Cianjur, Cianjur Regency

Cianjur (Sundanese: ᮎᮤᮃᮔ᮪ᮏᮥᮁ) is a town and district in the West Java province of Indonesia, and is the capital of Cianjur Regency. The district of Cianjur is located along one of the main roads between Jakarta (120 km to the northwest) and Bandung (60 km to the east). The population was 165,062 according to the latest official estimate for mid 2018.[1] Because of its location, some of Cianjur's residents commute to work either in Bandung or in Jakarta.

Cianjur

ᮎᮤᮃᮔ᮪ᮏᮥᮁ
Main road in Cianjur
Main road in Cianjur
Coordinates: 6°49′12″S 107°8′27″E / 6.82000°S 107.14083°E / -6.82000; 107.14083Coordinates: 6°49′12″S 107°8′27″E / 6.82000°S 107.14083°E / -6.82000; 107.14083
Country Indonesia
ProvinceWest Java
RegencyCianjur Regency
Inception1677
Government
 • CamatYudi Suhartoyo
 • SecretaryKuntjara Sobandi Sachri
Area
 • Total24.51 km2 (9.46 sq mi)
Elevation392 m (1,286 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total165,062
 • Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWT)
WebsiteOfficial website
A logement (inn) in Cianjur in the early 1900s
Cianjur Regency in West Java between Sukabumi Regency and West Bandung Regency.

The road on which Cianjur is located used to be the main (extremely busy) road from Jakarta to Bandung but was in effect replaced as the main road link between these two main cities when the Jakarta-Bandung tollroad was fully completed in 2005. However, due to its low traffic, Cianjur return as one of alternative routes for travellers from Jakarta and Bandung.[2][3]

HistoryEdit

Cianjur was founded in 1677, with the first head of the town being R. A. Wiratanudatar I, entitled Dalem Cikundul, as the descendant from the old Sundanese kingdom of Pajajaran.[4]

More than 75 people were killed in the earthquake of 2 September 2009.[5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Cianjur district is divided into 11 administrative villages which are as follows:[1]

  • Babakankaret
  • Bojongherang
  • Limbangansari
  • Mekarsari
  • Muka
  • Nagrak
  • Pamoyanan
  • Sawahgede
  • Sayang
  • Solokpandan
  • Sukamaju

EconomyEdit

The district mainly produces home and micro Industrial products, especially leather, wood, precious metals, woven, pottery, fabrics, and foods.[1]

TransportationEdit

After being dormant for about 2 years, the train called Siliwangi between Sukabumi and Cianjur was reactivated on 8 February 2014. It is faster than the buses which are usually trapped in traffic jams, but the cost of a train ticket is double that of using buses.[6]

ClimateEdit

Cianjur has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from June to September and heavy rainfall from October to May.

Climate data for Cianjur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.3
(84.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84.0)
29.3
(84.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
19.9
(67.8)
19.9
(67.8)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.9
(66.0)
18.4
(65.1)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(67.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 283
(11.1)
245
(9.6)
295
(11.6)
280
(11.0)
204
(8.0)
118
(4.6)
116
(4.6)
111
(4.4)
119
(4.7)
245
(9.6)
299
(11.8)
295
(11.6)
2,610
(102.6)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

PoliciesEdit

By 2007 the city government asked female municipal employees to wear jilbab (hijab). It also placed road signs encouraging women to wear jilbab.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Cianjur District in Figures 2018
  2. ^ "Tol Cipularang Sudah Enggak Asyik, Jakarta-Bandung Bisa 6 Jam, Dishub Sarankan Naik Kereta Api – Tribun Jabar". Tribun Jabar (in Indonesian). 7 April 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Jalur Bogor-Bandung via Cianjur Diusulkan jadi Jalan Wisata". SINDOnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Dalem Cikundul, Murid Sunan Gunung Jati Penyebar Islam di Cianjur - Tribunnews.com". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). 29 May 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Evakuasi Korban Gempa di Cianjur Sampai 10 September". Tempo (in Indonesian). 8 September 2009. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Humas: Tarif KA Cianjur-Sukabumi Masih Bisa Dikoreksi". 8 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Climate: Cianjur". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  8. ^ Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89 ed.). Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 20 June 2017.