S. V. Ranga Rao

Samarla Venkata Ranga Rao (3 July 1918 – 18 July 1974), popularly known as S. V. Ranga Rao and SVR, was an Indian actor, producer, and director known for his works in Telugu and Tamil films. He was popularly known as "Viswa Nata Chakravarthi" (transl. Universal Emperor of Acting).[1] Throughout his film career, which spanned a total of thirty years, Ranga Rao garnered various national and international honours, state Nandi Awards, and the Filmfare Awards.[1][2]

S. V. Ranga Rao
SV Ranga Rao 2013 stamp of India.jpg
Rao on a 2013 stamp of India
Born
Samarla Venkata Ranga Rao

3 July 1918
Died18 July 1974 (aged 56)
Other namesSVR, Viswa Nata Chakravarthi
OccupationActor, Producer, Director
Spouse(s)
Leelavathi
(m. 1947)
AwardsRashtrapati Award
International Honor
Signature
Svr signature.jpg

Ranga Rao was known for his natural acting style, portraying complex — social, biographical, and mythological — characters such as 'Nepala Manthrikudu', a tantric in Pathala Bhairavi (1951), Ghatotkacha in Maya Bazaar (1957), Mayasura in Bhookailas (1958), Bhoja in Mahakavi Kalidasu (1960).[3] In 1964, he received the Best Actor Award for his portrayal of Kichaka in Nartanasala (1963) at the third Afro-Asian Film Festival held in Jakarta,[4] becoming the only Indian actor to have ever garnered the honour.[5][6] In the same year, he received Filmfare Special Award for his performance in Naanum Oru Penn. He then essayed Duryodhana in the blockbuster Pandava Vanavasam (1965), Hiranyakasipu in Bhakta Prahlada (1967), and Ravana in Sampoorna Ramayanam (1971) to name a few.[7][8]

He has made his foray as a character actor in super-hits such as Mana Desam (1949), Palletoori Pilla (1950), Devadasu (1953), Bangaru Papa (1954), Raju Peda (1954), Thodi Kodallu (1957), Chenchu Lakshmi (1958), Pelli Naati Pramanalu (1958), Nammina Bantu (1959), Gundamma Katha (1962), Sarada (1962), Annai (1962), Karpagam (1963), Naanum Oru Penn (1963), Bobbili Yuddham (1964), Bandhavyalu (1968), Lakshmi Nivasam (1968), Prema Nagar (1971), Dasara Bullodu (1971), and Vasantha Maligai (1972). Government of Andhra Pradesh instituted an award in his memory, presented every year to the best character acting performance, known as the S. V. Ranga Rao Award for Best Actor.[1]

Early lifeEdit

 
Statue of S. V. Ranga Ranga Rao, inaugurated by Chiranjeevi at Tummalapalli Kshetraya School of Arts in Vijayawada

Ranga Rao was born in Dowleswaram near Rajahmundry in East Godavari District to a Telugu speaking family. Samarla Lakshmi was his mother and Samarla Koteswara Rao, an excise inspector at Nuzvidu town in Krishna district, was his father.[7][8] His mother, Lakshmi Narasayamma, a staunch devotee of Lord Venkateswara, named the boy after him. Ranga Rao was sent to erstwhile Madras where he completed his schooling at Hindu College. At an early age of 12, he showed interest in stage acting. He ventured into acting after completing his bachelor's degree in sciences.[7][8]

CinemaEdit

S. V. R. got an invitation from one of his relatives, B. V. Ramanandam, to play the lead actor in his film Varoodhini. He immediately abandoned the job, and left for Salem to join the celluloid world. In fact, it was a great beginning for the young man when the film was released. However, S. V. R. left the Madras Presidency and reached Jamshedpur, where he took up the job as a budget assistant with the Tata Company. However, his love for dramas began to bloom multifold. At this juncture, he married Leelavathi Badeti on 27 December 1947. In the days that followed, S. V. R. was given an opportunity to appear in Palletoori Pilla (1950), produced by B. A. Subba Rao.[7] Ranga Rao was offered his first lead antagonist role by Vijaya Pictures.[8]

Characters essayedEdit

Personal life and DeathEdit

Ranga Rao married Leelavati, daughter of Badeti Venkata Ramayya and Koteswaramma on 27 December 1947. They have three children: two daughters, Vijaya and Prameela and a son, Koteswara Rao.[7] Ranga Rao had a cardiac arrest at Hyderabad in February 1974. He was admitted to Osmania General Hospital, and then discharged. Another attack on 18 July 1974 at Madras proved fatal and the actor died before any medical treatment could be administered.[7]

AwardsEdit

International honors
Rashtrapati Award for Best Acting
Nandi Award for Best Actor
Nandi Award for Best Feature Film (Director)
Filmfare Awards South
Other honors
  • He was given distinguished titles such as Viswa Nata Chakravarti, Nata Sarvabhouma, Nata Sekhara, Nata Simha.[1]

Selected filmographyEdit

ActorEdit

Year Film Character Language Notes
1947 Varudhini Telugu Debut Film
1949 Mana Desam Telugu
1950 Bhale Papa Blind person Telugu
1950 Palletoori Pilla Taatha Telugu
1950 Shavukaru Sunnapu Rangadu Telugu
1950 Tirugubatu Telugu
1951 Akasaraju Telugu
1951 Navvite Navaratnalu Telugu
1951 Pathala Bhairavi Nepala Mantrikudu Telugu

Tamil

screened at the 1st International Film Festival of India
1952 Daasi Badrinath Telugu
1952 Kalyanam Panni Paar Tamil
1952 Palletooru Ganapati Telugu
1952 Pelli Chesi Choodu Zamindar Veeyanna Telugu
1953 Bratuku Theruvu Zamindar Telugu
1953 Chandirani Prachandudu Telugu
1953 Chandirani Prachandudu Tamil
1953 Devdas Tamil
1953 Devadasu Zamindar Narayana Rao Telugu
1953 Jatakam Telugu
1953 Jatakaphalam Telugu
1953 Pardesi Rangadu Telugu
1953 Pempudu Koduku Telugu
1953 Poongothai Tamil
1953 Rohini Tamil
1953 Sangham Telugu
1954 Annadata Telugu
1954 Anta Manavalle Jagannatham Telugu
1954 Bangaru Papa Kotayya Telugu National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
1954 Chandraharam Tamil
1954 Chandraharam Dhoomakethu Telugu
1954 Chakrapani Telugu
1954 Rajee Naa Pranam Telugu
1954 Rajee En Kanmani Rich man Tamil
1954 Raju Peda King Telugu
1954 Thuli Visham Naga Nadu King VeeraMarththandan Tamil
1955 Anarkali Akbar Telugu
1955 Guna Sundari Katha King Ugrasena Telugu
1955 Jayasimha Rudrasimha Telugu
1955 Missamma Gopalam Telugu
1955 Missiamma Gopalan Tamil
1955 Santanam Rangayya Telugu
1956 Charana Daasi Raghavaiah Telugu
1956 Chintamani Telugu
1956 Kanakatara Telugu
1956 Naan Petra Selvam Tamil
1956 Mathar Kula Manickam Tamil
1957 Allauddin Adhbhuta Deepam Jaffer, the magician Telugu
1957 Allavudeenum Arputha Vilakkum Tamil
1957 Maya Bazaar Ghatotkajudu Telugu
1957 Maya Bazaar Ghadotgajan Tamil
1957 Pathini Deivam Tamil
1957 Repu Neede Telugu
1957 Sarangadhara Raja Raja Narendrudu Telugu
1957 Sati Savitri Yamudu Telugu
1957 Soubhagyavathi Maha Bhairavan, Bad Magician Tamil
1957 Engal Veettu Mahalakshmi Lawyer Ganapathi Tamil
1957 Thodi Kodallu Kutumba Rao Telugu National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
1957 Vinayaka Chaviti Narakasurudu Telugu
1958 Appu Chesi Pappu Koodu Diwan Bahadur Mukunda Rao Telugu
1958 Bhookailas Maayasura Telugu
1958 Bommala Pelli Telugu
1958 Chenchu Lakshmi Hiranyakashipa Tamil
1958 Chenchu Lakshmi Hiranyakashipu Telugu
1958 Kadan Vaangi Kalyanam Tamil
1958 Annaiyin Aanai Tamil
1958 Bommai Kalyanam Veeramuthu Tamil
1958 Kudumba Gouravam Tamil
1958 Mangalya Balam Telugu
1958 Pelli Naati Pramanalu Bheemasena Rao Telugu National Film Award For Best Feature Film in Telugu
1958 Sabaash Meena Appadorai Tamil
1958 Anbu Engey Masilamani Mudaliar Tamil
1958 Thirumanam Damodharam Tamil
1958 Sarangadhara King Narendra Tamil
1959 Aval Yar Tamil
1959 Bhakta Ambarisha Telugu
1959 Jayabheri Vijayananda Ramagajapati Telugu
1959 Kalaivanan Tamil
1959 Krishna Leelalu Telugu
1959 Nammina Bantu Telugu National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
1959 Raja Sevai Tamil
1959 Manjal Mahimai Tamil
1959 Rechukka Pagatichukka Telugu
1959 Vazhkai Oppantham Tamil
1960 Bhatti Vikramarka Maantrikudu Telugu
1960 Deepavali Narakasurudu Telugu
1960 Devanthakudu Telugu
1960 Harishchandra Harischandra Maharaju Telugu
1960 Irumputhirai Tamil
1960 Mahakavi Kalidasu Bhoja Raju Telugu National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
1960 Mamaku Tagga Alludu Telugu
1960 Naan Kanda Sorgam Tamil
1960 Padikkadha Medhai Tamil
1960 Pattaliyin Vetri Tamil
1960 Parthiban Kanavu King Narasimhavarman Tamil
1960 Petra Manam Tamil
1960 Vidivelli Tamil
1964 Velugu Needalu Rao Bahadur Venkataramaiah Telugu [11]
1961 Ellam Unnakkaga Tamil
1961 Kalasivunte Kaladu Sukham Telugu
1961 Kappalottiya Thamizhan Tamil
1961 Kumudham Public Prosecutor, Shanthi's father Tamil
1961 Krishna Prema Telugu
1961 Pangaaligal One of the 3 Partners Tamil
1961 Pelli Thambulam Telugu
1961 Sati Sulochana Telugu
1961 Usha Parinayam Banasura Telugu
1962 Atma Bandhuvu Father Telugu
1962 Bandha Pasam Tamil
1962 Dakshayagnam Daksha Telugu
1962 Padithal Mattum Podhuma Tamil
1962 Deivathin Deivam Tamil
1962 Muthu Mandapam Tamil
1962 Nichaya Thaamboolam Ranganathan Tamil
1962 Sarada Tamil Rashtrapati Award for Best actor
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1962 Gaali Medalu Paanakaalu Telugu
1962 Gundamma Katha Ramabhadraiah Telugu
1962 Kaathiruntha Kangal Tamil
1962 Manchi Manasulu Telugu
1962 Manithan Maravillai Tamil
1962 Padandi Munduku Telugu
1962 Sri Srikakula Andhra Mahavishnuvu Katha Suchandrasena Maharaju Telugu
1962 Tiger Ramudu Telugu
1962 Annai Tamil Rashtrapati Award for Best actor
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1962 Visha Binduvu Telugu
1962 Kavitha Tamil
1963 Annai Illam Tamil
1963 Iruvar Ullam Tamil
1963 Kalyaniyin Kanavan Kalyani's Father Tamil
1963 Kungumam Punniyakodi / James / Sambasivam Tamil
1963 Needhikkuppin Paasam Tamil
1963 Karpagam Tamil Rashtrapati Award for Best actor
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1963 Narthanasala Keechakudu Telugu Best Lead Actor - 3rd Afro Asian Film Festival, Jakarta
Rashtrapati Award for Best actor
1963 Thobuttuvulu Telugu
1963 Naanum Oru Penn Tamil Rashtrapati Award for Best actor
Filmfare Special Award - South
Filmfare Award for Best Film – Tamil
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1964 Bobbili Yudham Tandra Paparayudu Telugu
1964 Kai Kodutha Deivam Tamil
1964 Main Bhi Ladki Hoon Hindi
1964 Murali Krishna Father of Murali Telugu
1964 Ramudu Bheemudu Telugu
1964 Server Sundaram Tamil
1964 Pachai Vilakku Tamil
1965 Enga Veetu Pillai Father of Saroja Devi Tamil
1965 Kakkum Karangal Tamil
1965 Aadabrathuku Telugu
1965 Naadi Aada Janme Telugu
1965 Pandava Vanavasam Duryodhanudu Telugu
1965 Vaazhkai Padagu Rajan Father Tamil
1965 Paditha Manaivi Tamil
1966 Aata Bommalu Telugu
1965 Sati Sakkubai Telugu
1965 Thodu Needa Telugu
1966 Chilaka Gorinka Telugu
1966 Kumari Penn Grandfather of Shyamala Tamil
1966 Selvam Tamil
1966 Thedi Vandha Thirumagal Tamil
1966 Thattungal Thirakkappadum Church Father Tamil
1966 Mohini Bhasmasura Kannada
1966 Adugu Jaadalu Dr. Krishna Telugu
1966 Ramu Telugu
1967 Pesum Dheivam Tamil
1967 Bhakta Prahlada Tamil
1967 Bhakta Prahlada Hiraynakashipudu Telugu Nandi Award for Best Feature Film
1967 Chadarangam Telugu Nandi Award for Best Feature Film
1967 Rahasyam Telugu
1967 Thaikku Thalaimagan Father of Malathi Tamil
1967 Kan Kanda Deivam The Landlord Tamil
1968 Bandhavyalu Telugu Nandi Award for Best Actor
Nandi Award for Best Feature Film
1968 Bandhipotu Dongalu Bandipotu Malludora Telugu
1968 Lakshmi Nivasam Telugu
1968 Chinnari Papalu Telugu
1968 Poovum Pottum Professor Raja Rathinam Tamil
1969 Nam Naadu Dharmalingham Tamil
1969 Sivandha Mann Tamil
1969 Kula Vilakku Tamil
1969 Kuzhandhai Ullam Tamil
1969 Mooga Nomu Telugu
1970 Sambarala Rambabu Telugu
1971 Dasara Bullodu Bhushaiah Telugu
1971 Debbaku Tha Dongala Mutha Telugu
1971 Praptham Tamil
1971 Thenum Paalum Tamil
1971 Irulum Oliyum Tamil
1971 Aathi Parasakthi Dhakshan Tamil
1971 Prem Nagar Zamindar Telugu
1971 Sampoorna Ramayanam Ravana Telugu
1971 Vidhyarthigale Ithile Ithile Principal Malayalam
1971 Debbaku tha Dongala Mutha Gangu Telugu
1972 Bala Bharatam Bheeshma Telugu
1972 Iddaru Ammayilu Lawyer Narayan Rao Telugu
1972 Kathula Rathaiah Telugu
1972 Koduku Kodalu Telugu
1972 Pandanti Kapuram Head of the family Telugu
1972 Papam Pasivaadu Venugopal Telugu
1972 Tata Manavadu Grandfather Rangaiah Telugu Nandi Award for Best Feature Film
1972 Vasantha Maligai Tamil
1972 vazhaiyadi vazhai Tamil
1973 Anbu Sagodharargal Elder Brother Tamil
1973 Devudu Chesina Manushulu Telugu
1973 Bangaru Babu Raghavaiah Telugu
1973 Minor Babu Telugu
1973 Samsaram Sagaram Telugu Nandi Award for Best Feature Film
1974 Andaru Dongale Chanti Babu Telugu
1974 Bangaru Kalalu Telugu
1974 Chakravakam Dharma Rayudu Telugu
1974 Galipatalu Ganganna and Manganna Telugu
1974 Inti Kodalu Telugu
1974 Premalu Pellilu Telugu
1974 Pillai Selvam Tamil
1974 Sivakamyin Selvan Tamil Last film in Tamil
1975 Yashoda Krishna Kamsa Telugu Last film in Telugu

