Sorong is the largest city of the Indonesian province of West Papua. The city is located on the western tip of the island of New Guinea with its only land borders being with Sorong Regency. It is the gateway to Indonesia's Raja Ampat Islands, species rich coral reef islands in an area considered the heart of the world's coral reef biodiversity.[1] It also is the logistics hub for Indonesia's thriving eastern oil and gas frontier. Sorong has experienced exponential growth since 2010, and further growth is anticipated as Sorong becomes linked by road to other frontier towns in Papua's Bird's Head Peninsula. The city had a population of 190,625 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 254,294.[2] It is served by Domine Eduard Osok Airport.[3]

Sorong
City of Sorong
Kota Sorong
Sorong.jpg
Official seal of Sorong
Seal
Motto(s): 
Setara – Bersahabat – Dinamis
(Equal — Friendly — Dynamic)
Sorong is located in Bird's Head Peninsula
Sorong
Sorong
Sorong is located in Western New Guinea
Sorong
Sorong
Sorong (Western New Guinea)
Sorong is located in Indonesia
Sorong
Sorong
Sorong (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 0°52′S 131°15′E / 0.867°S 131.250°E / -0.867; 131.250
Country Indonesia
Province West Papua
Government
 • MayorLambert Jitmau
 • Vice MayorPahimah Iskandar
Area
 • City1,105.0 km2 (426.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • City254,294
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
 • Metro
345,342
Time zoneUTC+9 (Indonesia Eastern Time)
Postcodes
98414
Area code(+62) 951
Websitesorongkota.go.id

EtymologyEdit

The origin of Sorong's name comes from the word Soren, which means "deep and wavy ocean" in the Biak language. The name was first used by the Biak-Numfor people who sailed to different islands before they finally decided to settle down in Raja Ampat Islands. When the Biak-Numfor people came to the place called "Daratan Maladum", they decided to call it Soren. After centuries of contact with Chinese merchants, European missionaries, and people from Maluku and Sangihe-Talaud, the name underwent further change into Sorong.[4]

Administrative DistrictsEdit

At the 2010 Census, the city comprised six districts (distrik), but the number has subsequently been increased to ten by the splitting of existing districts. These are tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census,[5] together with the latest estimates for mid-2019.[6] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (desa and kelurahan, 41 in total) in each district and its post code.

Distrik Area
in km2
(2019)
Population
2010
Census
Population
mid 2019
Estimate
Number
of
villages
Post
code
Sorong Barat
(West Sorong)
127.74 35,306 33,950 4 98412
Sorong Kepulauan (a)
(Sorong Islands)
200.11 9,711 11,887 4 98413
Sorong Timur
(East Sorong)
69.39 26,804 26,663 4 98418
Sorong Utara
(North Sorong)
127.21 45,001 30,685 4 98410
Sorong (distrik) 48.81 31,264 21,246 4 98416
Sorong Manoi 135.97 42,539 56,375 5 98415
Maladu Mes 126.40 (b) 8,424 4 98411
Klaurung 88.83 (b) 9,724 4 98417
Malaimsimsa 102.50 (b) 33,002 4 98419
Sorong Kota
(Sorong town)
78.04 (b) 22,338 4 98414
Totals 1,105.00 190,625 254,294 41

Note: (a) Sorong Kepulauan district includes 25 offshore islands within the city limits, including Doom, Soop, Raam and Umbre Islands.
(b) the populations as at 2010 of the four new districts established after 2010 are included in the figures for the districts from which they were split off.

ClimateEdit

Sorong experiences the tropical rainforest climate (Af), as there is no real dry season throughout the year. The wettest month is June, with a total precipitation of 373 millimetres (14.7 in), while the driest month is February, with a total precipitation of 180 millimetres (7.1 in). The excessive precipitation is caused by the monsoon. The temperature variation remains constant throughout the year. The temperature difference between the hottest month and the coolest month is 1.2 °C (2.2 °F). The hottest month is November, with an average temperature of 27.8 °C (82.0 °F), while the coolest month is July, with an average temperature of 26.6 °C (79.9 °F).

Climate data for Sorong, West Papua
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86.0)
29.4
(84.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30.4
(86.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.5
(81.5)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.4
(75.9)
24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
24.0
(75.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 194
(7.6)
180
(7.1)
198
(7.8)
243
(9.6)
368
(14.5)
373
(14.7)
321
(12.6)
277
(10.9)
234
(9.2)
207
(8.1)
186
(7.3)
188
(7.4)
2,969
(116.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 81 81 82 82 85 84 85 86 85 82 82 83 83
Source 1: Climate-Data.org (average temps & precipitation)[7]
Source 2: Weatherbase (humidity)[8]

Container portEdit

A container port is to be built in Sorong with an annual container-handling capacity of 500,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) and cost Rp.800 billion (US$93.6 million). Construction began in early 2012 and was expected to be complete in mid-2013,[9] but was delayed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Raja Ampat, Indonesia".
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  3. ^ ".:: Directorate General Of Civil Aviation - Ministry Of Transportation Republic Of Indonesia ::". 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Etymology of Sorong".
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  7. ^ "Climate: Sorong". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  8. ^ "SORONG, INDONESIA". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  9. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Container port to be built in Sorong".

Coordinates: 0°52′S 131°15′E / 0.867°S 131.250°E / -0.867; 131.250