Southeast Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tenggara) is a province on the island of Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of substantial offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii (formerly called Wowoni), together with many smaller islands. The capital is the city of Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.

Southeast Sulawesi
Sulawesi Tenggara
Province of Southeast Sulawesi
Flag of Southeast Sulawesi
Official seal of Southeast Sulawesi
Motto(s): 
Inae Konasara Iye Pinesara Inae Liasara Iye Pinekasara
(Tolaki) Whoever respects customs, he will be honored, but whoever does not respect customs, he will not be respected
Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
OpenStreetMap
Coordinates: 3°57′00″S 122°30′00″E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000Coordinates: 3°57′00″S 122°30′00″E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000
Capital
and largest city
Kendari
Government
 • BodySoutheast Sulawesi Provincial Government
 • GovernorAli Mazi
 • Vice GovernorLukman Abunawas [id]
Area
 • Total38,067.70 km2 (14,698.02 sq mi)
Highest elevation2,650 m (8,694 ft)
Population
 (mid 2021 estimate)[1]
 • Total2,659,156
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups36% Tolaki
26% Butonese
19% Muna
10% Moronene
5.2% Wawonii
3.5% Chinese
0.3% other
 • Religion96% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.1% Hinduism
0.4% Buddhism
 • LanguagesIndonesian (official)
Buginese (lingua franca)
Cia-Cia, Moronene, Muna, Tolaki, Wakatobi, Wolio (regional)
Time zoneUTC+08 (Indonesia Central Time)
HDIIncrease 0.706 (High)
HDI rank20th (2018)
Websitesultraprov.go.id

The province has no highway road connecting to the rest of the island, and the primary transportation link is a ferry across the Bone Gulf between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and the port of Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi.

HistoryEdit

From the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century, the region was the site of the Buton Sultanate [zh] (Butung).[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

 
Wakatobi Beach

The two major mountain ranges in Southeast Sulawesi are the Tanggeasinua Range and the Mekongga Range.[2] The major rivers are the Lalinda, the Lasolo, and the Sampara.[2][3]

DemographicsEdit

The population of the province was 2,232,586 at the 2010 decennial census (1,120,225 males, and 1,110,344 females), increasing to 2,624,875 at the 2020 Census.[4] The official estimate as at mid 2021 was 2,659,156.[5] Konawe Selatan, Konawe, Kolaka and Muna are the four most populous regencies. Islam is the predominant religion (96,2%).

A third of the population is centered on Buton and Muna islands off the south coast of Sulawesi, and another 15% live in and around Kendari.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1971 714,120—    
1980 942,302+32.0%
1990 1,349,619+43.2%
1995 1,586,917+17.6%
2000 1,820,379+14.7%
2010 2,232,586+22.6%
2015 2,495,248+11.8%
2020 2,624,875+5.2%
2021 2,659,156+1.3%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010 to 2022

ReligionEdit

Religion in Southeast Sulawesi (June 2021)[6]

  Islam (95.75%)
  Hinduism (1.90%)
  Protestantism (1.68%)
  Roman Catholic (0.61%)
  Buddhism (0.06%)

According to the 2021 estimates, 2,560,000 peoples are Muslims, 50,780 are Hindus, 44,870 are Protestants, 16,180 are Roman Catholics, 1,610 are Buddhists, 113 are Confusians and 63 adhere to Folk religions.[7]

Ethnic groupsEdit

The main ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi are "Tolaki", "Buton", "Muna" etc.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Southeast Sulawesi Province is divided into fifteen regencies (including the five new residencies established in 2013 and 2014) and two autonomous cities.

In 2013 the Indonesian Government enacted the creation of 11 new Regencies and Municipalities, including the following in Southeast Sulawesi:

Subsequently, on 24 June 2014, the Indonesian Parliament agreed to create three more new regencies: West Muna Regency, South Buton Regency and Central Buton Regency based on consideration of technical, administrative, area, strategic and geopolitic factors.[8]

These regencies and cities are tabulated below, with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[9] and the 2020 Census, together with the official estimates as at mid 2021.[10] The table also includes the location of the regency/city headquarters and their Human Development Index.

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
Population
Estimate
mid 2021
Capital HDI[11]
2018 estimate
Kendari City 300.89 289,966 345,107 350,267 Kendari 0.822 (Very High)
Bombana Regency (a) 3,001.00 139,235 150,706 151,910 Rumbia 0.650 (Medium)
Kolaka Regency 3,283.59 208,817 237,587 241,366 Kolaka 0.720 (High)
Konawe Regency 4,435.28 213,038 257,011 261,116 Unaaha 0.707 (High)
North Kolaka Regency
(Kolaka Utara)
3,391.67 121,340 137,659 139,234 Lasasua 0.657 (Medium)
East Kolaka Regency
(Kolaka Timur)
3,634.74 106,415 120,699 120,966 Tirawuta
North Konawe Regency
(Konawe Utara)
5,101.76 51,533 67,871 68,950 Wanggudu 0.684 (Medium)
South Konawe Regency
(Konawe Selatan)
5,779.47 264,587 308,524 312,674 Andoolo 0.675 (Medium)
Peninsula Regencies 28,928.40 1,394,931 1,625,164 1,646,483
North Buton Regency
(Buton Utara)
1,864.91 54,736 66,653 67,714 Buranga 0.671 (Medium)
Bau-Bau City 221.00 136,991 159,248 161,354 Baubau 0.746 (High)
Buton Regency 1,212.99 94,388 115,207 117,040 Pasarwajo 0.650 (Medium)
South Buton Regency
(Buton Seletan)
509.92 74,974 95,261 95,472 Batauga
Central Buton Regency (b)
(Buton Tengah)
958.31 86,350 114,773 116,599 Labungkari
Muna Regency (c) 1,922.16 196,645 215,527 218,956 Raha 0.684 (Medium)
West Muna Regency
(Muna Barat)
1,022.89 71,632 84,590 84,777 Laworo
Konawe Islands Regency (d)
(Konawe Kepulauan)
867.58 28,944 37,050 37,639 Langara
Wakatobi Regency 559.54 92,995 111,402 113,122 Wanci, on
Wangi-wangi
island
0.685 (Medium)
Island Regencies 9,139.30 837,655 999,711 1,012,673

Notes: (a) Bombana Regency is partly peninsula (the areas around Poleang and Rumbia on Sulawesi Island) and partly insular (including most of Kabaena Island).
(b) The Central Buton Regency comprises the southern part of Muna Island and a small southern part of Kabaena Island, but does not include any part of Buton Island.
(c) Under discussion is a proposal to create an additional municipality of Raha, on Muna Island. This potential extra municipality, is not separated in the table above.
(d) The Konawe Islands Regency comprises Wawonii Island and small offshore islets.

TransportationEdit

AirportsEdit

PortsEdit

  • Antam Pomalaa, Kolaka
  • Bungkutoko, Kendari
  • Ferry (ASDP), Kolaka
  • Ferry Batulo, Baubau
  • Ferry Lagasa, Muna
  • Ferry Pure, Muna
  • Ferry Tampo, Muna
  • Ferry Tondasi, West Muna
  • Ferry Wamengkoli, Central Buton
  • Liana Banggai, Central Buton
  • Maligano, Muna
  • Murhum, Baubau
  • Nusantara, Kendari
  • Nusantara Raha, Muna
  • Pangulu Belo, Wakatobi
  • Samudra, Kolaka
  • Simpu, South Buton
  • Transito Talaga Raya, Central Buton

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Tanggeasinua Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  3. ^ TPC M-12 AG, Indonesia (Map) (first ed.). 1:500,000. Director of Military Survey, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom. 1972.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  6. ^ "Mayoritas Penduduk Sulawesi Tenggara Beragama Islam pada Juni 2021 | Databoks".
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  8. ^ Riza Harahap (June 24, 2014). "DPR setujui tiga kabupaten baru di Sultra".
  9. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  10. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  11. ^ https://sultra.bps.go.id/site/resultTab[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit