The BANGLADESH PORTAL
10:27, Monday, October 15, 2018 (UTC) • 16:27, Monday October 15, 2018 (BST) • Ashwin 30
Bangladesh ( ( listen); Bengali: বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh [ˈbaŋladeʃ] ( listen), lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma).The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic groups and religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh.
Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal Delta, the largest delta on Earth. The country has 700 rivers and 8,046 km (5,000 mi) of inland waterways. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef. The longest unbroken sea beach of the world, Cox's Bazar Beach, is located in the southeast. It is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigers, the national animal.
The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical Indian subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia. The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities that made use of their inland naval prowess. It was also a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade. As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; and renamed it as East Pakistan. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy. The country continues to face challenges in the areas of poverty, education, healthcare and corruption.
Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity. It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. With its strategically vital location between South, East and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation. It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is also a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Indian-Ocean Rim Association, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization. Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces.
, an international development
organisation based in Bangladesh
, is the largest non-governmental development organisation
in the world, in terms of number of employees as of September 2016. Established by Sir Fazle Hasan Abed
in 1972 after the independence of Bangladesh
, BRAC is present in all 64 districts of Bangladesh
as well as 13 other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
BRAC states that it employs over 100,000 people, roughly 70 percent of whom are women, and that it reaches more than 126 million people with its services. The organisation is partly self-funded through a number of social enterprises that include a dairy and food project, a chain of retail handicraft stores called Aarong, seed and Agro, and chicken. BRAC has operations in 14 countries of the world.
- 10 October 2018 – Capital punishment in Bangladesh, Terrorism in Bangladesh
- A Dhaka court sentences 19 people to death, including two former ministers, and sentences Bangladesh Nationalist Party acting chairman Tarique Rahman to life imprisonment over a 2004 attack on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. (Al Jazeera) (Reuters)
- 4 August 2018 – 2018 Bangladesh road safety protests
- Nationwide student protests following the deaths of two teenagers killed by a speeding bus enter their fifth day, causing the government to shut down thousands of high schools. (The Guardian)
- 1 June 2018 – Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh
- The government of Myanmar announces that it has reached a repatriation agreement with the United Nations regarding Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, saying it will assure that refugees "can return voluntarily in safety and dignity." Members of the UNHCR and the UNDP will be allowed to work in Rakhine State to monitor the process. (The Guardian)
- 18 May 2018 – Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh
- The government of Myanmar agrees to repatriate 1,101 Rohingya refugees out of a list of over 8,000 submitted by their Bangladeshi counterparts. There are currently over 700,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. (The Daily Star)
- 11 May 2018 – 2018 in spaceflight
- SpaceX launches Bangabandhu-1, Bangladesh's first geostationary communications satellite, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, United States. (Business Insider)
- 10 May 2018 – Bangladesh Liberation War
- A court in Bangladesh sentences Riaz Uddin Fakir to death for war crimes during the 1971 Liberation War. (Bangladesh Daily News 24)
Archive of old items
Where in Bangladesh...
in Bangladesh known for its wide sandy beach, is believed to be the world's longest (120 km) natural sandy sea beach. It is located 152 km south of Chittagong
Photo Credit: ed g2s
, one of the remotest districts of Bangladesh, is famous for the beauty of its hilly terrain. The numerous Buddhist temples and bihars in the town, Prantik Lake, Jibannagar and Kyachlong Lake are some more places of interest. Boat ride on the river Sangu is another attraction for tourists. This image shows the skyline of the district from the pouplar Nilachol resort managed by Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation
Photo Credit: Fahad Faisal
The District of Rangamati is a part of the Chittagong Hill Tracts and is one of the most beautiful districts of the country. Its beauty lies in the people, culture, landscape and lifestyle. The Hanging Bridge
at Rangamti district
, pictured here, is a famous landmark and tourist attraction of the district.
Photo Credit: Shakhawat Hossen Shafat
, is the first day of the Bengali calendar, celebrated in both Bangladesh
and West Bengal
, and in Bengali
communities in Assam
. The most colourful New Year's Day festival takes place in Dhaka
. On this occasion the students and teachers of Institute of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka
take out a colourful procession and parade round the campus. This image shows a glimpse of the parade.
Photo Credit: Niloy
The Khan Mohammad Mridha Mosque
on Lalbagh road is situated less than half a kilometre west of the Lalbagh Fort
, in an area called Atish Khana
in old Dhaka
. Two Persian inscriptions, one over the central archway and the other over the central Mihrab, speak of its construction during 1704–05 AD.
