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Rajendra Kumar Tuli (20 July 1929 – 12 July 1999) was an Indian film actor who starred in Bollywood films. Starting his career in 1950, he appeared in more than 80 films in a career spanning over four decades. He was popularly known as the 'Jubilee Star' and 'Tragedy King', a title earlier conferred to Dilip Kumar. He was considered one of the most successful Indian Bollywood actors in the 1960s. He also produced several films starring his son Kumar Gaurav. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in 1969.
Rajendra Kumar Tuli
|Died||12 July 1999 (aged 69)|
|Other names||Jubilee Kumar|
|Occupation||Actor, Producer, Director|
|Children||3, including Kumar Gaurav|
|Awards||Padma Shri (1969)|
Rajendra Kumar's family was based in Punjab, Pakistan former British India. His grandfather was a successful military contractor and his father had a textile business in Karachi, Sindh, British India. During the Partition of India, the family had to leave all the land and property behind and move to India. When they came to Bombay, Kumar decided to try his luck in the Hindi film industry. He never wanted to be a hero and took up work with director H. S. Rawail as an assistant. For nearly five years, he worked with Rawail as an assistant in films like Patanga, Sagai, Pocketmaar.
During this time he made his film debut with a small role in Kidar Sharma's 1950 film Jogan, opposite Dilip Kumar and Nargis. It was producer Devendra Goel who noticed Kumar in Jogan and gave him a break in Vachan in 1955. Kumar was paid only fifteen hundred rupees for the film; however, the film was a hit and was Kumar's first silver jubilee film and he was given a title – 'A star is Born'. He got further success with his supporting role in Mehboob Khan's blockbuster epic film Mother India in 1957 in which he played Nargis's character's son. His first major success as a romantic leading man was in Amit Saxena's musical Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959), co-starring Ameeta.
The 1960s saw Kumar rise to stardom. There were times when he had six or seven films which had run for more than 25 weeks (known in India as a "silver jubilee film"), all running at the cinema at the same time, which rendered him the nickname "Jubilee Kumar". He starred in many box office hits including Dhool Ka Phool (1959), Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Mere Mehboob (1963), Sangam (1964), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Arzoo (1965), Suraj (1966), Jhuk Gaya Aasmaan (1968), Talash (1969) and Ganwaar (1970). He received the Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor for Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Arzoo (1965), and as Best Supporting Actor for Sangam (1964).Rajendra kumar also starred in K.Asif's incomplete film 'Sasta khoon mehanga paani' co- starring Saira banu.
From 1972 onwards, he faced competition from Rajesh Khanna and many of his films were flops. He then switched to character roles in the late 1970s and 1980s. He was offered a role in the film Saajan Bina Suhaagan opposite Nutan in 1978 which was a success. He also starred in a number of Punjabi films like Teri Meri Ek Jindari. His brother Naresh Kumar was also a director and directed him in the 1975 film Do Jasoos.
In 1981, Rajendra introduced his son Kumar Gaurav in the film Love Story which he produced and also starred in. The film was declared a blockbuster. Rajendra produced a few other films starring his son but none matched the success of Love Story with the exception of the 1986 film Naam, which featured his son starring alongside Sanjay Dutt. His last production was the 1993 film Phool which also didn't do well. In 1995 he acted in the television serial Andaz which was his last acting role.
Kumar acted with Sunil Dutt and Nargis in the film Mother India (1957) where Sunil Dutt and Rajendra Kumar played natural sons of Nargis's character. He had a special relationship with Dutt and used to actively participate in campaigning for him, whenever the latter used to contest for elections. Dutt quoted as having said that "Even though Rajendra Kumar did not win any award throughout his career, he was one of the most genuine human beings I have ever encountered. When I was struggling with the troubles related to the arrest of my son Sanjay Dutt and my house was repeatedly being searched by means of numerous police raids, Rajendra Kumar was the one who came to my rescue by staying at my house and ensuring that raids were conducted using due procedures, false evidences were not planted in the house and valuables were not stolen."[This quote needs a citation] Kumar was best friends with Raj Kapoor, so much so that his son Kumar Gaurav was engaged to the latter's daughter, Reema. However, their friendship fell apart after their children broke the engagement and Kumar Gaurav married Sunil Dutt and Nargis's daughter Namrata.
He attained a Ph.D. and had a title of 'Doctor' prefixed to his name.
For the premier of his film Vachan, he was asked if he wanted any seats for his relatives or friends, and thinking that it would be complimentary, he answered ten. After some days when he went to get his fees from the producer's accountant, he was given a lesser amount and when he asked why he was told that the money was deducted for the seats he took for his relatives and friends. He took this lesson as a principle of production and when he produced Naam, he deducted some amount from Amrita Singh's fees for the long calls she had made from Hong Kong to India.
Known to refuse taking any medication, he succumbed to cancer on 12 July 1999, just a day after his son's 39th birthday, and just 8 days before his 70th birthday.
Honours and recognitionsEdit
- Rajendra Kumar was honoured with the Padma Shri Award in 1969.
- He was also conferred with Justice of Peace honour and served as Honorary Magistrate.
- He was awarded the National Honour by late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru simultaneously for "Kanoon" (Hindi) and "Mehndi Rang Lagyo" (Gujarati film).
- He received a special Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award and was associated with several charity schemes.
Awards and nominationsEdit
Rajendra Kumar was nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor for three consecutive years in 1964, 1965 and 1966. In the year 1965 he was nominated both for Filmfare Award for Best Actor and Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor.
| Filmfare Award for Best Actor|
|1964||Dil Ek Mandir||Dr. Dharmesh||Nominated|
|1965||Ayee Milan Ki Bela||Shyam|
|Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominations|
|Films as actor|
|1950||Jogan||Vijay's friend||Plays a small role.|
|1956||Toofan Aur Deeya||Satish Sharma/ Master-Ji|
|Duniya Rang Rangili||Shyam|
|Talaaq||Ravi Shankar Chaube|
|1959||Chirag Kahan Roshni Kahan||Dr. Anand|
|Dhool Ka Phool||Mahesh Kapoor|
|Goonj Uthi Shehnai||Kishan|
|Maa Baap||Raj Kumar 'Raju'|
|Mehndi Rang Lagyo||Anil||Gujarati film|
|1961||Aas Ka Panchhi||Rajan 'Raju' Khanna|
|Amar Rahe Yeh Pyar||Advocate Iqbal Hussain|
|Pyaar Ka Saagar||Kishen Chand Gupta|
|Zindagi aur Khwab||Inspector Manoj|
|1963||Akeli Mat Jaiyo||Prince Amardeep|
|Dil Ek Mandir||Dr. Dharmesh||Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor|
|1964||Ayee Milan Ki Bela||Shyam||Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor|
|Sangam||Magistrate Gopal Verma||Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1965||Arzoo||Gopal/Sarju||Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor|
|Jhuk Gaya Aasman||Sanjay/Tarun Kumar 'Battu' 'Pappu' Saxena|
|Talash||Raj Kumar 'Raju'|
|1970||Mera Naam Joker||Mahender Kumar|
|Geet||Suraj 'Sarju' Kumar|
|1971||Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee||Kumar Verma|
|1972||Tangewala||Rai Bahadur Kishandas/Raju/Dilbahadur Khan|
|Gora Aur Kala||Karan Singh/Kali Singh (Kalua)||Double role|
|Gaon Hamara Shaher Tumhara||Brij "Birju" Bhushan|
|Lalkaar||Wing Commander Rajan Kapoor|
|1974||Dukh Bhanjan Tera Naam||Boatsman|
|Do Sher||Shera||Punjabi film|
|1975||Do Jasoos||Karamchand Jasoos|
|Rani Aur Lalpari||Rani's dad|
|Teri Meri Ik Jindri||Jaggar Singh Fauji||Special appearance|
|1976||Mazdoor Zindabaad||Ram Singh|
|1977||Daku Aur Mahatma|
|Do Sholay||Punjabi Movie Do Sher 1974 dubbed in Hindi|
|Shirdi Ke Sai Baba||Doctor (Pooja's husband)|
|1978||Sone Ka Dil Lohe Ke Haath||Shankar|
|Aahuti||CID Inspector Ram Prasad/Rocky|
|Saajan Bina Suhagan||Raj Kumar|
|1979||Bin Phere Hum Tere||Jagdish Sharma|
|Badla Aur Balidan||Barrister Avinash Kumar|
|Dhan Daulat||Raj Saxena|
|Oh Bewafa||R K|
|1981||Yeh Rishta Na Tootay||Police Inspector Vijay Kumar|
|Saajan Ki Saheli||Barrister Avinash Kumar|
|Love Story||Vijay Mehra|
|1982||Rustom||J. D. Mehta|
|1988||Main Tere Liye||Shiva|
|1989||Clerk||Rahim U. Khan|
|1991||Insaaf Ka Khoon||Judge Kumar|
|1993||Phool||Dharamraaj||Also producer of the film|
|1995||Andaz||Zee TV||one episode|
|Films as producer|
|1981||Love Story||Rahul Rawail||To launch son Kumar Gaurav|
|1991||Jurrat||David Dhawan||Also editor of the film|
|1993||Phool||Singeetam Srinivasa Rao|
|1994||The Jungle Book||(co-executive producer)|
- Mere Mehboob (1963) (performer: "Mere Mehboob Tujhe", "Allah Bachaye", "Tere Pyar Mein Dildar", "Janeman Ek Nazar", "Yaad Mein Teri", "Tumse Izhar e Haal", "Mere Mehboob Mein Kya", "Ae Husn Zara Jaag", "Yaad Mein (revival)")
- Mera Naam Joker (1970) (acknowledgment) (as Rajender Kumar)
- Raj Kapoor (1987) .... Himself (during funeral)
- Star (1982) .... Himself (Guest Appearance)
- Shrimanji (1968) .... Himself
- Kala Bazar (1960) .... Himself
- Film Hi Film (1983) (uncredited)
- https://www.thequint.com/entertainment/Hindi films/how-did-rajendra-kumar-become-jubilee-kumar
- Raheja, Dinesh. "Bollywood's Jubilee Kumar". Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- Rajendra Kumar – Memories. "Cineplot.com". Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
- Movies: Bollywood's Jubliee Kumar. Rediff.com (July 2002). Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
- 1st Filmfare Awards 1953. Deep750.googlepages.com. Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
- Box Office Results 1981. boxofficeindia.com
- Rediff On The NeT: Rajendra Kumar passes away. Rediff.com (12 July 1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
- Arts Tribune. Tribuneindia.com (16 July 1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
- "Rajendra Kumar Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.