Expressways of India

Expressways are the highest class of roads in India. As of July 2022, India has a total length of 2,587.5 km (1,607.8 mi) of expressways. These are controlled-access highways where entrance and exits are controlled by the use of ramps that are incorporated into the design of the expressway, whereas National highways are at-grade roads. Some roads are not access-controlled expressways, but are still officially called expressways, such as the Biju Expressway, Ranchi Hazaribagh Expressway and Raipur–Bilaspur Expressway; these highways (officially expressways) do not meet expressway standards. Mumbai–Pune Expressway is the first operational expressway in India started in 2002.

Purvanchal Expressway The longest expressway in India.
Delhi–Meerut Expressway, India's widest expressway at 14-lanes
Delhi–Noida Direct (DND Flyway), India's first 8-lane wide expressway
Mumbai–Pune Expressway, India's first 6-lane wide expressway.

Currently, the longest expressway in India is the Purvanchal Expressway at 340.8 km (211.8 mi) and the widest expressway is the Delhi–Meerut Expressway with 14 lanes.

DevelopmentEdit

Greenfield Expressways in India are designed as 12-lane wide Expressways with the initial construction of 8 lanes. Land for 4-lane future expansion is reserved in the center of the expressways. Greenfield Expressways are designed to avoid inhabited areas and go through new alignments to bring development to new areas and to reduce land acquisition costs and construction timelines. The Delhi-Mumbai Expressway is an example of a new 12-lane approach with initial 8-lane construction.

The majority of the investment required for constructing expressways comes from the central government. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the only states which are investing in building expressways through dedicated expressway corporations.[1]

The National Expressways Authority of India operating under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.[2] The National Highways Development Project by the government of India aims to expand the country's current expressway network and plans to add an additional 18,637 km of greenfield expressways by 2022 apart from existing national highways.[3]

Bharatmala, a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India[4] with a target of constructing 83,677 km[5] of new highways over the next five years, was started in 2018.[6] Phase I of the Bharatmala project involves the construction of 34,800 km of highways (including the remaining projects under NHDP) at an estimated cost of 5.35 lakh crore by 2021–22.[7]

CharacteristicsEdit

As of July 2022, 24 expressways with a combined length of 2,191.2 km (1,361.5 mi) are operational in India. In 2017, the country had only 200 km of expressways. All the expressways are 6 or more lane wide controlled-access highways, where entrance and exit are controlled by the use of slip roads.India has the second largest road network in the world with 6.3 million kms. [8]

Expressways By StateEdit

List of operational expressways by state, as of July 2022:

States Length (km/mi) Number of Expressways
Uttar Pradesh 1,396 km (867 mi) 8
Haryana 459.7 km (285.6 mi) 7
Telangana 169.6 km (105.4 mi) 2
Maharashtra 111.3 km (69.2 mi) 2
Tamil Nadu 94.8 km (58.9 mi) 2
Gujarat 93.1 km (57.8 mi) 1
Rajasthan 90 km (56 mi) 1
Karnataka 62 km (39 mi) 4
Bihar 33 km (21 mi) 2
Delhi 26.6 km (16.5 mi) 4
Jharkhand 25.4 km (15.8 mi) 1
West Bengal 16 km (9.9 mi) 1
Chhattisgarh 16 km (9.9 mi) 1
Total 2,587.5 km (1,607.8 mi) 33

National ExpresswayEdit

As of April 2021, eight expressways have been declared as National Expressway (NE) by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

  operational   under construction   planned

Designation Expressway Length (km) Date declared as NE Date completed
NE 1 Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway
93
13 Mar 1986[9] 16 August 2004[10]
NE 2 Eastern Peripheral Expressway (KGP)
135
30 Mar 2006[11] 27 May 2018[12]
NE 3 Delhi–Meerut Expressway
96
18 Jun 2020[13] 1 April 2021[14]
NE 4 VadodaraMumbai section of Delhi–Mumbai Expressway
380
10 Jan 2020[15] March 2023
NE 5 DelhiNakodarGurdaspur section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway
398
25 Jun 2020[16] October 2023
NE 5A NakodarAmritsar section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway
99
17 Sep 2020[17] October 2023
NE 6 Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway
62
15 Dec 2020[18] October 2023
NE 7 Bangalore–Chennai Expressway
258
01 Jan 2021[19] March 2023
Total
1,533

Intercity expresswaysEdit

Intercity Expressways connect multiple cities. These expressways reduce travel time, allowing for more more efficient travel and fuel savings . This also allows for an more equal distribution of goods, especially to rural areas.

Note: AC = Access-Controlled Expressway.

Name States Start End Length (km/mi) Lanes Year of Completion Remarks
Purvanchal Expressway (AC)[20] Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Ghazipur 340.8 km
211.8 mi
6 November 2021 Longest Expressway in India.
Agra–Lucknow Expressway (AC)[21] Uttar Pradesh Agra Lucknow 302.2 km
187.8 mi
6 February 2017 2nd longest expressway in India.[22]
Bundelkhand Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh Etawah Chitrakoot 296 km
183.9 mi
4 July 2022 First expressway in Bundelkhand.
Trans–Haryana Expressway (AC) Haryana Kurukshetra Mahendragarh 227 km
141.1 mi
6 August 2022 Part of National Highway 152
Yamuna Expressway (AC)[23][24] Uttar Pradesh Greater Noida Agra 165.5 km
102.8 mi
6 August 2012 Connects Greater Noida and Agra.
Western Peripheral Expressway (AC) Haryana Palwal Sonipat 135.6 km
84.3 mi
6 November 2018 Part of ring road for Delhi NCR.
Eastern Peripheral Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana Sonipat Palwal 135 km
83.9 mi
6 May 2018 Part of ring road for Delhi NCR.
Delhi–Meerut Expressway (AC)[25] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh New Delhi Meerut 96 km
59.7 mi
6-14 April 2021 NE3, India's widest expressway at 14-lanes.[26]
Mumbai–Pune Expressway (AC)[27] Maharashtra Mumbai Pune 94.5 km
58.7 mi
6 April 2002 India's first 6-lane wide expressway.
Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway (AC)[28] Gujarat Ahmedabad Vadodara 93.1 km
57.8 mi
4 August 2004 First Expressway of Gujarat.
Jaipur–Kishangarh Expressway (AC)[29] Rajasthan Jaipur Kishangarh 90 km
55.9 mi
6 April 2005 Forms a segment of the NH-8.
Delhi–Gurgaon Expressway (AC)[30] Delhi, Haryana New Delhi Gurgaon 27.7 km
17.2 mi
6-8 January 2008 Part of the Golden Quadrilateral.
Noida–Greater Noida Expressway (AC)[31] Uttar Pradesh Noida Greater Noida 24.5 km
15.2 mi
6 2002
Raipur–Naya Raipur Expressway (AC) Chhattisgarh Raipur Naya Raipur 12 km
7.5 mi
4 2019 First expressway of Chhattisgarh.
Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway (DND) (AC)[32] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh New Delhi Noida 9.2 km
5.7 mi
8 January 2001 India's first 8-lane wide expressway.
Delhi–Faridabad Skyway (AC)[33][34] Delhi, Haryana New Delhi Faridabad 4.4 km
2.7 mi
6 November 2010 Part of NH44.
Total 2,053.5 km (1,276.0 mi)

Within-City ExpresswaysEdit

Expressways within a city such as ring roads, bypass, freeways and elevated roads exist entirely within a city or metropolitan area. These expressways direct heavy traffic to the outskirts freeing city roads of traffic. This also allows outside traffic to directly pass the city instead of going through it further limiting traffic within a city.

Note: AC = Access-Controlled Expressway.

Name Locale States Length (km/mi) Lanes Year of Completion Remarks
Outer Ring Road, Hyderabad (AC)[35] Hyderabad Telangana 158 km
98.2 mi
8 April 2018 Longest Expressway in Telangana.
Allahabad Bypass Expressway (AC) Allahabad(Prayagraj) Uttar Pradesh 84.7 km
52.6 mi
4 April 2009 First Expressway of Uttar Pradesh.

Part of NH 19.

Chennai Outer Ring Road (AC)[36] Chennai Tamil Nadu 62.8 km
39.0 mi
6 February 2021 Longest expressway of Tamil Nadu.
NICE Peripheral Ring Road Bangalore Karnataka 41 km
25.5 mi
4 August 2006
Chennai Bypass (AC)[37] Chennai Tamil Nadu 32 km
19.9 mi
4-6 June 2010 First Expressway of Tamil Nadu.
Outer Ring Road, Ranchi (AC) Ranchi Jharkhand 25.4 km
15.8 mi
6 February 2019 First expressway of Jharkhand.
Sohna Elevated Corridor(AC)[38] Gurgaon Haryana 21.7 km
13.5 mi
6 July 2022 Part of Delhi-Mumbai Expressway
Loknayak Ganga Path Phase I (AC) Patna Bihar 20.5 km
12.7 mi
4 June 2022
Eastern Freeway (AC) Mumbai Maharashtra 16.8 km
10.4 mi
4 June 2014
Belghoria Expressway (AC) Kolkata West Bengal 16 km
9.9 mi
4 2008 Part of AH1.
AIIMS-Digha Elevated Road (AC) Patna Bihar 12.5 km
7.8 mi
6 November 2020 First expressway of Bihar.[39]
P.V. Narasimha Rao Expressway (AC)[40][41] Hyderabad Telangana 11.6 km
7.2 mi
4 October 2009 First Expressway of Telangana.
Electronic City Elevated Expressway (AC) Bangalore Karnataka 10 km

6.21 mi

4-6 January 2010
Panipat Elevated Expressway(AC)[42] Panipat Haryana 10 km
6.2 mi
6 January 2008
NICE Link Road (AC) Bangalore Karnataka 7.5 km
4.7 mi
4 2002 First Expressway of Karnataka.
NICE Expressway (AC) Bangalore Karnataka 3.5 km
2.2 mi
4 Mar 2019 Part of Bangalore-Mysore Expressway
Total 534 km (332 mi)

Expressways under-constructionEdit

* Ready to inaugurate

Total length listed in this table is 6,902 km (4,289 mi).

Name States Length (km/mi) Expected Date of Completion
Ahmedabad–Dholera Expressway Gujarat 110 km (68 mi) 2024-12[43]
Airoli–Katai Naka Freeway (Phase 1- 5.2 km section) Maharashtra 12.3 km (7.6 mi) 2023-03
Amritsar–Jamnagar Expressway[44] Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat 1,257 km (781.1 mi) 2023-09[45]
Bengaluru–Chennai Expressway[46] Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 258 km (160.3 mi) 2024-03
Bengaluru–Mysuru Expressway*[47] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi) 2022-09
Chennai Port–Maduravoyal Expressway[48] Tamil Nadu 20.6 km (12.8 mi) 2023-01
Atal Progress-way(Chambal Expressway)[49] Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh 404 km (251 mi)
Coastal Road (Mumbai) (phase 1) Maharashtra 29.2 km (18.1 mi) 2023-12
DND–KMP Expressway Delhi, Haryana 59 km (37 mi) 2023-01
Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway[50] Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir 687 km (427 mi) 2023-12
Delhi–Mumbai Expressway[51] Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra 1,350 km (840 mi) 2023-12
Dwarka Expressway Delhi, Haryana 27.6 km (17.1 mi) 2023-06[52]
Faridabad–Noida–Ghaziabad Expressway Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 56 km (35 mi) 2023-01
Ganga Expressway(Meerut–Prayagraj) Uttar Pradesh 594 km (369.1 mi) 2024-01
Gorakhpur Link Expressway[53] Uttar Pradesh 91.40 km (56.8 mi) 2023-03[54]
Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway Uttar Pradesh 66 km (41 mi) 2025-01 [55]
Lucknow Outer Ring Road Uttar Pradesh 108 km (67 mi) 2023-01
Loknayak Ganga Path Phase II Bihar 18 km (11 mi) 2024-12
Ludhiana Elevated corridor Punjab 13 km (8.1 mi) 2024-03
Mumbai Trans Harbour Link Maharashtra 21.8 km (13.5 mi) 2023-10
Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway(Phase III)[56] Maharashtra 181 km (112.5 mi) 2023-03[57]
Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway(Phase I & II)*[56] Maharashtra 520 km (323.1 mi) 2022-08[58]
Ludhiana-Bhatinda-Ajmer experessway

