Open main menu

Singapore Standard Time (SST), also known as Singapore Time (SGT), is used in Singapore and is 8 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+08:00). Singapore does not currently observe daylight saving time.[1]

Singapore Standard Time
World Time Zones Map.png
World map with the time zone highlighted
UTC offset
SSTUTC+08:00
Current time
05:52, 23 October 2019 SST [refresh]
Observance of DST
DST is not observed in this time zone.

HistoryEdit

As part of the Straits Settlements, Singapore originally adopted the Malayan time, which was UTC+07:30 in 1941.

Following the Japanese occupation, Singapore (known as Syonan-to during this time) adopted the Tokyo Standard Time of UTC+09:00 on 15 February 1942.[2]

At the end of World War II and the return of the Straits Settlements to the British, Singapore reverted to its pre-war time zone.

Daylight saving time in SingaporeEdit

Although Singapore does not currently observe daylight saving time in the traditional sense due to its tropical location, a form of daylight saving time, using a 20-minute offset, was introduced on an annual basis by the Legislative Council of the Straits Settlements in 1933.

On 2 July 1920, a bill was intituled as Daylight Saving Ordinance, 1920.[3] It is to introduce a 30-minutes offset or seven and a half hour in advance of Greenwich mean time. The bill was read for the first time on 5 July 1920 but was later abandoned.

In 1932, Sir Arnold Percy Robinson[4][5] raised the idea of 20-minute offset after an earlier attempt was abandoned in 1920 which was first proposed by Sir Laurence Guillemard for a 30-minute offset.[6] On 26 September 1932, a bill was intituled as Daylight Saving Ordinance, 1932.[7] The Ordinance was passed at a meeting of the Legislative Council held on 5 December 1932[8] and approved by Sir Cecil Clementi (Governor) on 15 December 1932.[9]

Between 1934 and 1935, the Daylight Saving Ordinance, 1932 was extended throughout both years by Gazette Notifications.[10][11] The 20-minute offset was formally adopted as standard time in Singapore in 1936,[6] and in 1 September 1941 the offset was increased to 30 minutes,[12][13] the same as the 1920 proposal.

Malaysian standardisationEdit

In 1981, Malaysia decided to standardize the time across its territories to a uniform UTC+08:00. Singapore elected to follow suit, citing business and travel schedules.[14][15] The change took effect on 1 January 1982, when Singapore moved half an hour forward, on 31 December 1981 at 11:30 pm, creating "Singapore Standard Time" (SST).[16] SST is 8 hours ahead of UTC and is synchronized with Shanghai, Beijing, Hong Kong, Taipei and Perth.

TimelineEdit

Period in use[17] Time offset from UTC
(GMT prior to 1 January 1972)
Reference meridian Notes
Prior to 1 June 1905 UTC+06:55:25 103° 51' 16" E [18]
1 June 1905 – 31 December 1932 UTC+07:00 105° 00' 00" E [19]
1 January 1933 – 31 August 1941 UTC+07:20 110° 00' 00" E [10][11][6]
1 September 1941 – 15 February 1942 UTC+07:30 112° 30' 00" E [12][13]
16 February 1942 – 11 September 1945 UTC+09:00 135° 00' 00" E [2]
12 September 1945 – 31 December 1981 UTC+07:30 112° 30' 00" E
1 January 1982 – present UTC+08:00 120° 00' 00" E [14][15][16]
Newspaper clipping from 27 September 1932 on Daylight Saving Bill
Newspaper clipping from 31 December 1932 on putting the clock forward 20 minutes
Time Changes in Singapore between 1900 and 1989

TimekeeperEdit

 
Time Ball Observatory at Fort Canning Hill

In the early days, Singapore used timeball on Fort Canning and Mount Faber for sailors to check with their chronometers by the falling ball at exactly 1 p.m daily. When the second world war came to Singapore, the Public Works Department (PWD) cut the masts down as the masts formed an "ideal" markers' for artillery. After the war, the timeball became redundant as most ships now had wireless to give them time signals.[20]

The Time & Frequency Laboratory of A*STAR's National Metrology Centre (NMC) establishes, maintains and disseminates the national time scale of Singapore, which is the Coordinated Universal Time of Singapore, UTC (SG) and Singapore Standard Time (SST). NMC aligns SST to the international time scale, the UTC, through regular time comparisons by Global Positioning System (GPS) All-In-View technique under a global network of about forty national time standard laboratories.[21]

IANA time zone databaseEdit

The IANA time zone database contains one zone for Singapore in the file zone.tab:

C.C.* Coordinates* TZ* Comment Format UTC offset UTC offset DST Notes
SG +0117+10351 Asia/Singapore Canonical +08:00 +08:00

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Current Local Time in Singapore". timeanddate.com.
  2. ^ a b "Malaya Finish With "Tokyo Time"". The Straits Times. 7 September 1945. p. 1. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Daylight Saving 1920". nlb.gov.sg. 2 July 1920. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Who is Sir Arnold Robinson". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 5 August 1935. p. 6. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Sir Arnold Robinson". The Straits Times. 4 August 1935. p. 13.
  6. ^ a b c "Twenty Minutes". Malaya Tribune. 4 January 1937. p. 10. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Daylight Saving 1932". nlb.gov.sg. 26 September 1932. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Daylight Saving Bill 1932". nlb.gov.sg. 5 December 1932. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Ordinance 21 of 1932". nlb.gov.sg. 23 December 1932. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Daylight Saving". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 3 December 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Daylight Saving To Continue". The Straits Times. 20 October 1934. p. 12. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b "All Clocks Advanced Ten Minutes". The Straits Times. 1 September 1941. p. 9. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Further 10 Mins. Daylight Saving". Malaya Tribune. 27 August 1941. p. 3. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Press Release on Time Zone Adjustment" (PDF). National Archives of Singapore. 20 December 1981.
  15. ^ a b "Clocks will be set forward at 11.30 p.m. on Dec 31". The Straits Times. 21 December 1981. p. 1. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Tonight's revelry will end half-hour earlier". The Straits Times. 31 December 1981. p. 1. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Why is Singapore in the "Wrong" Time Zone?". nus.edu.sg. 20 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Time, Gentlemen, Please". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (Weekly). 15 May 1894. p. 288. Retrieved 5 April 2019. Scroll to the bottom of article for time offset and Reference Meridian
  19. ^ "A Matter of Time". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 31 May 1905. p. 5. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Good-bye to time-balls". The Straits Times. 14 March 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  21. ^ "National Time Scale of Singapore and Time-Dissemination". a-star.edu.sg.

External linksEdit