Board of Control for Cricket in India

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)[13] is the national governing body of Cricket in India.[14] Its headquarters is situated at the Cricket centre in Churchgate, Mumbai.[15] The BCCI is the wealthiest governing body of cricket in the world.[16][17][18]

Board of Control for Cricket in India
Official Crest of the BCCI
FoundedDecember 1928; 94 years ago (December 1928)[1]
AffiliationInternational Cricket Council
Affiliation date31 May 1926 (31 May 1926)[2]
Regional affiliationAsian Cricket Council
Affiliation date19 September 1983
HeadquartersCricket centre, Mumbai[3]
LocationChurchgate, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India[3][4]
PresidentRoger Binny[5]
CEOHemang Amin[6]
Vice president(s)Rajeev Shukla[5]
SecretaryJay Shah[5]
Men's coachRahul Dravid
Women's coachVacant [7]
Other key staffAjit Agarkar (chief national selector)[5]
Ashish Shelar (treasurer)[5]
Devajit Saikia (joint-secretary)[5]
Abey Kuruvilla (general manager)[8]
Vineet Saran (Ethics officer)
Dr Abhijit Salvi (head, Anti-doping unit)[9] Shabir Hussein (head, anti-corruption unit)[10]
Arun Dhumal (chairman, IPL)[5]
Operating income4542 Crore (FY 2021-22)[11]
SponsorDream11, Adidas, IDFC First Bank, Hyundai, Ambuja Cements[12]
Official website

The BCCI was formed in December 1928 and is a consortium of state cricket associations that select their own representatives who elect the BCCI president. Grant Govan was the first BCCI president and Anthony De Mello was its first secretary.[19] As of February 2023, Roger Binny is the incumbent BCCI president and Jay Shah is secretary.[20][21] The board joined the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1926.[2] The BCCI is an autonomous, private organisation that does not fall under the purview of the National Sports Federation of India and the Government of India has minimal regulation on it. It does not receive any grants or funds from the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports. The BCCI is influential in international cricket.[22][23][24] The International Cricket Council shares the largest part of its revenue with the BCCI. Its IPL is one of the wealthiest sports league in the world.[25] In 2023, BCCI sold Indian cricket's media rights to Viacom18 for more than 6,000 crore (US$750 million), WPL media rights was sold for ₹951 to Viacom18 in 2023 and in 2022 IPL media rights was sold to Viacom18–Star sports for 48,390 crore (US$6.1 billion). All the media rights are awarded for 5 years.[26][27][28]The BCCI pays hundreds of crores rupees in the form of tax to the government of India, paid 4,000 crore (US$500 million) in financial year 2022-23.[29][details 1]

The BCCI has hosted multiple ICC World Cups,[a] and will host the 2023 Cricket World Cup, the 2026 ICC T20 World cup, the 2031 ICC ODI Cricket World Cup,[b] and the 2025 Women's Cricket World Cup.[31][c]

The BCCI manages four squads that represent India in international cricket; the men's national cricket team, the women's national cricket team, the men's national under-19 cricket team and women's national under-19 cricket team. It also governs developmental India A, India B and India A women's teams.[32] Its national selection committee, which is led by chief national selector, selects players for these teams.[d] As part of its duties, the BCCI organises and schedules matches to be played by each of these teams, and schedules, sanctions and organises domestic cricket in India.[33][34][35]

History Edit

The first game of cricket was played in India by European sailors, who played the sport as a recreational activity in the first half of the 18th century. These sailors played cricket near their coastal settlements. The first recorded match in India was played between the British army and British settlers in 1751. The world's second-oldest cricket club, Calcutta Cricket Club, was founded in 1792 in present-day Kolkata. The Parsis were the first civilian community to accept cricket as a sport and play it in India.[36] In 1848, they set up the Oriental Cricket Club in present-day Mumbai. In 1850, they founded the Young Zoroastrian Cricket Club. In 1886, Hindus founded the Hindu Gymkhana sports club.[37]

In 1912, an all-India cricket team visited England for the first time, and were sponsored and captained by the Maharaja of Patiala. In 1926, two representatives of Calcutta Cricket Club travelled to London to attend meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the predecessor of the current International Cricket Council. Although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, they were allowed to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The outcome of the meeting was the MCC's decision to send a team that was led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes, to India.[citation needed]

Founding and early years Edit

CK Nayudu (in the 1930s), former Indian cricketer, Indian cricket team's first captain in Test cricket

In a meeting with the Maharaja of Patiala and others, Gilligan promised to press for its inclusion in the ICC if all of the game's promoters in the country united to establish a single controlling body. An assurance was given[by whom?] and on 21 November 1927 a meeting was held in Delhi, which was attended by delegates from Patiala, Delhi, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, Rajputana, Alwar, Bhopal, Gwalior, Baroda, Kathiawar, Central Provinces and Berar, Sindh and Punjab. The delegates agreed to create a board for control of cricket in India. On 10 December 1927, a unanimous decision to form a provisional board of control was taken, and the BCCI was formed in December 1928. R. E. Grant Govan was elected as its first president and Anthony de Mello was secretary.[38]

In 1926, the BCCI joined the Imperial Cricket Council, then the governing body for international cricket. In 1936, the BCCI started India's premier first-class cricket championship the Ranji Trophy, which was named after the first Indian person who played international cricket, the King of Nawanagar state K.S. Ranjitsinhji,[39] who played for England in international cricket. The Mumbai cricket team is the most-successful team, winning 41 titles.

In 1932, India played its maiden Test match under the captaincy of C. K. Nayudu against England at Lord's cricket ground in London. During England's 1933-34 tour of India, on 17 December 1933, Lala Amarnath became the first Indian batsman to score a test century, scoring 118 on his debut, at Bombay Gymkhana.[40] In 1967–68, India won its first-ever Test cricket series outside Asia. Previously it had defeated Pakistan, New Zealand and England, and won series in India.[41]

1945–1987 Edit

In 1952, the England team toured India; it was their first tour of India after its Independence. Nigel Howard was the captain of touring team.[42] The former India captain Vijaya Ananda Gajapathi Raju, also known as Vizzy, was the BCCI president in the 1960s.[43]

In 1975, the BCCI paid ₹2,500 per match to the test cricketers. Banks, Indian railways and private enterprises would recruit players.[44]

The board appointed Ajit Wadekar captain in 1971, the Indian team won their first test series against England on English soil, and against the West Indies, Sunil Gavaskar made his test debut in latter series.

India won the 1983 Cricket World Cup, defeating the defending champions the West Indies by 43 runs in the final at Lord's. India also won the World Championship of Cricket in 1985, defeating Pakistan by eight wickets in the final at Melbourne Cricket Ground. The BCCI hosted the 1987 World Cup; it was the first time the event was organised outside England.[45]

1987–2000 Edit

Through the 1980s and early 1990s, BCCI paid ₹5 lakh per match to terrestrial television network Doordarshan to broadcast the Indian cricket team's matches.[46]

It hosted the ICC Cricket World Cup competitions in 1987 and 1996.[30][e]

In 1991, BCCI proposed South Africa's readmission to international cricket at the International Cricket Council (ICC).[47] After the proposal succeeded, the BCCI sold television broadcast rights for the first time; South African Broadcasting Corporation purchased the rights to broadcast the South African cricket tour of India, South Africa's first official international tour after the 21-year boycott from international cricket.[48] During this time, South Africa joined the "Asian bloc" of the BCCI and its South-Asian neighbours.

In 1993, the BCCI signed a deal with TransWorld International (TWI), which would pay the BCCI to televise England's tour of India on satellite television and Doordarshan would pay TWI for the rights to televise the matches in India.[49][50] The 1993 Hero Cup was broadcast on Star TV, which made it the first cricket series to be broadcast on satellite television in India and broke the monopoly of Doordarshan.[51][49] A lengthy legal battle between Doordarshan and the BCCI—which was led by Jagmohan Dalmiya and president I. S. Bindra—ensued. In February 1995, the Supreme Court of India ruled the television rights of India's matches were a commodity belonging to the BCCI, for which the broadcaster must pay BCCI and not the other way around.[52]

BCCI, in a joint bid with Pakistan and Sri Lanka, won the rights to host the 1996 Cricket World Cup, defeating the England-and-Australia bloc. The tournament was a commercial success,[53] yielding the ICC a profit of $50 million.[52]

In 1997, Dalmiya became the president of the ICC.[53] With Dalmiya at the head of the ICC, the BCCI led a successful proposal to grant Test status to Bangladesh in 1999–2000.[54]

21st century Edit

Since 2000, the BCCI has hosted and organised multiple ICC cricket World Cups competitions that is men's 2011 ODI world cup,[f] 2016 and 2021 T20 world cups;[g] 2013, 2016 Women's Cricket world cups.

