Juanda International Airport

Juanda International Airport (IATA: SUB, ICAO: WARR), is an international airport located in Sedati District, Sidoarjo Regency, East Java, Indonesia. It is now the third busiest airport in Indonesia (after Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta and Denpasar's Ngurah Rai). This airport is located approximately 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from Downtown Surabaya and serves the Surabaya metropolitan area, the metropolitan area of Surabaya plus extended urban area. Juanda International Airport is operated by PT Angkasa Pura I. The airport takes its name after Djuanda Kartawidjaja (1911–1963), the last Prime Minister of Indonesia who had suggested development of this airport. In 2019, the airport served about 500 aircraft per day.[1]

Juanda International Airport

Bandar Udara Internasional Juanda
Airport typePublic / Military
OperatorAngkasa Pura I
ServesSurabaya metropolitan area
LocationSedati District, Sidoarjo Regency, East Java, Indonesia
Opened7 February 1964; 60 years ago (1964-02-07)
Hub forCitilink
Focus city forGaruda Indonesia
Operating base for
Time zoneWIB (UTC+07:00)
Elevation AMSL9 ft / 3 m
Coordinates07°22′47″S 112°47′13″E / 7.37972°S 112.78694°E / -7.37972; 112.78694
Java region in Indonesia
Java region in Indonesia
SUB/WARR is located in Surabaya
Location of airport in East Java / Indonesia
SUB/WARR is located in Java
SUB/WARR is located in Indonesia
SUB/WARR (Indonesia)
SUB/WARR is located in Southeast Asia
SUB/WARR (Southeast Asia)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,000 9,843 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers21,882,335 (Increase 23.9%)
Aircraft movements99,877 (Increase 10.7%)

Currently, Juanda International Airport is the hub of Batik Air and Citilink, focus city of Garuda Indonesia, and the operating base of Indonesia AirAsia, Lion Air, Super Air Jet, and Wings Air along with Jakarta's Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. Juanda International Airport will become one of the main airports in Indonesia for ASEAN Open skies.[2]

In 2014, Juanda International Airport becomes the world's tenth best in Airport Service Quality by Airport Council International among 79 airports with passengers capacity between 5-15 million a year.[3] In Q1 2015, the airport becomes the world's seventh best in Airport Service Quality by ACI.[4]

History edit

Being opened on 7 February 1964 as a naval air base of Indonesia, it replaced the previous airport in Morokrembangan, near Surabaya harbor. It was originally used as home base for Indonesian Navy's fleet of Ilyushin Il-28 and Fairey Gannet. In its development it was also used for civil aviation. And PT Angkasa Pura I handled the management and operation since January 1985. On 24 December 1990 Juanda Airport was gained international airport status after the opening of the international terminal. Previously, since December 1987, the airport has served flights to Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Taipei and Manila.[5] KLM began service to Surabaya in April 1996.[6] The carrier offered flights to Amsterdam via Singapore on Boeing 747s. The route ended in February 1997.[7]

Development of airport city edit

On 25 February 2015, Indonesia President Joko Widodo agreed to develop Juanda Airport City, including an additional two runways and an integrated connection between Gubeng railway station and the airport via an elevated railway.[8][9] About 6,000 hectares (15,000 acres) of land have been prepared for the expansion of the airport - where in 1,500 hectares (3,700 acres) will be used to construct two additional runways, and Juanda Airport's Terminal 3, while the remaining area will be used to construct the Airport City and the Ultimate Terminal Building.[10]

The new area for Juanda Airport is estimated to be 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres) and will be located in the northern part of the airport.[11] Construction of two runways by will require the reclamation of about 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) stretch of land along Java's northern coastline. The land acquisition is expected to be completed by 2018. Development consists of three phases;

  • First phase is the confirmation of the masterplan, land acquisition, reclamation for runway 2 and construction of runway 2.
  • Second phase is the development of Terminal 1, reclamation for runway 3, construction of runway 3 and accessibility from toll roads and terminal.
  • Third phase will be building an Ultimate Terminal and airport city supporting infrastructure.[12]

Terminals and runway edit

At present, Juanda International Airport has 2 terminals. A new three-story terminal building was opened in October 2006, which is now Terminal 1. The building has a capacity of eight million passengers per year and features a 51,500 square meters (554,000 square feet) domestic passenger terminal, a 20,200 square meters (217,000 square feet) international terminal and 11 aerobridges. The terminal used a mix of high hat roofs from Rumah adat Sumba as well as Java-Malay architecture themes. Terminal 1 is used for all domestic flights, except Garuda Indonesia and Indonesia AirAsia flights.[citation needed]