[59][60]

(Phase 1- Ludhiana to Bhatinda)

Punjab 75.5 km (46.9 mi) 2024-03
Peripheral Ring Road Karnataka 65.5 km (40.7 mi) 2024-08
Raipur–Visakhapatnam Expressway Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh 465 km (288.9 mi) 2024-03
Varanasi Ring Road[61][62] Uttar Pradesh 63 km (39 mi) 2023-03[63]
Wazirabad–Mayur Vihar Elevated Expressway Delhi NCR 18 km (11 mi)
Coimbatore Avinashi Road Elevated Expressway Tamil Nadu

10.1 km (6.3 mi)

2024-01
Delhi–Saharanpur–Dehradun Expressway Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand 210 km (130 mi) 2024-12[64]
Total 6,902 km (4,289 mi)

Proposed expresswaysEdit

Name States Length (km/mi)
Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway[65] Andhra Pradesh 371 km (230.5 mi)
Aurangabad-Darbhanga Expressway[66] Bihar 271 km (168.4 mi)
Ballia Link Expressway[67] Uttar Pradesh 30 km (19 mi)
Buxar - Bhagalpur Expressway[68] Bihar 308 km (191.4 mi)
Chennai Elevated Expressways[69] Tamil Nadu 10 km (6.2 mi)
Chennai Surat Expressway[70] Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 1,461 km (907.8 mi)
Ganga Expressway Phase-2[71][72][73][74] Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 424 km (263.5 mi)
GMADA Expressway Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab 284 km (176 mi)
Gorakhpur–Siliguri Expressway[68] Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal 607 km (377.2 mi)
Hyderabad–Indore Expressway[75] Madhya Pradesh , Maharashtra , Telangana 713 km (443 mi)
Hyderabad–Raipur Expressway[76] Chhattisgarh , Telangana 330 km (210 mi)
Hyderabad–Visakhapatnam Expressway[75] Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 225 km (140 mi)
Indore–Kota Expressway[75] Rajasthan , Madhya Pradesh 136 km (85 mi)
Jalna-Nanded Expressway[75] Maharashtra 179 km (111 mi)
Kadapa Feeder Expressway[77] Andhra Pradesh 104.1 km (64.7 mi)
Konkan Greenfield Expressway Maharashtra 500 km (310 mi)
Kurnool Feeder Expressway[77] Andhra Pradesh 123.7 km (76.9 mi)
Nagpur-Gondia-Gadchiroli Expressway[78] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Nagpur–Hyderabad–Bengaluru Expressway[79] Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra pradesh, Karnataka 1,100 km (680 mi)
Nagpur–Vijayawada Expressway[76] Maharashtra , Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 457 km (284 mi)
Prayagraj Link Expressway[80] Uttar Pradesh 193 km (120 mi)
Pune-Aurangabad Expressway[81] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Narmada Expressway[82] Madhya Pradesh 1,300 km (810 mi)
ORR Chennai, Phase II[83] Tamil Nadu 33.1 km (20.6 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Amaravati[84] Andhra Pradesh 220 km (136.7 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Patna Bihar 140 km (87 mi)
Durg–Raipur–Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Raxaul-Haldia Expressway[85] Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Thiruvananthapuram Outer Ring Road[86] Kerala 80 km (50 mi)
Varanasi Link Expressway[87][88] Uttar Pradesh 13 km (8.1 mi)
Total 10,804.9 km (6597.94 mi)