In 2007, the BCCI established the Indian Premier League (IPL), an annual, franchise-based, Twenty20 cricket league. In 2008, the BCCI sold the ownership rights of eight city-based franchises to corporate groups and Bollywood celebrities in a closed auction for a total of US$723.49 million;[55] it also sold the tournament's global media rights for 10 years to World Sport Group for US$1.03 billion. The media deal was re-negotiated the following year to $1.6 billion.[56] In 2010, the BCCI expanded the league to 10 teams, selling two new franchises for a total of US$703 million.[57] Due to the IPL's commercial success, similarly styled Twenty20 leagues appeared around the world, as did franchise-based leagues in other sports in India.[58][59]

In 2014, the BCCI, Cricket Australia and the England and Wales Cricket Board seized control of several of the ICC's key committees to form the "Big Three". The foundation of the "Big Three" would result in a complete remodelling of world cricket, with India, England, and Australia now commanding most of cricket's revenue for the foreseeable future.[60][ISBN missing]

In 2019, the BCCI recognised retired players' union the Indian Cricketers' Association (ICA), which was formed after the Supreme court appointed Lodha committee's recommendation to form an independent organisation for welfare of nation's players. The board also includes this union's one person as "ICA representative" in BCCI and IPL's apex governing council.[61]

On 14 February 2022, it laid foundation stone for new National Cricket Academy (NCA) at Bangalore, which will replace old NCA located near M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Banglore.[62]

Women's cricket Edit

Former cricketer Mithali Raj, she was national team captain, is the leading run scorer in the world at women's ODIs.[63]
Jhulan Goswami (in 2009), former cricketer. She holds the record of highest wicket taker in the world in women's ODIs.

India women's national cricket team represents India in Women's international cricket. It played its first Women's Cricket World Cup in 1978, when it was first held in India. Diana Edulji was the first captain of the Indian women's cricket team in One Day Internationals (ODIs). The Indian women's team have played in the finals of the 2005 and 2017 World Cup competitions in South Africa and in England, respectively.

Women's Cricket World Cup tournaments in 1978, 1997 and 2013 were held in India.[64]

In 2007, the governing body of women's cricket in India the Women's Cricket Association of India was merged into the BCCI after the International Women's Cricket Council merged into ICC in 2006.[65]

On 28 October 2022, BCCI secretary Jay Shah announced it would pay equal sums of money to women's team players as it pays to men's team's players. The BCCI pays men ₹15 lakh for Test matches, ₹6 lakh for ODIs and ₹3 lakh for T20I per match.[66]

On 16 January 2023, the BCCI sold the media rights of Women Primer League (WPL) matches to Viacom18 for ₹951 crores and its five teams for ₹4,669.99 crores on 25 January 2023. Inspiration to start this league came from the IPL. The first season played in 2023.[67][68]

On 30 January 2023, India U19 team won the inaugural T20 World Cup, by defeating England in the final.[69]

Indian Premier League Edit

In 2008, the BCCI launched a Twenty20 franchise cricket league, the Indian Premier League (IPL), which has grown to become the world's most-lucrative cricket league, attracting many of the world's top players. It is one of the biggest sports leagues in the world.[70][71] The IPL is the BCCI's major revenue source and is the only league to have a special window in ICC Future Tours Programme (ICC FTP), meaning very little international cricket is organised during the tournament.[72]

In 2023 BCCI sold IPL's media rights for record breaking $6.02 bn for the period of 2023–27.[73]

There are 10 teams in IPL, BCCI organise the tournament annually during summer in March–May in various stadiums in India.[73]

IPL controversies Edit

In 2008, the BCCI banned Pakistani players from playing in the IPL due to the nation's involvement in the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks,[74][75][76] in which Pakistani trained terrorists slew 166 people and injured 238. This ban was extended four years on, in 2012, due to the BCCI being 'wary' of several issues regarding Pakistani participation like off-field misdemeanours and spot-fixing allegations.[77]

This was accompanied by the body opposing any bilateral series with the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB), restricting India-Pakistan encounters to multinational ICC and ACC events. Since that time, it has rebuffed several approaches by the PCB for a resumption of bilateral cricketing tie as, according to the BCCI, India cannot not play against Pakistan without the Government of India's (which considers Pakistan to be a state-sponsor of terrorism) permission.[78][79][80] In 2017, the Sports Minister of India, Vijay Goel said Pakistan should first stop sponsoring terrorists.[81][82]

BCCI pays 10 percent from the salary of every foreign player to their respective national board. In 2022, the Australian Cricketers' Association expressed their unhappiness about these payments.[83]

Controversies Edit

Conflicts of interest Edit

India Cements-Chennai Super Kings' owner and former president N. Srinivasan was criticised for his alleged biased behaviour towards some state boards by awarding them ODI, Test and T20 matches while in office, possibly in violation of the board's rotation policy on venues.[84][83][20]

During Srinivasan's tenure as treasur in BCCI before he became the president, the board constitution was amended to facilitate him to buy an IPL franchise, through his company India Cements during the 2008 IPL team auction (An event held where 8 teams was sold through an open auction).[85] Srinivasan courted further controversy for appointing India national side's and Chennai Super Kings' (CSK) captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni as a vice-president of India Cements.[86] He also interfered in national team's selection, in 2012 ex BCCI selector Mohinder Amarnath reveled that selectors wanted to sack Dhoni from skipper post, after India lost 8 test in a row, including "disastrous series in Australia", they wanted to replace him, it was a unanimous decision by selectors, but Shrinivasan didn't allowed to happen it.[87] Srinivasan's son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan, who was team principal of CSK, was arrested for involvement in Spot-fixing and betting. Then unrecognised state association by BCCI, the Bihar Cricket Association, filed a petition against it for mismanagement and conflict of interest in its investigation of 2013 IPL corruption scandal. In 2013, Mumbai police arrested the Indian cricket team's regular player S. Sreesanth, other players and IPL team owners of Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals for their dealings with the illegal betting industry.[88] In 2015, the Supreme Court appointed the Lodha Committee suspended Chennai Super Kings from the IPL for two years, and suspended Meiyappan from cricket activities for life.[89] In 2013, Rupa Gurunath—N Shrinivasan's daughter and Gurunath Meiyappan's wife—who was then president of Tamil Nadu Cricket Association, was found guilty of conflict of interest by the BCCI's ethics officer Justice D.K. Jain. In 2015, the Supreme Court of India barred Srinivasan from the BCCI for contesting elections due to his conflict of interests; the court also struck down the amendments of BCCI constitution that had allowed him to own and operate an IPL team.[citation needed] However he still owns the CSK franchise. In January 2015, Supreme court quashed BCCI'S rule, which allowed its administrators to have financial interests in cash rich leagues such as Championship league, IPL etc. The court barred individuals including N Shrinivasan from BCCI election, who have financial interests in events organised by BCCI.[90]

The BCCI does not allow its contracted, non-contracted, national and domestic players to participate in any cricket leagues abroad. Only players who have retired from all formats of Indian cricket can take part in foreign leagues. Players such as Adam Gilchrist have questioned this policy. Indian players such as Suresh Raina and Robin Uthappa have urged the board to allow non-contracted players like them to participate in foreign leagues.[91][92]

