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The Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, and the wider metropolitan region. The system is designed to reduce traffic congestion in the city, and supplement the overcrowded Mumbai Suburban Railway (colloquially called local trains) network. It is being built in three phases over a 15-year period, with overall completion expected in 2025. When completed, the core system will comprise eight high-capacity metro railway lines, spanning a total of 235 kilometres (146 mi) (24% underground, the rest elevated, with a minuscule portion built at-grade), and serviced by 200 stations.

Mumbai Metro
Mumbai Metro Line 1 logo.png
Train at Azad Nagar station, Mumbai.jpg
Overview
Native nameमुंबई मेट्रो
OwnerMMRDA (all lines except Lines 1 & 3),
Mumbai Metro One (Line 1),
Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (Line 3)
LocaleMumbai Metropolitan Region
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines1
Line number
Number of stations12
Daily ridership405,107 (June 2018)
Annual ridership146 million [1]
HeadquartersMumbai
Website
Operation
Began operation8 June 2014 (5 years ago) (8 June 2014)
Operator(s)Metro One Operator Private Limited (Line 1)
Character77% Elevated, 22.8% Underground, 0.2% At-grade
Train length4–8 coach trainsets[2]
Headway
  • 4 minutes (peak hours)
  • 8 minutes (off-peak hours)
Technical
System length11.4 km (7.1 mi)
No. of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard gauge)
Electrification25 kV, 50 Hz AC through overhead catenary[3]
Average speed33 km/h (21 mph)[2]
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)[2]
System map

As of August 2018, Mumbai metro consisted of 1 operational line (Line 1 - elevated metro from Versova to Ghatkopar), and 4 lines under various stages of construction.[4][5]

Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro system is operated by Metro One Operation Private Limited (MOOPL), a joint venture company formed between RATP Dev Transdev Asia (a 50:50 RATP Développement and Transdev joint venture) (70%) and Reliance Infrastructure (30%).[6] While lines 2, 4, 6, 7 (under construction), 5 and their extensions (bidding in progress) will be built by MMRDA, the completely underground line 3 (also under construction) will be built by Mumbai Metro Railway Corporation Limited (MMRCL). The total financial outlay for the expansion of the metro system beyond the currently operational Line 1 is 821.72 billion (equivalent to 860 billion, US$12.46 billion or €11.12 billion in 2018), to be funded through a mix of equity and bilateral, multilateral as well as syndicated debt.[7]

In June 2006, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh laid the foundation stone for the first phase of the Mumbai Metro project, although construction work began in February 2008.[8][9][10] A successful trial run was conducted in May 2013,[11][12][13] and the system's first line entered into operation on 8 June 2014. Many metro projects were being delayed because of late environmental clearances and land acquisition troubles. The earlier plan promised to public was to go live with about 83 km of metro but only 11km was constructed by 2015. The proposed 15 km line would link Kalyan and Shil Phata with 13 stations, bringing metro connectivity to Kalyan East, Dombivli, Ambernath and Diva.The Metro line-2 will run from Coloba to Bandra from 2023.

HistoryEdit

Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra.It is among the largest cities in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of over 20 million as of 2011,[14] and a population growth rate of around 2% per annum.[15] Mumbai has the advantage of a high modal share of the public (88%) in favour of a public mass transport system.[citation needed] The existing Mumbai Suburban Railway carries over 7 million passengers per day,[16] and is supplemented by the Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) bus system, which provides feeder services to station-going passengers to allow them to complete their journeys. Until 1980s, transport in Mumbai was not a big problem. The discontinuation of trams resulted in a direct increase of passenger pressure on the suburban railway network. By 2010 the population of Mumbai doubled. However, due to the city's geographical constraints and rapid population growth, road and rail infrastructure development has not been able to keep pace with growing demand over the last 4-5 decades.[17] Moreover, the Mumbai Suburban Railway, though extensive, is not built to rapid transit specifications. The main objective of the Mumbai Metro is to provide mass rapid transit services to people within an approach distance of between 1 and 2 kilometres, and to serve the areas not connected by the existing Suburban Rail network.

Original Mumbai Metro master plan[17]
Phase Line Name of the corridor Length (km)
Phase I
(2006–2011)
1 Versova - Andheri – Ghatkopar 11.07
2 Bandra - Kurla – Mankhurd 13.37
3 Colaba - Bandra – Seepz 38.24
Phase II
(2011–2016)
4 Charkop - Dahisar 7.5
5 Ghatkopar – Mulund 12.4
Phase III
(2016–2021)
6 BKC - Kanjurmarg via Airport 19.5
7 Andheri (E) - Dahisar (E) 16.5
8 Hutatma Chowk – Ghatkopar 21.8
9 Sewri – Prabhadevi 3.5

The Government of Maharashtra through the MMRDA, in order to improve the transportation scenario in Mumbai and to cater to the future travel needs in the next 2-3 decades began exploring the viability of various alternative mass transit systems which are efficient, economically viable and environment friendly. In this context, a detailed feasibility study was carried out under Indo-German technical co-operation by entrusting the consultancy work to TEWET in association with DE-Consult and TCS, during 1997–2000. The study recommended a mass transit corridor from Andheri to Ghatkopar as potentially bankable and economically viable, after examining a number of alternative corridors and alignments. This study was updated by MMRDA in May 2004. Meanwhilation[clarification needed] (DMRC) prepared the master plan for Mumbai metro, wherein they recommended extending the Andheri-Ghatkopar section to Versova as part of the master plan and identified it as a priority corridor for implementation. The State Government declared the project as a "public vital infrastructure project" and designated the MMRDA as the Project Implementation Agency (PIA).[17] The master plan unveiled by the MMRDA in 2004 encompassed a total of 146.5 kilometres (91.0 mi) of track, of which 32 kilometres (20 mi) would be underground.[18] The Mumbai Metro was proposed to be built in three phases, at an estimated cost of 19,525 crore.[17] In September 2009, the proposed Hutatma Chowk – Ghatkopar was reduced to a line between Hutatma Chowk and Carnac Bunder.

In 2011, the MMRDA unveiled plans for an extended Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ metro line. According to its earlier plans, a 20-km Colaba-to-Bandra metro line was to be constructed, running underground for 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Colaba to Mahalaxmi, and then on an elevated track from Mahalaxmi to Bandra. However, the MMRDA decided to increase ridership on the line by running it out past Bandra to Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport. The 33.5-kilometre (20.8 mi) Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ line will be built at a cost of 21,000 crore (US$3.0 billion),[19] and will be the city's first underground metro line. It will have 27 stations.[20]

On 27 February 2012, the Union Government gave in-principle approval to the plan for Line 3. Money for the project is being borrowed from Japanese International Cooperation Agency (50%), the state government (16%), the central government (14%), and others.[21] In April 2012, the MMRDA announced plans to grant the Mumbai Metro Rail Company increased management autonomy, in an effort to enhance the project's operational efficiency.[22] In July 2012, the MMRDA announced plans to add more metro lines to its existing plan, including a line parallel to the Western Express Highway from Bandra to Dahisar. This line is expected to reduce the passenger load on the Western Line and vehicle traffic on the highway. Another proposed route, the 30-kilometre (19 mi), 28-station Wadala–Kasarvadvali line, received in-principle approval from the state government in 2013.[23] The MMRDA also intends to convert the proposed Lokhandwala–SEEPZ–Kanjurmarg monorail route into a metro line.[24]

 
A metro station under construction in Andheri in March 2012.

