S. Balachander

Sundaram Balachander (18 January 1927 – 13 April 1990) was an Indian veena player and filmmaker. He directed, produced, and also composed music for a few of his films. Balachander was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1982.

S. Balachander
Veena S Balachandar 1950.jpg
Balachander in 1948
Sundaram Balachander

18 January 1927
Died13 April 1990 (aged 63)
Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India
OccupationVeena player, director, dancer, singer, poet, cine actor, playback singer, music composer, photographer, string artist
Years active1934 to 1990
Spouse(s)Shantha (1953–1990)
(his death)
ChildrenRaman (son)
AwardsPadma Bhushan

Film careerEdit

Balachander began as a child artist in Tamil film Seetha Kalyanam in 1934 as a child musician in Ravana's court, opposite V. Sundaram Iyer as Janaka and S. Rajam as Rama.[1] This was followed by appearances in Rishyasringar (1941) and Araichimani (1942).[2]

In 1948 Balachander directed the film En Kanavar.[3] In 1954 he directed Andha Naal, a classic Tamil film noir thriller.[4][5]



Year Film Language Actor Director Music Director Singer Producer Note
1934 Seetha Kalyanam Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N
1941 Rishyasringar Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N
1941 Kamadhenu Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N Credited as Master Balachandar
1942 Aaraichimani Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N
1947 Baktha Thulasidas Tamil  N  Y  N  N Music Composer along with Anil Biswas
1948 Idhu Nijama Tamil  N  Y  Y  Y Assistant Director
1948 En Kanavar Tamil  Y  Y  Y  Y Editor
1951 Kaithi Tamil  Y  Y  Y  Y
1951 Devaki Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N
1951 Rajambal Tamil  Y  Y Music Composer along with M. S. Gnanamani
1952 Rani Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N
1953 Inspector Tamil  Y  N  N  N  N
1954 Andha Naal Tamil  Y
1954 Penn Tamil  Y
1954 Sangham Telugu  Y
1955 Koteeswaran Tamil  Y
1955 Doctor Savithri Tamil  Y
1956 Edi Nijam Telugu  Y
1956 Edhu Nijam Tamil  Y
1958 Bhoologa Rambai Tamil  Y Director along with D. Yoganand upon the demise of K. Ramnoth
1958 Bhooloka Rambha Telugu  Y Director along with D. Yoganand upon the demise of K. Ramnoth
1958 Avan Amaran Tamil  Y
1959 Maragadham Tamil  Y
1962 Avana Ivan Tamil  Y  Y  Y  Y
1964 Bommai Tamil  Y  Y  Y  Y
1970 Nadu Iravil Tamil  Y  Y  Y  Y


  1. ^ "Face to Face: S. Balachander". The Illustrated Weekly of India. Vol. 88. Times of India Press. 1967. p. 43.
  2. ^ Sundaresan, P. N. (1990). Sruti, Issues 65-76. Sruti. p. 34.
  3. ^ Asian Film Directory and Who's who. 1952. p. 187.
  4. ^ "Andha Naal: Remembering veena S. Balachander". The Hindu. 7 April 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Rajinikanth launches first look of Antha Naal". Times of India. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  6. ^ "2nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  7. ^ "4th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

External linksEdit