Tax evasions Edit

Many times BCCI avoided paying taxes to the government. Once it claimed that it is a "charitable organisation", to avoid paying taxes and often disguises itself as an Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO).[93] In 2014, Ministry of finance revealed that, there were as many as 213 cases of tax envisions of BCCI/IPL from 2009–10 to 2014, involving 261.64 Cr rupees.[94] In the decade of 2010s, almost every year the Income Tax Department demand the BCCI their 'outstanding income tax' (see details - #Tax payment ). Frequently till 2012, the board got exemptions for tax under the IT Act 1961 (section 11) but later Income tax department declared BCCI'S earnings as commercial and listed them as business incomes.[95] Whenever ICC organises an international event such as world cup in India, it asks BCCI to get tax exemptions from its government. During 2016 T20 world cup, Modi government gave them 10% exemption.[96] According to Deccan Herald's article on 19 December 2021, even though BCCI is one of the world's richest sports bodies and earns thousands of millions of rupees per year, it shows unwillingness to pay income taxes and finds loopholes in laws to avoid paying taxes.[97]

Politicians in the board Edit

Politicians from multiple political parties have held positions within BCCI; Sharad Pawar of the Nationalist Congress Party, Madhavrao Scindia of the Indian National Congress and Anurag Thakur of Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) were BCCI presidents, As of 2023, latter's brother Arun Singh Dhumal is the IPL chairman. Jay Shah, the son of the Home Minister of India Amit Shah, is BCCI's secretary. Rajiv Shukla of the Congress party is its vice-president, he is in BCCI continuously since 2000s and held various top positions, he was IPL president from 2011 to 2017.[98] Ashish Shelar of BJP is the treasurer.[99]

Lodha committee reform Edit

The BCCI has been criticised for its monopolistic practices, and has suffered from allegations of corruption and cronyism.[specify][which?][100] Supreme Court of India appointed a committee to make reforms in BCCI, headed by justice R. M. Lodha, the Lodha committee suggested many reforms to the BCCI, but BCCI did not implemented them as a result Supreme court removed officials of the BCCI.[101] On 30 January 2017, The Supreme Court of India nominated a four-member 'Committee of Administrators' (COA) composed of Vinod Rai, Ramachandra Guha, Vikram Limaye and Diana Edulji to administer the BCCI to implement Lodha Committee's reforms.[102] Vinod Rai, a retired civil servant and the former Comptroller and Auditor General of India, led the committee, which administered the board until elections could be conducted.[103][104][105]

Many years BCCI consistently opposed to adhere regulations of the National Anti-Doping Agency, India (NADA). On 9 August 2019, it agreed to adhere the anti-doping mechanisms governed by the NADA.[106][107]

Rebel league Edit

The rebel league the Indian Cricket League (ICL) was owned and operated by Essel Group. BCCI banned Indian players who played in the ICL, including Hemang Badani, Dinesh Mongia, Rohan Gavaskar and Ambati Rayudu, but later gave amnesty to these players and lifted theirs bans after they ended their ties with the ICL.[108][109][110] The BCCI blacklisted Essel Group company Zee Entertainment Enterprises due to this league, and expelled it from the BCCI in 2021. Zee was prohibited from buying BCCI's media rights.[111] In 2006, the BCCI sold the Indian cricket team's media rights to Zee for the 2006-11 period but after Essel Group initiated the ICL, the BCCI terminated this deal. Zee fought a long legal battle with the BCCI; on 12 March 2018, a tribunal headed by three judges found BCCI guilty and asked them to pay Zee ₹140 crores for losses. The tribunal found blacklisting of Zee by BCCI was illegal and said in judgement; "To us it seems that BCCI was exploiting its dominating position in respect of game of cricket in India" and also added Zee and its affiliated companies to the blacklist and banning them from participating in the BCCI bidding process was illegal.[112]

Virat Kohli sacking Edit

In 2021 BCCI sacked Virat Kohli from ODI captaincy, then President Ganguly told media that the BCCI asked him to remain captain but Kohli was not interested. After which Kohli took a press conference and contradicted him (Ganguly), revealing that BCCI did not ask him to remain captain. In February 2023, in a sting operation of Zee News, then chief national selector Chetan Sharma, made shocking revelations, accusing Kohli of lying and in fact president Ganguly had told him to remain as captain, in a meeting in front of all the selectors. According to Sharma, Virat Kohli was considering himself bigger than BCCI and wanted to teach a lesson to the President of the BCCI. He also revealed that after Kohli resigned from T20 captaincy, BCCI decided to sack him from ODI captaincy as well because they did not want two separate captains for limited overs format.[113]

Sharma also alleged that lots of Indian players take injections to expedite their return in national team despite being 80 to 85% fit.[114] After few days he resigned from his post.[115]

Critisism of BCCI and National selection committee Edit

BCCI and its selection committee are routinely slammed for irregularities in their selection process. Ideally, the national team's selectors should select players based upon their performance in all forms of domestic cricket but often a higher precedence is alleged to be given to the performance in the IPL, even in the selection of Test squads. This results in the de facto exclusion of players who regularly do well in domestic tournaments like the Ranji Trophy. In 2023 Sunil Gavaskar, Aakash Chopra, Abhinav Mukund, media and many fans slammed BCCI for doing this, Gavaskar fumed said if you (BCCI-selectors) do not consider and choose best performers from Ranji trophy for India's Test team then stop organising it (Ranji trophy), then just organise IPL and select players from it.[116][117][118][119] Former India skipper Sourav Ganguly also has raised questions on selection process, while talking about appointment of Ajinkya Rahane as Test team's vice-captain for the 2023 West Indies tour. Rahane was dropped from the Test team for 18 months, then BCCI selected him in the squad for the 2023 World test championship final, and after playing just one game they (BCCI) made him vice-captain of the Test team; Ganguly said there should be "consistency and continuity" in selection process, this is "difficult to understand". Some also claim that BCCI's selectors use different yard stick for different players, they usually select players by looking their stardom, big name, past performance rather than current.[120][121] It is said that the selectors often choose players for national side by considering their one or two best innings in IPL, it seems awarding Indian cap (place in national team) has became[sic] an everydays affair. The position of the captain is also not fixed in the team, random players getting selected as captain, almost each bilateral series had new captain, it is evident by the fact that as of July 2022, the Indian team had 8 different people as captain in last 1 year, almost everyone who played in last 5 year for the team got opportunity to become national team's captain.[122] Venkatesh Prasad said "There is no consistency in selection random stuff happening too much."[123] Since last 2 to 3 years, BCCI consistently doing experiments with the national team (senior men's team), numerous players got selected, but majority of them never got chance to play consistently, as a result of this, there is uncertainty in the one day team, apart from 3-4 players, its not certain who will get selected and who will not (Specially for world cup 2023). It is said that due to BCCI's experiments since 2019 world cup, the team yet not settled, even though 2023 world cup is 2.5 months away. The players are also inconsistent in their performance.[124]

In July 2023, BCCI has faced heavy criticism on social media for not broadcasting domestic tournaments such Deodhar trophy, Duleep trophy etc. on TV.[125]

Organisation Edit

Constitution Edit

The BCCI is governed by its constitution. The board has been prohibited by the Supreme Court of India from amending its own constitution without its approval.[126]

Headquarters Edit

The BCCI's headquarters is located at the Cricket Centre within the premises of the Mumbai Cricket Association at Wankhede Stadium in Churchgate, Mumbai, where it occupies three floors of a four-floor building.[127]

Legal status Edit

According to the BCCI, it is an autonomous body and does not receive any grants or funding from the Indian government. In 2004, in the Supreme Court of India, the BCCI's lawyers said the Indian cricket team is "the official team of BCCI and not the official team of India". The lawyers also said the BCCI "do not even fly the national flag" and that it never "uses any national emblem in the activities of the Board". The BCCI recommends its players for prestigious awards such as the Arjuna award but says it is not a national sports federation.[128] The BCCI is registered as a society in Tamil Nadu under the societies registration act[129] and it denies coming under Article 12 of Indian constitution.[dubious ] Since its foundation, the BCCI has not been sanctioned by Government of India; without sanction it started as a national governing body of cricket in India and as a sole representative of India in international cricket.[130]


The BCCI's logo is derived from the Star of India emblem. According to Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu, the logo was designed by the Government of India in 1928. It is 90% similar to the Star of India.[131][132] The BCCI was alleged to use old official government emblem without prior permission from Government of India and it is an offence under the Emblem and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950.[130]

National teams Edit

Rohit Sharma, India cricket team skipper

The BCCI have 'India cricket team (men), Women national team, India men's and women's U19 teams which represents India in international level cricket while it also govern second-tier or junior teams: India A, B (men's), India A Women's. Rohit Sharma is the skipper of the India cricket team. It has won the 1983, 2011 ODI, and 2007 T20 world cups.

Anti-corruption unit Edit

The BCCI has a special anti-corruption unit that is responsible for preventing malpractice in cricket within India.[133][134] This unit is responsible for investigating unlawful activities such as betting, spot-fixing, match-fixing and corrupt approaches to players.[135] Shabir Hussein has been the head of this unit since April 2021 .[136]

Ethics officer Edit

Former Indian Supreme Court judge Vineet Saran is the BCCI's incumbent ethics officer and ombudsman. He was appointed in June 2022.[137] The board created this ethics officer post in 2017 due to increasing complaints of conflict of interest in the board's office holders, employees and associated people. The officer reviews complaints of conflict of interest.[138]

Anti-doping unit Edit

Dr. Abhijit Salvi is the head of BCCI's anti-doping unit. NADA sends qualified doctors to collect blood and urine sample of players and later analyse it in lab to find out performance-enhancing drugs or steroids in blood. After that BCCI takes appropriate actions if found doing violations.[139]

Television production Edit

In 2012, the BCCI established its own production house. The BCCI's broadcast service produces coverage of international matches of the Indian national cricket team those held in India; and matches of leading domestic tournaments including the IPL. Until 2012, the BCCI paid the production costs to the company who purchased the media rights from them. Nimbus Communications did production for the BCCI for many years.[140] The BCCI's production house holds production rights and copyrights of Indian cricket's content.[141] The BCCI broadcasts video highlights of domestic and bilateral cricket series in India on its website.[142] Starting in July 2023, it will broadcast live, important domestic games form tournaments such as Duleep and Deodhar Trophy on its website.[125]

Affiliated members Edit

Membership of the Board of Control for Cricket in India consists of full members and associate members; only full members have voting rights in annual general meetings (AGMs).[143]

Following the Lodha Committee's recommendations in 2015, full membership was restricted to state and union territory associations, and limited to one representative body per state. Subsequently, several state associations became full members and, because the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra each had three members, Mumbai, Baroda, Saurashtra and Vidharbh were relegated to associate membership.[144] Neither the Cricket Club of India of Mumbai nor the National Cricket Club of Kolkata field teams in major domestic tournaments but as founding members of BCCI, they had full voting rights until the Lodha Committee recommendations were implemented.[145][146] Some of the recommendations that were implemented have since been reversed. In 2018, Railways, Services and Universities regained full membership;[147] and in 2022, the rule restricting states to a single full member was removed, meaning Mumbai, Baroda, Saurashtra and Vidharbh once again became full members.[146]

Officials Edit

President Edit

President is an elected position, and is considered the most-powerful position in the BCCI administration. Due to the president's financial power and the popularity of cricket in India, it is considered as a highly prestigious position. The President of the BCCI presides over the meeting of the apex council and the general body. He signs audited annual accounts and financial statements.[148][149]

The full-member state boards can vote in the presidential election. Gujarat and Maharashtra have more than one full member but as per the Lodha Committee, supreme court guidelines state any state can have only one vote in the election at any time.[150]

Former India-and-Karnataka cricketer, national selector, India under-19 teams' coach and President of the Karnataka State Cricket Association Roger Binny is the incumbent President of the BCCI. He succeeded Sourav Ganguly. Binny is a member of India's 1983 Cricket World Cup-winning team. He took charge in October 2022.[151][21]

Secretary Edit

'BCCI secretary' is the second most powerful and important post after president. Secretary signs all the contracts and carries correspondence on behalf of BCCI. Jay Shah is the incumbent secretary. The secretary have power to take action or defend office bearers, employees of the BCCI.[126][152] Shah is also the present president of Asian Cricket Council.[153]

CEO Edit

As per the eligibility criteria, the person who has at least 10 years of working experience in a ₹100 crore-or-more annual turnover company on management position can be a chief executive officer (CEO) of the BCCI. Hemang Amin is the incumbent CEO.[154] Rahul Johari became the first CEO; the post was created after the recommendation of the Lodha Committee. The CEO of the BCCI handles its management duties and reports to the BCCI secretary.[155]

National selectors Edit

National selectors are responsible for selecting national men's senior team. It also select male junior teams India A and India B, which represent India in second-and-third tiers of international cricket. The selection committee is composed of five former cricketers from five different zones of the country, Shivasundar Das, Sridharan Sharath, Salil Ankola and Subroto Banerjee are its present members. Chief selector's position is vacant as of 22 May 2023[115][156] BCCI's junior national selection committee selects players for junior teams such as India U19 and U15 men. Sharath Sridharan is its chairman since 17 September 2021.[157]

BCCI gives chief national selector 1.25 Cr rupees per year for his job.[158]

The All India women's selection committee selects players for Indian female cricket team. It consists of five female former players from five zones of the nation, who have represented India at international level. As of 2020, former left-arm spinner Neetu David is the head of this committee since her appointment on 26 September 2020. The committee consists of Neetu David (head), Aarti Vaidya, Renu Margrate, Mithu Mukharjee, Venkatechar Kalpana.[159]

Cricket Advisory Committee Edit

This committee has three members. CAC is responsible for selecting head coach for men's and women's national senior team.[160]

Domestic tournaments Edit

The BCCI organise following national-level tournaments :

Men's domestic cricket Edit

Women's domestic cricket Edit

Women's junior tournaments Edit

  • Women's Under 19 T20 Challenger Trophy[162] (India A, B, C and D teams participate)
  • Women's under 19 T20 trophy[163]
  • Women's under 19 One Day Trophy [162]
  • U-16 one day tournament [163]
  • Women's under 15 One Day Trophy[162]

Men's Junior cricket tournaments Edit

Finances Edit

Earnings and influence Edit

Earning Edit

The BCCI is a private entity; it does not depend on the Government of India for its finances.[167] In 2020, with US$405 million out of US$1,534 million, India had 26% share in the ICC FTP income disbursed to 10 Test playing nations, while the England and Wales Cricket Board received US$139 million as the second-highest earner.[168] In the same year, to refinance other boards after the global economic decline and the significantly reduced income of most boards due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICC changed its FTP schedule to organise more international matches with India.[168]

ICC will share 38.5% of its total annual income with BCCI from 2023 to 2027, the board could earn $1.15 bn plus in this cycle. BCCI will receive biggest share of ICC's income than any other board.[169]

Influence in the cricketing world Edit

The BCCI is regarded as cricket's big economic player.[170] In 2009, the ICC and BCCI were in disagreement over the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) "whereabouts" clause.[171]

Income Edit

In financial year (FY) 2019–2020, the BCCI's total annual income was estimated to be over ₹3,730 crore (US$535 million), including ₹2,500 crore (US$345 million) from the IPL, ₹950 crore (US$139 million) from bilateral cricket with other nations, and ₹380 crore (US$51 million per year or total US$405 million for eight years) from India's share of ICC revenue.[168]

ICC income share Edit

In 2020, as per the present eight-year Future Tours Program (FTP), India receives US$405 million from the ICC, as contrasted with US$139 million to the England and Wales Cricket Board, while US$128 million for each of Cricket Australia, Cricket South Africa, Pakistan Cricket Board, New Zealand Cricket, Sri Lanka Cricket, Cricket West Indies and Bangladesh Cricket Board, and US$94 million for Zimbabwe.[168]

In FY 2023–2027, ICC going to share 38.5% of its annual revenue with the BCCI.[169]

Media rights Edit

In 2018, satellite broadcaster Star India won the BCCI's exclusive media rights for the years 2018–2023. Star India won the rights to broadcast Indian cricket team's matches on their television channels, and rights to broadcast on Disney+ Hotstar for ₹6,138.10 crore.[citation needed]

On average, Star Sports pays ₹60.1 crore per match to the BCCI.[172] The deal also include rights to broadcast men's domestic tournaments such as the Vijay Hazare Trophy, Ranji Trophy, Irani Cup, Duleep Trophy and Mushtaq Ali Trophy; and women's international cricket matches in India on Star Sport and Disney+ Hotstar.[citation needed]

