Magelang Regency

Magelang (Javanese: ꦩꦒꦼꦭꦁ) is a regency in Central Java, Indonesia, famous for its 9th century Buddhist temple of Borobudur. Its capital is Mungkid. It covers an area of 1,085.73 km2 and had a population of 1,181,723 at the 2010 Census[3] and 1,299,859 at the 2020 Census.[2] These figures exclude the autonomous city of Magelang, which is separately administered but is geographically enclaved within the regency, which borders Temanggung Regency to the north, Semarang Regency to the northeast, Boyolali Regency to the east, the Special Region of Yogyakarta to the south and southeast, Purworejo Regency to the southwest, and Wonosobo Regency to the west. Its motto is Magelang Gemilang (Shining Magelang).

Magelang Regency
Kabupaten Magelang
Borobudur temple
Coat of arms of Magelang Regency
Nickname: 
De Tuin van Java
Motto(s): 
Magelang Gemilang, acronym of Gemah Ripah Iman Cemerlang
(Serene, Prosperous, Faithful, Shining)
Locator kabupaten magelang.png
Country Indonesia
Province Central Java
CapitalMungkid
Area
 • Total1,085.73 km2 (419.20 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total1,299,859
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7
Websitemagelangkab.go.id

HistoryEdit

The history of this regency is tied with the history of the city of Magelang. In 1812, Lieutenant-Governor Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles appointed Ngabel Danuningrat as the first regent of Magelang. This was a consequence of a treaty between England and Yogyakarta Sultanate on 1 August 1812 that hands over control of the Kedu region to England. As directed by his teacher, he chose an area between the Mantiasih and Gelangan village as the capital.[4]

In 1930, a new regent was appointed, named Ngabei Danukusumo, replacing the Danuningrat dynasty who held the regent position before, and Magelang became a gemeente, together with the city of Semarang, Salatiga, and Pekalongan. The mayor position was only appointed in 1924. But, the city of Magelang was still the office of the regent. As a result, there are several regional leaders in the city of Magelang.[4]

In 1948, the position of the regency was strengthened through UU No. 2 1948, with Magelang City being the capital. In 1950, based on UU No. 13 1950, the city was declared independent of the regency and given the right to manage its own matters, so there was a need to move the capital. There were two contenders for the capital city of Magelang Regency, namely Grabag and Muntilan, but they were rejected. On 22 March 1984, the southern Mertoyudan district and the northern Mungkid district were officially chosen as the capital by the governor of Central Java, under the name of Mungkid City.[4]

 
Borobudur temple in Magelang around 1866.
 
An 1895 hand-tinted lantern slide of a guardian statue at Borobudur (Photograph by William Henry Jackson). This dvarapala statue once found on Dagi Hill.

GeographyEdit

Magelang Regency is located at a plateau, which is shaped like a basin, surrounded by mountains, such as Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi. Many water sources originate from the mountains. Progo River and Elo River passes through the regency. Most of the area in the regency is either hilly or steep, with little flat area.[5]

GeologyEdit

The southwestern part of the regency (Salaman and southern Borobudur district) has breccia, andesite, dacites, tuffs, and agglomerate stones, which are part of the Old Andesite Formation. Rocks from volcanoes around the regency form the Magelang plain as fertile alluvial sediment soil. In the middle of the regency, the ground is made of sediment/alluvial soil, which is weathered from rocks. Meanwhile, the ground in the slopes and foothills of the mountains are from volcanic sediments.[5]

ClimateEdit

Magelang Regency has an average temperature of 25.62 °C (78.12 °F), with humidity at 82%, and an average of 2,589 mm (101.9 in) rainfall per year. Magelang Regency also has an average of 121 rainy days/year and an average wind speed of 1.8 knots (3.3 km/h; 2.1 mph).[5]

Administrative districtsEdit

Magelang Regency is divided into twenty-one districts (kecamatan), subdivided into 367 rural villages (desa), and five urban villages (kelurahan).[6] The districts are tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[3] and the 2020 Census.[2]

Magelang's districts (Kecamatan)
Districts Area (km)[1] Population
Census 2010[3]
Population
Census 2020[2]
Population
density
per km2 (2020)[2]
Salaman 68.87 65,871 73,971 1,074
Borobudur 54.55 55,563 62,209 1,140
Ngluwar 22.44 29,866 32,397 1,444
Salam 31.63 44,488 48,083 1,520
Srumbung 53.18 44,827 48,083 904
Dukun 53.40 42,931 46,574 872
Muntilan 28.61 74,843 79,944 2,794
Mungkid
(administrative capital)
37.40 68,682 74,727 1,998
Sawangan 72.37 53,624 57,409 793
Candimulyo 46.95 45,367 49,793 1,061
Mertoyudan 45.35 104,934 115,834 2,554
Tempuran 49.04 46,434 52,019 1,061
Kajoran 83.41 51,508 59,375 712
Kaliangkrik 57.34 52,310 59,447 1,037
Bandongan 45.79 54,533 61,113 1,335
Windusari 61.65 46,305 51,636 838
Secang 47.34 74,713 82,498 1,743
Tegalrejo 35.89 53,195 55,038 1,534
Pakis 69.56 52,255 54,666 786
Grabag 77.16 81,533 92,699 1,201
Ngablak 43.80 37,941 41,720 953
Totals 1,085.73 1,181,723 1,299,859 1,197

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1961719,703—    
1971830,199+15.4%
1980932,748+12.4%
19901,015,809+8.9%
20001,111,876+9.5%
20051,137,938+2.3%
20101,181,723+3.8%
20151,244,558+5.3%
20201,299,859+4.4%
Source: [7][8][9][10][11][12][2]

Magelang Regency had a population of 1,299,859 at the 2020 Census,[2] which is an increase of 55,301 since the 2015 census.[12] The gender ratio in 2020 was 101.57 (males per 100 females).[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "Sejarah Kabupaten Magelang | Asal Nama Magelang - Bupati Magelang". Visit Magelang | Review Tempat Wisata, Kuliner & Akomodasi (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "geografis" (PDF). Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 137 Tahun 2017 tentang Kode dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan". Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia. Archived from the original on 29 December 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  7. ^ "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  9. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  10. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  11. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Indonesia: Central Java Province (Regencies and Cities) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 11 November 2020.

Coordinates: 7°25′39″S 110°09′43″E / 7.4275°S 110.1619°E / -7.4275; 110.1619