Agam Regency

Agam Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Agam) is a regency of West Sumatra, Indonesia. It has an area of 2,232.30 km²[1] and a population of 454,853 at the 2010 Census and 476,536 at the 2015 Census; by mid 2019 this had risen to 493,665.[2] The regency seat is Lubuk Basung. Bukittinggi city is surrounded by this regency but is not administratively included in it.

Agam Regency

Kabupaten Agam
Official seal of Agam Regency
Tali Tigo Sapilin
Location within West Sumatra
Location within West Sumatra
Agam Regency is located in Sumatra
Agam Regency
Agam Regency
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Agam Regency is located in Indonesia
Agam Regency
Agam Regency
Agam Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 0°16′00″S 100°00′00″E / 0.266667°S 100°E / -0.266667; 100
ProvinceWest Sumatra
Regency seatLubuk Basung
 • RegentIndra Catri
 • Vice RegentTrianda Farhan Satria
 • Total2,232.30 km2 (861.90 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,891 m (9,485 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (mid 2019)
 • Total493,665
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 752

Lake Maninjau, a crater lake, is a well-known landmark of the regency, and is used as a site for paragliding. This lake is also primary tourist destination in West Sumatra.


Bridegroom from Soengai Poear (Sungai Puar Agam in a photo by Christiaan Benjamin Nieuwenhuis

This regency was founded to include a collection of several villages that existed in the region LUHAK Agam, during the reign of the Dutch East Indies. Bukittinggi was named as the regency capital at that time. After Bukittinggi was created as an independent city outside of the regency, based on Government Regulation No. 8 of 1998, on 7 January 1998, the Agam Regency's capital was officially moved to Lubuk Basung.


Astronomically this regency located between 00°01’ 34” – 00°28’ 43” S dan 99°46’ 39” – 100°32’ 50” E.[1] Located in the mountainous region which is formed from 2 lanes Basin, Batang Agam in the north and Batang Sri Antokan in the south.

West area is flat to gently sloping (0-8%), reaching 71,956 ha, while the central and eastern regions which are wavy and hilly to very steep slopes (> 45%) with a total area of 129,352 ha.[1] Regions with a very steep slope (> 45%) are at the Bukit Barisan range with the summit of Mount Merapi with a height of 2,891 meters, and Mount Singgalang with a height of 2,877 meters, in the south and southeast of Agam.

Also, in this region there is Lake Maninjau, a crater lake which has an area of 9,950 ha.

There is Sianok Canyon, a steep valley (ravine) located in the border of Bukittinggi and IV Koto subdistrict. The valley is long and winding as the southern border town of Koto Gadang canyon to the village Sianok Anam Tribe, and ended in the subdistrict Palupuh. The scenery of Sianok canyon also became one of the mainstays of the provincial tourist attraction.[citation needed]

They share land border with Pasaman and West Pasaman to the north, Padang Pariaman and Tanah Datar to the south, Lima Puluh Kota to the east. While they have sea border with Indian Ocean to the west.[1]


Temperature consists of two kinds, low-lying areas with a minimum temperature of 25 °C and 33 °C maximum (in Lubuk Basung), whereas in the high areas of minimum 20 °C and maximum 29 °C (in Tilatang Kamang). Average humidity is 88%, wind speed between 4–20 km/hour and the average sun shines 58%.[1]


Agam is divided into sixteen districts (kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census:

  • IV Nagari (22,543)
  • Banuhampu (36,113)
  • Baso (33,010)
  • Canduang (21,966)
  • IV Angkek (43,110)
  • IV Koto (23,087)
  • Kamang Magek (20,055)
  • Lubuk Basung (68,045)
  • Malalak (9,265)
  • Matur (17,058)
  • Palembayan (29,227)
  • Palupuh (13,095)
  • Sungai Pua (23,006)
  • Tanjung Mutiara (28,239)
  • Tanjung Raya (32,879)
  • Tilatang Kamang (34,151)

Each district is sub-divided into several administrative villages. There are 82 villages (nagari in Minangkabau term).


The Agam Regency is populated mainly by the Minangkabau people, while other ethnic groups include Javanese and Batak.


Economic growth is dominated by agricultural sector, accounted for 40.40% of GDP, followed by trade, hotels and restaurants by 15.30%, service sector 13.25%, and manufacturing industry 11.71%.[3] Income per capita in 2008 is about Rp 12,000,000 or 1,333 USD.[4]


The development of tourism in Agam regency are generally divided into three regions:[5]

1. West Region, focus on sea and coastal tourism, such as: fishery, recreational beaches and islands, diving/snorkeling, marine resources and marine culture, culinary tourism

2. Central Region, Lake Maninjau is dominant tourist destination in this region. Attraction is paragliding, off road, racing river craft and others. There is nature tourism, in lake and mountain. Also cultural and history tourism such as Buya Hamka birth house.

3. Eastern region, focus on agrotourism such as fruits and cocoa plantation.


External linksEdit

Coordinates: 0°16′00″S 100°00′00″E / 0.266667°S 100°E / -0.266667; 100