DirectorEdit

ProducerEdit

  • Bandhavyalu (1968) (producer)
  • Chadarangam (1967) (producer)
  • Naadi Aada Janme (1965) (producer)
  • Sukhadukhalu (1969)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sanmana Satkaralu, Viswa Nata Chakravarti, M. Sanjay Kishore, Sangam Akademy, Hyderabad, 2005, pp: 65.
  2. ^ Narasimham, M. l (21 July 2013). "PELLI CHESI CHOODU (1952)". The Hindu.
  3. ^ "4th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Directorate of Film Festival" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b "SVR's versatility remembered". The Hindu. 19 July 2010.
  6. ^ a b Lindsay, Jennifer (1 January 2012). Heirs to World Culture: Being Indonesian, 1950-1965. BRILL. ISBN 9789004253513 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Mahabhinishkramana, Viswa Nata Chakravarti, M. Sanjay Kishore, Sangam Akademy, Hyderabad, 2005, pp: 69-70.
  8. ^ a b c d "S.V. Ranga Rao's bronze statue unveiled". The Hindu. 19 July 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Nandi Awards - 1968 - Winners & Nominees".
  10. ^ "Nandi Awards - 1967 - Winners & Nominees".
  11. ^ Narasimham, M.L. (13 May 2015). "Velugu Needalu (1961)". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 May 2016.