Moradabad

Moradabad (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city, commissionary and municipal corporation in Moradabad district of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Moradabad is situated on the banks of the Ramganga river, at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 344 km north-west of the state capital Lucknow.

Moradabad
City
Moradabad
Nickname(s): 
Brass City
Map of Moradabad (1955)
Map of Moradabad (1955)
Moradabad
Moradabad
Moradabad
Location in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictMoradabad
Established1625[1]
Government
 • MPDr. S. T. Hasan (SP)
 • MayorVinod Agarwal (BJP)
 • District MagistrateRakesh Kumar Singh
 • MLARitesh Kumar Gupta (BJP)
Area
 • Total79 km2 (31 sq mi)
Elevation
198 m (650 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total889,810
 • Density11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Moradabadi
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
244001
Telephone code0591
Vehicle registrationUP-21
Websitewww.moradabad.nic.in

Founded by Rustam Khan, the governor of Katehar under the Mughal emperor Shahjahan, Moradabad is named after prince Murad Bakhsh, the youngest son of the emperor. Soon after its establishment, the city replaced Sambhal as the seat of the governor of Katehar. Moradabad was subsequently annexed into the Kingdom of Rohilkhand by Ali Mohammed Khan in 1740. The city came under the control of Oudh State in 1774 after the fall of Rohillas in the First Rohilla War and was then ceded to the British East India Company by the Nawab of Oudh in 1801.[3] In the early nineteenth century, the Rohilkhand area was divided among the Princely State of Rampur and two districts - Bareilly and Moradabad; Moradabad became the headquarter of the latter.

Moradabad was connected with railway lines during the latter half of the nineteenth century. A line connecting Moradabad to Chandausi was built in 1872 and it was continued up to Bareilly in 1873. The Bareilly-Moradabad chord via Rampur was completed in 1894, which was extended to Saharanpur in 1886. A branch line to Aligarh via Chandausi was opened in 1894 while Moradabad was linked to Ghaziabad in 1900.[4][5] Moradabad is the divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).[6][7] The city is known as Pital Nagri ("Brass City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry.[8] In October 2014, Livemint included Moradabad in its list of "25 Emerging Cities To Watch Out For In 2025".[9]

HistoryEdit

Moradabad was originally called Chaupala.[10] It was a stronghold of the Katehria Rajputs, who had built a mud-brick fort overlooking the Ganges. Little remains of the settlement from this period, except for some monuments to widows of the Katehria chieftains. Under the Mughal Empire, Chaupala was the seat of a pargana;[10] it is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as being part of the sarkar of Sambhal. It produced a revenue of 1,340,812 dams for the imperial treasury and it provided a force of 500 infantry and 100 cavalry to the Mughal army.[11]

The modern city of Moradabad was founded by Rustam Khan Dakhani, Mughal governor of Sambhal, during the reign of Shah Jahan. In 1624, Raja Ramsukh, leader of the Katehrias, had rebelled and invaded the Tarai region. The raja of Kumaon had complained to Shah Jahan, who then sent Rustam Khan to deal with the disturbance. Rustam Khan did so "with great vigor": he not only captured Chaupala and put Ramsukh to death, but also refounded the city as Rustamnagar (named after himself), building a new fort and great mosque and making the place his new capital. The ruins of which were still visible as of the early 20th century in the form of a wall along the riverfront. The mosque is also extant, with an inscription dated to 1632. The fort and mosque remain among the oldest major monuments in Moradabad today.[10]

The name "Rustamnagar" was short-lived, however. Shah Jahan soon called Rustam Khan to his court and demanded an explanation for why he had exceeded his orders. In an attempt to placate the emperor, Rustam Khan said that he had named it Muradabad in honor of the young prince, Murad Bakhsh. The emperor was satisfied and permitted Rustam Khan to remain in charge of the new city, which now came to replace Sambhal as the Mughal governors' capital, and the name Muradabad (or Moradabad) has been in use ever since.[10]

Smart CityEdit

Moradabad was figured amongst the PM Narendra Modi's ambitious 100 Smart City list in India in 2015.[12]

ClimateEdit

During summers the temperature is usually from 43 °C to 30 °C and during winters it is from 25 °C to 5 °C.[13]

Moradabad has a history of flash floods occurring[14] due to the over-flooding of Ramganga river.

