Bekasi (Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈbəkasi], Chinese: 八戈然) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta. It serves as a commuter city within the Jakarta metropolitan area. According to the 2020 Census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Bekasi had 2,543,676 inhabitants. It lies within the largest metropolitan area in Indonesia (Jabodetabek). The city is bordered by Bekasi Regency to the north and the east, Bogor Regency and Depok to the south, and East Jakarta to the west.
|City of Bekasi|
(City of the patriots)
Bekasi Maju, Sejahtera dan Ihsan (Indonesian)
(For the Developed, Prosperous, and Good Bekasi people)
|• Mayor||Rahmat Effendi (Golkar)|
|• Vice Mayor||Tri Adhianto|
|• Total||210.49 km2 (81.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11–81 m (36–265 ft)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)|
|Area code||(+62) 21|
|HDI||0.815 (Very High)|
Bekasi is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. At that time, the name of Bekasi was Dayeuh Sundasembawa. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription. During the Dutch East Indies period, Bekasi was a part of Batavia residency. As a dormitory city, many middle-up satellite areas have been developed in Bekasi, complete with their own shopping malls, schools, hospitals, club houses, water park, and shuttle bus services to central Jakarta. The large number of multinational companies, has apparently attracted many expatriates (mainly Japanese and Korean) to settle in Bekasi.
Bekasi has already grown to become one of the centre of growth in Jabodetabek. The city has accounts for 2.11% of total national GDP. Recently, many foreigners (most of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese) have set up their business to take advantage of its dynamism and boost its economy. Bekasi's economy was mainly based on service and manufacturing.
Bekasi is one of the most promising property markets in Jabodetabek besides South Tangerang, and several high-value developments have transformed its property market. Many of country's big property developers are building apartments, hotels, and shopping malls in the city. In recent years, some residences have developed along the Jatiwarna/Jatibening — East Bekasi toll highway, further to Cibatu in Bekasi Regency. These include Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City.
Prime business and commercial centres are situated in the western part of city. There are some financial centres, restaurants and shopping centres along Jalan Ahmad Yani, Jalan Sudirman, Jalan K.H. Noer Alie as well as Harapan Indah Boulevard. The largest shopping centre is Grand Metropolitan with over 125,000 m2 (1,350,000 sq ft) of floor space. Other shopping centres include Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon Mal Bekasi, Mal Ciputra Cibubur, Mega Bekasi Hypermall, Grand Galaxy Park, Grand Mall, Blu Plaza, BTC Mall, GP Mall, Bekasi Cyber Park, Plaza Pondok Gede, and Lagoon Avenue. Many hotels developed in Bekasi, such as Santika, Horison, Harris, Aston Imperial, Amaris, Amaroossa and Tune Hotel.
The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in Bekasi has been induced by infrastructure development, especially roads, highways and railways.
Road and highwayEdit
Bekasi is connected by the Trans-Java Toll Road, the main road across Java. There are three expressways connections from the Jabodetabek urban area: the Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road, which has three exits in Bekasi; the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, which provides access to Tangerang, Jakarta and Bogor; and the new Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road. In 2019, Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road will operate to ease traffic on the current toll road between Cikunir and West Karawang with a total length of 36.4 kilometres. Owing to its location as a satellite city of Jakarta, heavy rush hour traffic jams have become common on the roads between East Jakarta and Bekasi.
|KM||Toll Road||Toll Gate||Destination|
|08||Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road||Jatibening||Jatibening, Jatiwaringin, Cikunir|
|12||Bekasi Barat||Kayuringin, Pekayon, Summarecon Bekasi, Harapan Baru|
|16||Bekasi Timur||Margahayu, Bulak Kapal, Bantar Gebang|
|37||Jakarta Outer Ring Road||Jatiwarna||Jatiwarna, Kranggan, Pondok Gede|
|41||Jatiasih||Jatiasih, Cikunir, Jatimekar|
|47||Kalimalang||Kranji, Jakasampurna, Bintara Jaya|
|49||Bintara||Bintara, Bintara Jaya, Harapan Baru (alternative route)|
|13||Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road||Jakasampurna||Jakasampurna, Jakasetia, Grand Galaxy City|
The government is currently constructing a double track railway connecting Manggarai to Cikarang, which would be finished around 2020. Beside a double track railway, the government also building a 17.9 km light rail transit line connecting East Bekasi-Cawang-Dukuh Atas across Greater Jakarta.
