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Time in Indonesia:
  UTC+07:00 - Indonesia Western Standard Time
[WIB]
  UTC+08:00 - Indonesia Central Standard Time
[WITA]
  UTC+09:00 - Indonesia Eastern Standard Time
[WIT]

Neighboring countries:
  UTC+07:00 - Thailand, Vietnam
  UTC+08:00 - Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore
  UTC+09:00 - East Timor, Palau
  UTC+09:30 - Central Australia
  UTC+10:00 - Papua New Guinea

The Indonesian archipelago geographically stretches across four time zones from UTC+06:00 in Aceh to UTC+09:00 in Western New Guinea. However, the Indonesian government only recognizes three time zones in its territory:

  • Indonesia Western Standard Time (WIB) —seven hours in advance (UTC+07:00) of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Indonesia Central Standard Time (WITA) — eight hours ahead (UTC+08:00) of GMT; and
  • Indonesia Eastern Standard Time (WIT) —nine hours ahead (UTC+09:00) of GMT

The boundary between the western and central time zones established is a line running north between Java and Bali through the center of Kalimantan. The border between central and eastern time zones runs north from the eastern tip of Timor to the eastern tip of Sulawesi.

Daylight saving time is not currently observed anywhere in Indonesia, resulting in all regions using their respective time zone all year long.

Current usageEdit

In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones:

Time zone name Time of day and abbreviation UTC offset WIB offset Area covered Population[1]
Indonesian Western Standard Time 09:40, 19 October 2019 WIB [refresh] UTC+07:00 WIB+0h Sumatra, Java, West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan 207,485,712
Indonesia Central Standard Time 10:40, 19 October 2019 WITA [refresh] UTC+08:00 WIB+1h South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara 40,840,394
Indonesia Eastern Standard Time 11:40, 19 October 2019 WIT [refresh] UTC+09:00 WIB+2h Maluku, North Maluku, West Papua and Papua 6,855,338

The time zones above have been observed since 1 January 1988 (based on Keputusan Presiden No. 41 tahun 1987, Presidential Decision 41/1987).[2] Prior to that date, West and Central Kalimantan used WITA, while Bali used WIB from 29 November 1963 (based on Keputusan Presiden No. 243 tahun 1963)[3]

Historical usageEdit

During the colonial era until early independence,[4] the time in Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) was regulated as follows:

Standardized Time Zone (Indonesia 1932)Edit

Daylight saving time was observed in Jakarta [6] from 1 May 1948 to 1 May 1950, with UTC offset during daylight saving time at UTC+08:00.

Daylight saving time was observed from 1 November 1932 to 23 March 1942, and from 23 September 1945 to 1 January 1964, except in West Irian, which observed it until 1944. Jakarta, observed daylight saving time only from 1 May 1948 to 1 May 1950.

From 23 March 1942 to 23 September 1945, all regions in Indonesia except West Irian used Japan Standard Time (JST) (UTC+09:00) for the sake of the effectiveness of Japanese military operations in Indonesia[6] This meant that western parts of Indonesia observed double daylight saving time and central parts of Indonesia were on daylight saving time during the period of Japanese occupation 1942-1945.

Single time zone proposalEdit

Date Event
2012-03-12 Coordinating Minister for the Economy Hatta Rajasa is reported to have said: "According to research, with a single time zone the country could cut costs by trillions of rupiah," [7]
2012-05-26 The Jakarta Post reported on 26 May 2012 that a single time zone using UTC+08:00 may start on 28 October 2012.[8]
2012-07-30 Reported on 30 July 2012 as still on the agenda[9]
2012-08-31 Jakarta Globe reported on 31 August 2012 that a single time zone is now put on hold.[10] The Indonesian Economic Development Committee (KP3EI) cited that they will need at least 3 months to communicate and plan for the change. Hence this could happen in 2013.
2013-01-30 A deputy minister said the idea has been abandoned after missed two target dates: 17 August (Independence day) and 28 October 2012 (Youth Pledge day) [11]
2013-02-09 Then the minister said that it's not abandoned, only without any definite date [12]

IANA time zone databaseEdit

The IANA time zone database contains four zones for Indonesia in the file zone.tab.

  • Asia/Jakarta
  • Asia/Pontianak
  • Asia/Makassar
  • Asia/Jayapura

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Statistics Indonesia (November 2015). "Result of the 2015 Intercensal Population Census" (PDF). Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  2. ^ Soeharto (26 November 1987). "Keputusan Presiden No. 41 Tahun 1987" (PDF). Keputusan Presiden No. 41 tahun 1987 - BAPPENAS. BAPPENAS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Indonesia Pernah Ubah 9 Kali Zona Waktu". Viva.co.id. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Garuda Indonesian Airways". timetableimages.com. 1963. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Time Zone in Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Time Zone & Clock Changes in Jakarta, Jakarta Special Capital Region, Indonesia". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Single time zone may begin in late October". thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Indonesia to implement single time zone". khabarsoutheastasia.com. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ http://bisnis.news.viva.co.id/news/read/386333-penyatuan-zona-waktu-indonesia-batal
  12. ^ Okezone. "Hatta : Penyatuan Zona Waktu Tidak Batal : Okezone Economy". okezone.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.

External linksEdit