Bekasi (Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈbɛkasi]) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta. It serves as a commuter city within the Jakarta metropolitan area, although it has notable trade, business and processing industries. According to the 2018 estimation by Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Bekasi (2.93 million) has already overtaken Surabaya (2,89 million) as the second most populous city proper in Indonesia. The city is bordered by Bekasi Regency to the north and the east, Bogor Regency and Depok to the south, and East Jakarta to the west. It is Indonesia's most populous satellite city, and one of the most populous worldwide, but still trails the likes of Incheon and Yokohama.
|City of Bekasi|
From top to mid-left in clockwise sequence; Top: Patriot Candrabhaga Stadium, Mid-right: Bekasi Junction, Bottom left and right: Malls and its surrounding skyline, Mid-left: Pekayon City.
Bekasi Maju, Sejahtera dan Ihsan (Indonesian)
Location within West Java
|• Mayor||Rahmat Effendi|
|• Vice Mayor||Tri Adhianto|
|• Total||210.49 km2 (81.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11–81 m (36–265 ft)|
|• Density||14,000/km2 (36,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)|
|Area code||(+62) 21|
Bekasi is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. At that time, the name of Bekasi was Dayeuh Sundasembawa. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription. During the Dutch East Indies period, Bekasi was a part of Batavia residency. As a dormitory city, many middle-up satellite areas have been developed in Bekasi, complete with their own shopping malls, schools, hospitals, club houses, water park, and shuttle bus services to central Jakarta. The large number of multinational companies, has apparently attracted a lot of expatriates (mainly Japanese and Korean) to settle in Bekasi.
Bekasi has already grown to become one of the center of growth in Indonesia. The city has accounts for 2.11% of total national GDP. Recently, many foreigners (most of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese) have set up their business to take advantage of its dynamism and boost its economy. Bekasi's economy was mainly based on service and manufacture.
Bekasi is one of the most promising property markets in Indonesia, and several high-value developments have transformed its property market. Many of country's big property developers are building apartments, hotels, and shopping malls in the city. In recent years, some residences have developed along the Jatiwarna/Jatibening — East Bekasi toll highway, further to Cibatu in Bekasi Regency. These include Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City.
Prime business and commercial centers in the western part of city. There are some of financial, restaurants and shopping centers along Jalan Ahmad Yani, Jalan Sudirman, Jalan KH. Noer Alie as well as Harapan Indah Boulevard. Bekasi has the upper-middle class shopping malls which are consist of high-street brands such as Uniqlo, Marks & Spencer, H&M and Cotton On. The largest shopping center is Grand Metropolitan with over 125,000 m² of floor space. Other shopping centers include Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon Mal Bekasi, Mal Ciputra Cibubur, Mega Bekasi Hypermall, Grand Galaxy Park, Grand Mall, Blu Plaza, BTC Mall, GP Mall, Bekasi Cyber Park, Plaza Pondok Gede, and Lagoon Avenue. Many hotels developed in Bekasi, such as Santika, Horison, Harris, Aston Imperial, Amaris, Amaroossa and Tune Hotel.
In addition to its numerous residential areas, there are several important industrial areas in the outskirts of Bekasi. Most of them are in Bekasi Regency, rather than the city limits. These include the Jababeka, MM 2100, Bekasi International Industrial Estate (BIIE), Delta Silicon Industrial Park, Lippo Cikarang, Greenland International Industrial City (GIIC) and East Jakarta Industrial Park (EJIP) districts. Many large companies, such as Honda, LG, Converse and Samsung, have factories in Bekasi. Nowadays some 4,000 companies are operating in Bekasi and surrounding areas. It is estimated that approximately 1,000 expatriate workers and over 500,000 laborers are working in the area.
The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in Bekasi has been induced by infrastructure development, especially roads, highways and railways.
