Board of Control for Cricket in India

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the national governing body for cricket in India.[2] The board was formed in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. It is a consortium of state cricket associations and the state associations select their representatives who in turn elect the BCCI Chief. Its headquarters are in Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai. Grant Govan was its first president and Anthony De Mello its first secretary[3]

Board of Control for Cricket in India
Cricket India Crest.svg
SportCricket
JurisdictionNational
AbbreviationBCCI
Founded1928 (1928)
AffiliationInternational Cricket Council
Affiliation date31 May 1926 (31 May 1926)
Regional affiliationAsian Cricket Council
Affiliation date19 September 1983
HeadquartersWankhede Stadium
LocationChurchgate, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
PresidentSourav Ganguly
Vice president(s)Mahim Verma
SecretaryJay Shah
Men's coachRavi Shastri
Women's coachW. V. Raman
Operating income18,000 crore (US$2.5 billion) (FY 2018-19)[1]
SponsorByju's, Paytm, Nike, Dream11, Hyundai, Ambuja Cements, Star Sports .
Official website
www.bcci.tv

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

In 1912, an all-India cricket team visited England for the first time, sponsored and captained by Maharaja of Patiala. In 1926, two representatives of the Calcutta Cricket Club travelled to London to attend meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the predecessor to the current International Cricket Council. Although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, they were allowed to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The outcome of the meeting was the MCC's decision to send a team to India, led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes.

In a meeting with the Maharaja of Patiala and others, Gilligan promised to press for its inclusion in the ICC if all the promoters of the game in the land came together to establish a single controlling body. An assurance was given and a meeting held in Delhi on 21 November 1927 and was attended by delegates from Patiala, Delhi, United Provinces, Rajputana, Alwar, Bhopal, Gwalior, Baroda, Kathiawar, Central Provinces, Sindh and Punjab. A consensus was reached to create a board for control of cricket in India and on 10 December 1927, a unanimous decision to form a provisional board of control was taken. In December 1928, the BCCI was registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act with six associations affiliated to it. R E Grant Govan was elected as its first president and Anthony de Mello as secretary.[4] Indian cricket team toured England in 1932.

Reforms: 2017 Committee of Administrators (CoA)Edit

With the surge of cricket in India, BCCI has become rather notorious for its monopoly and has suffered from corruption allegations.[5] The Supreme Court on 30 January 2017 nominated a four-member panel Committee of Administrators (Vinod Rai, Ramachandra Guha, Vikaram Limaye and Diana Edulji) to look after the administration of the BCCI in order to implement Lodha Committee reforms.[6] Vinod Rai, ex-CAG of India heads the four members panel to look after the administrative duties of the board until the fresh elections are called.[7][8][9] Presently Sourav Ganguly is the president of BCCI.

On 9 August 2019, the BCCI agreed to adhere to the anti-doping mechanisms governed by the National Anti-Doping Agency.[10][11]

Sunil Joshi, former Indian cricket team spinner was named as Chairman of the national selection panel by the Cricket Advisory Committee (CAC) of BCCI replacing MSK prasad in that role.

Cricket development and matchesEdit

Domestic cricketEdit

The BCCI organises the following domestic cricket competitions:

Men's domestic cricketEdit

Women's domestic cricketEdit

International cricketEdit

Men's cricketEdit

Seniors
Juniors
  • International teams of India
    • India national under-19 cricket team
    • Under 17
  • India's junior international cricket records
  • Indian junior cricket players

Women's cricketEdit

Seniors
Juniors
  • International teams of India
    • Under 19
    • Under 17
  • India's junior international cricket records
  • Indian junior cricket players

Differently-abled cricketEdit

Cricket Association for the Blind in India, a separate body and not related to the BCCI, collaborates with BCCI.

FinancesEdit

Clout as world's richest boardEdit

Financial cloutEdit

The BCCI is India's richest sporting body and the richest cricket board in the world.[12][13][14] Most other board's depend on their matches with India for the largest chunk of their income.[12] BCCI does not depend on the Government of India for its finances.[15]

In 2020, with US$405 million out of US$1534 million India had 26% share in the ICC FTP income disbursed to 10 test playing nations, while ECB received US$139 million as the second highest earner.[12]

In 2020, to revive the financial health of other boards after the global economic decline and the significantly reduced income of most boards due to the COVID-19 pandemic ICC will rejig its FTP to schedule more bilateral matches of others nations with India.[12]

Influence over the ICCEdit

The BCCI is regarded as cricket's big economic player.[16] In 2009, the ICC and BCCI were in disagreement over the WADA Whereabouts clause.[17]

IncomeEdit

Total annual incomeEdit

In 2020-2021 fy, the total annual income of BCCI is estimated to be over INR 3730 crore (US$535 million), including INR 2500 crore (US$345 million) from IPL, INR 950 crores (US$139 million) from bilateral cricket with other nations, and INR 380 crores (US$51 million per year or total US$405 million for 8 years) from India's share of ICC revenue.[12]