The IPL is the BCCI's largest source of income by medium of media rights. From 2018 to 2022, global rights were awarded to Star India for 16,347.5 crore (US$2.0 billion).[173] In 2022, BCCI sold IPL media rights for a staggering 48,390 crore (equivalent to 510 billion or US$6.4 billion in 2023), comprising television rights of ₹23,575 crore and digital rights of ₹20,500 crore, which were won by Disney and Viacom18 respectively. This deal includes 410 matches from 2023 to 2027. Viacom 18 won the exclusive digital rights for the Indian subcontinent and for streaming to the UK, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa; while Times Internet won global streaming rights in the Middle East, North Africa and the United States. Due to this deal, the IPL became the second-richest league in the world behind National Football League (NFL).[28]

On 16 January 2023, the board sold the Women's Premier League's media rights in 951 crore (US$120 million) for the period of 2023-2027 to Viacom18.[174]

On 31 August 2023, Viacom 18 Media Private Limited has acquired the media mights from September 2023 to March 2028 ₹5,963 crores.[175]

Sponsorship rights Edit

Viacom18 is the current official broadcaster of BCCI. Adidas is kit sponsor (from June), IDFC First Bank is title sponsor for all the bilateral series in India and for all the domestic tournaments.[176] Dream 11, Ambuja and Hyundai are official partners.[177]

Ticketing rights Edit

BCCI sold IPL 2022 ticket-selling rights to Book My Show. The deal includes management of spectator entry on stadum gates.[178] Paytm insider app also often sells bilateral series's tickets.

Expenditure Edit

Cricketing infrastructure development Edit

On 12 September 2006, the BCCI announced it would spend ₹1,600 crore over the next year to upgrade cricket stadiums in India.[179][needs update]

In the early 2000s, it established the National Cricket Academy at Bangalore to train future cricketers. On 17 February 2022, the BCCI president Sourav Ganguly founded a new NCA facility at Bangalore, which occupies 40 acres (16 ha) of land near an airport. On completion, it will have three cricket grounds, 40 practice pitches, residential rooms, a swimming pool and a gymnasium. Construction will cost ₹200 crore.[180]

Stadium security Edit

The BCCI hires police for security and crowd control in arenas during IPL, bilateral and ICC tournaments, unlike Australian or English cricket boards who hire private security agencies. In Maharashtra from June 2023 onwards they have to pay ₹35, ₹50, ₹60 lakhs for Test, ODI and T20 per game respectively to the Maharashtra government.[181][k]

Donations Edit

In March 2020, BCCI President Sourav Ganguly announced a donation of ₹51 crore to the PM CARES Fund to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.[182] In May 2021, the media reported that the BCCI would donate 2,000 10-litre (2.2 imp gal; 2.6 US gal) Oxygen concentrators to help India fight COVID.[183][184][needs update]

In 2021, the BCCI announced, it will donate ₹10 Cr to Olympic bound Indian contingent.[185]

In August 2023, it paid 2.25 crore (US$280,000) to the Constitution Club of India based in New Delhi, to buy gym equipments. The club is an exclusive club for members of parliament of India.[186]

Encouragement to other sports Edit

It announced reward to the Indian olympians who won medal at Tokyo Olympics.[187]

Players' contracts and welfare Edit

Contracts Edit

The BCCI created four grades for contracted male players—A+, A, B andC; and three grades for contracted female players—A, B and C. Male players who are in A+ grade get ₹7 crore a year. Players of A-grade get ₹5 crore, B-grade's players get ₹3 crore and C-grade players receive ₹1 crore per year. Female players who are in A grade get ₹50 lakh a year, B-grade players get ₹30 lakh a year and C-grade players get ₹10 lakh a year.[188]

Pension schemes Edit

The BCCI gives pensions to former domestic and international players who played for India.[188] On 31 December 1993 BCCI decided to give 50,000 rupees pension to the players, who played more than 25 International Test match for the nation. The board gives ₹15,000 pensions to the players who played in the Ranji Trophy before the 1957-to-1958 season.[188] In 2013, the BCCI gave one-time benefits to domestic players who played in more than 75 first-class matches.[189] For female cricketers, the board give a ₹22,500- per-month pension to players who played 10 or more Tests for India; and ₹15,000 per month for those who played between five and nine Tests.[188]

Insurance Edit

The BCCI has taken insurance for nearly everything related to them; they covered mediclaim of their employees, they have insured international and domestic players for loss of fees due to injury, matches, their old office and new office at Wankhede stadium and IPL matches. In case of cancellation of IPL, domestic and international cricket matches due to poor weather, riot, or fire, the BCCI receives payments from insurance companies.[190] The BCCI provides ₹5 lakh insurance to players who played under the board.[191]

Tax payment Edit

In 2018, ₹472.22 crore of tax was outstanding till 1 April 2018;l, this sum was cleared along with interest in September 2018. However the Department of Revenue issued a notice for tax evasion to the BCCI, they also demanded the BCCI for another outstanding income-tax payment of ₹1,303 crorecrore; according to details submitted by the Ministry of finance in the Parliament in February 2019.[192]

Since IPL began Income Tax Department (IT department) refused to give income tax exemption for IPL, said it is an annual commercial activity. Since financial year 2007-2008 to 2017-2018, BCCI paid 3,500 Cr to IT department, out of around ₹12000 Cr it earned from the IPL.[193]

In 2007–08, although the IT department withdrew this exemption[which?], BCCI only paid tax amounting to 41.9 crore (US$5.2 million) against its tax liability of 413 crore (US$52 million) in the 2009–2010 financial year[194]

In 2012, BCCI paid no income tax, claimed they are a charitable organisation.[195]

In 2015, then Finance minister Jayant Sinha said, ministry collected ₹2140.58 Cr from BCCI, 2004–05 onwards, but tax payment still pending, 53 Cr is from assessment year 2008–09, ₹100 Cr from 2010–11, ₹100 Cr from 2011–12, ₹116.89 Cr of year 2012–13 from BCCI.[196] In 2014–15, the BCCI paid ₹864.78 Cr income tax by leaving outstanding tax of ₹462.52 Cr, which income tax department want from it, also demanded ₹400 Cr from FY 2015–16.[197]

The following table contains the information of BCCI's tax payment : [29]

FY Amount
2013–14 ₹50[198] or ₹100 Cr[193]
2014–15 ₹864.78 Cr[197]
2017–18 ₹596.21 Cr
2018–19 ₹815.08 Cr
2019–20 ₹882.29 Cr
2020–21 ₹844.92 Cr
2021–22 ₹1159 Cr
2022–23 ₹4000 Cr

In popular culture Edit

  • The BCCI was featured in the Jersey, a 2019 Telugu language film in which the main protagonist Arjun (Nani) aspires to play for the India national cricket team and in the Ranji Trophy.[199]
  • This organisation was mentioned in M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story (2016) Bollywood film.
  • The BCCI was a major talking point in comedian Hasan Minhaj's "Cricket Corruption" episode on the Patriot Act with Hasan Minhaj. In "Cricket Corruption", Minhaj claims that the growth of Indian cricket is suppressing cricket's inclusivity and accessibility to fledgling nations (these are referred to as "Associate Members" by the ICC). He even opines that the financial successes of the IPL have launched the BCCI to a position where they now transcend the ICC in global cricketing power and influence.[200]
  • The BCCI was featured in Kabir Khan's 83 (2021), which is a Hindi-language sports drama film that chronicles India's against-all-odds victory in the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Albeit not by any means the central focus of the film, the BCCI are presented as an important organization in Indian cricket in supporting and promoting the game across the nation.

See also Edit

Explanatory notes Edit

  1. ^ For detail information see #Tax payment.
  1. ^ It hosted 1987, 1996, 2011 ODI world cup and 2016 T20 World cup. It also hosted 2013 Women's Cricket World Cup.
  2. ^ the 2031 ICC World Cup is scheduled to take place in India but Bangladesh will serve as co-host.[30]
  3. ^ Sri Lanka will co-host the 2026 T20 world cup with India.[30]
  4. ^ Senior national selection committee lead by 'chief national selector' select players and skipper for India men's national cricket team, India A, B and president's XI teams, while Junior national selection committee of men's and women's selects players and skipper for 'India U19 team', India women's U19 team respectively.
  5. ^ Sri Lanka–Pakistan co-hosted 1996 ODI ICC Cricket world cup with India.
  6. ^ Bangladesh and Sri Lanka served as Co-host with India.
  7. ^ 2021 ICC T20 world cup was scheduled to take place in India but it was moved to UAE due to COVID-19 outbreak in India but hosting rights and commercial benefits remained with India's BCCI.[30]
  8. ^ First-class cricket tournament, held since 1935
  9. ^ Annual One day cricket tournament
  10. ^ Annually organised before cricket season start, in between Winner of Ranji trophy versus Rest of India cricket team, comprising best player of last Ranji season of all the teams
  11. ^ In India state police forces comes under their state governments.

References Edit

  1. ^ "Foundation BCCI". Retrieved 17 February 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Full member Board of Control for Cricket in India". Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  3. ^ a b "International Cricket Council". Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  4. ^ "THE BOARD OF CONTROL FOR CRICKET IN INDIA". Archived from the original on 17 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Roger Binny elected 36th BCCI president". Hindustan Times. 18 October 2022. Archived from the original on 18 October 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  6. ^ "Hemang Amin appointed as interim CEO by BCCI". Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  7. ^ "India women's team will get full-fledged coaching staff, says BCCI secretary Jay Shah".
  8. ^ "Abey Kuruvilla, former India pacer, appointed as BCCI's new General Manager". 3 March 2022.
  9. ^ "NADA to start testing players during Duleep Trophy games, BCCI wants only doctors as DCOs". The Times of India. 18 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Former Gujarat DGP Shabir Hussein Appointed New BCCI Anti-corruption Unit Chief". Outlook India. 12 January 2022.
  11. ^
  12. ^ "The Board of Control for Cricket in India". Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Jaspirt Bumrah: …तर जसप्रीत बुमराहचं करिअर धोक्यात, दुखापतीबाबत मोठा खुलासा". Loksatta (in Marathi). 25 March 2023. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  14. ^ "BCCI covered under Australia's Right to Information Act, rules top appellate body". Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  15. ^ "THE BOARD OF CONTROL FOR CRICKET IN INDIA". Archived from the original on 17 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Explained: ... board set to earn per ICC revenue ..." Wisden. 11 May 2023. Retrieved 2 June 2023.
  17. ^ "BCCI spearheading Covid-hit world? Listing revenues of top 10 richest cricket boards in 2021". Times Now. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  18. ^ "BCCI among the richest sporting bodies, boasts 5,300 crore revenue". Financial Express. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  19. ^ "The Board of Control for Cricket in India". Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Venues decided by rotation policy – BCCI secretary". 15 July 2008. Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  21. ^ a b "A man of many hats, new BCCI president Roger Binny braces for new innings". ESPNcricinfo.
  22. ^ "Life changing..." Fox sports Australia. 25 January 2023.
  23. ^ Krishna B, Venkata. "BCCI comes under NADA code, but not National Sports Federation yet". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 29 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  24. ^ "BCCI monopoly..." The Hindu. 26 January 2015. Archived from the original on 1 October 2022. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  25. ^ "Explained | The IPL business model and how it compares to sports leagues globally". The Hindu. 24 June 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  26. ^ "BCCI Media Rights ..." Sakal.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ "Viacom18 bags broadcasting rights for Women's IPL 2023-27". The Hindu.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ a b "IPL Media Rights: It's a deal! – Everything you need to know about final IPL media rights figures". The Times of India. 15 June 2022. Archived from the original on 21 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  29. ^ a b "बीसीसीआयने किती कर भरला?" [Tax payment of BCCI?]. Lokmat (in Marathi). Mumbai. 10 August 2023. p. 17.
  30. ^ a b c d "ICC Men's T20 World Cup 2021 to move to UAE and Oman".
  31. ^ "...2024-31 men's tournament hosts confirmed". icc-cricket. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  32. ^ "India A squad for..."
  33. ^ "T20 World Cup: 'High time BCCI looks into their scheduling' – Ex-Indian captain backs Kohli and co. after loss to NZ". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  34. ^ "BCCI announces schedule for India's 2022-23 domestic cricket season". 8 August 2022.
  35. ^ Kadam, Sandip (9 January 2023). विश्लेषण: क्रिकेट निवड समिती अध्यक्षपदी पुन्हा चेतन शर्मा यांची नियुक्ती कशी? त्यांच्याकडून कोणत्या अपेक्षा असतील? [How Chetan Sharma got appointed as chief-selector again? What we should expect from him?]. Loksatta (in Marathi).
  36. ^ Pandita, Nirtika (5 August 2022). "The oldest Cricket Clubs in the world | The pride of sport and the spirit are still alive". Buzztribe News. Archived from the original on 19 October 2022. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  37. ^ "The Board of Control for Cricket in India".[dead link]
  38. ^ Dass, Jarmani (1969). Maharaja; lives and loves and intrigues of Indian princes: Volume 56 of Orient paperbacks. Allied Publishers. p. 342. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2015.Page 44
  39. ^ भारतीय क्रिकेटमधील मैलाचा दगड [The milestone in Indian cricket.]. Loksatta (in Marathi). 11 September 2022.
  40. ^ "भारताचे पहिले कसोटी शतकवीर कोण, तुम्हाला माहित आहेत का?". 11 September 2018. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  41. ^ "Full member ICC". Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  42. ^ Times, Economic (6 August 2017). "The rise of the BCCI since Indian independence". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 24 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  43. ^ "After Sir Vizzy, Ganguly 2nd Indian capt to be BCCI prez". The Times of India. 24 October 2019. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  44. ^ "Today's Indian cricketers earn 600 times more than players of 1970s". Archived from the original on 24 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  45. ^ "History". Retrieved 9 December 2021.[permanent dead link]
  46. ^ "How a cash-strapped BCCI in the early 90s became the world's wealthiest board". Economic Times Blog. 4 September 2017. Archived from the original on 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  47. ^ Viswanath, G. (22 September 2015). "Dalmiya enriched Indian cricket: Bacher". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  48. ^ "What is BCCI?". Economic Times. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  49. ^ a b "1993: BCCI puts a price on telecast of its cricket matches". India Today. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  50. ^ "How a cash-strapped BCCI in the early 90s became the world's wealthiest board". Economic Times Blog. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  51. ^ "Doordarshan's intransigent attitude sends the Hero Cup for a six". India Today. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  52. ^ a b "Cricket's canny iconoclast". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  53. ^ a b Ananth, Venkat (8 December 2014). "How BCCI became the 800-pound gorilla of cricket". Mint. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  54. ^ "How Indian power play helped Bangladesh rise". Deccan Chronicle. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  55. ^ "Big business and Bollywood grab stakes in IPL". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  56. ^ Mehra, Priyanka; Shukla, Archna (6 April 2009). "The curious case of Indian cricket". Mint. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  57. ^ "For $703 million, Pune & Kochi join IPL season 4". The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  58. ^ Karhadkar, Amol (26 May 2018). "How did IPL become a success story?". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  59. ^ Pande, Bhanu. "IPL impact: 5 new sports leagues come up in 18 months, non-cricket sports have no dearth of sponsors". The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  60. ^ Ramani, Srinivasan (2008). "Cricket, Excesses and Market Mania". Economic and Political Weekly. 43 (10): 13–15 – via JSTOR.
  61. ^ "BCI approves Indian cricketers association". Times of India.[dead link]
  62. ^ PTI, Press Trust Of India (14 February 2022). "Work begins on new NCA in Bengaluru, foundation stone laid by BCCI brass". The Times Of India. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  63. ^ "Mithali Raj: The record breaker".
  64. ^ "ICC Women's World Cup History".
  65. ^ "BCCI ignores women's cricket: Nutan Gavaskar". The Hindu. 20 October 2014. Archived from the original on 19 October 2022. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  66. ^ "BCCI bats for pay parity, same match fees for women & men: 'New era of ..."
  67. ^ a b "ePaper". Lokmat.
  68. ^ "'Let the journey begin': BCCI garners Rs 4669.99 crore for sale of 5 Women's Premier League teams". Times of India. 25 January 2023.
  69. ^ "U19..." ESakal. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  70. ^ "Board of Control for Cricket in India | Indian cricket organization". Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  71. ^ "The World's 6th-Biggest Sports League Starts This Weekend: Americans, This is Why You Should be Watching IPL Cricket". Forbes. Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  72. ^ Gollapudi, Nagraj (12 December 2015). "IPL now has window in ICC Future Tours Programme". ESPN Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 23 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  73. ^ a b "IPL media rights sold in record-breaking $6bn deal". BBC. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