KRL Commuterline's Blue Line serves from either Bekasi, Bekasi Timur or Kranji to Jakarta Kota (via Pasar Senen/Manggarai) and Cikarang. Bekasi Station also serves intercity trains to cities across Java.
TransJakarta and the Transjabodetabek premium serves commuters from Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Bulak Kapal, and Jatiwarna, as well as the feeder buses from Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City to Jakarta city center. The Trans Patriot operates a route within the city. Damri shuttle bus service is available from the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Kayuringin, Harapan Indah and Summarecon Bekasi. Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called angkot. They serve certain routes throughout the city.
The main bus terminal is Terminal Bekasi, located in East Bekasi. The other terminals are Pondok Gede, Harapan Indah and Kayuringin.
The 2020 Census of Bekasi's population was 2,543,676. Bekasi is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, mostly Sundanese, Betawi and Javanese descent. Sundanese are the largest minority as well as other minorities include Minangkabau, Bataks, and Chinese.
Bekasi City is divided into twelve districts ('kecamatan'), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and the 2020 Census. The table also includes the number of urban villages (kelurahan) within the district, and its postal codes.
|Pondokmelati||11.80||128,934||131,120||4||17414, 17415, 17431|
|Medan Satria||11.88||161,162||162,120||4||17131-17133, 17143|
Bekasi has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate rainfall from May to October and heavy rainfall from November to April.
|Climate data for Bekasi|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||26.2
|Average low °C (°F)||22.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||374
In popular cultureEdit
People from BekasiEdit
Notable people from Bekasi include:
- Adixi Lenzivio: footballer for Persija Jakarta
- Luitenant der Chinezen Khouw Tian Sek: landlord, patriarch of the Khouw family of Tamboen
- Shella Devi Aulia: badminton player
- S. K. Trimurti: government minister, Independence activist, writer and journalist
- Tutty Alawiyah: government minister and women's rights advocate
- Gloria Emanuelle Widjaja: badminton player
- Rinov Rivaldy: badminton player
- Bekasi, Pikiran Rakyat (29 January 2020). "Jadi Ibu Kota Kerajaan Tarumanegara, Simak Sejarah Bekasi dari Zaman Kerajaan hingga Penjajahan - Pikiran Rakyat Bekasi". Pikiran Rakyat (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-10-26.
- "Tomorrow Rahmat Effendi officially mayor". viva.co.id. May 2, 2012. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015.
- Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
- Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
- http://www.bekasikota.go.id Sejarah Kota Bekasi
- http://properti.kompas.com Pasar "Middle-up" Bekasi Menggiurkan, Rumah Harga Rp 800 Juta Paling Dicari!
- Peter J. Katzenstein, Takashi Shiraishi; Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism; 2006
- Jefriando, Maikel. "Ekonomi Jakarta Digabung Bekasi, Bogor, dan Tangerang Capai Rp 2.490 T".
- http://www.rumah.com Mal Grand Metropolitan Bekasi Resmi Dibuka
- https://www.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/18/09/12/pewnut414-50-percent-of-jakartacikampek-elevated-toll-road-completed 50 percent of Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road completed
- Economy in brief: Construction of DDT to finish by 2020
- http://www.cnnindonesia.com Bos Adhi Karya yakin Proyek LRT Bantu Kurangi Macet Jakarta
- Stadion Patriot Kembali Jadi Kandang Bhayangkara FC
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
- "Climate: Bekasi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
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