Sidoarjo Regency

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Sidoarjo Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.

Sidoarjo Regency

Kabupaten Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo Train Station
Official seal of Sidoarjo Regency
Seal
Motto(s): 
Sidoarjo Bersih Hatinya
Location within East Java
Location within East Java
Interactive map outlining Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo Regency is located in Java
Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Sidoarjo Regency is located in Indonesia
Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°27′S 112°42′E / 7.450°S 112.700°E / -7.450; 112.700Coordinates: 7°27′S 112°42′E / 7.450°S 112.700°E / -7.450; 112.700
Country Indonesia
ProvinceEast Java
CapitalSidoarjo
Government
 • Acting RegentAchmad Zaini
Area
 • Total602.14 km2 (232.49 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total2,266,533
 • Density3,800/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 31
Websitesidoarjo.co

Sidoarjo Regency is bordered by Surabaya city and Gresik Regency to the north, by Pasuruan Regency to the south, by Mojokerto Regency to the west and by the Madura Strait to the east. It has an area of 602.14 km², making it the smallest regency in East Java.[2] As at the 2010 Census, Sidoarjo Regency had a population of 2,191,489;[3] the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 2,266,533.[1] The regency is part of the urban region surrounding Surabaya, known as 'Gerbangkertosusila' area.[4]

AdministrationEdit

 
Administration of Sidoarjo Regency

The Sidoarjo Regency is divided into eighteen administrative districts (kecamatan). The districts are tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 Census populations,[3] together with their estimated populations in mid 2019:[1] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (desa and kelurahan) in each district and its post code.

Name Area
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010[3]
Pop'n
Estimate
mid 2019[1]
No.
of
vill.
Post
code
Sidoarjo 62.56 193,469 228,713 24 61212
-61234
Buduran 41.03 91,931 108,457 15 61252
Candi 40.67 145,155 168,779 24 61271
Porong 29.82 64,390 85,700 19 61274
Krembung 29.55 58,336 75,731 19 61275
Tulangan 31.21 84,582 107,683 22 61273
Tanggulangin 32.29 83,304 106,685 19 61272
Jabon 81.00 49,567 61,092 15 61276
Krian 32.50 131,281 140,183 22 61262
Balongbendo 31.40 66,841 80,222 20 61263
Wonoayu 33.92 71,822 90,794 23 61261
Tarik 36.06 61,032 72,206 20 61265
Prambon 34.23 68,576 85,157 20 61264
Taman 31.54 213,224 235,238 24 61212
-61257
Waru 30.32 231,309 240,674 17 61256
Gedangan 24.06 132,971 134,787 15 61254
Sedati 79.43 92,786 111,788 16 61253
Sukodono 32.68 110,596 132,644 19 61216
-61258
Totals 602.14 2,191,489 2,266,533 353

EconomyEdit

As a satellite region and part of Greater Surabaya, Sidoarjo hosts number of manufacturing plants and factories. Among others are Maspion factories that produces household goods and ECCO produce footwear. Sidoarjo is also a fishing town, there are around 15,000 small and medium enterprises established in Sidoarjo, most of them are belongs to krupuk (traditional cracker) industry.[5] Sidoarjo is also famous for its processed fisheries products, such as prawn cracker, fish cracker, shrimp paste and petis.

Mud flow 2006Edit

Since May 2006, more than 10,000 people in the Porong District have been displaced by the hot mud flowing from a natural gas well being drilled by Lapindo Brantas, an oil well company that is part of a conglomerate owned by Coordinating Minister for the People's Welfare Aburizal Bakrie.[6] Gas and hot mud started spewing from the well on May 28, when the drill penetrated a layer of liquid sediment. Attempts to pump concrete down the well did not stop the flow. While some scientists have speculated that the earthquake that struck Yogyakarta on May 27, the day before the well erupted, may have cracked the ground, creating potential pathways for the mud to reach the surface, others have suggested that the drilling procedure was faulty by not using a casing. This is likely to be incorrect as technical papers on the subject showed that there were up to four sets of casing installed and cemented in the well. Some 50,000 cubic metres of hot mud were erupting every day as of August; in September, the amount increased to some 125,000 cubic metres daily.[7] On September 26 barriers built to hold back the mud failed, resulting in the flooding of more villages. Gus Maksum, one of the thousands of Sidoarjo villagers displaced by the mud flow gives a detailed first-hand account of the first year of the disaster in his memoir Titanic Made By Lapindo.[8] As of late September 2006 scientists are saying that the eruption may be a mud volcano forming, and may be impossible to stop.[9][10][11]

ClimateEdit

Sidoarjo has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from from May to November and heavy rainfall from December to April.

Climate data for Sidoarjo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.3
(70.3)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.3
(70.3)
22.2
(72.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 303
(11.9)
296
(11.7)
268
(10.6)
174
(6.9)
116
(4.6)
66
(2.6)
40
(1.6)
10
(0.4)
7
(0.3)
30
(1.2)
110
(4.3)
232
(9.1)
1,652
(65.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  2. ^ East Java - Sidoarjo Archived 2006-09-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Mega Urbanization Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Sidoarjo Cracker Industry". EastJava.com. 4 November 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  6. ^ The Jakarta Post: Bakrie name at stake - URL retrieved October 13, 2006
  7. ^ Katastrophen: Sintflut aus Matsch (Spiegel Online, in German) - URL retrieved October 13, 2006
  8. ^ Gus Maksum's Titanic Made By Lapindo spotlights Sidoarjo - URL retrieved September 15, 2010
  9. ^ Mud volcano floods Java - URL retrieved September 28, 2006
  10. ^ Indonesia mudflow breaks barriers, injures six - URL retrieved September 28, 2006
  11. ^ New Indonesia Calamity: A Man-Made Mud Bath - URL retrieved October 6, 2006
  12. ^ "Climate: Sidoarjo". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 15 November 2020.