West Sulawesi

West Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Barat) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the western side of Sulawesi island. It covers an area of 16,787.18 km2, and its capital is Mamuju. The 2010 Census recorded a population of 1,158,651, while that in 2020 recorded 1,419,228.[2]

West Sulawesi
Sulawesi Barat
Flag of West Sulawesi
Coat of arms of West Sulawesi
Motto(s): 
Mellete Diatonganan (Mandar)
Stick to the Truth
Location of West Sulawesi in Indonesia
Location of West Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°41′S 118°54′E / 2.683°S 118.900°E / -2.683; 118.900Coordinates: 2°41′S 118°54′E / 2.683°S 118.900°E / -2.683; 118.900
Established1 June 1962[1]
CapitalMamuju
Government
 • BodyWest Sulawesi Provincial Government
 • GovernorAli Baal Masdar
 • Vice GovernorEnny Anggraeny Anwar [id]
Area
 • Total16,787.18 km2 (6,481.57 sq mi)
Highest elevation
3,074 m (10,085 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)[2]
 • Total1,419,229
 • Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups (2010 census)[3]45.42% Mandar
12.49% Buginese
10.91% Mamasa
8.12% Kalumpang
4.92% Javanese
2.61% Pattae'
2.19% Makassarese
9.0% other
 • Religion (2016)[4]82.2% Islam
14.8% Protestantism
1.47% Catholicism
1.25% Hinduism
0.19% Folk
0.04% Buddhism
0.01% Confucianism
 • LanguagesIndonesian, Mandar, Mamasa, Kalumpang, Mamuju
Time zoneUTC+08 (CIT)
HDIIncrease 0.657 (Medium)
HDI rank31st (2019)
Websitesulbarprov.go.id

The province was established in 2004, having been split off from South Sulawesi.

GeographyEdit

The province is on the island of Sulawesi (formerly Celebes) and includes the regencies (kabupaten) of Polewali Mandar, Mamasa, Majene, Mamuju, Central Mamuju and Pasangkayu (formerly called North Mamuju), which used to be part of South Sulawesi. The area of the province is 16,787.18 km2.

EconomyEdit

Its economy consists mainly of mining, agriculture and fishing. Its capital is Mamuju.

Archaeological findingsEdit

On 11 December 2019, a team of researchers led by Dr. Maxime Aubert announced the discovery of the oldest hunting scenes in prehistoric art in the world which is more than 44,000 years old from the limestone cave of Leang Bulu’ Sipong 4. Archaeologists determined the age of the depiction of hunting a pig and buffalo thanks to the calcite ‘popcorn’, different isotope levels of radioactive uranium and thorium.[5][6][7][8]

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Governor Office of West Sulawesi

West Sulawesi Province is divided into six regencies:[9] Polewali Mandar, Mamuju, Pasangkayu, Mamasa, Majene, and Central Mamuju The sixth regency - Central Mamuju Regency (Kabupaten Mamuju Tengah) - was cut out of the existing Mamuju Regency on 14 December 2012.

DemographicsEdit

Its population at the 2010 census was 1,158,651 increasing at 2.67% annually. Of those 171,356 are classified as below the poverty line of Indonesia.[10]

ReligionEdit

Religion by Regency in West Sulawesi Province (2016)[4]
Regency/City Islam Protestant Catholic Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism/Konghucu Folk
Majene 99.75% 0.10% 0.10% 0.02% 0.03% 0.00% 0.00%
Mamasa 20.29% 70.80% 4.35% 2.92% 0.01% 0.01% 1.62%
Mamuju 81.61% 16.61% 0.87% 0.88% 0.02% 0.01% 0.00%
Central Mamuju 80.24% 12.90% 2.18% 4.57% 0.10% 0.01% 0.01%
Pasangkayu 86.98% 6.99% 1.83% 4.19% 0.01% 0.01% 0.00%
Polewali Mandar 96.00% 2.77% 1.00% 0.19% 0.04% 0.00% 0.00%
West Sulawesi 82.22% 14.82% 1.47% 1.25% 0.04% 0.01% 0.19%
Religion in West Sulawesi (2010 census)[11]
religion percent
Islam
82.66%
Protestantism
14.19%
Hinduism
1.38%
Roman Catholicism
1.04%
Others
0.56%
Not Asked
0.09%
Not Stated
0.03%
Buddhism
0.03%
Confucianism
0.02%

See alsoEdit

Polewali-Mamasa

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.dpr.go.id/jdih/index/id/27
  2. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ Ananta, Aris; Arifin, Evi Nurvidya; Hasbullah, M Sairi; Handayani, Nur Budi; Pramono, Agus (2015). Demography of Indonesia's Ethnicity. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 978-981-4519-87-8. P. 102.
  4. ^ a b Sulawesi Barat Dalam Angka 2016, BPS
  5. ^ "Animal painting found in cave is 44,000 years old". BBC News. 2019-12-12. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  6. ^ "Narrative Cave Art in Indonesia Dated to 44,000 Years Ago | ARCHAEOLOGY WORLD". archaeology-world.com. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  7. ^ correspondent, Hannah Devlin Science (2019-12-11). "Earliest known cave art by modern humans found in Indonesia". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  8. ^ "The oldest story ever told is painted on this cave wall, archaeologists report".
  9. ^ 2010 Indonesian Census
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-12-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.