Climate data for Moradabad (1981–2010, extremes 1967–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
33.0
(91.4)
39.4
(102.9)
45.0
(113.0)
45.5
(113.9)
48.2
(118.8)
43.0
(109.4)
39.7
(103.5)
39.0
(102.2)
37.0
(98.6)
34.7
(94.5)
30.1
(86.2)
48.2
(118.8)
Average high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
23.9
(75.0)
29.7
(85.5)
36.1
(97.0)
38.9
(102.0)
37.7
(99.9)
33.7
(92.7)
32.8
(91.0)
31.8
(89.2)
30.9
(87.6)
27.1
(80.8)
22.5
(72.5)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
15.7
(60.3)
21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
26.1
(79.0)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
19.5
(67.1)
14.2
(57.6)
9.5
(49.1)
18.7
(65.7)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
2.0
(35.6)
5.0
(41.0)
10.0
(50.0)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
14.0
(57.2)
8.2
(46.8)
12.1
(53.8)
5.0
(41.0)
2.0
(35.6)
0.0
(32.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.2
(0.68)
24.5
(0.96)
9.2
(0.36)
7.0
(0.28)
25.2
(0.99)
85.3
(3.36)
277.3
(10.92)
265.1
(10.44)
168.9
(6.65)
36.4
(1.43)
3.1
(0.12)
7.3
(0.29)
926.5
(36.48)
Average rainy days 1.2 1.8 0.8 0.8 1.8 4.7 9.4 9.8 6.6 1.3 0.4 0.6 39.1
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 73 63 55 45 47 57 76 81 79 67 66 70 65
Source: India Meteorological Department[15][16]

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Moradabad city[17]
Religion Percent
Hindus
51.68%
Muslims
46.79%
Sikhs
0.43%
Christians
0.61%
Others†
0.49%
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Moradabad city has a population of 887,871.[17] The population of Moradabad district was 4,772,006,[18] roughly equal to the nation of Singapore[19] or the US state of Alabama.[20] It is the second most populated district in the state of Uttar Pradesh. This gives it a ranking of 26th in India (out of a total of 640).[17] The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,330/sq mi).[17] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.25%.[17]

Moradabad has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males,[17] and a literacy rate of 58.67%.[21][22]

EducationEdit

Higher education institutions in MoradabadEdit

Police training academyEdit

Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar Police Academy, Moradabad is situated in the heart of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Police Services Officer and State Police Service officers of UP cadre and Uttrakhand Cadre are trained here before the appointment.

The Police Training College was earlier known as Police Training School (PTS), established in Allahabad in 1878 under an Assistant Superintendent of Police. It was shifted to Moradabad in 1901.[23] The academy has two other police colleges under its administration: Police Training College and Police Training School. The former is used to train police officers of the rank of inspector and sub-inspector, and the latter is used to train head constables and constables.

Provincial Armed ConstabularyEdit

Besides the above Inspector-General of Police, western zone, Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) also sits in Moradabad.

Moradabad has Battalion headquarters of 9/23/24 Bn. of U.P. Provincial Armed Constabulary, also have their offices here. Moradabad is the largest police establishment of U.P. Police after Lucknow.[24]

EconomyEdit

 
Aaftab, one of the main handicraft items of Moradabad

Moradabad is a major industrial city and export hub. Its handicrafts industry accounts for more than 40% of total handicraft exports from India.

In 2006–2007, Moradabad's export turnover was ₹32 billion.[25] In 2012–2013 it increased to ₹40 billion.

In October 2014, Livemint included Moradabad in its list of "25 Emerging Cities To Watch Out For In 2025".[9]

Moradabad's brass industry that employs tens of thousands of workers has been impacted by ongoing wars in Libya and Syria.[26]

ExportEdit

Moradabad is popularly known as the Brass City of the country. Countries like Britain, the US, Middle East, Germany and Canada import brassware from Moradabad. In Moradabad, there are about 600 export units and 9000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 4500 crore yearly. Products such as iron sheet, metal wares, aluminum, artworks and glassware are exported. The export of mint is done in several crores from Moradabad. Due to upsurge of exports and popularity in foreign particularly in America, Europe, Italy and other countries, a large No. of exporters are launching their units and started their export. Moradabad is of the seven industrial corridors declared by the State Government in Industrial Policy 1999–2002.[27]

Special Economic ZoneEdit

Moradabad Special Economic Zone (SEZ), the only Uttar Pradesh Government developed SEZ[28] in northern India, headed by the Development Commissioner, Noida SEZ and locally governed by the Assistant Development Commissioner, was set up in 2003 at Pakbara – Dingarpur Road in Moradabad on a 421.565-acre plot of land. Government of UP, through UPSIDC, being developers to this SEZ project has so far invested a sum of ₹1100 million on its development. Moradabad SEZ provides excellent infrastructure, supportive services and sector specific facilities for the Handicraft Trade. Proximity to Delhi/ NCR and availability of skilled and dedicated manpower makes it ideal for setting up various industries in Handicrafts & its allied filed. Moradabad SEZ was operationalized since April, 2007 when it started with only one unit, however till today in spite of the global slowdown in the handicraft trade for past four years; this zone has now 22 operational Units.[28] Moradabad SEZ has 465 developed plots of varying sizes. Future expansion of this has been strategically planned and soon it will be available for few more export sectors.

Infrastructure, supportive services and trade related facilities have been substantially upgraded during the last few years. Moradabad SEZ offers access to the global telecommunication network, uninterrupted power supply and efficient local transport system. An ultra-modern RSU Telephone Exchange has been installed in the Zone, besides the availability of all the mobile frequencies in and around the zone through various mobile communication towers. An independent feeder line has since been provided for uninterrupted power supply, the reliability and quality of power supply has improved with the pre-commissioned 32 / 11 KVA / 5.0 MVA [28] Power Sub-station within Moradabad SEZ. Proximity to Delhi/ NCR provides easy access to the financial and commercial infrastructure of the capital. Customs Wing ensures prompt and on the spot clearances of export/import consignments through web based system called "sezonline".[28]

TransportationEdit

RoadEdit

 
Moradabad bus station

The following National Highways and State Highways pass through or are connected with Moradabad:

It is essentially from Delhi via Ghaziabad and Moradabad to Rampur. Part of this highway is also a part of the AH2 (Asian Highway 2), which connects Denpasar, Indonesia to Merak and Singapore to Khosravi, Iran.
  • National Highway 509 – Also known as National Highway 93, it connects Moradabad to Agra via Chandausi, Aligarh and Hathras.
  • National Highway 734 – connects Moradabad with Jaspur Uttrakhand. Union Minister of Road and Transport Nitin Gadkari on 20 February 2019 laid down the foundation stone of four-laning of this highway.
  • State Highway 43 – connects Moradabad to the historical city of Badaun, which is 102 km away, and Farrukhabad, which is 210 km away, via Bisauli. It also extends to Kanpur.
  • State Highway 49 – connects Moradabad to Haridwar, merging into State Highway 78 at Dhampur.
  • State Highway 76 – connects Moradabad to Bijnor via Noorpur.
  • State Highway 78 – connects Moradabad to Amroha via Pakbara.
  • MDR65 W – connects Moradabad to Kashipur via Thakurdwara.
  • Moradabad–Sambhal four-lane highway.

RailEdit

Moradabad railway station is one of the major railway stations of Indian Railways. It lies on Lucknow-Moradabad line, Delhi-Moradabad line and Moradabad-Ambala line. More than 250 trains pass through and stop at Moradabad Railway Station every day. It is directly connected with Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Aligarh, Ghaziabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Haridwar, Dehradun, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala, Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Kolkata, Jamshedpur, Varanasi, Ahmedabad, Patna. Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express, Garib-Rath Express Many Super fast, mail and passenger trains stop at Moradabad.[29] Moradabad is called an inter-change station due to a five line junction.[30] Moradabad Railway Station is One of the Oldest Railway Station Of India. It was built in 1873, and was electrified in 2012.

Moradabad railway station was the main station built by Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway.

Amenities Moradabad railway station is category 'A' railway station.[30] It has a tourist information centre, post office, telegraph office, General Railway Police Office, computerized reservation counters, retiring room, vegetarian and non vegetarian refreshment rooms, tea stall and bookstall. It also has the Tatkal seat booking counter.

Electrification Electrification[30] of the 636 km (395 mi) long Mughasarai-Moradabad line was completed in 2013.

AirEdit

Moradabad Airport is under construction. The nearest working domestic airport is Bareilly Airport, 86 km away and the nearest international airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, 178 km away.

MediaEdit

Newspapers published in Moradabad include Dainik Jagran, Amar Ujala, Patrika,[31] Moradabad Pages [32]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MDA MORADABAD". www.mdamoradabad.org. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 17, page 429 -- Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway". Management Ebooks. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  5. ^ "IR History – Early Days II (1870-1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Northern Railway: Moradabad Division". Moradabadrail.in. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Moradabad (UP), India | Official Website". Moradabad.nic.in. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  8. ^ Majid Husain (2011). Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations: Second Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-070288-2. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Indias growth engines and gateways". livemint.com. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d Nevill, H.R. (1911). Moradabad - A Gazetteer. Allahabad: Government Press. pp. 152–3, 282–3. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  11. ^ Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; Jarrett, Henry Sullivan (translator) (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 290. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  12. ^ Jeelani, Mehboob (27 August 2015). "Centre unveils list of 98 smart cities; UP, TN strike it rich". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  13. ^ Moradabad Climate, Nainital tourism Retrieved 7 July 2012
  14. ^ "Moradabad: People suffer due to flood". India Today. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Station: Moradabad Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 499–500. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M221. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d e f "Moradabad Religion Census 2011". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Moradabad District Religion Data - Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  19. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Singapore 4,740,737 July 2011 est.
  20. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alabama 4,779,736
  21. ^ census2011
  22. ^ MINUTES OF THE 34th MEETING OF EMPOWERED COMMITTEE TO CONSIDER AND APPROVE REVISED PLAN FOR BALANCE FUND FOR THE DISTRICTS OF GHAZIABAD, BAREILLY, BARABANKI, SIDDHARTH NAGAR, SHAHJANPUR, MORADABAD, MUZAFFAR NAGAR, BAHRAICH AND LUCKNOW (UTTAR PRADESH) UNDER MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MINORITY CONCENTRATION DISTRICTS HELD ON 22nd JULY, 2010 AT 11.00 A.M. UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS. Archived 30 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS
  23. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Police | OfficerProfile". Uppolice.gov.in. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Moradabad, India's Brass City Crying Help". Supportbiz.com. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  26. ^ "Moradabad brass industry hit hard by Syrian civil war, refugee crisis in Germany". brassnewstoday.com. 14 May 2016. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  27. ^ http://dcmsme.gov.in/dips/16%20DIPS%20Moradabad1.pdf[dead link]
  28. ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "Moradabad railway info". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  30. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "मुरादाबाद न्यूज़ – Moradabad News in Hindi - Moradabad Local News – Moradabad Latest News – मुरादाबाद समाचार - Patrika.com Patrika Hindi". www.patrika.com. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  32. ^ "मुरादाबाद न्यूज़ – Moradabad News in Hindi - Moradabad Local News – Moradabad Latest News – मुरादाबाद समाचार - Moradabadpages.com Moradabad Pages Moradabad Based Local News". www.moradabadpages.com.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Moradabad at Wikimedia Commons