The Mumbai Metro master plan was revised by the MMRDA in 2012, increasing the total length of the proposed network to 160.90 km.[25] In June 2015, two new lines were proposed. A line from Andheri West to Dahisar West, and a line from BKC to Mankhurd.[26] The following table shows the updated master plan unveiled by the MMRDA:

 
Metro rake of Line 1 approaching Andheri station in 2019
Line Name of Corridor[27] Length (km) Stations Estimated cost Status Opening
1 Versova–Andheri–Ghatkopar 11.40 12 ₨4,321 crores Opened 8 June 2014
2 2A: Dahisar-DN Nagar 18.5 17 ₨6,410 crores Under Construction 2020
2B: DN Nagar-Mandala 23.6 22 ₨10,986 crores Under Construction 2022
3 Colaba - Bandra – SEEPZ 33.5 27 ₨24,430 crore Under Construction December 2021
4 Wadala–Ghatkopar-Mulund–Teen Hath Naka–Kasarvadavali 32.32 32 ₨14,549crore Under Construction 2021
4A Kasarwadavali-Gaimukh 2.7 2 ₨949 crores Tendering
5 Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan 24.9 17 ₨8,417 crores Approved 2022
6 Lokhandwala-Jogeshwari-Kanjurmarg 14.5 13 ₨6,716 crores Under Construction 2022
7 Dahisar (East)-Andheri (East) 16.5 13 ₨6,208 crores Under Construction 2020
7A Andheri-CSIA 3.17 2 TBA Tendering
8 CSIA T2-NMIA 35 ₨15,000 crores (approx) Proposed
9 Dahisar (East)-Mira-Bhayander 10.3 8 ₨6,518 crores Tendering
10 Gaimukh-Shivaji Chowk (Mira Road) 9.2 9 ₨5,000 crores Approved
11 Wadala-CSMT 12.7 11 ₨8,739 crores Approved
12 Kalyan-Dombivali-Taloja 20.7 17 ₨5,865 crores Approved
13 Mira Bhayander-Virar 23 TBA TBA Proposed
14 Kanjurmarg-Badlapur 45 TBA TBA Approved
Total ₨1,25,201+ Crores

On 18 February 2013, the MMRDA signed a memorandum of understanding with Transport for London, the transit authority in Greater London. The arrangement will facilitate the exchange of information, personnel and technology in the transportation sector.[28][29][30][31]

The revised Mumbai Metro master plan had proposed a line along the Thane-Teen Haath Naka-Kaapurbavdi-Ghodbunder Road route. The feasibility report concluded that the line was not feasible as most residents of Thane and its neighbouring areas travelled to Mumbai for work daily. On 14 June 2014, Chavan announced that the MMRDA was instead examining a proposal for a metro line along the new proposed route of Wadala-Ghatkopar-Teen Haat Naka route. RITES will prepare the detailed project report and is expected to submit it by August 2014. The preliminary report proposed a 32 km line with 29 stations, to be built at an estimated cost of 22,000 crore.[32] This would be the fourth line of the metro, after the previously proposed Charkop-Dahisar route was merged with the Charkop-Bandra-Mankhurd route to form Line 2.[33]

Following the opening of Line 1, MMRDA metropolitan commissioner UPS Madan stated that the authority would focus on constructing the Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ, Dahisar-Bandra-Mankhurd, and Wadala-Thane-Kasarvadavali lines. He also stated that the other proposed lines had not been cancelled and that they may be implemented in the future.[34] In May 2015, the MMRDA stated that it had begun planning for the Andheri-Dahisar line and Seepz-Kanjurmarg. Both lines are expected to be elevated, although the latter could be constructed underground if a proposal to extend Line 3 to Kanjurmarg is undertaken. DPRs for both lines had been prepared in 2004, along with the master plan, and the MMRDA would now update the DPRs. The agency also intends to construct Line 9 of the metro as an underground corridor from Sewri to Worli. However, planning for the project will only begun after the construction of the proposed Mumbai Trans Harbour Link commences.[35]

In a report on 14 November 2014 about the cancellation of the PPP agreement for Line 2, Mint quoted a senior MMRDA official as stating, "as decided earlier, all future lines of Mumbai Metro will be constructed by the Mumbai Metro Railway Corp. Ltd (MMRCL), a joint venture between the state government and the Union government."[36] On 20 May 2015, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis requested officials to consider constructing the Charkop-Bandra-Dahisar and the Wadala-Thane-Kasarvadavali lines as elevated corridors. Although, both corridors had been planned as elevated lines in the Mumbai Metro master plan, the previous Congress-NCP had decided to construct all metro lines underground, after delays and difficulties caused by acquiring land for Line 1. However, Chief Minister Fadnavis believes that the two proposed lines can be constructed quicker and cheaper if they were elevated due to the proposed route of the alignment.[37] The Government plans to implement all future metro lines (except Line 3) as elevated corridors.[38] On 15 June 2015, the MMRDA announced that it would implement Line 2 of the metro in three parts. The Andheri-Dahisar line will have connectivity with the existing Line 1 and the proposed JVLR-Kanjurmarg line.[38]

