Provinces of Indonesia

The provinces of Indonesia (provinsi) are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called first-level region provinces or propinsi daerah tingkat I). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called second-level regions or kabupaten/kotamadya daerah tingkat II), which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).

Provinces of Indonesia
CategoryProvince
LocationIndonesia
Number34 provinces
PopulationsSmallest: 622,350 (North Kalimantan)
Largest: 43,053,732 (West Java)
AreasSmallest: 664 km2 (256 sq mi) (Jakarta)
Largest: 319,036 km2 (123,180 sq mi) (Papua)
GovernmentGovernor
SubdivisionsRegencies and cities

BackgroundEdit

Each province has a local government headed by a governor, and a legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provincesEdit

Indonesia has 34 provinces. Five provinces have special status:

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.[1]

Click on a province name to go to its main article.

Table of provincesEdit

Provinces of Indonesia[2][3]
Arms Province Indonesian acronym ISO[4] Capital Population (2015)[5] Area (km²) Population density
per km²
(2010)
Geographical unit Number
of cities
(kota) and
regencies
(kabupaten)
Number
of cities
(kota)
Number of
regencies
(kabupaten)
  Aceh Aceh ID-AC Banda Aceh 4,993,385 57,956 77 Sumatra 23 5 18
  Bali Bali ID-BA Denpasar 4,148,588 5,780 621 Lesser Sunda Islands 9 1 8
  Bangka Belitung Islands Babel ID-BB Pangkalpinang 1,370,331 16,424 64 Sumatra 7 1 6
  Banten Banten ID-BT Serang 11,934,373 9,662 909 Java 8 4 4
  Bengkulu Bengkulu ID-BE Bengkulu 1,872,136 19,919 84 Sumatra 10 1 9
  Central Java Jateng ID-JT Semarang 33,753,023 40,800 894 Java 35 6 29
  Central Kalimantan Kalteng ID-KT Palangka Raya 2,490,178 153,564 14 Kalimantan 14 1 13
  Central Sulawesi Sulteng ID-ST Palu 2,872,857 61,841 41 Sulawesi 13 1 12
  East Java Jatim ID-JI Surabaya 38,828,061 47,799 828 Java 38 9 29
  East Kalimantan[6] Kaltim ID-KI Samarinda 3,422,676 139,462 22 Kalimantan 10 3 7
  East Nusa Tenggara NTT ID-NT Kupang 5,112,760 48,718 92 Lesser Sunda Islands 22 1 21
  Gorontalo Gorontalo ID-GO Gorontalo 1,131,670 11,257 94 Sulawesi 6 1 5
  Special Capital Region of Jakarta DKI ID-JK Jakarta[a] 10,154,134 664 12,786 Java 6 5 1
  Jambi Jambi ID-JA Jambi 3,397,164 50,058 57 Sumatra 11 2 9
  Lampung Lampung ID-LA Bandar Lampung 8,109,601 34,623 226 Sumatra 15 2 13
  Maluku Maluku ID-MA Ambon 1,683,856 46,914 32 Maluku Islands 11 2 9
  North Kalimantan Kaltara ID-KU Tanjung Selor 639,639 72,275 10 Kalimantan 5 1 4
  North Maluku Malut ID-MU Sofifi 1,160,275 31,982 31 Maluku Islands 10 2 8
  North Sulawesi Sulut ID-SA Manado 2,409,921 13,851 162 Sulawesi 15 4 11
  North Sumatra Sumut ID-SU Medan 13,923,262 72,981 188 Sumatra 33 8 25
  Papua Papua ID-PA Jayapura 3,143,088 319,036 8 Western New Guinea 29 1 28
  Riau Riau ID-RI Pekanbaru 6,330,941 87,023 52 Sumatra 12 2 10
  Riau Islands Kepri ID-KR Tanjung Pinang 1,968,313 8,201 208 Sumatra 7 2
  Southeast Sulawesi Sultra ID-SG Kendari 2,495,248 38,067 51 Sulawesi 17 2 15
  South Kalimantan Kalsel ID-KS Banjarmasin 3,984,315 38,744 96 Kalimantan 13 2 11
  South Sulawesi Sulsel ID-SN Makassar 8,512,608 46,717 151 Sulawesi 24 3 21
  South Sumatra Sumsel ID-SS Palembang 8,043,042 91,592 86 Sumatra 17 4 13
  West Java Jabar ID-JB Bandung 46,668,214 35,377 1,176 Java 27 9 18
  West Kalimantan Kalbar ID-KB Pontianak 4,783,209 147,307 30 Kalimantan 14 2 12
  West Nusa Tenggara NTB ID-NB Mataram 4,830,118 18,572 234 Lesser Sunda Islands 10 2 8
  West Papua Pabar ID-PB[7] Manokwari 868,819 97,024 8 Western New Guinea 13 1 12
  West Sulawesi Sulbar ID-SR Mamuju 1,279,994 16,787 73 Sulawesi 6 0 6
  West Sumatra Sumbar ID-SB Padang 5,190,577 42,012 110 Sumatra 19 7 12
  Special Region of Yogyakarta DIY ID-YO Yogyakarta 3,675,768 3,133 1,138 Java 5 1 4

Former provincesEdit

 
Three-province Sumatra (1948–56)
 
Two-province Sulawesi (1960–64)
 
Coat of arms of East Timor province

Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Lesser Sunda were fully liquidated. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its power transfer to UNTAET in 1999 prior to its independence as a country in 2002.

