Deewana (1992 film)

Deewana (transl.Obsessed) is a 1992 Indian Hindi-language melodrama film directed by Raj Kanwar. It stars Divya Bharti, Rishi Kapoor and Shah Rukh Khan. Sushma Seth, Alok Nath and Amrish Puri feature in supporting roles. Guddu Dhanoa co–produced the film along with Lalit Kapoor and Raju Kothari. Nadeem–Shravan composed the music with lyrics penned by Sameer Anjaan. The cinematography was handled by Harmeet Singh while Sagar Sarhadi wrote the screenplay. A. Muthu served as the film editor.

Deewana
Deewana (1992 film) promotional poster.jpg
Promotional poster
Directed byRaj Kanwar
Screenplay bySagar Sarhadi
Story byRanbir Pushp
Produced by
Starring
Edited byA. Muthu
Music byScore:
Surinder Sodhi
Songs:
Nadeem–Shravan
Production
company
Bhagwan Chitra Mandir
Distributed byMayank Arts
Release date
  • 25 June 1992 (1992-06-25)
Running time
155 minutes[1]
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi
Box officeest. 162 million[2]

Based on a story written by Ranbir Pushp, the film revolves around an effervescent girl Kajal (Bharti) who fails to keep pace with her present situation owing to a disastrous past incident—when her husband Ravi (Kapoor), an eminent singer, was killed by his enemies. But as she is about to progress in life with Raja (Khan) who loves her dearly and gives her the strength to move on, a sudden yet shocking encounter devastates her once again.

Upon its premiere on 25 July 1992, Deewana was well-received by critics, and emerged as a major commercial success. It went on to become the second-highest-grossing film of the year, with a worldwide gross of about 162 million (US$2.2 million), surpassed only by Beta. The soundtrack album turned out to be a chartbuster and was the highest-selling soundtrack of the year. The success of the film consolidated both Khan and Bharti's foothold in the industry, and launched Kanwar's directorial career. At the 38th Filmfare Awards, it received five awards including Best Male Debut (Khan) and Best Female Debut (Bharti).

PlotEdit

Kajal, a beautiful lady falls in love with and happily marries Ravi, a rich famous singer whose greedy uncle Dhirendra and cousin Narendra want his wealth. Dhirendra hires hoodlums to murder Ravi, who and Narendra fall off a cliff as Ravi kills him before his death. The hoodlums also escape, and come again for revenge. Widowed and depressed, Kajal moves to another city with Ravi's mother Laxmi.

Raja, a handsome guy accidentally hits Laxmi and meets Kajal. He falls in love with her but she reveals about being a widow. Raja's rich father Ramakant who dislikes Kajal tries to get rid of her after which Raja cuts all ties with him and begs Laxmi for marriage with Kajal. Laxmi persuades Kajal who marries Raja, but he tells him he will not touch her until she accepts him.

Raja now looks for a job. His friends open a garage with him. He meets with an accident and is hospitalised. Kajal rushes to see and realises her love for him. They begin a new life. Eventually, Raja saves a man and befriends him who turns out to be an alive Ravi.

When Raja introduces Ravi to Kajal, she is shocked by learning that Ravi survived Dhirendra's attempt to murder him. However, she stays with Raja. Dhirendra learns about Ravi. He kidnaps Kajal and Raja, demanding Ravi's property in exchange.

Raja escapes and beats Dhirendra along with Ravi. They find Kajal tied up with a bomb strapped around her. Ravi manages to switch off it. Dhirendra returns only to kill Raja. Ravi pushes him and sets the bomb off, causing a large explosion that kills the two for all. Kajal and Raja honour Ravi's sacrifice.

CastEdit

Credits adapted from Bollywood Hungama:[3]

Special appearances

ProductionEdit

In the early 1990s, Ranbir Pushp conceived the story of Deewana, and Guddu Dhanoa being pleased with it, decided to bankroll the film under his own production banner, Mayank Arts. In an interview to Rediff.com, Raj Kanwar, who had previously worked as an assistant director to Shekhar Kapur in films such as Mr. India (1987) and Ghayal (1990), revealed that he was approached by Dhanoa to direct Deewana, becoming his directorial debut. Lalit Kapoor and Raju Kothari co–produced the film along with Dhanoa.[4]

Kanwar wanted to cast Rishi Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit and Armaan Kohli.[4] While they were successful in signing Kapoor with a remuneration of 1 million (US$13,000), Dixit had date problems and could not be signed.[5] Kohli, after shooting few scenes, opted out citing a "misunderstanding" between him and Shabnam Kapoor on the sets of Insaaf Ki Devi.[5] Following this, Kanwar offered the second lead to many other actors, including Anil Kapoor, Govinda, Sunny Deol and Telugu actor Nagarjuna. But none accepted the role.[6] Shah Rukh Khan was finally signed.[7] Kanwar had previously liked his performance in Dil Dariya and Circus and thus suggested his name to the producers.[4] Khan, however, informed them about the date clashes with his other film Raju Ban Gaya Gentleman (1992).[5] Later, a push in the schedule of the film of about 30–35 days ensured Khan's presence in Deewana.[5] He expressed his enjoyment on hearing that Kapoor was also a part of it.[5] For the female lead, after efforts to sign Dixit failed, the makers approached Divya Bharti, mainly on the recommendation of Dhanoa's friend and the former's manager, Jatin Rajguru.[8] Dhanoa addressed her to be "time–punctual" and that once she refused to get off her car only because she came a bit late for her shoot.[8]