Terminal 2 was built by demolishing the old terminal building, which was opened on 14 February 2014. The architecture of T2 is modern with curved features when compared to Terminal 1. Terminal 2 has an area of 49,500 square meters (533,000 square feet) and 8 aerobridges, with a capacity to accommodate 6 million passengers per year. Terminal 2 is used for all international flights, Garuda Indonesia and Indonesia AirAsia domestic and international flights. In addition, Terminal 2 features the Garuda Indonesia Executive Lounge for domestic flights and the Concordia Premier Lounge for international flights.[citation needed]

The airport has separate 5,300 square meters (57,000 square feet) administration building, including a 15-story control tower, and a two-story cargo building with domestic and international cargo sections, capable of handling 120,000 metric tons (130,000 short tons) of cargo a year. The apron with an area of 148,000 square meters (1,590,000 square feet) can handle 18 aircraft simultaneously, including two wide body, 11 medium and five small aircraft. The airport has a single runway of 3,000 by 55 meters (9,843 by 180 feet). There are two 3,000 by 30 meters (9,843 by 98 feet) parallel taxiways, including five exit taxiways (30 meters (33 yards) wide) and four connecting taxiways (also 30 meters (33 yards)). The airport has a parking area of 28,900 square meters (311,000 square feet) parking area that can accommodate more than 3,000 vehicles.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations edit

Airfast Indonesia Charter: Bawean, Karimunjawa, Kupang, Makassar
Batik Air Berau,[13] Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Makassar, Pangkalan Bun[14]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Citilink Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Batam, Denpasar, Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Lombok, Makassar, Manado,[a] Pontianak,[15] Samarinda
Flynas Charter: Jeddah
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kupang, Singapore
Seasonal: Jeddah,[Note 1] Medina[16][Note 2]
Indonesia AirAsia Denpasar, Johor Bahru,[17] Kuala Lumpur–International, Penang
Jetstar Asia Singapore
Lion Air Ambon,[18] Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Batam, Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kendari,[18] Kupang, Lombok, Makassar, Manado, Medan,[b] Palangkaraya, Palembang, Pekanbaru,[18] Pontianak, Samarinda, Tarakan, Ternate[18]
Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
NAM Air Pangkalan Bun
Pelita Air Balikpapan,[19] Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Saudia Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
Scoot Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Sriwijaya Air Makassar
Super Air Jet Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Berau (begins 14 June 2024),[20] Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International,[21] Kupang,[22] Labuan Bajo, Lombok, Makassar, Samarinda
Wings Air Banyuwangi, Sampit
  1. ^ Manado is continuation of Makassar flight as same flight number
  2. ^ Medan is continuation of Batam flight as same flight number

Statistics edit

In 2010, the airport handled 11 million passengers, although the capacity was 6 million passengers and the Air Traffic Controller radar system is only able to track 21 aircraft per hour, but at peak hour handled 40 to 45 aircraft landing and taking off.[23] The following are statistics for the airport from 1999 to 2013. In addition to this, it is noted that, in 2006, the domestic sector between Surabaya and Jakarta is the fourth-busiest air route in Asia with over 750 weekly flights.

Year Total
(metric tons)
1999 2,137,353 40,549 52,284
2000 2,712,074 31,185 54,154
2001 3,301,435 37,767 62,141
2002 4,746,113 43,089 75,921
2003 6,584,711 42,910 82,779
2004 8,562,747 63,950 97,421
2005 8,217,415 66,647 99,485
2006 8,986,650 71,574 91.209
2007 8,823,228 58,815 87,687
2008 9,122,196 62,289 69,726
2009 10,562,906 62,357 76,754
2010 12,072,059 76,774 84,958
2011 13,778,287 95,146 103,846
2012 16,447,912 102,133 141,365
2013 17,683,955 121,935 155,421
2014 18,071,633 92,439 117,825
2015 18,911,256 130,398 166,208
2019 (Estimated) 23,545,640 154,544 173,232

Source : PT (persero) ANGKASA PURA 1 (in Indonesian)

Ground transport edit

Juanda Airport is connected to Waru-Juanda Toll Road to Surabaya, which is about 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from the airport. DAMRI buses are provided by the local government to deliver passengers to Surabaya. Fixed tariff taxis are available to various destinations in Surabaya and surrounding areas including Malang, Blitar, Jember, and Tulungagung.

Accidents and incidents edit

  • On 21 February 2007, Adam Air Flight 172 flying from Jakarta to Surabaya with registration PK-KKV (c/n 27284) had a hard landing at this airport, resulting in structural failure of the aircraft.[24]
  • On 13 April 2010, Cathay Pacific Flight 780 from Juanda International Airport to Hong Kong International Airport landed safely after both engines failed due to contaminated fuel uploaded at the airport. 57 passengers were injured. The two pilots later received the Polaris Award from the International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations for their heroism and airmanship.[25]
  • On 1 February 2014, Lion Air Flight 361, a Boeing 737-900ER (registration PK-LFH) from Balikpapan Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport to Juanda International Airport landed hard and bounced four times on the runway, causing a tail strike and substantial damage to the plane. There were no fatalities, but two passengers were seriously injured and three others had minor injuries.[26]
  • On 28 December 2014, Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501, an Airbus A320-216 registered PK-AXC (MSN 3648) with 155 passengers and 7 crew on board, crashed into the Java Sea whilst en route from Juanda International Airport to Changi International Airport, Singapore, killing all 162 on board. Regulatory licenses for the Surabaya-Singapore route as well as Medan-Palembang route have been suspended for Indonesia AirAsia since January 2015 due to suspected licensing breaches; the Medan-Palembang route had been resumed, however.

Gallery edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Garuda Indonesia flight from Surabaya to Jeddah includes a stop-over at Banda Aceh. Garuda Indonesia does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Surabaya and Banda Aceh, however.
  2. ^ Garuda Indonesia flight from Surabaya to Medina includes a stop-over at Banda Aceh. Garuda Indonesia does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Surabaya and Banda Aceh, however.

References edit

  1. ^ "Soekarwo : Bandara Juanda Butuh Double Runway". Surabaya.tribunnews.com. 9 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Kemenhub; Lima Bandara Disiapkan Untuk Asean Open Sky". Beritatrans.com. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  3. ^ Feby Dwi Sutianto (24 April 2015). "Layanan Bandara Ngurah Rai Terbaik No.7 Dunia". Finance.detik.com.
  4. ^ "Bandara Ngurah Rai Peringkat Ketiga Terbaik Dunia". Beritasatu.com. 6 June 2015. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Juanda International Airport, Indonesia". Airport-technology.com. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  6. ^ Campbell, Al (30 April 1996). "KLM to launch China flights". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  7. ^ "KLM Airlines to end Surabaya, Bali service". The Jakarta Post. 14 February 1997.
  8. ^ "Presiden Jokowi Setujui Proyek Juanda Airport City". Surabaya.tribunnews.com. 26 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Presiden Jokowi Setujui Proyek Juanda Airport City". Surabaya.tribunnews.com. 26 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Surabaya to Reclaim Northern Coastline to Expand Juanda Airport". Tempo. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  11. ^ "PT Angkasa Pura I to improve Juanda International Airport". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Juanda Airport to Build Terminal III, New Runway". Tempo. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Awal September, Batik Air Siap Layani Rute Berau-Jakarta dan Berau-Surabaya". Kaltimtoday (in Indonesian). 12 August 2023. Retrieved 22 August 2023.
  14. ^ "Batik Air Layani Penerbangan di Kobar Mulai Februari 2024". www.borneonews.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 January 2024.
  15. ^ "Best Fare Pontianak". www.citilink.co.id. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  16. ^ Putra, Idris Rusadi. "Garuda Indonesia resmikan penerbangan langsung Surabaya-Madinah". Merdeka.com. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  17. ^ "AirAsia Buka Rute Baru Surabaya-Johor Bahru". detikTravel.
  18. ^ a b c d "Awal 2024, Lion Air Buka Rute Baru Langsung dari Surabaya ke 5 Kota Tujuan di Indonesia". bisnis.tempo.co. Retrieved 27 December 2023.
  19. ^ Mulai 22 Januari 2024 Pelita Air Terbang Balikpapan - Surabaya PP
  20. ^ "Super Air Jet Layani Penerbangan Reguler Berau-Surabaya Mulai 14 Juni 2024". berauterkini.co.id. Retrieved 23 May 2024.
  22. ^ "Super Air Jet on Instagram: "Halo Supers, per 14 Oktober, #SuperAirJet membuka rute baru dari Surabaya ke Kupang. Kira-kira kalau Tim & Kru #SuperAirJet ke #Kupang bagusnya kemana dan makan apa? Ada yang punya rekomendasi?"".
  23. ^ "Major RI airports bursting at the seams: Inaca". The Jakarta Post. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  24. ^ "Crash follows safety concerns". The Daily Telegraph. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  25. ^ "Pilots reveal death-defying ordeal as engines failed on approach to Chek Lap Kok". South China Morning Post. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  26. ^ "Lion Air Flight JT 361". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 April 2014.

External links edit