Revenue streamsEdit

ICC income shareEdit

In 2020, as per the present present eight-year Future Tours Program (FTP), while India receives a total of US$405 million from ICC, as contrasted with US$139 million to ECB, while US$128 million for each of Cricket Australia, Cricket South Africa, Pakistan Cricket Board, New Zealand Cricket, Sri Lanka Cricket, Cricket West Indies and Bangladesh Cricket Board, and US$94 million for Zimbabwe.[12]

Media rightsEdit

From 2018 to 2022 global media rights for IPL is awarded to STAR India for 16,347.5 crore (US$2.3 billion).[18]

In 2010, the media rights for 25 neutral venue one-day matches to be played over the next 5 years were awarded to Zee Telefilms for $219.16 million.[19]

Sponsorship rightsEdit

From 2016 to 2020 inclusive, the official kit sponsorship rights for 5 years has been awarded to Nike for 370 crore (US$52 million).[20] Earlier in 2019, BYJU'S became the official Indian cricket team sponsor for a period of four years at a cost of 1,079 crore (US$150 million).[21] For each home match BCCI makes INR 60 crore (slightly less than US$8 million) per home match under this sponsorship deal.[12]

ExpenditureEdit

Cricketing infrastructure developmentEdit

On 12 September 2006, BCCI announced that it will spend 1,600 crore over the subsequent one year to upgrade the cricket stadiums around the country.[22]

DonationsEdit

In 2020 March, BCCI donated 51 crore to the PM CARES Fund to combat the COVID-19 pandemic in India.[23]

Players' contracts and welfareEdit

Taxation paymentsEdit

In 2018, the total amount of tax 462.22 crore, which was outstanding as on April 1, 2018, was cleared along with interest in September 2018 but The Department of Revenue has issued a notice for tax evasion to the BCCI. The Department of Revenue has asked the BCCI to pay another outstanding income tax worth Rs 1,303 crore, according to details submitted by the Finance Ministry in Parliament in February, 2019.[24]

Earlier in 2007-08 although the Income Tax Department withdrew this exemption, BCCI only paid tax amounting to 41.9 crore (US$5.9 million) against its tax liability of 413 crore (US$58 million) in the 2009-10 financial year[25]

In 2012, BCCI had avoided taxes on its income, claiming exemption as a charitable organisation.[26]

OrganisationEdit

PresidentEdit

The current president is Sourav Ganguly who is a former captain of Indian cricket team.

Affiliated domestic member boardsEdit

CriticismEdit

Corruption and hegemony of nepotistic dynastsEdit

Some of the corruption scams by the hegemonistic corrupt politicians and businessmen include Controversies involving the Indian Premier League. The Committee of Administrators (CoA) appointed by the court in 2017 was an anti-corruption attempt to reform the BCCI and to demolish the hegemonistic control of dynasts.

ControversiesEdit

Main controversies include (partial list, help expand):

As well as the following:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 January 2017. Retrieved 21 May 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "BCCI covered under Australia's Right to Information Act, rules top appellate body". Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Dass, Jarmani (1969). Maharaja; lives and loves and intrigues of Indian princes: Volume 56 of Orient paperbacks. Allied Publishers. p. 342. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2015.Page 44
  5. ^ Richards, Huw (4 June 2013). "No Easy Cure for Indian Cricket". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 3 November 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Supreme Court appoints four-member panel to run BCCI". Archived from the original on 28 April 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "BCCI agrees to come under NADA ambit". ESPNcricinfo. 9 August 2019. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  11. ^ "BCCI finally comes under NADA, first step towards becoming National Sports Federation". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "BCCI bailout plan: Play more matches with India". Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Mahendra wins a bitter battle". The Hindu. 30 September 2004. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Decline in BCCI income during 2008-09s". Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  16. ^ "Front Page : Harbhajan in three-Test ban for racist remark". The Guardian. 7 January 2008. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  17. ^ "Front Page : BCCI opposes doping clause". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 3 August 2009. Archived from the original on 4 August 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  18. ^ "Nimbus bags cricket rights for $612 m BCCI sale and sponsorship earnings total Rs 3,354 crore". The Hindu Business Line. Archived from the original on 10 January 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  19. ^ "Zee wins 'neutral venue' media rights for $ 219.16 million". Indiantelevision.com. 6 April 2006. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  20. ^ "Front Page News : Wednesday, July 28, 2010". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 24 December 2005. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  21. ^ "Air Sahara wins cricket team sponsorship To shell out Rs 313.80 cr for 4-year period". The Hindu Business Line. 20 December 2005. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  22. ^ "BCCI to invest $347 million on domestic facilities | Cricket News | Global | Cricinfo.com". Content-usa.cricinfo.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  23. ^ "BCCI donates Rs 51 crore to Prime Minister's Relief Fund". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  24. ^ "BCCI issued notice in tax evasion case by revenue |". Business Standard News. 19 March 2019. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019.
  25. ^ "BCCI owes Rs.373 crore to Income Tax dept". The New Indian Express. 20 February 2012. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  26. ^ Joshi, Sandeep (19 February 2012). "BCCI not a 'charitable organisation'". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.

External linksEdit