Principal photography took place in and around Mumbai and Ooty.[9]

MusicEdit

Deewana
Soundtrack album by
Released1992
GenreFilm soundtrack
LabelVenus Music
ProducerGlenn Dewaynus
Nadeem-Shravan chronology
Paayal
(1992)
Deewana
(1992)
Bekhudi
(1992)

The soundtrack album features 7 songs composed by Nadeem-Shravan, a duo. Sameer wrote the lyrics and Kumar Sanu, Sadhana Sargam, Alka Yagnik, and Vinod Rathod performed the vocals. The album sold between 7 million and 8 million units,[10] making it the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of 1992.[11]

The soundtrack album is featured by Planet Bollywood in their listing of "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks".[12] CNN-IBN included "Aisi Deewangi" as one of the "5 Memorable Songs of Divya Bharti" and raved about her presence in the same by saying that it made "people swoon over her as well the tune. Her effortless beauty, along with her charming on-screen chemistry with Shahrukh Khan multiplied the X-Factors and made it a delightful watch."[13] Rediff listed it among the "10 Amazing Nadeem-Shravan songs".[14]

Deewana track listing
No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Sochenge Tumhe Pyar"Kumar Sanu06:03
2."Teri Umeed Tera Intezar"Kumar Sanu & Sadhana Sargam06:19
3."Teri Umeed Tera Intezar (female)"Sadhana Sargam02:13
4."Payaliya"Kumar Sanu & Alka Yagnik07:57
5."Teri Isi Ada Pe Sanam"Kumar Sanu & Sadhana Sargam05:12
6."Koi Na Koi Chahiye"Vinod Rathod06:23
7."Aisi Deewangi"Vinod Rathod & Alka Yagnik06:59
8."Tere Dard Se Dil"Kumar Sanu04:51
Total length:46:57

Release and receptionEdit

The film was released on 25 June 1992.[15] It was promoted with the tagline "The Power of Love".[16][17] Having a strong opening at the box office, the film was declared a major commercial success and ran at theatres for 50 weeks,[2] thereby becoming a golden jubilee film.[4][a] According to the film-trade website Box Office India, it collected 140 million (US$1.9 million) worldwide and became the second-highest-grossing film of the year, surpassed only by Beta.[19][2]

Critical responseEdit

Deewana received positive reviews from critics upon release, with major praise directed towards its cinematography, soundtrack and the cast performances, and particular praise for Khan and Bharti's performances.

Nikhat Kazmi published a review of the film in The Times of India on 28 June 1992, writing that Khan's role is clichéd but he was able to "interpret it with a fresh zeal and wafts across like a breeze in the traditional role of a young man obsessed with love. Angry, confused, tender, mature and childishly rebellious, Deewana marks the advent of a new talent".[20] On 31 July, a writer in The Indian Express praised the film's cinematography and songs, but was critical to its story which he called "no more than a routine melodrama". The writer added that Bharti had a "pretty ... but ... thin" role and "there is nothing she can do about it". He further observed that Khan is "fairly impressive and brings some life to a conventional role".[21]

Modern film reviewers too appreciated Deewana. In 2007, the author Anupama Chopra described the film as a "crude and melodramatic" work, with Khan's performance being "equally loud". She said that the film established his position as a leading actor of Hindi cinema, despite his "over-the-top" performance.[22] Rachit Gupta of Filmfare in 2014 stated, "Divya seemed at ease sharing screen space with Rishi Kapoor. She also matched [Shah Rukh Khan]'s manic intensity emotion to emotion. She fit perfectly into the character of a woman dealing with the loss of her husband."[23] In 2018, Sampada Sharma from The Indian Express wrote that her performance is unforgettable, adding, "From playing a newly married girl to being the one who is at a crossroads in her life, Deewana was Divya's film and she delivered a performance that was applause-worthy."[24]

AccoladesEdit

Award Category Recipient(s) Results Ref.
38th Filmfare Awards Face of The Year Divya Bharti Won [25]
[26]
[27]
[28]
Best Male Debut Shah Rukh Khan Won
Best Music Director Nadeem-Shravan Won
Best Lyrics Sameer (for "Aisi Deewangi") Nominated
Best Lyrics Sameer (for "Teri Umeed Tera Intezaar") Won
Best Male Playback Singer Kumar Sanu (for "Sochenge Tumhe Pyar") Won
Best Male Playback Singer Vinod Rathod (for "Aisi Deewangi") Nominated
Best Female Playback Singer Alka Yagnik (for "Aisi Deewangi") Nominated

ThemesEdit

Deewana deals with the central theme of love as well as its restorative and non-repressive power.[29] In the film, both Ravi and Raja manifest intense love for Kajal, but the love which Raja possesses takes a higher precedence in the film over that of the former's (i.e. Ravi) as his love is "undiluted", a pure form of the same.[30] He advances to great heights in order to achieve his love and besides being possessive about her, he is protective too.[31] Kajal seems initially reluctant (because of the dominating society and the otherwise strict patriarchal system), but on realizing how her each and every gesture has affected Raja and thereby he has become overwhelmingly passionate ('Deewana') about her, she throws herself on his arms and lights up the hope of a new yet beautiful life with him.[32] Being a widow, Kajal knows how society will condemn her on marrying the second time and thus her consequent unwillingness to reciprocate back her feelings to Raja is symbolic of the sanctity of Indian women[b] as to how they uphold the cultural integrity.[33]

In another aspect, the film depicts how lovers do not hesitate for self-sacrifice and that the energy of love takes hold of oneself and resistance is futile.[34] For example: In the climax, when Dhirendra Pratap finds out that his gun is devoid of bullets (after subsequently shooting Ravi in an attempt to kill Raja), Ravi in a feat of revenge, moves forward, straps the bomb around his waist, pushes him and in a fatal explosion, both are killed. Thus, Ravi is portrayed as the one sacrificing for the sake of his love while Raja succeeds in getting Kajal. But, this is a complete contrast to the general rule of love traingles[c] where the second lead is implied to be an interloper who always died or left. In relevance to this fact, Deewana is considered to be the first pathbreaking love triangle in Bollywood.[35][15]

LegacyEdit

Deewana has been regarded as one of the finest Indian films based on the social stigma of widow remarriage.[33] The film's music by the duo Nadeem-Shravan became a multi-platinum success.[36] Bharti's matured and apt performance as Kajal etched her name in the hearts of Indian audience; the film's title became synonymous with the actress.[37] The film is also notable for being the debut film of Khan as an actor, and despite his limited screen space in the second half, his much celebrated performance as an obsessive lover was a major highlight.[38][39] The song "Koi Na Koi Chahiye" picturized on him has gradually gathered a cult following and has been termed 'iconic'.[40] Ashok Raj described his role in the film as "A small-town commoner who stalks a rich widow to gain access to a prosperous lifestyle."[41] CNN-IBN remarks that Kapoor's "filmography came to a head" with Deewana and that it remains it to be one of his most memorable works, his fashion in the film being considered a trendsetter for himself.[42][43]

Additionally, Deewana has been included in many listings—"500 Greatest Bollywood Movies of the 80s, 90s and 2000s",[44] "Top 90 Hindi Movies Of The 1990s"[45] and "100 Greatest Bollywood Love Triangle Movies".[46] The soundtrack album was featured by Planet Bollywood among the "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks" with a conclusion that "Deewana was simply one of the best albums of the 90s".[12] India Today ranked Deewana first as one of the "Top Films of Raj Kanwar".[47] Rediff.com has placed the film twice in its listing of "Top 20 soundtracks of Nadeem–Shravan" and "10 Amazing Nadeem–Shravan songs".[36][14] The scene where Khan confronts Bharti and throws red colour on her white saree to deliver his impassioned love to her was included by NDTV as one of the "Top 10 Holi scenes from Bollywood".[48] Diptakirti Chaudhuri, a film critic, hailed Deewana to be a pathbreaking film in Bollywood, as it showed a complete contrast to the general storyline of love triangles.[35]

The film has been referenced many times. In Pehla Nasha (1993), Khan says to Deepak Tijori, "You have done a miracle (chatmakar) gentleman, I have become a crazy fan (deewana) of you."[49] Moreover, in the "Chennai Express Special - Part 2" episode of the popular television sitcom Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah, Popatlal dances the song "Koi Na Koi Chahiye".[50] The film's poster is shown in the film Dhanak.[51] A footage from Deewana is also shown in Fan.[52]

SequelEdit

A sequel to Deewana was announced in 2013 by the producer Guddu Dhanoa.[53][54][55][56]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A golden jubilee film is one that completes a theatrical run of 50 weeks or 300 days.[18]
  2. ^ In Indian culture, the issue of a widow marrying again is looked down upon with contempt by the people.
  3. ^ Here, the previously known conception of love triangles was subjected to a change by completely reversing the usual storyline.

ReferencesEdit

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  6. ^ Shiekh, Mushtaq. Shah Rukh Can: The Story of the Man and Star Called Shah Rukh Khan. Om Books International. ISBN 978-81-87108-26-9. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
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BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit