 • Total1,419.7 km2 (548.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,367,765
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy73.30 per cent
 • Sex ratio879
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
811201 to 811214 , 813201
Telephone code+91-6344 ; +91-6342
Vehicle registrationBR-08
Major highwaysNH-33, NH-333 , NH-333B
Average annual precipitation1146 mm
Websitemunger.nic.in

The present collector and District Magistrate of Munger is Navin Kumar, IAS. MP is Rajeev Rajan Singh Urf Lalan Singh

HistoryEdit

Munger has seen five districts partitioned off from its territory: Begusarai in 1972;[1] Khagaria in 1988;[1] and Jamui in 1991;[2] and Lakhisarai district and Sheikhpura in 1994.[3][4]

GeographyEdit

Munger District is located in the southern part of Bihar and its headquarters is located on the southern bank of river Ganges. Munger district occupies an area of 1,419 square kilometres (548 sq mi),[5]

EconomyEdit

In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Munger one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar have been receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901339,678—    
1911350,312+0.31%
1921333,110−0.50%
1931375,095+1.19%
1941424,049+1.23%
1951468,646+1.01%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1961555,833+1.72%
1971657,390+1.69%
1981801,071+2.00%
1991943,583+1.65%
20011,137,797+1.89%
20111,367,765+1.86%
source:[7]

ReligionEdit

Religions in Munger district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hindus
91.56%
Muslims
8.07%
Others
0.37%

According to the 2011 census Munger district has a population of 1,367,765,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Eswatini[10] or the US state of Hawaii.[11] This gives it a ranking of 358th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 958 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,480/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.45%.[9] Munger has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 73.3%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.44% and 1.56% of the population respectively.[9]

LanguagesEdit

Languages of Munger district (2011)

  Hindi (61.76%)
  'Other' Hindi (30.56%)
  Urdu (6.10%)
  Others (1.58%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 61.76% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 6.10% Urdu as their first language. 30.56% of the population spoke languages classified as 'Others' under Hindi in the census. The local language is Angika. There are also other languages such as Santali, and even Arabic, spoken in the district.[12]

Flora and faunaEdit

In 1976, Munger district became home to the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 682 km2 (263.3 sq mi).[13] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Urup Island.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  2. ^ "Welcome To District Jamui,(Bihar) Website". jamui.bih.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  3. ^ "Welcome To District Lakhisarai,(Bihar) Website". lakhisarai.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  4. ^ "This is the official website of District Administration of Sheikhpura, State Government of Bihar(India)". sheikhpura.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ "Population by Religious Community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Swaziland 1,370,424
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  12. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  13. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  14. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Urup 1,436km2

External linksEdit