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Countries that use UTC+08:00 are in yellow.

Philippine Standard Time (Filipino: Pamantayang Oras ng Pilipinas, abbreviated PST), also known as Philippine Time (PHT) and informally Juan Time, is the official name for the time in the Philippines. The country only uses one time zone (UTC+08:00), and for a short period, it also used daylight saving time which is known as Philippine Saving Time (abbreviated PHST) as an emergency measure.

Contents

Geographic detailsEdit

Geographically, the Philippines lies within 116°40′ and 126°34′ east of the Prime Meridian, and is physically located within the UTC+08:00 time zone. Philippine Standard Time is maintained by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). The Philippines shares the same time zone with Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, most parts of China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Brunei, central Indonesia, Western Australia and Irkutsk.

HistoryEdit

Philippine Standard Time was instituted through Batas Pambansa Blg. 8 (that defined the metric system), approved on 2 December 1978 and implemented on 1 January 1983. The Philippines is one of the few countries to officially and almost exclusively use the 12-hour clock in non-military situations.[citation needed][dubious ]

From 1521 to 1844, the Philippines had the same date as Mexico, because it had been a Spanish colony supplied and controlled via Mexico until Mexico's independence in the 1820s. Monday, 30 December 1844 was immediately followed by Wednesday, 1 January 1845, which added 1 day or 24 hours to the local time. This meant that International Date Line moved from going west of the Philippines to go on the east side of the country.[1] At the time, local mean time was used to set clocks, meaning that every place used its own local time based on its longitude, because the time was measured by locally observing the sun.

Time in the PhilippinesEdit

Period in use Time offset from GMT Name of time
before 30 December 1844 UTC-15:56 (in Manila) local mean time
UTC-16:02 (in Balabac, the westernmost island)
UTC-15:33 (in Davao Oriental, the easternmost area)
1 January 1845 – 10 May 1899 UTC+08:04 (in Manila) local mean time
UTC+07:58 (in Balabac, the westernmost island)
UTC+08:27 (in Davao Oriental, the easternmost area)
11 May 1899 – 31 October 1936 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time
1 November 1936 – 31 January 1937 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time
1 February 1937 – 30 April 1942 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time
1 May 1942 – 31 October 1944 UTC+09:00 Tokyo Standard Time
1 November 1944 – 11 April 1954 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time
12 April 1954 – 30 June 1954 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time
1 July 1954 – 21 March 1978 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time
22 March 1978 – 20 September 1978 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time
21 September 1978 – 20 May 1990 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time
21 May 1990 – 21 July 1990 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time
22 July 1990 – 31 May 2013 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time
1 June 2013 – present UTC+08:00 Philippine Standard Time

Use of daylight saving timeEdit

As of 2016, the Philippines does not observe daylight saving time, although it was enforced for short periods during the presidency of Manuel L. Quezon in 1936-1937, Ramon Magsaysay in 1954, Ferdinand Marcos in 1978, and Corazon Aquino in 1990.[2]

Juan TimeEdit

Television and radio stations in the Philippines display the time, but varied from a few seconds to minutes. In September 2011, the Department of Science and Technology proposed to synchronise time nationwide in an effort to discourage tardiness. PAGASA installed a rubidium atomic clock, a GPS receiver, a time interval counter, distribution amplifier and a computer to help calculate the time difference with every satellite within its antenna’s field of view.[3]

On May 15, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III signed Republic Act No. 10535, better known as "The Philippine Standard Time (PST) Act of 2013" as a last step to finally implement the Juan Time. Effective June 1, 2013, all government offices and media networks will be required to use Philippine Standard Time as a basis to set their timepieces.[4][5] In addition, the first week of January will be regularly observed as the National Time Consciousness Week.

IANA time zone databaseEdit

The IANA time zone database contains one zone for the Philippines in the file zone.tab, named Asia/Manila.

Date and time formatEdit

DateEdit

Standard: February 10, 2015
Formal (Public Documents): the 10th day of February, 2015
Filipino: ika-10 ng Pebrero, 2015 or Pebrero 10, 2015
Passport: 10 02 2015

TimeEdit

Standard: 12-hour clock
Military/Boy Scout: US Military Time
Public Transport and Marathon events: 24-hour clock
Common Spoken Language
Indigenized Spanish terminology (original Spanish spelling in parentheses; AM radio stations and everyday conversation)
8:41 - Alas otso kwarenta y uno (A las ocho cuarenta y uno)
5:30 - Alas singko y medya (A las cinco y media)
3:00 - Alas tres (A las tres; en punto, literally meaning "on the dot", may be added to signify "o'Clock".)
English-derived (Business, Legal and others)
8:41 PM - Eight forty-one PM
5:30 AM - Five Thirty AM
3:00 PM - Three O'Clock or Three PM
12:00 PM - Twelve Noon - Twelve PM is seldom used as it might be confused with 12 Midnight
12:00 AM - Twelve Midnight - Twelve AM is seldom used as it might confused with daylight
Filipino
Starts with Indigenized Spanish (original spelling in parentheses) and ends with Tagalog – Umaga starts at 5:00 AM and ends 11:59 AM. Tanghalì is noon. Hapon starts at 1:00 PM and ends 5:59 PM. Gabí starts at 6:00 PM and ends 12:00 AM which is Hatinggabi. Madalíng Araw starts at 12:01 AM and ends 4:59 AM. Except in very formal situations, Filipinos rarely use the vernacular numbers in telling time.
8:41 P.M. - Alas otso kwarenta y uno (A las ocho cuarenta y uno) ng gabí or Apatnapú't-isá(ng minuto) makalipas ng ikawaló ng gabí
5:30 A.M. - Alas singko y medya (A las cinco y media) ng umaga or Tatlumpûng minuto makalipas ng ikalimá ng umaga or ikalimá at kalaháti ng umaga
3:00 P.M. - Alas tres (A las tres) ng hapon o Ikatló ng hapon
12:00 P.M. - Alas dose (A las doce) ng tanghalì o Ikalabíndalawá ng tanghalì
12:00 A.M. - Alas dose (A las doce) ng hatinggabi o Ikalabíndalawá ng hatinggabí
2:00 A.M. - Alas dos ng madalíng araw (A las dos) o Ikalawá ng madalíng araw

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit