List of regencies and cities in Indonesia

Regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota) are the second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. Regencies are roughly equivalent to American counties, although most cities in the United States are below the counties.[1] Following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and city municipalities became the key administrative units responsible for providing most governmental services.[2] Each of regencies and cities has their own local government and legislative body.

The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city, but also often includes various towns. A city usually has non-agricultural economic activities. A regency is headed by a regent (bupati), while a city is headed by a mayor (wali kota). All regents, mayors, and members of legislatures are directly elected via elections to serve for a five-year term which can be renewed once. Each regency or city is divided further into districts more commonly known as kecamatan (except in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, where kapanewon and kemantren are used, and Western New Guinea (Papua), where distrik is used).

An administrative city (kota administrasi) or an administrative regency (kabupaten administrasi) is a subdivision of province without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The leader of administrative city or administrative regency is directly appointed by the governor. This type of city and regency in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta which consisted of five administrative cities and one administrative regency.

As of January 2023, there were 514-second-level administrative divisions (416 regencies and 98 cities) in Indonesia.[3] The list below groups regencies and cities in Indonesia by provinces. Each regency has an administrative centre, the regency seat.[4]

List of regencies and cities by province

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A map of the regencies and cities of Indonesia

Sumatra

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Aceh

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 South Aceh Tapaktuan 0.684 (Medium)
2 Southeast Aceh Kutacane 0.710 (High)
3 East Aceh Idi Rayeuk 0.693 (Medium)
4 Central Aceh Takengon 0.746 (High)
5 West Aceh Meulaboh 0.728 (High)
6 Aceh Besar Jantho 0.745 (High)
7 Pidie Sigli 0.716 (High)
8 North Aceh Lhoksukon 0.708 (High)
9 Simeulue Sinabang 0.680 (Medium)
10 Aceh Singkil Singkil 0.701 (High)
11 Bireuën Bireuën 0.736 (High)
12 Southwest Aceh Blangpidie 0.680 (Medium)
13 Gayo Lues Blangkejeren 0.689 (Medium)
14 Aceh Jaya Calang 0.708 (High)
15 Nagan Raya Suka Makmue 0.707 (High)
16 Aceh Tamiang Karang Baru 0.713 (High)
17 Bener Meriah Simpang Tiga Redelong 0.744 (High)
18 Pidie Jaya Meureudu 0.748 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Banda Aceh 0.866 (Very High)
2 Sabang 0.775 (High)
3 Lhokseumawe 0.789 (High)
4 Langsa 0.783 (High)
5 Subulussalam 0.671 (Medium)

North Sumatra

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Asahan Kisaran 0.715 (High)
2 Batubara Limapuluh 0.703 (High)
3 Central Tapanuli Pandan 0.709 (High)
4 Dairi Sidikalang 0.732 (High)
5 Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam 0.765 (High)
6 Humbang Hasundutan Dolok Sanggul 0.707 (High)
7 Karo Kabanjahe 0.759 (High)
8 Labuhan Batu Rantau Prapat 0.736 (High)
9 Langkat Stabat 0.722 (High)
10 Mandailing Natal Panyabungan 0.685 (Medium)
11 Nias Gunungsitoli 0.645 (Medium)
12 North Labuhan Batu Aek Kanopan 0.736 (High)
13 North Nias Lotu 0.646 (Medium)
14 North Padang Lawas Gunung Tua 0.716 (High)
15 North Tapanuli Tarutung 0.746 (High)
16 Padang Lawas Sibuhuan 0.703 (High)
17 Pakpak Bharat Salak 0.695 (Medium)
18 Samosir Pangururan 0.720 (High)
19 Serdang Bedagai Sei Rampah 0.717 (High)
20 Simalungun Raya 0.742 (High)
21 South Labuhan Batu Kota Pinang 0.728 (High)
22 South Nias Teluk Dalam 0.641 (Medium)
23 South Tapanuli Sipirok 0.715 (High)
24 Toba Balige 0.763 (High)
25 West Nias Lahomi 0.637 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Binjai 0.776 (High)
2 Gunungsitoli 0.706 (High)
3 Medan 0.821 (Very High)
4 Padang Sidempuan 0.764 (High)
5 Pematangsiantar 0.804 (Very High)
6 Sibolga 0.752 (High)
7 Tanjungbalai 0.705 (High)
8 Tebing Tinggi 0.769 (High)

West Sumatra

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Agam Lubuk Basung 0.739 (High)
2 Dharmasraya Pulau Punjung 0.730 (High)
3 Lima Puluh Kota Sari Lamak 0.707 (High)
4 Mentawai Islands Tuapejat 0.631 (Medium)
5 Padang Pariaman Parit Malintang 0.726 (High)
6 Pasaman Lubuk Sikaping 0.681 (Medium)
7 Sijunjung Muaro Sijunjung 0.696 (Medium)
8 Solok Arosuka 0.706 (High)
9 Pesisir Selatan Painan 0.714 (High)
10 South Solok Padang Aro 0.705 (High)
11 Tanah Datar Batusangkar 0.739 (High)
12 West Pasaman Simpang Ampek 0.701 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bukittinggi 0.817 (Very High)
2 Padang 0.835 (Very High)
3 Padang Panjang 0.792 (High)
4 Pariaman 0.781 (High)
5 Payakumbuh 0.799 (High)
6 Sawahlunto 0.744 (High)
7 Solok 0.795 (High)

Jambi

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Batang Hari Muara Bulian 0.710 (High)
2 Bungo Muara Bungo 0.710 (High)
3 East Tanjung Jabung Muara Sabak 0.666 (Medium)
4 Kerinci Siulak 0.725 (High)
5 Merangin Bangko 0.708 (High)
6 Muaro Jambi Sengeti 0.710 (High)
7 Sarolangun Sarolangun 0.712 (High)
8 Tebo Muara Tebo 0.706 (High)
9 West Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal 0.693 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Jambi 0.801 (Very High)
2 Sungai Penuh 0.766 (High)

Riau

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bengkalis Bengkalis 0.749 (High)
2 Indragiri Hilir Tembilahan 0.679 (Medium)
3 Indragiri Hulu Rengat 0.710 (High)
4 Kampar Bangkinang 0.742 (High)
5 Kuantan Singingi Teluk Kuantan 0.716 (High)
6 Meranti Islands Selat Panjang 0.672 (Medium)
7 Pelalawan Pangkalan Kerinci 0.735 (High)
8 Rokan Hulu Pasir Pangaraian 0.710 (High)
9 Rokan Hilir Bagansiapiapi 0.707 (High)
10 Siak Siak Sri Indrapura 0.749 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Dumai 0.756 (High)
2 Pekanbaru 0.823 (Very High)

Bengkulu

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Central Bengkulu Karang Tinggi 0.689 (Medium)
2 Kaur Bintuhan 0.683 (Medium)
3 Kepahiang Kepahiang 0.696 (Medium)
4 Lebong Muara Aman 0.687 (Medium)
5 Mukomuko Mukomuko 0.699 (Medium)
6 North Bengkulu Arga Makmur 0.702 (High)
7 Rejang Lebong Curup 0.723 (High)
8 Seluma Pasar Tais 0.682 (Medium)
9 South Bengkulu Manna 0.719 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bengkulu 0.814 (Very High)

South Sumatra

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Banyuasin Pangkalan Balai 0.686 (Medium)
2 East Ogan Komering Ulu Martapura 0.709 (High)
3 Empat Lawang Tebing Tinggi 0.666 (Medium)
4 Lahat Lahat 0.691 (Medium)
5 Muara Enim Muara Enim 0.702 (High)
6 Musi Banyuasin Sekayu 0.691 (Medium)
7 Musi Rawas Muara Beliti 0.682 (Medium)
8 North Musi Rawas Rupit 0.666 (Medium)
9 Ogan Ilir Indralaya 0.687 (Medium)
10 Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung 0.686 (Medium)
11 Ogan Komering Ulu Baturaja 0.710 (High)
12 Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Talang Ubi 0.666 (Medium)
13 South Ogan Komering Ulu Muaradua 0.666 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Lubuklinggau 0.761 (High)
2 Pagar Alam 0.704 (High)
3 Palembang 0.800 (Very High)
4 Prabumulih 0.764 (High)

Lampung

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Central Lampung Gunung Sugih 0.716 (High)
2 East Lampung Sukadana 0.712 (High)
3 Mesuji Mesuji 0.656 (Medium)
4 North Lampung Kotabumi 0.689 (Medium)
5 Pesawaran Gedong Tataan 0.676 (Medium)
6 Pringsewu Pringsewu 0.716 (High)
7 South Lampung Kalianda 0.696 (Medium)
8 Tanggamus Kota Agung Pusat 0.678 (Medium)
9 Tulang Bawang Menggala 0.700 (High)
10 Way Kanan Blambangan Umpu 0.686 (Medium)
11 West Lampung Liwa 0.691 (Medium)
12 Pesisir Barat Krui 0.660 (Medium)
13 West Tulang Bawang Panaragan Jaya 0.678 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bandar Lampung 0.785 (High)
2 Metro 0.783 (High)

Bangka Belitung Islands

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bangka Sungailiat 0.736 (High)
2 Belitung Tanjung Pandan 0.740 (High)
3 South Bangka Toboali 0.685 (Medium)
4 Central Bangka Koba 0.717 (High)
5 West Bangka Muntok 0.704 (High)
6 East Belitung Manggar 0.728 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Pangkal Pinang 0.799 (High)

Riau Islands

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Anambas Islands Tarempa 0.702 (High)
2 Bintan Bandar Seri Bentan 0.757 (High)
3 Karimun Tanjung Balai Karimun 0.735 (High)
4 Lingga Daik 0.674 (Medium)
5 Natuna Ranai 0.742 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Batam 0.821 (Very High)
2 Tanjung Pinang 0.802 (Very High)

Java

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Special Capital Region of Jakarta

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No Administrative regency Government HDI (2023)[5]
1 Thousand Islands Pramuka Island 0.733 (High)
No Administrative city HDI (2023)[5]
1 Central Jakarta Menteng 0.825 (Very High)
2 East Jakarta Jatinegara 0.841 (Very High)
3 North Jakarta Koja 0.811 (Very High)
4 South Jakarta Kebayoran Baru 0.860 (Very High)
5 West Jakarta Kembangan 0.830 (Very High)

Banten

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Lebak Rangkasbitung 0.652 (Medium)
2 Pandeglang Pandeglang 0.664 (Medium)
3 Serang Ciruas 0.683 (Medium)
4 Tangerang Tigaraksa 0.734 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Cilegon 0.745 (High)
2 Serang 0.734 (High)
3 South Tangerang 0.822 (Very High)
4 Tangerang 0.794 (High)

West Java

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bandung Soreang 0.737 (High)
2 Bekasi Cikarang 0.757 (High)
3 Bogor Cibinong 0.717 (High)
4 Ciamis Ciamis 0.720 (High)
5 Cianjur Cianjur 0.665 (Medium)
6 Cirebon Sumber 0.709 (High)
7 Garut South Tarogong 0.681 (Medium)
8 Indramayu Indramayu 0.692 (Medium)
9 Karawang Karawang 0.723 (High)
10 Kuningan Kuningan 0.707 (High)
11 Majalengka Majalengka 0.691 (Medium)
12 Pangandaran Parigi 0.693 (Medium)
13 Purwakarta Purwakarta 0.720 (High)
14 Subang Subang 0.707 (High)
15 Sukabumi Pelabuhan Ratu 0.684 (Medium)
16 Sumedang Sumedang 0.731 (High)
17 Tasikmalaya Singaparna 0.677 (Medium)
18 West Bandung Ngamprah 0.696 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bandung 0.830 (Very High)
2 Banjar 0.730 (High)
3 Bekasi 0.830 (Very High)
4 Bogor 0.778 (High)
5 Cimahi 0.794 (High)
6 Cirebon 0.764 (High)
7 Depok 0.823 (Very High)
8 Sukabumi 0.763 (High)
9 Tasikmalaya 0.744 (High)

Central Java

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Banjarnegara Banjarnegara 0.691 (Medium)
2 Banyumas Purwokerto 0.738 (High)
3 Batang Batang 0.702 (High)
4 Blora Blora 0.706 (High)
5 Boyolali Boyolali 0.754 (High)
6 Brebes Brebes 0.679 (Medium)
7 Cilacap Cilacap 0.718 (High)
8 Demak Demak 0.740 (High)
9 Grobogan Purwodadi 0.714 (High)
10 Jepara Jepara 0.738 (High)
11 Karanganyar Karanganyar 0.773 (High)
12 Kebumen Kebumen 0.713 (High)
13 Kendal Kendal 0.738 (High)
14 Klaten Klaten 0.775 (High)
15 Kudus Kudus 0.767 (High)
16 Magelang Mungkid 0.714 (High)
17 Pati Pati 0.735 (High)
18 Pekalongan Kajen 0.714 (High)
19 Pemalang Pemalang 0.680 (Medium)
20 Purbalingga Purbalingga 0.702 (High)
21 Purworejo Purworejo 0.742 (High)
22 Rembang Rembang 0.718 (High)
23 Semarang Ungaran 0.751 (High)
24 Sragen Sragen 0.751 (High)
25 Sukoharjo Sukoharjo 0.786 (High)
26 Tegal Slawi 0.702 (High)
27 Temanggung Temanggung 0.713 (High)
28 Wonogiri Wonogiri 0.719 (High)
29 Wonosobo Wonosobo 0.693 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Magelang 0.811 (Very High)
2 Pekalongan 0.767 (High)
3 Salatiga 0.849 (Very High)
4 Semarang 0.844 (Very High)
5 Surakarta 0.835 (Very High)
6 Tegal 0.770 (High)

East Java

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Regencies and cities in East Java
No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bangkalan Bangkalan 0.657 (Medium)
2 Banyuwangi Banyuwangi 0.726 (High)
3 Blitar Kanigoro 0.724 (High)
4 Bojonegoro Bojonegoro 0.708 (High)
5 Bondowoso Bondowoso 0.679 (Medium)
6 Gresik Gresik 0.779 (High)
7 Jember Jember 0.686 (Medium)
8 Jombang Jombang 0.746 (High)
9 Kediri Ngasem 0.739 (High)
10 Lamongan Lamongan 0.745 (High)
11 Lumajang Lumajang 0.678 (Medium)
12 Madiun Caruban 0.729 (High)
13 Magetan Magetan 0.754 (High)
14 Malang Kepanjen 0.721 (High)
15 Mojokerto Mojosari 0.755 (High)
16 Nganjuk Nganjuk 0.737 (High)
17 Ngawi Ngawi 0.724 (High)
18 Pacitan Pacitan 0.701 (High)
19 Pamekasan Pamekasan 0.679 (Medium)
20 Pasuruan Bangil 0.702 (High)
21 Ponorogo Ponorogo 0.725 (High)
22 Probolinggo Kraksaan 0.677 (Medium)
23 Sampang Sampang 0.641 (Medium)
24 Sidoarjo Sidoarjo 0.815 (Very High)
25 Situbondo Situbondo 0.691 (Medium)
26 Sumenep Sumenep 0.686 (Medium)
27 Trenggalek Trenggalek 0.717 (High)
28 Tuban Tuban 0.703 (High)
29 Tulungagung Tulungagung 0.746 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Batu 0.781 (High)
2 Blitar 0.806 (Very High)
3 Kediri 0.804 (Very High)
4 Madiun 0.827 (Very High)
5 Malang 0.833 (Very High)
6 Mojokerto 0.800 (Very High)
7 Pasuruan 0.771 (High)
8 Probolinggo 0.754 (High)
9 Surabaya 0.834 (Very High)

Special Region of Yogyakarta

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bantul Bantul 0.813 (Very High)
2 Gunung Kidul Wonosari 0.712 (High)
3 Kulon Progo Wates 0.757 (High)
4 Sleman Sleman 0.847 (Very High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Yogyakarta 0.882 (Very High)

Lesser Sunda Islands

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Bali

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Badung Mangupura 0.830 (Very High)
2 Bangli Bangli 0.707 (High)
3 Buleleng Singaraja 0.739 (High)
4 Gianyar Gianyar 0.792 (High)
5 Jembrana Negara 0.740 (High)
6 Karangasem Amlapura 0.689 (Medium)
7 Klungkung Semarapura 0.731 (High)
8 Tabanan Tabanan 0.774 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Denpasar 0.847 (Very High)

West Nusa Tenggara

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bima Woha 0.682 (Medium)
2 Central Lombok Praya 0.684 (Medium)
3 Dompu Dompu 0.699 (Medium)
4 East Lombok Selong 0.684 (Medium)
5 North Lombok Tanjung 0.666 (Medium)
6 Sumbawa Sumbawa Besar 0.698 (Medium)
7 West Lombok Gerung 0.701 (High)
8 West Sumbawa Taliwang 0.731 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bima 0.773 (High)
2 Mataram 0.800 (Very High)

East Nusa Tenggara

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Alor Kalabahi 0.629 (Medium)
2 Belu Atambua 0.638 (Medium)
3 Central Sumba Waibakul 0.634 (Medium)
4 East Flores Larantuka 0.657 (Medium)
5 East Manggarai Borong 0.632 (Medium)
6 East Sumba Waingapu 0.670 (Medium)
7 Ende Ende 0.686 (Medium)
8 Kupang Oelamasi 0.658 (Medium)
9 Lembata Lewoleba 0.661 (Medium)
10 Malaka Betun 0.620 (Medium)
11 Manggarai Ruteng 0.664 (Medium)
12 Nagekeo Mbay 0.670 (Medium)
13 Ngada Bajawa 0.691 (Medium)
14 North Central Timor Kefamenanu 0.651 (Medium)
15 Rote Ndao Baa 0.640 (Medium)
16 Sabu Raijua West Savu 0.588 (Medium)
17 Sikka Maumere 0.668 (Medium)
18 South Central Timor Soe 0.635 (Medium)
19 Southwest Sumba Tambolaka 0.637 (Medium)
20 West Manggarai Labuan Bajo 0.658 (Medium)
21 West Sumba Waikabubak 0.652 (Medium)
No City HDI (2022)[5]
1 Kupang 0.806 (Very High)

Kalimantan

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West Kalimantan

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bengkayang Bengkayang 0.695 (Medium)
2 Kapuas Hulu Putussibau 0.676 (Medium)
3 North Kayong Sukadana 0.647 (Medium)
4 Ketapang Ketapang 0.686 (Medium)
5 Kubu Raya Sungai Raya 0.696 (Medium)
6 Landak Ngabang 0.681 (Medium)
7 Melawi Nanga Pinoh 0.677 (Medium)
8 Mempawah Mempawah 0.679 (Medium)
9 Sambas Sambas 0.686 (Medium)
10 Sanggau Sanggau 0.677 (Medium)
11 Sekadau Sekadau 0.663 (Medium)
12 Sintang Sintang 0.686 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Pontianak 0.810 (Very High)
2 Singkawang 0.733 (High)

South Kalimantan

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Balangan Paringin 0.704 (High)
2 Banjar Martapura 0.714 (High)
3 Barito Kuala Marabahan 0.681 (Medium)
4 Central Hulu Sungai Barabai 0.701 (High)
5 Kotabaru Kotabaru 0.701 (High)
6 North Hulu Sungai Amuntai 0.676 (Medium)
7 South Hulu Sungai Kandangan 0.705 (High)
8 Tabalong Tanjung 0.738 (High)
9 Tanah Laut Pelaihari 0.709 (High)
10 Tanah Bumbu Batulicin 0.723 (High)
11 Tapin Rantau 0.720 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Banjarbaru 0.801 (Very High)
2 Banjarmasin 0.785 (High)

Central Kalimantan

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 East Barito Tamiang Layang 0.727 (High)
2 East Kotawaringin Sampit 0.722 (High)
3 Gunung Mas Kuala Kurun 0.720 (High)
4 Kapuas Kuala Kapuas 0.707 (High)
5 Katingan Kasongan 0.702 (High)
6 Lamandau Nanga Bulik 0.718 (High)
7 Murung Raya Puruk Cahu 0.694 (Medium)
8 North Barito Muara Teweh 0.718 (High)
9 Pulang Pisau Pulang Pisau 0.696 (Medium)
10 Sukamara Sukamara 0.694 (Medium)
11 Seruyan Kuala Pembuang 0.686 (Medium)
12 South Barito Buntok 0.716 (High)
13 West Kotawaringin Pangkalan Bun 0.740 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Palangka Raya 0.816 (Very High)

East Kalimantan

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Berau Tanjung Redeb 0.762 (High)
2 East Kutai Sangatta 0.749 (High)
3 Kutai Kartanegara Tenggarong 0.753 (High)
4 Mahakam Ulu Ujoh Bilang 0.695 (Medium)
5 Paser Tana Paser 0.741 (High)
6 Penajam North Paser Penajam 0.733 (High)
7 West Kutai Sendawar 0.737 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Balikpapan 0.816 (Very High)
2 Bontang 0.815 (Very High)
3 Samarinda 0.823 (Very High)

North Kalimantan

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bulungan Tanjung Selor 0.727 (High)
2 Malinau Malinau 0.731 (High)
3 Nunukan Nunukan 0.677 (Medium)
4 Tana Tidung Tideng Pale 0.692 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Tarakan 0.775 (High)

Sulawesi

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Gorontalo

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Boalemo Tilamuta 0.681 (Medium)
2 Bone Bolango Suwawa 0.715 (High)
3 Gorontalo Limboto 0.690 (Medium)
4 North Gorontalo Kwandang 0.666 (Medium)
5 Pohuwato Marisa 0.671 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Gorontalo 0.786 (High)

South Sulawesi

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bantaeng Bantaeng 0.705 (Medium)
2 Barru Barru 0.723 (High)
3 Bone Watampone 0.678 (Medium)
4 Bulukumba Bulukumba 0.712 (High)
5 East Luwu Malili 0.743 (High)
6 Enrekang Enrekang 0.738 (High)
7 Gowa Sungguminasa 0.715 (High)
8 Jeneponto Bontosunggu 0.659 (Medium)
9 Luwu Belopa 0.721 (High)
10 North Luwu Masamba 0.713 (High)
11 North Toraja Rantepao 0.712 (High)
12 Maros Maros 0.716 (High)
13 Pangkajene and Islands Pangkajane 0.705 (High)
14 Pinrang Pinrang 0.728 (High)
15 Selayar Islands Benteng 0.692 (Medium)
16 Sinjai Sinjai 0.689 (Medium)
17 Sidenreng Rappang Pangkajene Sidenreng 0.727 (High)
18 Soppeng Watansoppeng 0.705 (High)
19 Takalar Pattallassang 0.689 (Medium)
20 Tana Toraja Makale 0.707 (High)
21 Wajo Sengkang 0.711 (High)
No City
1 Makassar 0.835 (Very High)
2 Palopo 0.794 (High)
3 Parepare 0.790 (High)

West Sulawesi

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1. Central Mamuju Tobadak 0.674 (Medium)
2. Majene Majene 0.686 (Medium)
3. Mamasa Mamasa 0.678 (Medium)
4. Mamuju Mamuju 0.696 (Medium)
5. Pasangkayu Pasangkayu 0.691 (Medium)
6. Polewali Mandar Polewali 0.655 (Medium)