Road and highwayEdit
Bekasi is connected by the Trans-Java Highway, the main road across Java. There are three highways connections from the Jabodetabek urban area. The Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road, which has three exits in Bekasi; the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, which provides access to Tangerang, Jakarta and Bogor as well as the new Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road. In 2019, Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road will operate to ease traffic in current toll road between Cikunir to West Karawang with a total length of 36.4 kilometers. Owing to its location as a satellite city of Jakarta, heavy rush hour traffic jams have become common on the roads between East Jakarta and Bekasi.
|KM||Toll Road||Toll Gate||Destination|
|08||Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road||Jatibening||Jatibening, Jatiwaringin, Cikunir|
|12||Bekasi Barat||Kayuringin, Pekayon, Summarecon Bekasi|
|16||Bekasi Timur||Margahayu, Bulak Kapal, Bantar Gebang|
|37||Jakarta Outer Ring Road||Jatiwarna||Jatiwarna, Kranggan, Pondok Gede|
|41||Jatiasih||Jatiasih, Cikunir, Jatimekar|
|47||Kalimalang||Kranji, Jakasampurna, Bintara Jaya|
|49||Bintara||Bintara, Bintara Jaya, Harapan Baru|
|13||Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road||Jakasampurna||Jakasampurna, Jakasetia, Grand Galaxy City|
The government is currently constructing a double track railway connecting Manggarai to Cikarang, which would be finished around 2020. Beside a double track railway, the government also building a 17.9 km light rail transit line connecting East Bekasi-Cawang-Dukuh Atas across Greater Jakarta.
At present, rapid transit in Bekasi across Greater Jakarta consists of a BRT TransJakarta and a commuter rail KRL Jabodetabek. KRL Jabodetabek serves from Bekasi to Jakarta Kota via Pasar Senen/Manggarai vice versa. Another train service is airport train service connecting the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport to Bekasi.
TransJakarta and the Transjabodetabek premium serves commuters from Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Bulak Kapal, and Jatiwarna, as well as the feeder buses from Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City to Jakarta city center. The Trans Patriot operates a route within the city. Damri shuttle bus service is available from the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Kayuringin, Harapan Indah and Summarecon Bekasi. Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called angkot. They serve certain routes throughout the city.
The main bus terminal is Terminal Bekasi, located in East Bekasi. The other terminals are Pondok Gede, Harapan Indah and Kayuringin.
The latest official (2018) of Bekasi population was 2,931,897, giving a density of 11,900/km2 (31,000/sq mi). Bekasi is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, mostly Betawi and Javanese descent. Sundanese are the largest minority as well as other minorities include Minangkabau, Bataks, and Chinese. With Indonesia introducing identity cards as of 2011, and newcomers flood the city trying to blend in with returnees following major holidays, DKI Jakarta has clamped down on this practice with police questioning and tougher residency requirements, leading returnees to increasingly try their luck in Bekasi.
Bekasi City is divided into 12 districts ('kecamatan'):
In popular cultureEdit
Kalimalang (Greater Bekasi Media)
People from BekasiEdit
Notable people from Bekasi include:
- Adixi Lenzivio: footballer for Persija Jakarta
- Luitenant der Chinezen Khouw Tian Sek: landlord, patriarch of the Khouw family of Tamboen
- Shella Devi Aulia: badminton player
- S. K. Trimurti: government minister, Independence activist, writer and journalist
- Tutty Alawiyah: government minister and women's rights advocate
- "Tomorrow Rahmat Effendi officially mayor". viva.co.id. May 2, 2012. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015.
- http://www.bekasikota.go.id Sejarah Kota Bekasi
- http://properti.kompas.com Pasar "Middle-up" Bekasi Menggiurkan, Rumah Harga Rp 800 Juta Paling Dicari!
- Peter J. Katzenstein, Takashi Shiraishi; Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism; 2006
- Jefriando, Maikel. "Ekonomi Jakarta Digabung Bekasi, Bogor, dan Tangerang Capai Rp 2.490 T".
- http://www.rumah.com Mal Grand Metropolitan Bekasi Resmi Dibuka
- http://www.thejakartapost.com Approximately Cikarang residential place of choice for expatriates
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2011-01-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- https://www.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/18/09/12/pewnut414-50-percent-of-jakartacikampek-elevated-toll-road-completed 50 percent of Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road completed
- Economy in brief: Construction of DDT to finish by 2020
- http://www.cnnindonesia.com Bos Adhi Karya yakin Proyek LRT Bantu Kurangi Macet Jakarta
- "BPS-Laci 3.0". laci.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
- Stadion Patriot Kembali Jadi Kandang Bhayangkara FC
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