Proposed expressways under BharatmalaEdit

8-lane greenfield expressways under Bharatmala[89][90][91]
Name States Length (km/mi)
Chennai–Salem Expressway Tamil Nadu 277 km (172 mi)
Chennai–Trichy Expressway Tamil Nadu 310 km (190 mi)
Delhi–Hisar Expressway Haryana 170 km (110 mi)
Durg-Raipur-Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Gurugram–Faridabad Expressway Haryana 135 km (84 mi)
Indore-Mumbai Expressway Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra 515 km (320 mi)
Kharagpur–Kolkata Expressway West Bengal 120 km (75 mi)
Kharagpur–Siliguri Expressway West Bengal 516 km (321 mi)
Mangaluru–Chitradurga Expressway Karnataka 196 km (122 mi)
Pathankot–Ajmer Expressway[92] Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab 600 km (370 mi)
Pune-Bengaluru Expressway[93] Karnataka, Maharashtra 745 km (463 mi)
Salem–Chengapalli Expressway Tamil Nadu 103 km (64 mi)
Varanasi–Ranchi–Kolkata Expressway Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Total 4,429 km (2,752 mi)

See alsoEdit

Similar rail development
Similar roads development
Similar ports and river transport development
Similar air transport development
Highways in India
General

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maharashtra, UP to drive state-led capex in road sector in next 3 yrs - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ Dash, Dipak Kumar (23 November 2009). "By 2022, govt to lay 18,637km of expressways". Times of India.
  3. ^ Kumar, Ashutosh. "Expressway cost pegged at Rs20 crore/km". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Bharat Mala: PM Narendra Modi's planned Rs 14,000 crore road from Gujarat to Mizoram", The Economic Times, New Delhi, 29 April 2015
  5. ^ "Government to infuse massive Rs 7 trn to build 83,677 km of roads over 5 years". The Financial Express. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Bharatmala Phase-I". Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (India).
  7. ^ "Bharatmala Pariyojana - A Stepping Stone towards New India". National Portal of India. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Basic Road Statistics in India 2018—19". Press Information Bureau Basic Road Statistics in India 2018—19. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Notification dated March 13, 1986" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  10. ^ Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway to be ready by March-Source-Business Standard
  11. ^ "Notification dated March 30, 2006" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  12. ^ "Gurgaon: Kundli-Manesar expressway inauguration today". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  13. ^ Notification dated June 18, 2020
  14. ^ "Delhi-Meerut Expressway open for public, cuts travel time to 45 minutes".
  15. ^ Notification dated January 10, 2020
  16. ^ Notification dated June 25, 2020
  17. ^ Notification dated September 17, 2020
  18. ^ "Notification dated December 15, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  19. ^ Notification dated January 1, 2021
  20. ^ "PM Modi to inaugurate 340-km long Purvanchal Expressway on Nov 16 | Check out spectacular photos". Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  21. ^ "IAF fighter planes to welcome inauguration". Nyooz. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  22. ^ "Agra-Lucknow Expressway: India's longest greenfield expressway reduces travel time between Delhi-Lucknow to 6 hours; 10 facts to know". Financial Express. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  23. ^ "Facts About Yamuna Expressway". Projects Jugaad. 5 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  24. ^ "Yamuna Expressway Project". Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  25. ^ PM Modi Inaugurates Delhi-Meerut Expressway, Will Also Open Eastern Peripheral Expressway Today: 10 Facts, NDTV
  26. ^ "All you need to know about Delhi-Meerut Expressway". Hindustan Times. 27 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  27. ^ ""Mumbai-Pune Expressway, India"". Road Traffic Technology. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  28. ^ "Ahmedabad-Vadodara Expressway Project". Cclindia.com. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
  29. ^ "The 10 Amazing Expressways in India". www.walkthroughindia.com. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  30. ^ "Excess cars made tolling a taxing truth at first: Expressway builder". Express India. Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  31. ^ "Noida: An idea that has worked". The Times of India. 4 June 2003.