Southeast Sulawesi

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bombana Rumbia 0.674 (Medium)
2 Buton Pasarwajo 0.681 (Medium)
3 Central Buton Labungkari 0.658 (Medium)
4 East Kolaka Tirawuta 0.695 (Medium)
5 Kolaka Kolaka 0.747 (High)
6 Konawe Unaaha 0.727 (High)
7 Konawe Islands Langara 0.673 (Medium)
8 Muna Raha 0.701 (High)
9 North Buton Buranga 0.697 (Medium)
10 North Kolaka Lasusua 0.710 (High)
11 North Konawe Asera 0.717 (High)
12 South Buton Batauga 0.661 (Medium)
13 South Konawe Andoolo 0.703 (High)
14 Wakatobi Wangiwangi 0.714 (High)
15 West Muna Laworo 0.671 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Baubau 0.775 (High)
2 Kendari 0.848 (Very High)

Central Sulawesi

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Banggai Luwuk 0.717 (High)
2 Banggai Islands Salakan 0.668 (Medium)
3 Banggai Laut Banggai 0.669 (Medium)
4 Buol Buol 0.695 (Medium)
5 Donggala Banawa 0.669 (Medium)
6 Morowali Bungku 0.730 (High)
7 North Morowali Kolonodale 0.697 (Medium)
8 Parigi Moutong Parigi 0.671 (Medium)
9 Poso Poso 0.724 (High)
10 Sigi Sigi Biromaru 0.699 (Medium)
11 Tojo Una-Una Ampana 0.663 (Medium)
12 Tolitoli Tolitoli 0.676 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Palu 0.825 (Very High)

North Sulawesi

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bolaang Mongondow Lolak 0.696 (Medium)
2 East Bolaang Mongondow Tutuyan 0.679 (Medium)
3 Minahasa Tondano 0.769 (High)
4 North Bolaang Mongondow Boroko 0.686 (Medium)
5 North Minahasa Airmadidi 0.753 (High)
6 Sangihe Islands Tahuna 0.722 (High)
7 Sitaro Islands Ondong 0.695 (Medium)
8 South Bolaang Mongondow Molibagu 0.664 (Medium)
9 South Minahasa Amurang 0.736 (High)
10 Southeast Minahasa Ratahan 0.719 (High)
11 Talaud Islands Melonguane 0.711 (High)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Bitung 0.751 (High)
2 Kotamobagu 0.744 (High)
3 Manado 0.801 (Very High)
4 Tomohon 0.781 (High)

Maluku Islands

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Maluku

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Aru Islands Dobo 0.650 (Medium)
2 Buru Namlea 0.705 (High)
3 Central Maluku Masohi 0.724 (High)
4 East Seram Bula 0.658 (Medium)
5 South Buru Namrole 0.662 (Medium)
6 Southeast Maluku Langgur 0.675 (Medium)
7 Southwest Maluku Tiakur 0.639 (Medium)
8 Tanimbar Islands Saumlaki 0.641 (Medium)
9 West Seram Piru 0.675 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Ambon 0.820 (Very High)
2 Tual 0.694 (Medium)

North Maluku

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Central Halmahera Weda 0.674 (Medium)
2 East Halmahera Maba 0.688 (Medium)
3 Morotai Island Daruba 0.647 (Medium)
4 North Halmahera Tobelo 0.690 (Medium)
5 South Halmahera Labuha 0.658 (Medium)
6 Sula Islands Sanana 0.652 (Medium)
7 Taliabu Island Bobong 0.623 (Medium)
8 West Halmahera Jailolo 0.669 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Ternate 0.813 (Very High)
2 Tidore 0.724 (High)

Western New Guinea

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West Papua

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Fakfak Fakfak 0.697 (Medium)
2 Kaimana Kaimana 0.667 (Medium)
3 Manokwari Manokwari 0.732 (High)
4 Arfak Mountains Anggi 0.578 (Medium)
5 South Manokwari Ransiki 0.615 (Medium)
6 Teluk Bintuni Bintuni 0.660 (Medium)
7 Teluk Wondama Rasiei 0.616 (Medium)

Papua

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Biak Numfor Biak 0.734 (High)
2 Jayapura Sentani 0.735 (High)
3 Keerom Waris 0.680 (Medium)
4 Mamberamo Raya Burmeso 0.540 (Low)
5 Sarmi Sarmi 0.658 (Medium)
6 Supiori Sorendiweri 0.646 (Medium)
7 Waropen Botawa 0.664 (Medium)
8 Yapen Islands Serui 0.691 (Medium)
No City HDI (2022)[5]
1 Jayapura 0.811 (Very High)

Highland Papua

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Central Mamberamo Kobakma 0.502 (Low)
2 Jayawijaya Wamena 0.605 (Medium)
3 Lanny Jaya Tiom 0.505 (Low)
4 Nduga Kenyam 0.351 (Low)
5 Pegunungan Bintang Oksibil 0.481 (Low)
6 Tolikara Karubaga 0.514 (Low)
7 Yahukimo Dekai 0.511 (Low)
8 Yalimo Elelim 0.508 (Low)

Central Papua

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Deiyai Waghete 0.511 (Low)
2 Dogiyai Kigamani 0.567 (Medium)
3 Intan Jaya Sugapa 0.501 (Low)
4 Mimika Timika 0.759 (High)
5 Nabire Nabire 0.708 (High)
6 Paniai Enarotali 0.579 (Medium)
7 Puncak Ilaga 0.445 (Low)
8 Puncak Jaya Mulia 0.508 (Low)

South Papua

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Asmat Agats 0.531 (Low)
2 Boven Digoel Tanah Merah 0.634 (Medium)
3 Mappi Kepi 0.605 (Medium)
4 Merauke Merauke 0.721 (High)

Southwest Papua

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No Regency Capital HDI (2023)[5]
1 Maybrat Kumurkek 0.612 (Medium)
2 Raja Ampat Waisai 0.652 (Medium)
3 Sorong Aimas 0.674 (Medium)
4 South Sorong Teminabuan 0.639 (Medium)
5 Tambrauw Fef 0.555 (Medium)
No City HDI (2023)[5]
1 Sorong 0.796 (High)

Superlatives

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Superlatives of cities can be found at Indonesian Wikipedia articles Daftar kota di Indonesia menurut jumlah penduduk and Daftar kota di Indonesia menurut luas wilayah. Although the least populated regency in Indonesia according to various sources is said to be Tana Tidung Regency in North Kalimantan,[6] Supiori Regency in Papua is included here instead because it has a smaller population of about 23 thousand people compared to 28 thousand people of Tana Tidung Regency.

Regencies Province Cities Province
Largest by area Merauke Regency[citation needed] South Papua Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan
Smallest by area Administrative Regency of Thousand Islands[citation needed] Jakarta Sibolga[7] North Sumatra
Largest by population Bogor Regency[8] West Java East Jakarta Jakarta
Smallest by population Supiori Regency[9] Papua Sabang Aceh

Subdivision splits

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Following the Regional Autonomy Act (Indonesian: Undang-Undang Otonomi Daerah) of 1999, many regencies have been split to create additional regencies and cities, the number of such divisions were thus increased to 514. However, these territorial splits can sometimes lead into corruption cases.[10] As of early 2024, further proposals for territorial splits are still under a moratorium.[11]

The latest new regencies split from existing regencies were South Buton Regency, Central Buton Regency and West Muna Regency in July 2014, while the latest cities were South Tangerang and Gunungsitoli in October 2008. There are no cities which have been split into other subdivisions, although the administrative regency of Thousand Islands was split from North Jakarta administrative city in 2001. Despite the name of South Tangerang being similar to that of Tangerang city, South Tangerang was actually split from Tangerang Regency.

In two special cases, all subdivisions of North Maluku and Riau Islands were made from parts of the defunct North Maluku Regency and Riau Islands Regency, respectively. All subdivisions of North Kalimantan are also made from lands of Bulungan Regency, but its area was split to several regencies before the province was established. Central Java (since 1965) and the Special Region of Yogyakarta (apart from the separation of the Thousand Islands Administrative Regency from North Jakarta City) are the only province-level areas which have not had any subdivision splits. Listed below are the subdivision splits from 1999 to the most recent ones in 2014; for pre-1999 splits see also main article in Indonesian Wikipedia.

2014

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Southeast Sulawesi

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2013

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South Sumatra

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Central Sulawesi

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Southeast Sulawesi

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2012

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South Sumatra

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East Nusa Tenggara

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East Kalimantan

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Central Sulawesi

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West Sulawesi

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Southeast Sulawesi

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North Maluku

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Lampung

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West Java

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West Papua

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2008

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North Sumatra

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Jambi

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Riau

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Bengkulu

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Lampung

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Riau Islands

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Banten

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West Nusa Tenggara

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East Nusa Tenggara

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North Sulawesi

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Central Sulawesi

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South Sulawesi

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Maluku

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North Maluku

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West Papua

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Papua

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2007

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Aceh

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North Sumatra

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South Sumatra

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Lampung

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Banten

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West Java

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East Nusa Tenggara

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West Kalimantan

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North Kalimantan

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North Sulawesi

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Gorontalo

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Southeast Sulawesi

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Maluku

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Papua

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2003

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Aceh

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North Sumatra

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West Sumatra

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Riau Islands

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Bengkulu

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South Sumatra

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Bangka Belitung Islands

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West Nusa Tenggara

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East Nusa Tenggara

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West Kalimantan

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South Kalimantan

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North Sulawesi

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Gorontalo

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Central Sulawesi

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West Sulawesi

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South Sulawesi

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Southeast Sulawesi

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Maluku

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North Maluku

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Papua

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2002

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Aceh

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West Sumatra

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South Sumatra

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West Java

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West Nusa Tenggara

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Central Kalimantan

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East Kalimantan

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North Sulawesi

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Central Sulawesi

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West Sulawesi

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South Sulawesi

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West Papua

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(including current Southwest Papua province)

Papua

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(including current Highland Papua and South Papua provinces)

2001

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Aceh

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North Sumatra

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Riau Islands

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South Sumatra

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DKI Jakarta

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West Java

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East Java

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West Kalimantan

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Southeast Sulawesi

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1999

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Aceh

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West Sumatra

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Riau

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(including the current Riau Islands Province, separated in 2002)

Jambi

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Lampung

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West Java

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(including current Banten Province, created 2000)

East Nusa Tenggara

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West Kalimantan

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South Kalimantan

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East Kalimantan

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(including current North Kalimantan Regency)

Gorontalo

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Central Sulawesi

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South Sulawesi

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Maluku

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North Maluku

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West Papua

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(in current Southwest Papua province)

Papua

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(all in current Central Papua province)

Former regencies

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Regencies of East Timor Province c. 1990s
 
Emblem of Kutai Regency, until the regency was renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency in 2002.

These regencies are defunct by splitting its lands together, or renamed.[citation needed] This list does not include colonial-era regencies, or former regencies of the former province of East Timor.

Former regency's name Fate
Toba Samosir Regency (−2020) Renamed to Toba Regency
Western Southeast Maluku Regency (1999–2019) Renamed to Tanimbar Islands Regency
North Mamuju Regency (2003–2018) Renamed to Pasangkayu Regency
Pontianak Regency (−2014) Renamed to Mempawah Regency
Riau Islands Regency (−2006) Split into 3 in 1999 and one each in 2001 and 2003, later changed name to Bintan Regency
North Maluku Regency (−2003) Split into 4 regencies and cities
Kutai Regency (−2002) Split into 4 regencies and cities in 1999, later renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency
Sarolangun Bangko Regency (−1999) Split into Sarolangun Regency and Merangin Regency
Bungo Tebo Regency (−1999) Split into Bungo Regency and Tebo Regency
Tanjung Jabung Regency (−1999) Split into West Tanjung Jabung Regency and East Tanjung Jabung Regency
Buol Toli-Toli Regency (−1999) Split into Buol Regency and Toli-Toli Regency
Adikarto Regency (−1951) Merged into Kulon Progo Regency
Hulu Sungai Regency (−1959) Split into South Hulu Sungai Regency, Central Hulu Sungai Regency and North Hulu Sungai Regency
Barito Regency (−1959) Split into North Barito Regency and South Barito Regency
Kotawaringin Regency (−1959) Split into West Kotawaringin Regency and East Kotawaringin Regency

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Turner, Mark; Owen Podger; Maria S. Sumardjono; Wayan K. Tirthayasa (2003). Decentralisation in Indonesia: redesigning the state. Australian National University. Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government. ISBN 0-7315-3697-5.
  2. ^ Indonesia – The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2013
  3. ^ Kode Pos Indonesia
  4. ^ "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br Setiawan, I Nyoman; Kristiani, Synthia Natalia; Nurarifin; Delyana, Syukriyah; Setyawati, Nia; Arsyi, Farhan Anshari (16 May 2023). Winardi, Wisnu; Karyono, Yoyo; Mutijo; Santoso, Dimas Hari (eds.). Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2022. Statistics Indonesia. ISSN 2086-2369. Retrieved 18 January 2024.
  6. ^ "Penduduk Kabupaten Bogor Terbanyak, Tana Tidung Tersedikit". CNN Indonesia. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  7. ^ Meidinata, Nugroho (9 February 2021). "15 Kota Terkecil di Indonesia, Solo Masuk Urutan Berapa?". Solopos. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Kabupaten Bogor Berpenduduk Terbanyak Se-Indonesia". opendata.jabarprov.go.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  9. ^ "Rilis Data Kemendagri: Jumlah Penduduk Jabar Terbanyak, Kaltara Tersedikit". dukcapil.kemendagri.go.id (in Indonesian). 24 February 2022. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  10. ^ Amrullah, Amri (26 July 2016). "Daerah Pemekaran Sering Jadi Ladang Korupsi". Republika. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  11. ^ Ninditya, Fransiska (7 December 2020). "Moratorium pemekaran daerah di tengah pandemi" [A moratorium on regional expansion amidst the pandemic]. Antaranews. Retrieved 11 February 2021.