  74. ^ "ECB should break the global silence on Pakistan's sad and strange IPL exile | Jonathan Liew". 26 October 2020. Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  75. ^ "IPL team owners not in favour of including Pakistani cricketers in CSA & UAE T20 leagues: Report". 7 August 2022. Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  76. ^ "Shuja Pasha admitted ISI's role in Mumbai attack: Ex-CIA chief". The Hindu. 23 February 2016. Archived from the original on 19 October 2022. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  77. ^ "BCCI welcomes Pakistan for series but slams the door on IPL". Archived from the original on 11 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  78. ^ "India at UN urges countries to call out Pakistan for supporting terror outfits". Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  79. ^ "Pak army offered Rs 30,000 to terrorist to attack Indian Army post". The Week.
  80. ^ George, Varghese K. (1 January 2018). "Pakistan has given U.S. nothing but lies and deceit, says Donald Trump". The Hindu – via
  81. ^ "'We have our integrity. Why should we run behind India? If they want, they'll come and play Pakistan': Ex-PCB chairman". 12 May 2022. Archived from the original on 15 October 2022. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  82. ^ "Terrorism and sports can't go along, says Sports Minister Vijay Goel". 3 May 2017. Archived from the original on 15 October 2022. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  83. ^ a b "Australia stars in contract dispute after Cricket Australia makes IPL cash grab". Fox Sports. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  84. ^ "BCCI to go back to rotation policy". 29 April 2015. Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  85. ^ "How Srinivasan changed BCCI rule book to own Chennai Super Kings". India Today. 22 May 2013. Archived from the original on 28 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  86. ^ "Mahendra Singh Dhoni named India Cements vice-president". Economic Times. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  87. ^ "Five selectors wanted to sack MS Dhoni but BCCI chief Srinivasan prevented it: Mohinder Amarnath". The Economic Times. 12 December 2012. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 1 July 2023.
  88. ^ "Supreme Court approves new BCCI constitution, with a couple of key tweaks". ESPN. 9 August 2018.
  89. ^ "Mahendra Singh Dhoni named India Cements vice-president". Times of India. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  90. ^ "N Srinivasan can't contest BCCI elections, board functions public and amenable to judicial reviews, says Supreme Court". The Indian Express. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2023.
  91. ^ "CSK can't use MS Dhoni as mentor in SA T20 League". The Indian Express. 12 August 2022. Archived from the original on 12 October 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  92. ^ "Revealed: Why BCCI doesn't allow its players to participate in foreign leagues". 22 May 2020. Archived from the original on 12 October 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  93. ^ "The Hindu : Sport / Cricket : BCCI not a 'charitable organisation'". The Hindu. 20 February 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012.
  94. ^ "213 cases of service tax evasion against BCCI, IPL". The Hindu. 19 December 2014.
  95. ^ "BCCI Issued Notice in Tax Evasion Case by Revenue Department". 19 March 2019.
  96. ^ "BCCI Must Pay Tax & Host T20 World Cup in India: Ex-Treasurer Kishore Rungta".
  97. ^ "BCCI must pay tax". Deccan Herald.
  98. ^ "BCCI revamp: Rajeev Shukla, for whom grass is always". Indian express. 17 October 2022.
  99. ^ "State association and long hist of politicians in BCCI". Outlook.
  100. ^ Richards, Huw (4 June 2013). "No Easy Cure for Indian Cricket". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 3 November 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  101. ^ "Supreme Court bars N Srinivasan, Niranjan Shah from attending BCCI SGM". The Indian Express.
  102. ^ "Supreme Court appoints four-member panel to run BCCI". Archived from the original on 28 April 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  103. ^ "Ready for all possible scenarios: COA head Rai on CT future | Cricket News". The Times of India. 28 April 2017. Archived from the original on 28 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  104. ^ "'Stop confronting, start talking'". Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  105. ^ "'Stop confronting, start talking'". Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  106. ^ "BCCI agrees to come under NADA ambit". ESPNcricinfo. 9 August 2019. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  107. ^ "BCCI finally comes under NADA, first step towards becoming National Sports Federation". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  108. ^ "BCCI lifts ban on Kapil Dev after he snaps ties with ICL". India Today. 25 July 2012. Archived from the original on 8 May 2022. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  109. ^ "Rayudu's ICL Ban to WC Snub – A Career That Never Really Took Off". TheQuint. 3 July 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2022. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  110. ^ "Indian Cricket Board lifts ban on ICL players". Archived from the original on 8 May 2022. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  111. ^ "BCCI to rope in KPMG for media rights bid process". The Times of India. 26 December 2021.
  112. ^ "Tribunal finds blacklisting of ZEE 'illegal', asks BCCI to pay Rs 140 crore". The Hindu Business Line. 12 March 2018.
  113. ^ "'He wanted to teach Ganguly a lesson': Chetan Sharma on 'ego clash' between Virat Kohli and ex-BCCI president". 15 February 2023.
  114. ^ "The BCCI Sting: Kohli vs Ganguly, performance injections and more – What Chetan Sharma revealed | the Financial Express". 15 February 2023.
  115. ^ a b "Chetan Sharma resigns as India's chairman of selectors after TV sting operation". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2023.
  116. ^ "Unable to understand these selections: India star shoots explosive tweet slamming BCCI for overlooking Ranji Trophy". 24 June 2023.
  117. ^ "IPL च्या कामगिरीवरूनच निवड होणार असेल, तर मग युवकांनी रणजीमध्ये खेळायचंच कशाला?". 24 June 2023.
  118. ^ "Sarfaraz Khan breaks silence on India Test snub for West Indies series with blockbuster response to BCCI selectors". Hindustan Times. 24 June 2023. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  119. ^ "'How did he jump the queue?': After Gavaskar's rant, ex-India opener blasts BCCI over Gaikwad's selection". Hindustan Times. 24 June 2023. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  120. ^ ""Virat Kohli Has Same Average...": Ex-India Star Questions Cheteshwar Pujara's Exclusion | Cricket News".
  121. ^ "Difficult to understand Ajinkya Rahane's elevation to Test vice captaincy, just after comeback: Sourav Ganguly". Times of India. 29 June 2023.
  122. ^ "With 8 captains in 1 year, the Indian cricket team is a puzzle too complex for BCCI". Business Insider. Retrieved 17 August 2023.
  123. ^ "MS Dhoni Meant It...: Venkatesh Prasad Slams Dravid, Rohit, Hardik For 'Process' Talk After Defeat". TimesNow. 14 August 2023. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  124. ^ "वर्ल्ड कप जिंकायचा की हरायचा?" [Win world cup or lose ?]. Lokmat. 27 August 2023. pp. 5 (II). Retrieved 27 August 2023.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  125. ^ a b "BCCI wakes up finally, to..." The Times of India. 10 July 2023.
  126. ^ a b "Reform rollback - What the Supreme Court judgment means for the BCCI". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022.
  127. ^ Qaiser Mohammad Ali New (27 May 2015). "BCCI spending more on insurance policies". India Today. Archived from the original on 20 May 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  128. ^ "Yes, Team India needs BCCI to be a public body". The Times of India. 19 April 2018. Archived from the original on 10 December 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  129. ^ "BCCI Under RTI: World's Richest Cricket Body Is Now Answerable To The People Of India". Outlook. Retrieved 9 June 2023.