In June 2015, Fadnavis announced that he would request the DMRC to assist in the implementation of the Mumbai Metro. He stated that he intends to expand the metro system by 109 km before the state assembly elections in October 2019.[39][40][41] In July 2015, UPS Madan announced that the State Government formally appointed the DMRC to revise and update the Mumbai Metro master plan. The DMRC will prepare DPRs for the Andheri East to Dahisar East, Jogeshwari to Kanjurmarg, Andheri West to Dahisar West and Bandra Kurla Complex to Mankhurd lines.[42] The Andheri-Dahisar line will have connectivity with the existing Line 1 and the proposed JVLR-Kanjurmarg line.[38] All four lines are proposed to be elevated and constructed as cash contracts. The lines are estimated to cost a total of 21,000 crore (US$3.0 billion), or about 350 crore (US$51 million) per km.[26] In addition, the planned Line 3 and Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavli line of the metro would also be constructed.[42]

Fadnavis announced on 8 April 2017 that the government was considering a circular metro loop line along the Kalyan-Dombivli-Taloja route. The proposed 15 km line would link Kalyan and Shil Phata with 13 stations, bring metro connectivity to Kalyan East, Dombivli, Ambernath and Diva.[43][44]

Current StatusEdit

These route(s) are currently operational now

Line First Operation Last Extension Terminals Length (KM) Rolling Stock Track Gauge (mm) Power Average Frequency (minutes)
Line 1 08/06/2014 Versova Ghatkopar 11.40 CRRC Nanjing Puzhen 16 trains 1,435 25 kV, 50 Hz OHE 4 at peak times and 8 at other times

NetworkEdit

 
Map showing operational and under construction railway services in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, including the Metro, Monorail and Suburban services
 
Topological map of Mumbai's public transport system

Lines on the Mumbai Metro are currently identified by numbers. In March 2016, MMRDA Metropolitan Commissioner, U.P.S. Madan, announced that all lines on the system would be color coded after more lines are opened.[45]

Status legend
  Operational
  Under Construction
  Tendering
  Planned
  Approved
Line # Termini Depot Orientation Connections System Length Number of Stations± Status (Opening date, if operational) Rolling Stock Time of Operations§§ Track Gauge Power Annual Ridership§§§ Operator Owner Funding Agency (Debt)
UG EL AG/EMB UG EL AG/EMB OEM Rake Config. Train Automation Start End
Line 2 Dahisar (East) D.N. Nagar Charkop North - South Line 7, Line 6 (Under Construction), Line 1, Western, IR (WR), Line 3, Line 4, Central, Harbour, Monorail, Line 8 (approved) 0 km (0 mi) 18.589 km (11.551 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 17 0 Under Construction TBD 48 Cabs GoA4/UTO/CBTC TBA TBA 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard Gauge) 25 kV, 50 Hz through overhead catenary TBA TBA MMRDA ADB (74.98 billion (equivalent to 79 billion or US$1.14 billion in 2018))
D.N. Nagar Mankhurd Mandale North - South
West - East
0 km (0 mi) 23.643 km (14.691 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 22 0 48 Cabs
Line 3 Aarey Cuffe Parade Aarey North - South Line 6 (planned), Line 1, Line 8 (approved), Line 7 (approved), CSIA T2, CSIA T1, Line 2, Western, Central, IR (WR/CR), Monorail, Line 4 (planned) 33 km (21 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0.5 km (0.31 mi) 26 0 1 TBD 31 x 8 GoA4/UTO/CBTC TBA TBA TBA TBA Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (MMRC) (Government of India 49.99% + Government of Maharashtra 49.99% + MMRDA (token)) JICA (57%,[46] 132.35 billion (equivalent to 140 billion or US$2.01 billion in 2018))[47]
Line 4 Kasarvadavali Wadala Owale North - South Central, IR (CR), Line 5 (planned), Line 6 (planned), Line 8 (approved), Line 2, Monorail, Line 3 (planned), Line 11 (approved) 0 km (0 mi) 32.32 km (20.08 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 32 0 TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA MMRDA AIIB (39.16 billion (equivalent to 41 billion or US$593.93 million in 2018))
Gaimukh Kasarvadavali Gaimukh West-East 0 km (0 mi) 2.7 km (1.7 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 2 0 Tendering[48]
Line 5 Thane Kalyan TBA West - East Central, Trans-harbour, IR (CR), Line 4, Line 12 (approved), Navi Mumbai Metro 0 km (0 mi) 24.9 km (15.5 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 17 0 Planned TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA TBD
Line 6 Swami Samarth Nagar Vikhroli Kanjurmarg West - East Line 2, Western, Line 7, Line 3, Central, Line 4 0 km (0 mi) 14.47 km (8.99 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 13 0 Under Construction TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA TBD
Line 7 Dahisar (East) Andheri (East) Dahisar North - South Line 2, Line 6 (planned), Line 1, Line 3 (approved), Line 9 (approved), Line 8 (approved), CSIA T1, CSIA T2 0 km (0 mi) I16.475 km (10.237 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 14 0 Under Construction TBD 5 Trainsx6 Car GoA4/UTO/CBTC TBA TBA TBA TBA ADB (22.46 billion (equivalent to 24 billion or US$340.64 million in 2018))
Andheri (East) CSIA T2 3.175 km (1.973 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 1 1 0 Tendering (South extension from Andheri (E) to CSIA T2)
Line 8 CSIA T2 NMIA TBA West - East CSIA T2, Line 7, Line 3 (approved), Line 1, Line 4, Central, Monorail, Line 2, Harbour, Trans-harbour, CSMT-PNVL Rapid Rail (approved), Navi Mumbai Metro, NMIA 8 km (5.0 mi) 32 km (20 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 2 10 0 Proposed TBD TBD TBD 24-hour service TBA TBA MMRDA/CIDCO (tentative) TBD
Line 9 Dahisar (East) Mira-Bhayander TBA North - South Line 2, Line 7, Line 10 0 km (0 mi) 10.3 km (6.4 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 8 0 Tendering TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA MMRDA TBD
Line 10 Gaimukh Shivaji Chowk (Mira Road) TBA West - East Line 4A, Line 9 0 km (0 mi) 9 km (5.6 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 9 0 Approved (DPR) TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA TBD
Line 11 Wadala CSMT TBA North - South Extension Of Line 4 8 km (5.0 mi) 2 km (1.2 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 8 2 0 Approved (DPR) TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA TBD
Line 12 Kalyan Taloja TBA North - South Extension Of Line 5 0 km (0 mi) 20.75 km (12.89 mi) 0 km (0 mi) 0 17 0 Approved (DPR) TBD TBD TBD TBA TBA TBA TBA TBD
Total 52.175 km (32.420 mi) 207.256 km (128.783 mi) 0.5 km (0.31 mi) 41 164 1 129.58 Million
259.931 km (161.514 mi) 205

§ Numbers in italics denote data that is estimated
Lines labeled Approved are either in DPR stage, or have not yet entered the planning stage, while those labelled Planned are awaiting clearances to enter the tendering stage
± UG=Underground; EL=Elevated; AG-EMB=At-Grade/Embankment
§§ Subject to periodic/seasonal changes without prior notice. Start times denote the beginning of the first service of the day; End times denote the end of the last service of the day/next day
Number of rakes operational x Number of coaches/rake
§§§Extrapolated from weekday daily ridership numbers reported for the last reported fiscal

LinesEdit

Line 1Edit

 
Metro trains arriving at different stations.
 
Infodesk at stations.

Line 1 connects Versova in the Western Suburbs to Ghatkopar in the Central Suburbs, covering a distance of 11.4 kilometres (7.1 mi).[49] It is fully elevated, and consists of 12 stations.[49] Work on the Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor, a part of Phase I, began on 8 February 2008. A crucial bridge on the project was completed at the end of 2012.[50] The line opened for service on 8 June 2014.[51]

Line 2Edit

This corridor is being executed in two phases i.e. 2A and 2B.

The 18.589 km (11.551 mi)[52] long 2A corridor is being executed by DMRC on behalf of MMRDA. The corridor has 17 stations (Dahisar (West) to D.N. Nagar), and is expected to cost 64.1 billion (equivalent to 67 billion or US$972.18 million in 2018).

Its civil works, including viaduct and stations, are being executed by J.Kumar Infra-CRTG JV. The corridor is expected to be operational by 2020.[53]

The 2B corridor will be 23.643 km (14.691 mi) long, and is estimated to cost 109.7 billion (equivalent to 120 billion or US$1.66 billion in 2018), including land acquisition cost of 12.74 billion (equivalent to 13 billion or US$193.22 million in 2018). This section will have 22 stations (D.N. Nagar to Mandale), work on which began in mid 2018.[54]

Its civil works, including viaduct and stations is being executed by Simplex Infrastructur, RCC-MBZ JV and Neeraj-Guam JV.

Line 2 is being partially funded through multilateral debt to the tune of 74.98 billion (equivalent to 79 billion or US$1.14 billion in 2018) from ADB.

2A

Expected Cost- 6,410crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 9 Lakh

2B

Expected Cost- 10,986 crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 10.5 Lakh

Rolling Stock-BEML

Line 3Edit

This corridor is almost entirely built underground, and is 33.50 km (20.82 mi) long, with 27 stations.[55] The metro line will connect the Cuffe Parade business district in the south of Mumbai with SEEPZ and Aarey in the north.[56] It will also pass through the Domestic and International airports of Mumbai, for which the airport operator (GVK) has promised an equity infusion of 7.77 billion (equivalent to 8.8 billion or US$126.78 million in 2018).[57]

The cost of this corridor is estimated at 231.36 billion (equivalent to 240 billion or US$3.51 billion in 2018).[58][59] The original deadline for the project was 2016, but it is currently expected to be completed only by Dec 2021.

Upon completion, it will have interchanges with the planned Line 6 at SEEPZ, Line 1 at Marol Naka, Line 2 at BKC, Central Line at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Monorail at Mahalaxmi (Jacob Circle), and Western Line at Mahalaxmi, Mumbai Central and Churchgate.

57% of the funds needed for this project are being sourced as multilateral debt from JICA.

Expected Cost- 23,136 crore

Expected Daily Ridership-17 Lakh

Rolling Stock-Alstom

Line 4Edit

The line 4 of Mumbai Metro is envisaged to be a 32.32 km (20.08 mi)[60] long elevated corridor, covering 32[60] stations from Kasarvadavali (near Thane) in the north to Wadala in the south. It is estimated to cost 145.49 billion (equivalent to 150 billion or US$2.21 billion in 2018). This project will help connect the city of Thane with Mumbai with an alternate mode of public transport.

The line was approved by the Maharashtra government on 27 September 2016,[61][61][62] and construction work on this line began in mid 2018.[54]

The construction of viaducts and stations is being executed by consortium of Reliance-Astaldi JV and Tata Projects-CHEC JV.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank has extended a multilateral loan of 39.16 billion (equivalent to 41 billion or US$593.93 million in 2018)[63] for this project, and is expected to be completed by 2021-2022.[64]

Expected Cost- 15,498 crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 13.4 Lakh

Line 5Edit

The 24.9 km-long Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan Metro-V corridor will have 17 stations and will cost Rs. 8,416 crore. It will be totally an elevated corridor. It will connect Thane to Bhiwandi and Kalyan in the eastern suburbs.

The stations include Kapurbawdi in Thane (West), Balkum Naka, Kasheli, Kalher, Purna, Anjur Phata, Dhamankar Naka, Bhiwandi, Gopal Nagar, Temghar, Rajnouli Village, Govegaon MIDC, Kongaon, Durgadi Fort, Sahajanand Chowk, Kalyan railway station and Kalyan APMC.

The line was approved by Chief Minister Fadnavis on 19 October 2016.[65][66] The MMRDA plans to begin construction of the line by December 2017.[67] The line is getting delayed due to finalisation of alignment which is facing resistance of locals. It will be ready by 2023-24.

Expected Cost- 8,417 crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 3 Lakh

Line 6Edit

The 14.47 km long Lokhandwala-Jogeshwari-Vikhroli-Kanjurmarg Metro-VI corridor will have 13 stations and cost Rs. 6,672 crore. It will be an elevated corridor. It will connect Lokhandwala Complex in Andheri in the western suburbs to Vikhroli and Kanjurmarg in the eastern suburbs.

The stations include Lokhandwala Complex, Adarsh Nagar, Momin Nagar, JVLR, Shyam Nagar, Mahakali Caves, SEEPZ Village, Saki Vihar Road, Ram Baug, Powai Lake, IIT Powai, Kanjurmarg (W), Vikhroli-Eastern Express Highway.

Metro 6 will provide interchange with Metro 2 at Infinity Mall in Andheri, with Metro 3 at SEEPZ, with Metro 4 and the Mumbai Suburban Railway at Jogeshwari and Kanjurmarg, and with Metro 7 at JVLR.[68]

The line was approved by Chief Minister Fadnavis on 19 October 2016.[65][66] The MMRDA issued a tender to conduct a detailed aerial mapping survey of the alignment in April 2017. Authorities will also be able to determine the location of trees along the alignment accuracy of up to 10 cm utilizing a differential GPS (DGPS), while a digital aerial triangulation system will help determine the types of trees, their heights and diameters.[69]

The MMRDA plans to begin construction of the line by late 2018. It will be ready by 2022-23.

The construction of viaduct and station work is being executed by J Kumar Infraprojects and MBZ-EIIL JV.

Expected Cost- 6,672 crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 7.2 Lakh

Line 7Edit

This corridor is 16.475 km (10.237 mi)[70] long, and runs from Dahisar (East) in the north to Andheri (East) in the south, with a further extension till Bhayander[71] in the north, and Mumbai International Airport Terminal 2[72] in the south. The line is partially elevated (under construction, with completion slated for 2019), and partially underground (approved, with construction planned to begin in 2018).

The elevated section is expected to cost 62.08 billion (equivalent to 67 billion or US$964.99 million in 2018), while the outlay for the recently approved underground section is 6 billion (equivalent to 6.3 billion or US$91.00 million in 2018). Civil works, including viaduct and station works, is being executed by NCC, Simplex Infrastructure and J.Kumar Infraprojects.

The corridor is being funded through multilateral debt to the tune of 22.46 billion (equivalent to 24 billion or US$340.64 million in 2018)[63] by Asian Development Bank. The cost of the 13.5 km extension till Bhayander in the north is expected to be around 36 billion (equivalent to 38 billion or US$546.00 million in 2018).[71][73]

Expected Cost- 6,208 crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 6.7 Lakh

Rolling stock-BEML

Line 8Edit

This is a proposed metro line extending the planned Line 4 from Wadala in the north to Mumbai GPO in the south.[74] • It will travel from Wadala (Metro Line 4) to GPO (connecting Metro Line3) • Metro-8 corridor will be of 8-km.

Expected Cost- 2,400 crore

Expected Daily Ridership- 3 Lakh[75]

Line 9Edit

Metro line 9 will ply between Dahisar-Mira Bhayander route. It will have 10 stations all elevated. The proposed Metro of Dahisar to Mira-Bhayandar will cut down approximately 30 km of travel distance between the Mira-Bhayandar and Mumbai suburbs. It will be completed by 2022-23.

Expected Daily Ridership – 4.4 Lakh

Line 10Edit

In February 2017, the MMRDA announced that the DMRC was preparing a detailed project report (DPR) on Metro 10, a proposed 9 km elevated extension of Metro 7 from Dahisar to Bhayander, via Mira Road.[76] Preliminary plans prepared jointly by MMRDA and DMRC, proposed a 9 km elevated extension of Metro 7 from Dahisar to Bhayander, via Mira Road.

The extension will be of 11 km and will have 10 stations, with an inter-station distance of 1 km. The line will run parallel to the Surat-Dahisar Highway, then turn left at Kashi Mira Junction, before passing through Mira Road-Bhayander, and terminating at Golden Nest Circle, Bhayander.

The project is estimated to cost 3,908 crore (US$570 million) with an estimated ridership of– 2.5 Lakh.[77][78][79][80]

Line 11Edit

In November 2018, the MMRDA cleared the Metro 11, which connects Wadala with CSMT. This would be considered to be an extension to Metro 4. The length of the line is 11.4 km, and it proposed to cost Rs. 8,739 crore (US$1.207 billion). The line will be partially underground, with 8 underground and 2 elevated stations.

In another boost to connectivity, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) has decided to connect Mumbai and Virar with a Metro line.

 
Railcars of the Mumbai Metro in 2010
 
Interior of a metro train
 
A metro train on an elevated viaduct
 
Metro bridge

Rolling stockEdit

RIIL consulted a number of major international rolling stock builders to provide the train fleet for the Mumbai Metro. Bidders for the contract included established metro-vehicle manufacturers such as Kawasaki, Alstom, Siemens and Bombardier, but CSR Nanjing of China was ultimately chosen to supply rolling stock for Rs 6 billion.[81][82] In May 2008, CSR Nanjing completed the first 16 trains, each comprising four cars.[83] The first ten trains were reported to be ready for operation in January 2013.[84]

The coaches are fire retardant,[85] air-conditioned and designed to reduce noise and vibration, and will feature both high seating capacity and ample space for standing passengers. They will be outfitted with a number of features for safety and convenience, including LCD screens, 3D route maps, first-aid kits, wheelchair facilities, fire-fighting equipment and intercom systems permitting communication with the train driver. Each coach will furthermore feature a black box to assist in accident investigations.[86] The trains will be capable of carrying over 1,100 passengers in a four-car unit, with each carriage being approximately 2.9 metres (9.5 ft) wide.[87]

In 2018, the MMRCL chose Alstom to supply 31 six car trains for Line 3. The trains will be capable of driverless operations and will be built at Alstom's factory in Sri City, Andhra Pradesh.[88][89]

In 2018, MMRDA awarded a tender to Bharat Earth Movers (BEML) to supply 63 trainsets (378 coaches) for Lines 2 and 7 at a cost of ₹3,015 crores ($427.33 million). Capable of driverless operations, the trains will be manufactured at BEML's factory in Bengaluru and will be delivered between 2020 and 2022.[90][91]

Power supplyEdit

Unlike 97% of metro corridors worldwide which run on direct current (DC), the Mumbai Metro runs on alternating current (AC) which is more labour and cost intensive. MMRDA joint project director Dilip Kawathkar stated that AC power was chosen "after a proper study by a team of experts" which found that the AC model was "a better option". Bidders for Line 3 were reportedly in favour of the DC model. Experts believe that the decision to use AC will escalate the project cost of underground lines by 15%, since more digging is required for the rail to work on AC.[92]

Signalling and communicationsEdit

The Mumbai Metro will feature an advanced signalling system, including an automatic train protection system (ATPS) and automated signalling to control train movements on the 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) Line 1. A four-minute service interval is anticipated on the route.[2]

Siemens will supply the signalling systems required for the project, while Thales Group will supply the Metro's communication systems. The network's signalling and train control systems will be based on LZB 700M technology.[93]

RidershipEdit

In May 2018, just short of Line 1's fourth anniversary, MMOPL said that the line had carried 400 million (40 crore) passengers, with an average daily ridership of around 335,000 (3.35 lakh) passengers.[94]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit