North Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the northernmost of Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. North Kalimantan borders the Malaysian states of Sabah to the north and Sarawak to the west, and by the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan to the south. Tanjung Selor serves as the capital of the province, while Tarakan is the largest city and the financial centre.
Clockwise, from top left : Juwata Airport, Negara River, Perjuangan Monument, Waterfall Idaman, Datu Adil Stadium.
North Kalimantan in Indonesia
|Largest city|| Tarakan|
|• Governor||Irianto Lambrie|
|• Vice Governor||Udin Hianggio|
|• Total||72,275.12 km2 (27,905.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||8.7/km2 (23/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Tidung, Bulungan, Banjar, Dayak, Lun Bawang, Murut, Kenyah, Lundayeh, Bugis, Bajau and Tausūg|
|• Languages||Indonesian (official), Tidung, and Dayak|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (WITA)|
|HDI rank||34 (2014)|
North Kalimantan covers 72,275.12 square kilometres and consists of four regencies and one city. Statistics Indonesia estimated its population at 691,058 as of 2017, making it the least populous province in Indonesia. Formed on 25 October 2012, it is the youngest province in Indonesia. North Kalimantan was separated from the province of East Kalimantan to reduce development disparity and Malaysia's influence over the territory.
North Kalimantan used to be a territory of the Hindu Kingdom of Kutai. It was later subjugated by waves of Islamic invasions, during when the Brunei and Kutai were battling for hegemony over Borneo. The territory fell into the hands of Brunei and after agreements were made with the Sultanate of Sulu, the territory officially came under Sulu control. When Western countries arrived in the area, the Dutch subjugated the natives while the Spanish attacked the capital of Sulu in the north. The territory then came into Dutch possession until Indonesia became independent.
Tarakan Airport on the eponymous island serves the province, as well as an international ferry port with services to Malaysia from Tawau. There are no international land crossings – entrance into the mainland of the province is by ferry from Tarakan or by road from the south. Large stretches of the roads in this province are of unpaved muddy ditches.
North Kalimantan is divided into four regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota):
|Tarakan City||250.80||193,370||220,200||Tarakan City||0.746 (High)|
|Bulungan Regency||13,181.92||112,663||154,934||Tanjung Selor||0.692 (Medium)|
|Malinau Regency||39,766.32||62,580||71,501||Malinau||0.700 (High)|
|Nunukan Regency||14,247.50||140,841||162,711||Nunukan||0.631 (Medium)|
|Tana Tidung Regency||4,828.58||15,202||18,985||Tideng Pale||0.647 (Medium)|
Ethnicity in North Kalimantan consists of Dayaks and Javanese (predominantly), with a significant population of ethnic group of Tidung, Bulungan, Suluk, Banjarese, Murut, Lun Bawang / Lun Dayeh, and the other ethnic groups which is exist in the province.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.
- (in Indonesian) Kaltaraprov.go.id: official North Kalimantan website