Province Capital Period Successor(s)
Sumatra[8] Bukittinggi / Medan 1945–1948 Central Sumatra
North Sumatra
South Sumatra
Kalimantan[9] Banjarmasin 1945–1956 East Kalimantan
South Kalimantan
West Kalimantan
Nusa Tenggara
(formerly Lesser Sunda (Sunda Kecil))[10]
Singaraja 1945–1958 Bali
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi[11] Makassar / Manado 1945–1960 North-Central Sulawesi
South-Southeast Sulawesi
Central Sumatra
(Sumatera Tengah)[8][12]
Bukittinggi 1948–1957 Jambi
Riau
West Sumatra
North-Central Sulawesi
(Sulawesi Utara-Tengah)[13]
Manado 1960–1964 North Sulawesi
Central Sulawesi
South-Southeast Sulawesi
(Sulawesi Selatan-Tenggara)[13]
Makassar 1960–1964 South Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi
East Timor
(Timor Timur)[14]
Dili 1976–1999 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

New provinces made from currently-existing provincesEdit

 
The provinces' development in Indonesia over the years
Pre-1999 Maluku (L) and Irian Jaya (now Papua, R)
New province
(current name)
Year New province
(then name)
Province of origin
Aceh 1956 Aceh North Sumatra
Central Kalimantan 1958 Central Kalimantan South Kalimantan
Lampung 1964 Lampung South Sumatra
Central Sulawesi 1964 Central Sulawesi North Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi 1964 Southeast Sulawesi South Sulawesi
Bengkulu 1967 Bengkulu South Sumatra
West Papua 1999 West Irian Jaya Irian Jaya
North Maluku 1999 North Maluku Maluku
Banten 2000 Banten West Java
Bangka Belitung Islands 2000 Bangka Belitung Islands South Sumatra
Gorontalo 2000 Gorontalo North Sulawesi
Riau Islands 2002 Riau Islands Riau
West Sulawesi 2004 West Sulawesi South Sulawesi
North Kalimantan 2012 North Kalimantan East Kalimantan

Provinces renamingEdit

Year Old name
(Indonesian)
Old name
(English)
New name
(Indonesian)
New name
(English)
Current name
1959 Aceh Aceh Daerah Istimewa Aceh Aceh Special Region Aceh
1973 Irian Barat West Irian Irian Jaya Irian Jaya Papua
1990 Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta Raya Greater Jakarta Special Capital Region Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta Jakarta Special Capital Region Jakarta Special Capital Region
2001 Daerah Istimewa Aceh Aceh Special Region Nanggroë Aceh Darussalam State of Aceh, the Abode of Peace Aceh
2002 Irian Jaya Irian Jaya Papua Papua Papua
2007 Irian Jaya Barat West Irian Jaya Papua Barat West Papua West Papua
2009 Nanggroë Aceh Darussalam State of Aceh, the Abode of Peace Aceh Aceh Aceh

See alsoEdit

General:

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Jakarta is a provincial-level city

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ISO 3166-2:ID
  2. ^ "Data Wilayah – Kementerian Dalam Negeri – Republik Indonesia". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
  3. ^ http://www.kemendagri.go.id/media/documents/2015/02/25/l/a/lampiran_i.pdf Archived 2016-11-19 at the Wayback Machine BUKU INDUK KODE DAN DATA WILAYAH ADMINISTRASI PEMERINTAHAN PER PROVINSI, KABUPATEN/KOTA DAN KECAMATAN SELURUH INDONESIA
  4. ^ ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  5. ^ Statistics Indonesia (November 2015). "Result of the 2015 Intercensal Population Census" (PDF). Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  6. ^ Figures adjusted to take account of the separation of Tarakan city and four regencies, as confirmed by Badan Pusat Statistik, to form the new province of North Kalimantan, listed separately in this table.
  7. ^ West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 7 February 2007. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia ruled that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, since the western province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also aborted the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. See http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166-2_newsletter_ii-1_corrected_2010-02-19.pdf . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  8. ^ a b "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 21 Tahun 1950" (PDF). hukum.unsrat.ac.id (in Indonesian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-11. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Undang-Undang Nomor 25 Tahun 1956". hukumonline.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Undang-Undang Nomor 64 Tahun 1958". hukumonline.com (in Indonesian). Republic of Indonesia. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Nomor 47 Tahun 1960". hukumonline.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Undang-Undang Darurat Nomor 19 Tahun 1957". hukumonline.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 1964". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-11-14. Retrieved 2018-11-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit