A Star Is Born (1976 film)
A Star Is Born is a 1976 American musical drama film telling the story of a young woman, played by Barbra Streisand, an easy listening folkie type ingenue who enters the music business, and meets and falls in love with an established male rock'n'roll star, played by Kris Kristofferson, only to find her career ascending while his goes into decline. It is a remake of two earlier versions – the 1937 version was a drama starring Janet Gaynor and Fredric March, and the 1954 version was a musical starring Judy Garland and James Mason. It will be remade for a fourth time in 2018 starring Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper.
|A Star Is Born|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Frank Pierson|
|Produced by||Jon Peters
|Screenplay by||Frank Pierson
William A. Wellman
John Gregory Dunne
|Based on||A Star is Born
by William A. Wellman
|Music by||Roger Kellaway (score)
Kenny Ascher (songs)
Rupert Holmes (songs)
Kenny Loggins (songs)
Leon Russell (songs)
Paul Williams (songs)
Barbra Streisand (songs)
|Edited by||Peter Zinner|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$80 million|
John Norman Howard (Kris Kristofferson), a famous and self-destructive singer/songwriter rock star arrives late for a concert. He is drunk, sings a couple of songs, and walks off stage. John's entourage, including his manager Brian (Paul Mazursky), takes him to a bar where Esther Hoffman (Barbra Streisand) is singing. One of John's fans find him there and starts a fight. Esther grabs John and helps him escape out a back door.
They go to Esther's, but she invites him to come back for breakfast. Over breakfast, she agrees to go to a concert with him. After arriving by helicopter, John rides a motorbike around the stage, snags a cable and crashes off the front of the stage. John is taken away by ambulance and his entourage leave in the helicopter forgetting Esther.
Afterwards, John is resting at home by his pool. A radio DJ, Bebe Jesus (M.G. Kelly), hovers over the pool in a helicopter and invites John to his studio. John gets angry and shoots at the helicopter. Bebe Jesus then threatens to never play John's songs. Later, John goes to the radio station with a case of whiskey to make peace with Bebe Jesus. The disk jockey does not accept John's apology and calls John an alcoholic over the air. Esther happens to be at the radio station at the same time, taping a commericial, John takes Esther to his mansion and writes her name on the wall with a can of spray paint. There, they make love, have a bath together, and he listens to her playing his piano. She thinks no one would be able to sing to the tune she has written, but he makes up with some lyrics and starts singing.
At his next concert, John gets Esther on stage to sing. Although the audience boos when she starts to sing, she wins them over. Later, she tells John she wants them to get married. John replies that he's no good for her, but she persists, and they marry. John takes Esther to a plot of land he has out west where they build a simple house. She wants a tour co-starring with him, but he thinks she should do the tour on her own. Esther's career takes off, eclispsing his.
John returns to the studio thinking of restarting his career. His band tells him they have gone on without him. At home alone, John begins to write a new song. As he records it, he is interrupted by the phone. Someone asks for Esther and wants to know whether he is her secretary.
At the Grammy Awards, Esther wins for best female performance. While she is giving her acceptance speech, John arrives drunk and makes a scene. Later, Esther tries to talk Brian into giving John a last chance. John is writing songs again but in a different way. Brian calls on John and likes the new songs, but suggests John release some of his old hits along with the new songs. However, John wants to go with the new work only, so he turns down the offer.
Back at his LA mansion, John finds Quentin (Marta Heflin), a magazine writer, swimming half-naked in his swimming-pool. She says she would do anything to get an exclusive interview with Esther. When Esther arrives soon after, she finds them in bed together. Quentin tries to interview Esther, but John tells Quentin to get out. Esther and John end up going back to their small home out west where they have been happiest. One morning, John drives to the airport to get Brian. He puts on some of Esther's songs, drives recklessly, and is killed in an accident. Afterwards, back at the LA mansion, Esther hears John's voice calling out for someone to answer the phone. But she discovers it's just a tape of the old song writing session during which the phone had interrupted his singing.
At Esther's next concert, the audience raises candles as tribute to her lost husband. She sings one of John's songs but begins it as a ballad and ends it as a rock song.
- Barbra Streisand as Esther Hoffman
- Kris Kristofferson as John Norman Howard
- Gary Busey as Bobbie Ritchie
- Paul Mazursky as Brian Wexler
- Joanne Linville as Freddie Lowenstein
- Oliver Clark as Gary Danziger
- Venetta Fields as One (of the Oreos)
- Clydie King as Two (of the Oreos)
- Sally Kirkland as Photographer
- Marta Heflin as Quentin
- Rita Coolidge as Herself
- Tony Orlando as Himself
- M. G. Kelly as DJ Bebe Jesus
- Uncle Rudy as Mo
- Susan Richardson as Groupie (uncredited)
- Robert Englund as Marty (uncredited)
- Maidie Norman as Justice of the Peace (uncredited)
- Martin Erlichman as Manager (uncredited)
Directed by Frank Pierson, the film updates the original story and screenplay of William A. Wellman and Robert Carson with additional contributions by Pierson, John Gregory Dunne and Joan Didion. It also features Gary Busey and Sally Kirkland. Venetta Fields and Clydie King perform as Streisand's backing vocalists "The Oreos". Kristofferson's then wife Rita Coolidge and Tony Orlando appear briefly as themselves.
The earlier films had portrayed the behind-the-scenes world of Hollywood film making. However, this version adapted the story to the music business. For example, the 1937 and 1954 films each portrayed the lead female character winning an Academy Award, while the 1976 version depicted the heroine winning a Grammy Award instead.
A Star Is Born was co-produced by Streisand and her then-partner Jon Peters for Barwood Films and Warner Brothers, with Peters as the main producer and Streisand as executive. Among actors considered for the male lead were Neil Diamond and Marlon Brando. Streisand and Peters wanted Elvis Presley for the role: they met with Elvis and discussed the film, and he was interested in taking the part, thinking it would revive his film career. Elvis' manager, Colonel Tom Parker, insisted Elvis have top billing and asked for a substantial sum of money for the role, even though he had not had an acting role since 1969, and people were unsure what kind of box office draw he would be. This effectively ended Elvis's involvement with the project. Parker also did not want to have Elvis portrayed as having a show business career in decline. This in fact was far from the truth, with Elvis playing to packed auditoriums wherever he toured in the States. Diamond, who knew Streisand and had attended high school with her at Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn, was also seriously considered but had to decline due to his extensive concert commitments, and Kristofferson got the part of John Norman Howard.
Kristofferson denied modelling his character on Jim Morrison: "That's a good idea but it's not true. I don't think I ever met Morrison. A lot of people said we looked alike – shirts off, beards – but that washed-up rock star was more about me."
The film cost around $6 million to produce. Its soundtrack album was also an international success, reaching number 1 in many countries and selling nearly 15 million copies worldwide. It featured the ballad "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)", which became one of the biggest hits of Streisand's career, spending three weeks at number one in the United States, and peaking at number three in the United Kingdom.
Streisand's character's (Esther Hoffman Howard) clothing was straight out of Streisand's own closet. The actual credit reads: Miss Streisand's clothes from... her closet.
On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film received an approval rating of 31% based on 16 reviews, with an average rating of 5.3/10. On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 58 out of 100 based on 8 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Roger Ebert gave the film two and a half stars out of three. Paul Mavis, reviewing Warner's 2006 disc release of A Star is Born for DVD Talk, wrote, "There is something of value in A Star is Born--one thing--and that's Kris Kristofferson's amazingly adept, heartfelt performance as the doomed rock star, self-destructing despite the love of an up-and-coming singer (Streisand). There's not a wrong note in his performance. Unfortunately, the remainder of A Star is Born is an unmitigated disaster that has the megalomaniac fingerprints of Barbra Streisand and her hairdresser/producer boyfriend, Jon Peters, all over it." Conversely, Vincent Canby, in his New York Times review, says Kristofferson "walks through the film looking very bored."
Awards and honorsEdit
The film won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Evergreen" with the award shared by its songwriters, Streisand and Paul Williams, and was also nominated in the categories of Best Cinematography (Robert Surtees), Best Sound (Robert Knudson, Dan Wallin, Robert Glass and Tom Overton) and Original Song Score (Roger Kellaway).
It won five Golden Globe Awards for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Streisand), Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Kristofferson), Best Original Score (Paul Williams and Kenny Ascher) and Best Original Song, (Streisand and Williams for "Evergreen"). The film's music score and theme song also won ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards for Most Performed Feature Film Standards and nominated BAFTA Awards for Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music and Best Sound Track, Grammy Award for Best Album of Original Score written for a Motion Picture or Television Special
In the two previous versions, Gaynor and Garland were each depicted on screen as winning an Oscar, yet neither won for their film in real life (though Gaynor had won an Oscar before, as had Streisand). In this film, Streisand is instead depicted as winning a Grammy, and in real life the film's song "Evergreen" won her both a Grammy (for Song of the Year) and an Oscar.
According to at least one Streisand biography[vague], unhappy with a few of Frank Pierson's scenes, Streisand later directed them herself (a claim also made for 1979's The Main Event), adding to the rumors that she and Pierson clashed constantly during production.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
A Star Is Born was the second remake of the 1937 film, the first remake being the 1954 film starring Judy Garland and James Mason. The film was remade in Bollywood as Aashiqui 2 in 2013. Warner Bros. announced they had plans to finance another remake. In March 2015, it was announced that Bradley Cooper would be starring, directing, and co-produce the remake. In August 2016, it was announced singer-actress Lady Gaga would be starring and composing new music for the remake. The film will be released on October 5, 2018.
In 2006, the Region 1 DVD was released in North America in Dolby Digital 5.1 sound with extras including a full length commentary by Barbra Streisand, 16 minutes of never before seen and additional footage and the original wardrobe test. In 2007 the Region 2 DVD with the same extras was released in Germany. In 2008 the Region 4 DVD was released in Australia, the content of which appears to be the same as the Region 1 edition. The DVD has yet to be released in any other region.
Warner Bros. released the film worldwide on the Blu-ray format on February 6, 2013.
- "A Star Is Born, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- Bell, Max: "Q&A: Kris Kristofferson"; Classic Rock #148, August 2010, p34
- Filming locations for A Star Is Born Internet Movie Database
- David Winters - Awards - IMDb
- "IMDb Pro : David Winters Business Details". Pro.imdb.com. April 5, 1939. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- "A Star is Born (1976)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
- "A Star Is Born (1976) Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
- "A Star Is Born Movie Review & Film Summary (1976)". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
- Paul Mavis' review at DVD Talk
- "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- "Winners and Nomines:1977". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (June 11, 2018). "Bradley Cooper To Make Directing Debut, Hopes To Star With Beyonce In 'A Star Is Born' For Warner Bros". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- Kroll, Justin (June 11, 2018). "Lady Gaga Joins Bradley Cooper's 'A Star Is Born' Remake". Variety. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- Lawrence, Derek (December 20, 2017). "Lady Gaga's A Star Is Born shifts release date back to fall 2018". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A Star Is Born (1976 film).|
- A Star Is Born on IMDb
- A Star Is Born at the TCM Movie Database
- A Star Is Born at AllMovie
- A Star Is Born at Rotten Tomatoes
- Records/A Star is Born Barbra Streisand Archives
- "My Battles With Barbra and Jon", New West magazine article by director Frank Pierson
- The Village Voice article on the making of the film