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Rajendra Kumar Tuli (20 July 1929 – 12 July 1999) was an Indian film actor who starred in Bollywood films. Starting his career in 1950, he appeared in more than 80 films in a career spanning over four decades. He was popularly known as the 'Jubilee Star' and 'Tragedy King', a title earlier conferred to Dilip Kumar. He was considered one of the most successful Indian Bollywood actors in the 1960s. He also produced several films starring his son Kumar Gaurav. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in 1969.

Rajendra Kumar Tuli
RajendraKumarActor.jpg
Born(1929-07-20)20 July 1929
Died12 July 1999(1999-07-12) (aged 69)
Other namesJubilee Kumar[1]
OccupationActor, Producer, Director
Years active1949–1998
Spouse(s)Shukla
Children3, including Kumar Gaurav
AwardsPadma Shri (1969)

He was born in a Punjabi Hindu family in Sialkot, in the Punjab province of British India.[2]

CareerEdit

Rajendra Kumar's family was based in Punjab, Pakistan former British India. His grandfather was a successful military contractor and his father had a textile business in Karachi, Sindh, British India. During the Partition of India, the family had to leave all the land and property behind and move to India. When they came to Bombay, Kumar decided to try his luck in the Hindi film industry. He never wanted to be a hero and took up work with director H. S. Rawail as an assistant. For nearly five years, he worked with Rawail as an assistant in films like Patanga, Sagai, Pocketmaar.

During this time he made his film debut with a small role in Kidar Sharma's 1950 film Jogan, opposite Dilip Kumar and Nargis. It was producer Devendra Goel who noticed Kumar in Jogan and gave him a break in Vachan in 1955. Kumar was paid only fifteen hundred rupees for the film; however, the film was a hit and was Kumar's first silver jubilee film and he was given a title – 'A star is Born'.[3] He got further success with his supporting role in Mehboob Khan's blockbuster epic film Mother India in 1957 in which he played Nargis's character's son. His first major success as a romantic leading man was in Amit Saxena's musical Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959), co-starring Ameeta.

The 1960s saw Kumar rise to stardom. There were times when he had six or seven films which had run for more than 25 weeks (known in India as a "silver jubilee film"), all running at the cinema at the same time, which rendered him the nickname "Jubilee Kumar".[4] He starred in many box office hits including Dhool Ka Phool (1959), Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Mere Mehboob (1963), Sangam (1964), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Arzoo (1965), Suraj (1966), Jhuk Gaya Aasmaan (1968), Talash (1969) and Ganwaar (1970). He received the Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor for Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Arzoo (1965), and as Best Supporting Actor for Sangam (1964).[5]Rajendra kumar also starred in K.Asif's incomplete film 'Sasta khoon mehanga paani' co- starring Saira banu.

From 1972 onwards, he faced competition from Rajesh Khanna and many of his films were flops. He then switched to character roles in the late 1970s and 1980s. He was offered a role in the film Saajan Bina Suhaagan opposite Nutan in 1978 which was a success. He also starred in a number of Punjabi films like Teri Meri Ek Jindari. His brother Naresh Kumar was also a director and directed him in the 1975 film Do Jasoos.

In 1981, Rajendra introduced his son Kumar Gaurav in the film Love Story which he produced and also starred in. The film was declared a blockbuster.[6] Rajendra produced a few other films starring his son but none matched the success of Love Story with the exception of the 1986 film Naam, which featured his son starring alongside Sanjay Dutt. His last production was the 1993 film Phool which also didn't do well. In 1995 he acted in the television serial Andaz which was his last acting role.

Personal lifeEdit

He married Shukla (producer/director O. P. Ralhan's sister) and had a son and two daughters. His son Kumar Gaurav also had a brief acting career.