Photo Credit: Ragib Hasan
Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban
is the National Assembly Building of Bangladesh
, located in the capital Dhaka
. It was created by architect Louis I. Kahn
and is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh.
Photo Credit: Karl Ernst Roehl
The District of Rangamati
is a part of the Chittagong Hill Tracts
and is one of the most beautiful districts of the country. Its beauty lies in the people, culture, landscape and lifestyle. This picture featuring the skyline of Rangamati has been taken at Tabalchhori at BDR Rangamati.
Photo Credit: Sakib
In Bangladesh there are many tribal people live in Sylhet, Dinajpur, Cox's Bazar, Mymensingh, Rajshahi etc. But majority of tribal people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
. This picture features a tribal
kid with her little sister tied in her back at Farukpara, Bandarban
Photo Credit: Mohammad Rakibul Hasan
Asian Pied Starling
(Sturnus contra) is one of the 12 species of sturnidae
family birds that are resident in Bangladesh
. Locally known as Myna
) or Shalik
), these birds build their nests in holes or cavities in trees or buildings, or large globular structures of straw, twigs, etc. in trees.
Photo Credit: J.M.Garg
St. Martin's Island
is a small island in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal
, about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox's Bazar
peninsula, and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. There is a small adjoining island that is separated at high tide, called Chera Dwip
. It is about 8 kilometres (5 miles) west of the northwest coast of Myanmar
, at the mouth of the Naf River
Photo Credit: Niaz morshed Shovon
, the official residential palace and seat of the Dhaka Nawab Family
, situated on the banks of the Buriganga River
. The palace
is now a museum.
Photo Credit: Mahbub Hossain Shaheed (mahosha)
is a traditional Bengali
sweet originated from Porabari
, Bangladesh. It is a very popular dessert in Bangladesh
. The cuisine comes in a variety of colors, mainly light pink, light yellow, and white. It is coated with coconut or mawa flakes as a garnish
. The sweet is oval and brownish.
Photo Credit: P.K.Niyogi
is a cotton fabric
of plain weave made in a wide range of weights from delicate sheers to coarse sheeting. This fabric used to be imported into Europe from India in the 17th century and was later manufactured in Scotland and England. Early muslin was hand woven of uncommonly delicate handspun yarn, especially in the region around Dhaka
, Bengal (now Bangladesh
). The picture depicts a 18th-century woman in Dhaka
clad in fine Bengali muslin.
Photo Credit: Francesco Renaldi
This is a photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art by Francis Hayman
(1708–1776) created in 1762. The artwork is showing Lord Clive
meeting with Mir Jafar
after the Battle of Plassey
(1757). Hayman based much of the painting off of Indian miniatures, as he had never been to India and had no firsthand knowledge of Indian dress. The painting was displayed in Vauxhall
soon after completion.
Did you know...
- ... that in December 2014 up to 350,000 litres (77,000 imp gal) of oil was spilt (pictured) after an oil tanker collided with a cargo vessel in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh?
- ...that a fire that broke out a few days before Hiralal Sen died destroyed all his films including India's first political film?
Emperor Humayun (full title: Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Jam-i-Sultanat-i-haqiqi wa Majazi, Sayyid al-Salatin, Abu'l Muzaffar Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun Padshah Ghazi, Zillu'llah) (March 17, 1508 – March 4, 1556) (OS March 7, 1508-OS February 22, 1556) was the second Mughal Emperor who ruled modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but with Persian aid, he eventually regained an even larger one. On the eve of his death in 1556, the Mughal empire spanned almost 250 million acres (1,000,000 km2).
He succeeded his father in India in 1530, while his half-brother Kamran Mirza, who was to become a rather bitter rival, obtained the sovereignty of Kabul and Lahore, the more northern parts of their father's empire. He originally ascended the throne at the age of 22 and was somewhat inexperienced when he came to power.
Humayun lost his Indian territories to the Afghan Sultan, Sher Shah Suri, and, with Persian aid, regained them fifteen years later. Humayun's return from Persia, accompanied by a large retinue of Persian noblemen, signalled an important change in Mughal Court culture, as the Central Asian origins of the dynasty were largely overshadowed by the influences of Persian art, architecture, language and literature. Subsequently, in a very short time, Humayun was able to expand the Empire further, leaving a substantial legacy for his son, Akbar the Great (Akbar-e-Azam). (more)