  32. ^ "Welcome to DND Flyway". Dndflyway.com. 22 July 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  33. ^ "Delhi Faridabad Expressway". Archived from the original on 1 January 2016.
  34. ^ "Badarpur flyover to open today". The Times of India. 5 October 2010. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012.
  35. ^ "Another Outer Ring Road stretch to be opened today". TOI. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  36. ^ https://m.timesofindia.com/city/chennai/cm-opens-second-phase-of-chennai-outer-ring-road/articleshow/80752564.cms. {{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ "PIB Foundation stone for Phase II of Chennai Bypass". PIB. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  38. ^ "अब सफर होगा सुहाना: गुरुग्राम के राजीव चौक से सोहना तक 20 मिनट में पहुंचेंगे, छह लेन का एलिवेटिड हाईवे खुला". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  39. ^ Tripathi, Piyush (30 November 2020). "Bihar CM to inaugurate elevated road between AIIMS and Digha today". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  40. ^ "Longest Elevated Expressway inaugurated in Hyderabad | India Trends". Indiatrends.info. 20 October 2009. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  41. ^ "Hyderabad gets India's longest flyover". NDTV. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  42. ^ "Panipat elevated highway inaugurated". Projectsmonitor.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  43. ^ "Ahmedabad - Dholera Expressway – Information & Status". The Metro Rail Guy. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  44. ^ "Nitin Gadkari's ambitious infrastructure plan: 5 new greenfield highways to come up on major routes". The Financial Express. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  45. ^ Saha, Dhruvaksh (19 May 2022). "Amritsar-Jamnagar expressway to be completed by Sep 2023: Gadkari". Business Standard India. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  46. ^ "Project report on Bangalore-Chennai Expressway may get ready by March". The Hindu. 21 October 2011. Archived from the original on 2 May 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  47. ^ [-https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/bangalore/first-stretch-bengaluru-mysuru-expressway-opened-july-7903595/ "First stretch of Bengaluru-Mysuru expressway to be opened in July, says MP"]. The Indian Express. 6 May 2022. {{cite news}}: Check |url= value (help)
  48. ^ "Chennai Port-Maduravoyal corridor to have 6 lanes". The Hindu. 15 March 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  49. ^ "Development of Highway sector in MP: Centre incorporates Atal Progress-Way in Bharatmala Pariyojana Phase-1".
  50. ^ "NHAI nod for Asr-Delhi highway extension". The Tribune. 19 April 2017. Archived from the original on 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  51. ^ "Govt announces plans to build Delhi-Mumbai expressway for Rs 1 lakh crore". Hindustan Times. 17 April 2018.
  52. ^ "Nitin Gadkari: Dwarka Expressway to be operational in 2023 | Delhi News - Times of India". The Times of India. PTI. 11 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  53. ^ "Gorakhpur link expressway". Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  54. ^ "Gorakhpur Link Expressway – Information & Status". The Metro Rail Guy. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  55. ^ "Kanpur - Lucknow Expressway – Information & Status". The Metro Rail Guy. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  56. ^ a b "Work on Nagpur-Mumbai expressway begins in full swing - Times of India". The Times of India.
  57. ^ "Mumbai-Nagpur Expressway: Route Map, Cost and Status". Magicbricks Blog. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  58. ^ "Much-Awaited Mumbai-Nagpur Expressway Opening Delayed Again". Mumbai Live. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  59. ^ "Work allotted for six-laning of Ludhiana-Bathinda expressway". Tribuneindia News Service. Tribune News Service. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  60. ^ "Ludhiana – Bathinda Expressway – Information & Status". The Metro Rail Guy. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  61. ^ "पूर्वांचल के इन जिलों को बड़ा तोहफा, मार्च से शुरू होगा रिंग रोड फेज-2 का निर्माण". Patrika News. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  62. ^ "NHAI plans to develop Model Stretches in every state". www.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  63. ^ "Road Construction: कई जिलों को जोड़ने वाली रिंग रोड के सर्विस रोड का काम लगभग पूरा, जल्द वाराणसी से दौड़ेंगी गाड़ियां". www.timesnowhindi.com (in Hindi). 22 June 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  64. ^ "Delhi - Dehradun Expressway - Information & Status". The Metro Rail Guy. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  65. ^ "Amaravati-Anantapur highway to cost Rs 27,635 crore". Deccan Chronicle. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  66. ^ "मगध से मिथिला को जोड़ेगा बिहार का पहला ग्रीन फील्ड एक्सप्रेस-वे, जानें कब तक बन कर होगा तैयार, कितने जिलों से गुजरेगी?". Prabhat Khabar - Hindi News. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  67. ^ "CM Yogi Adityanath OKs link expressway to connect Ballia, Ghazipur". The Times of India. 27 December 2020.
  68. ^ a b "Bihar to get it's 4th expressway will connect Gorakhpur to Siliguri". Hindustan Times. 23 November 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  69. ^ "Chennai Elevated Road" (PDF). CMDA. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  70. ^ "Bengaluru Mysuru Infrastructure Corridor Area Planning Authority". Archived from the original on 21 June 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  71. ^ "Proposed Alignment" (PDF).
  72. ^ "Ganga e-way alignment plans ready for UP CM's nod before consultant invite | Lucknow News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  73. ^ "7 bids for Upper Ganga Canal Expressway". Financialexpress.com. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  74. ^ "No state consent, NHAI goes ahead with four-laning of highway section". Indian Tollways. 3 December 2009. Archived from the original on 6 December 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  75. ^ a b c d "23 new expressways and highways coming up in next 5 years". Times of India. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  76. ^ a b "NHAI chalks out plan to build 22 greenfield expressways by FY25". Construction Week Online India. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  77. ^ a b "Green Field Express Way (Anantapur to Amaravati)". Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  78. ^ "225km eastern Mah E-way to connect Gadchiroli Gondia to Samrudddhi Mahamarg". Times Of India. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  79. ^ Ramakrishnan, N (3 January 2018). "Feedback Infra pitches for a big role in designing greenfield expressways". Business Line. Archived from the original on 31 May 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  80. ^ "These expressways will shorten the distances in Uttar Pradesh". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  81. ^ "Gadkari announces expressway project worth ₹10,000 crore between Aurangabad and Pune". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 24 April 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  82. ^ "Centre approves Chambal, Narmada Expressways in MP". Times of India. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  83. ^ "Highways - Chennai Outer Ring Road". GMR. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  84. ^ "Outer ringroad for Amaravathi". The Times of India. 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  85. ^ "Bids invited for Raxaul - Haldia Port Expressway's DPR". www.themetrorailguy.com. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  86. ^ Jisha Surya (30 March 2018). "Outer ring road for capital to become a reality soon". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  87. ^ "UPEIDA".
  88. ^ "Development of Purvanchal Expressway" (PDF). Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  89. ^ Sood, Jyotika (9 July 2018). "Govt may launch 7 greenfield projects under Bharatmala". Mint. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  90. ^ "Raipur-Vizag Expressway Proj under Bharatmala Project: Centre". The Pioneer. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  91. ^ "bharatmala-2-0-to-focus-on-expressways-add-4000-km-greenfield-roads". The Times of India. January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  92. ^ "NHAI ने दी मंजूरी- अजमेर-जालंधर ग्रीनफील्ड के लिए 4 जिलों में होगी भू-अवाप्ति". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  93. ^ "Bharatmala 2.0". TOI. Retrieved 21 January 2019.

External linksEdit