Kumar acted with Sunil Dutt and Nargis in the film Mother India (1957) where Sunil Dutt and Rajendra Kumar played natural sons of Nargis's character. He had a special relationship with Dutt and used to actively participate in campaigning for him, whenever the latter used to contest for elections. Dutt quoted as having said that "Even though Rajendra Kumar did not win any award throughout his career, he was one of the most genuine human beings I have ever encountered. When I was struggling with the troubles related to the arrest of my son Sanjay Dutt and my house was repeatedly being searched by means of numerous police raids, Rajendra Kumar was the one who came to my rescue by staying at my house and ensuring that raids were conducted using due procedures, false evidences were not planted in the house and valuables were not stolen."[This quote needs a citation] Kumar was best friends with Raj Kapoor, so much so that his son Kumar Gaurav was engaged to the latter's daughter, Reema. However, their friendship fell apart after their children broke the engagement and Kumar Gaurav married Sunil Dutt and Nargis's daughter Namrata.

He attained a Ph.D. and had a title of 'Doctor' prefixed to his name.

For the premier of his film Vachan, he was asked if he wanted any seats for his relatives or friends, and thinking that it would be complimentary, he answered ten. After some days when he went to get his fees from the producer's accountant, he was given a lesser amount and when he asked why he was told that the money was deducted for the seats he took for his relatives and friends. He took this lesson as a principle of production and when he produced Naam, he deducted some amount from Amrita Singh's fees for the long calls she had made from Hong Kong to India.

DeathEdit

Known to refuse taking any medication, he succumbed to cancer on 12 July 1999, just a day after his son's 39th birthday, and just 8 days before his 70th birthday.[7]

Honours and recognitionsEdit

 
Kumar on a 2013 stamp of India
  • Rajendra Kumar was honoured with the Padma Shri Award in 1969.
  • He was also conferred with Justice of Peace honour and served as Honorary Magistrate.
  • He was awarded the National Honour by late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru simultaneously for "Kanoon" (Hindi) and "Mehndi Rang Lagyo" (Gujarati film).
  • He received a special Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award and was associated with several charity schemes.[8]

Awards and nominationsEdit

Filmfare Awards

Rajendra Kumar was nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor for three consecutive years in 1964, 1965 and 1966. In the year 1965 he was nominated both for Filmfare Award for Best Actor and Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor.[9]

Filmfare Award for Best Actor
Nominations
Year Film Role Notes
1964 Dil Ek Mandir Dr. Dharmesh Nominated
1965 Ayee Milan Ki Bela Shyam
1966 Aarzoo Gopal/Sarju
Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominations
1965 Sangam Gopal Verma Nominated

FilmographyEdit

As actorEdit

Films as actor
Year Film Role Notes
1949 Patanga small role
1950 Jogan Vijay's friend Plays a small role.
1955 Vachan Kishore
1956 Toofan Aur Deeya Satish Sharma/ Master-Ji
Aawaz Ashok
1957 Mother India Ramu
Ek Jhalak
Duniya Rang Rangili Shyam
1958 Devar Bhabhi Ramu
Ghar Sansar Deepak
Khazanchi Harish Mohan
Talaaq Ravi Shankar Chaube
1959 Chirag Kahan Roshni Kahan Dr. Anand
Dhool Ka Phool Mahesh Kapoor
Do Behnen
Goonj Uthi Shehnai Kishan
Santan
1960 Kanoon Advocate
Kailash Khanna
Maa Baap Raj Kumar 'Raju'
Mehndi Rang Lagyo Anil Gujarati film
Patang Dr. Rajan
1961 Aas Ka Panchhi Rajan 'Raju' Khanna
Dharmputra Special appearance
Amar Rahe Yeh Pyar Advocate Iqbal Hussain
Gharana Kamal
Pyaar Ka Saagar Kishen Chand Gupta
Zindagi aur Khwab Inspector Manoj
Sasural Shekhar
Sanjog Guest role
1963 Akeli Mat Jaiyo Prince Amardeep
Dil Ek Mandir Dr. Dharmesh Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor
Gehra Daag Shekhar
Hamrahi Shekhar
Mere Mehboob Anwar
1964 Ayee Milan Ki Bela Shyam Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor
Sangam Magistrate Gopal Verma Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
Zindagi Rajan
1965 Arzoo Gopal/Sarju Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor
1966 Suraj Suraj Singh
1967 Palki Naseem Baig
Aman Dr. Gautamdas
1968 Saathi Ravi
Jhuk Gaya Aasman Sanjay/Tarun Kumar 'Battu' 'Pappu' Saxena
1969 Anjaana Raju
Shatranj Jai/Vijay/Shinranz
Talash Raj Kumar 'Raju'
1970 Mera Naam Joker Mahender Kumar
Geet Suraj 'Sarju' Kumar
Ganwaar Gopal Rai
Dharti Bharat
1971 Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee Kumar Verma
1972 Tangewala Rai Bahadur Kishandas/Raju/Dilbahadur Khan
Gora Aur Kala Karan Singh/Kali Singh (Kalua) Double role
Gaon Hamara Shaher Tumhara Brij "Birju" Bhushan
Aan Baan Suraj
Lalkaar Wing Commander Rajan Kapoor
1974 Dukh Bhanjan Tera Naam Boatsman
Do Sher Shera Punjabi film
1975 Do Jasoos Karamchand Jasoos
Rani Aur Lalpari Rani's dad
Sunehra Sansar Chandrashekhar
Teri Meri Ik Jindri Jaggar Singh Fauji Special appearance
1976 Mazdoor Zindabaad Ram Singh
1977 Daku Aur Mahatma
Do Sholay Punjabi Movie Do Sher 1974 dubbed in Hindi
Shirdi Ke Sai Baba Doctor (Pooja's husband)
1978 Sone Ka Dil Lohe Ke Haath Shankar
Aahuti CID Inspector Ram Prasad/Rocky
Saajan Bina Suhagan Raj Kumar
1979 Bin Phere Hum Tere Jagdish Sharma
1980 Gunehgaar
Badla Aur Balidan Barrister Avinash Kumar
Dhan Daulat Raj Saxena
Oh Bewafa R K
1981 Yeh Rishta Na Tootay Police Inspector Vijay Kumar
Saajan Ki Saheli Barrister Avinash Kumar
Love Story Vijay Mehra
1982 Rustom J. D. Mehta
1983 Lovers Christian Priest
1988 Main Tere Liye Shiva
1989 Clerk Rahim U. Khan
1991 Insaaf Ka Khoon Judge Kumar
1993 Phool Dharamraaj Also producer of the film
TV show
Year Film Role Channel Notes
1995 Andaz Zee TV one episode
Vansh Zee TV

ProducerEdit

Films as producer
Year Film Director Notes
1981 Love Story Rahul Rawail To launch son Kumar Gaurav
1983 Lovers P. Bharathiraja
1986 Naam Mahesh Bhatt
1991 Jurrat David Dhawan Also editor of the film
1993 Phool Singeetam Srinivasa Rao
1994 The Jungle Book (co-executive producer)
(co-producer)
[citation needed]

PresenterEdit

SoundtrackEdit

  • Mere Mehboob (1963) (performer: "Mere Mehboob Tujhe", "Allah Bachaye", "Tere Pyar Mein Dildar", "Janeman Ek Nazar", "Yaad Mein Teri", "Tumse Izhar e Haal", "Mere Mehboob Mein Kya", "Ae Husn Zara Jaag", "Yaad Mein (revival)")

ThanksEdit

SelfEdit

  • Raj Kapoor (1987) .... Himself (during funeral)
  • Star (1982) .... Himself (Guest Appearance)
  • Shrimanji (1968) .... Himself
  • Kala Bazar (1960) .... Himself

Archive footageEdit

  • Film Hi Film (1983) (uncredited)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.thequint.com/entertainment/Hindi films/how-did-rajendra-kumar-become-jubilee-kumar
  2. ^ Raheja, Dinesh. "Bollywood's Jubilee Kumar". Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  3. ^ Rajendra Kumar – Memories. "Cineplot.com". Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
  4. ^ Movies: Bollywood's Jubliee Kumar. Rediff.com (July 2002). Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
  5. ^ 1st Filmfare Awards 1953. Deep750.googlepages.com. Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
  6. ^ Box Office Results 1981. boxofficeindia.com
  7. ^ Rediff On The NeT: Rajendra Kumar passes away. Rediff.com (12 July 1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  8. ^ Arts Tribune. Tribuneindia.com (16 July 1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  9. ^ "Rajendra Kumar Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.

External linksEdit