Mojokerto (Javanese: ꦩꦗꦏꦼꦂꦠ (Majakerta)) is a city in East Java Province, Indonesia.[3] It is located 40 km southwest of Surabaya, and constitutes one of the component units of the Surabaya metropolitan area (known as Gerbangkertosusila) which comprises Gresik Regency, Bangkalan Regency, Mojokerto Regency, Mojokerto City, Surabaya City, Sidoarjo Regency, and Lamongan Regency. The city had a population of 120,196 at the 2010 census and 132,434 at the 2020 Census.[4]

Mojokerto
ꦩꦗꦏꦼꦂꦠ
City of Mojokerto
Kota Mojokerto
Mojokerto at night
Mojokerto at night
Flag of Mojokerto
Coat of arms of Mojokerto
Location within East Java
Location within East Java
Mojokerto is located in Java
Mojokerto
Mojokerto
Location in Java and Indonesia
Mojokerto is located in Indonesia
Mojokerto
Mojokerto
Mojokerto (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°28′20″S 112°26′1″E / 7.47222°S 112.43361°E / -7.47222; 112.43361Coordinates: 7°28′20″S 112°26′1″E / 7.47222°S 112.43361°E / -7.47222; 112.43361
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Founded1293
Gementee1918
Kota1950
Founded byRaden Wijaya
Government
 • MayorIka Puspitasari[1]
 • Vice MayorAchmad Rizal
Area
 • Total20.21 km2 (7.80 sq mi)
 • Rank73
Population
 (2020 Census)[2]
 • Total132,434
 • Rank20
 • Density6,600/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 321
Websitemojokertokota.go.id
G.H.R. von Koenigswald (1902–1982), whose team discovered the Mojokerto child

Administrative districtsEdit

 
1946 Mojokerto City Map

The city of Mojokerto is administratively divided into three districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with areas and their population at the 2010 and 2020 Censuses.[5]

Name Area
in km2
Population
Census 2010
Population
Census 2020
Prajurit Kulon 7.41 53,183 40,693
Magersari 8.08 67,013 56,588
Kranggan 4.72 (a) 35,153
Totals 20.21 120,196 132,434

Note: (a) Kranggan District created since 2010 from parts of the other two districts; its population in 2010 is included with that of the districts from which it was formed.

They districts are divided into 12 urban "villages", listed below with their 2010 populations:

  • Kecamatan Prajurit Kulon
    • Surodinawan (6,952)
    • Prajurit Kulon (6,432)
    • Blooto (5,358)
    • Mentikan (5,977)
    • Kauman (2,820)
    • Pulorejo (6,557)
  • Kecamatan Magersari
    • Gunung Gedangan (6,263)
    • Kedundung (13,381)
    • Purwotengah (1,913)
    • Gedongan (2,023)
    • Magersari (5,085)
    • Wates (18,296)
  • Kecamatan Kranggan
    • Jagalan (2,926)
    • Sentanan (2,072)
    • Kranggan (11,370)
    • Miji (7,717)
    • Meri (7,825)
    • Balongsari (7,229)

EconomyEdit

Mojokerto occupies a strategic position and role in East Java. It functions as a reliable sustaining stock of foodstuff and tourist attraction. PPLH (Pusat Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup – Seloliman Environmental Education Centre) is located in Mojokerto, it is a non-governmental organization aiming to further raise environmental awareness. Historically, Mojokerto is widely known as the then center of Wetan Mas Kingdom of King Airlangga (1029/1041), and of Majapahit Kingdom with its Brawijaya dynasty (1292–1400) and its territories exceeding Nusantara (standardized concept of Indonesian archipelagic territories).

Mojokerto has a motto of "Kota Budi Parinda"

EtymologyEdit

The name "Mojokerto" is a local Javanese pronunciation of the Javanese words "Maja" and "Karta". The word Maja is the same as that of Majapahit, and originates from the word 'bael fruit' that was found at the location of the new capital of Majapahit Empire. Karta and Kerta mean 'Fortress', therefore Mojokerto means 'Fortress of Majapahit'.

The Seven Age Anniversary Plan of Majapahit GloryEdit

Since four years ago, there have been several cultural fairs in East Java, lasting for a week. Some 37 districts participated. These activities have been held in alternate towns and cities such as Surabaya, Malang, Jember, Madiun. The activities were aimed at utilizing East Java’s specific potentials either in the form of traditional arts or special foods in the framework of marketing tourist attractions of East Java. This year coinciding with the year of the Green Environment, of Tourist Visit, and of Seven-Age commemoration stipulated Mojokerto as the site for holding cultural fair. For this purpose local and provincial committee are and have been taking the following measures:

  • To hold a symposium on the verge of seven-age anniversary of Majapahit and to carry any book-writing concerning Majapahit
  • To designate the year of Green Environment by planting rare plants in the area Majapahit remains; thirty seven Kabupaten in East Java Province will participate on this occasion.
  • To innovate Majapahit’s artifacts (archaeological remains)
  • To establish facilities at tourist attractions

Various activities being arranged are as follows:

  • East Java’s cultural and tourist fair reflecting the glory of Majapahit
  • Archaeological Exhibition
  • Seminars of archaeologists and historians
  • Cultural arts and festivals
  • Introduction to tourist attractions

The above-mentioned events took place from July 5, 1993 to July 15, 1993. Some foreign tourists came from China, Finland, Denmark, Malaysia and the Middle East.

ClimateEdit

Mojokerto has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) with moderate to little rainfall from May to November and heavy to very heavy rainfall from December to April.

Climate data for Mojokerto
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.1
(88.0)
31.8
(89.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.8
(91.0)
32.3
(90.1)
31.1
(88.0)
31.4
(88.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.1
(79.0)
25.7
(78.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.4
(81.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.1
(70.0)
20.4
(68.7)
20.6
(69.1)
21.2
(70.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
21.9
(71.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 327
(12.9)
339
(13.3)
314
(12.4)
164
(6.5)
108
(4.3)
39
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
11
(0.4)
5
(0.2)
47
(1.9)
125
(4.9)
273
(10.7)
1,783
(70.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

External linksEdit

(in Indonesian) Government Website, District
(in Indonesian) Government Website, City

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wali Kota Mojokerto Ika Puspitasari Diperiksa KPK, Ada Apa?". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). 23 January 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ Stephen Backshall (2003). Indonesia. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-991-2.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statiustik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. ^ "Climate: Mojokerto". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 15 November 2020.