  130. ^ a b "bcci: PIL to prohibit BCCI from representing India". The Times of India. 22 December 2018. Archived from the original on 10 December 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  131. ^ "Why Team India still uses British-era logo: CIC to PMO". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  132. ^ "Why Team India still uses British-era logo: Central Information Commission to PMO". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 27 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  133. ^ "Anti Corruption". Archived from the original on 23 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  134. ^ "Dark side of Cricket! Future of mini-IPLs looks bleak as BCCI anti-corruption unit waves a red flag". Financial Express. 5 February 2021. Archived from the original on 27 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  135. ^ "IPL 2020: BCCI Anti-corruption unit starts investigation after player reports corrupt approach". India Today. Archived from the original on 27 November 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  136. ^ "BCCI appoints former Gujarat DGP Shabir Hussein as its Anti-Corruption Unit chief ahead of IPL 2021". Archived from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  137. ^ "Former SC judge Vineet Saran appointed BCCI ethics officer". The Hindu. 19 July 2022. Archived from the original on 28 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  138. ^ "BCCI to have ethics officer to look into conflict of interest". DNA India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  139. ^ "BCCI wants docs to collect dope samples, be involved in testing : The Tribune India". Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  140. ^ "BCCI to now produce all its matches". India Today. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  141. ^ "BCCI holds firm on broadcaster fees". Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  142. ^ "Power-packed: Hardik Pandya hammers 71*(30)". Archived from the original on 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  143. ^ "Constitutions of State Associations". Board of Control for Cricket in India. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  144. ^ "Mumbai Lose Permanent Status, All North Eastern States Become BCCI Voters". NDTV Sports. 19 March 2017. Archived from the original on 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  145. ^ "Why is NCC a full member of the BCCI?". The Hindu. 19 July 2015. Archived from the original on 22 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  146. ^ a b "Decoded: What does SC verdict on BCCI's new constitutional amendments mean?". Business Standard. 15 September 2022. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  147. ^ "Supreme Court approves new BCCI constitution, with a couple of key tweaks". ESPNcricinfo. 9 August 2018. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  148. ^ "Sourav Ganguly to head BCCI: What is the role of BCCI President?". ETV Bharat News. Archived from the original on 19 October 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  149. ^ "Sourav Ganguly to head BCCI: What is the role of BCCI President?". ETV Bharat News. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  150. ^ "Cricket Association of Pondicherry is a Full Member of BCCI". The Hindu. 18 July 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  151. ^ Pandey, Devendra (11 October 2022). "Sourav Ganguly out of BCCI after declining IPL chairman post; BCCI won't back him for ICC chairman's post". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 11 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  152. ^ "Jay Shah likely to become BCCI secretary; here are the responsibilities of Secretary". Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  153. ^ "Jay Shah takes over as Asian Cricket Council President". Times of India.
  154. ^ "BCCI to Have New CEO; Interim CEO Hemang Amin in Fray Too". Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  155. ^ "BCCI gets its first CEO, but will anything change?". Archived from the original on 19 October 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  156. ^ "New Selection Committee: नव्या निवड समितीची घोषणा करताना BCCIने दिला मोठा धक्का, चार नवे चेहरे". Maharashtra Times.
  157. ^ "BCCI announces appointment of Junior Selection Committee members". 17 September 2021.
  158. ^ "चेतन शर्मा यांच्या वक्तव्यामुळे बीसीसीआय मध्ये भूकंप!" [Due to Chetan Sharma's statement, BCCI suffering earthquake!]. Lokmat. p. 8. Retrieved 16 February 2023.
  159. ^ "Former India cricketer Neetu David appointed as the head of BCCI's All-India Women's Selection Committee". India Today.
  160. ^ "Perks of BCCI's Honorary Job: First Class Travel, Suite Room and USD 1000 per Day on Foreign Trips".
  161. ^ "BCCI to decide on resumption of CK Nayudu Trophy in Apex Virtual Meeting". Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  162. ^ a b c d e f "SERIES AND TOURNAMENTS".
  163. ^ a b "India Domestic Cricket Schedule for 2022/23: Full List of Men's & Women's Tournaments". 8 August 2022.
  164. ^ "Probables for the Vinoo Mankad Trophy". Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  165. ^ "THE BOARD OF CONTROL FOR CRICKET IN INDIA". Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  166. ^ "Hardik Varma selected in West Zone cricket team for Vizzy Trophy". The Times of India. 12 March 2020.
  167. ^ "Decline in BCCI income during 2008-09s". Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  168. ^ a b c d "BCCI bailout plan: Play more matches with India". 26 April 2020. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  169. ^ a b "'बीसीसीआय'ला मिळणार अब्जावधीचा हिस्सा" [BCCI will receive share of billions]. Loksatta.
  170. ^ "Front Page: Harbhajan in three-Test ban for racist remark". The Guardian. 7 January 2008. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  171. ^ "Front Page: BCCI opposes doping clause". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 3 August 2009. Archived from the original on 4 August 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  172. ^ "STAR India wins BCCI media rights for Rs 6138.10 crore from 2018 to 2023". India Today. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  173. ^ "Nimbus bags cricket rights for $612 m BCCI sale and sponsorship earnings total Rs 3,354 crore". The Hindu Business Line. Archived from the original on 10 January 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  174. ^ "Women's IPL agrees £95m broadcast rights deal before a ball is bowled". The Guardian. 17 January 2023. Retrieved 25 August 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  175. ^ "BCCI announces the successful bidder for acquiring the Media Rights for the BCCI International Matches and Domestic Matches for September 2023 – March 2028". Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  176. ^ "IDFC First acquires title sponsorship rights for all BCCI international and domestic home matches". Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  177. ^ "History". Archived from the original on 17 October 2019.
  178. ^ Laghate, Gaurav. "BookMyShow | IPL 2022 Tickets: BookMyShow bags exclusive ticketing rights for IPL 2022". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 18 October 2022. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  179. ^ "BCCI to invest $347 million on domestic facilities | Cricket News | Global |". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  180. ^ "BCCI plans NCA contracts for fresh bowling talent, both men and women". The Times of India. 16 February 2022.
  181. ^ "क्रिकेट आयोजकांवर राज्य..." [State gov on cricket administrators...]. Lokmat. p. 8. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  182. ^ "BCCI donates Rs 51 crore to Prime Minister's Relief Fund". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 30 March 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  183. ^ "BCCI to donate 2000 oxygen concentrators of 10-litre capacity each to help India fight COVID-19". SportsTiger. Archived from the original on 24 May 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  184. ^ "BCCI to donate 10-Litre 2000 Oxygen concentrators". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 24 May 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  185. ^ "BCCI to support Olympic-bound Indian contingent with Rs 10 crore donation". The Tribune (India).
  186. ^ "BCCI donated Rs 2.25 crores to club for Parliamentarians". Times of India. 7 August 2023. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  187. ^ "BCCI announces cash rewards for Olympic medallists, Neeraj Chopra to get Rs 1 crore". Sports. The Times of India. 7 August 2021. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  188. ^ a b c d "भारत में रिटायर्ड क्रिकेट खिलाडियों को कितनी पेंशन मिलती है?" [Who much pension the retired cricketers got in India ?]. Jagaran josh. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  189. ^ "BCCI proposes big raise in pension". Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 February 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  190. ^ Qaiser Mohammad Ali (27 May 2015). "BCCI spending more on insurance policies". India Today. Archived from the original on 20 May 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  191. ^ "Indian Cricketers Association Wants Players Pension, Insurance Doubled". News 18. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  192. ^ "BCCI issued notice in tax evasion case by revenue". Business Standard India. Business Standard News. 19 March 2019. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019.
  193. ^ a b "Since IPL launch, BCCI has paid Rs 3,500cr in tax". The Times of India. 9 February 2018. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 23 August 2023.
  194. ^ "BCCI owes Rs. 373 crore to Income Tax dept". The New Indian Express. 20 February 2012. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  195. ^ Joshi, Sandeep (19 February 2012). "BCCI not a 'charitable organisation'". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  196. ^ "Government collected Rs 2,140 crore as tax from BCCI since 2004-05". The Times of India. 12 May 2015. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 23 August 2023.
  197. ^ a b "Outstanding tax demand of BCCI may go up to over Rs 860 crore: RTI reply". The Times of India. 19 January 2018. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 23 August 2023.
  198. ^ "BCCI paid rs 50 crore as income tax last month". The Hindu.
  199. ^ Dundoo, Sangeetha Devi (22 April 2019). "Nani-starrer 'Jersey', garners praise from cricket buffs". The Hindu.
  200. ^ Celik, Ipek A. (2019). "A New Era of American Comedy: Hasan Minhaj, Patriot Act and Politics in the Age of Trump". Journal of American Studies of Turkey – via JSTOR.

External links Edit