Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The subdistrict of West Karawang is its capital. The regency has an area of 1,652.2 km2 and census population of 2,127,791 people in 2010; the latest official estimate (for mid 2020) is 2,370,488 for a density of 1,435 people per km2. The regency borders Bekasi and Bogor regencies in the west, the Java Sea in the north, Subang Regency in the east, Purwakarta Regency in the southeast, and Cianjur Regency in the south. The regency lies on the eastern outskirts of Metropolitan Jakarta, just outside the Jabodetabek region, and is the site of industrial activity (like factories).
|• Sundanese||ᮊᮘᮥᮕᮒᮨᮔ᮪ ᮊᮛᮝᮀ|
From top, left to right: Curug Cigentis, Cibuaya Estuary, Jiwa Temple in Batujaya,
Interasih (Indah Tertib Aman Bersih)
Location within West Java
|• Regent||Cellica Nurrachadiana|
|• Total||1,652.20 km2 (637.92 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (WIB)|
|Area code(s)||(+62)267, (+62)264|
The area continues to grow which marked the establishment of new factories by domestic and multinational companies in industrial areas. However, due to ever expanding Jakarta (primarily from the eastward expansion of the Jakarta-Cikampek Toll Road and the Cikampek-Palimanan Toll Road), it has seen a heavy influx of housing developments as well and a surge of people.
Karawang Regency is divided into thirty districts (kecamatan) comprising 309 administrative villages (desa and Kelurahan). The districts are listed below with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census and the 2015 Intermediate Census: The table includes the numbers of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal code.
Most of Karawang Regency consists of broad coastal plain; it lies on the northern coast and is the result of the deposition of sedimentary rocks formed by loose materials, especially marine sediments and volcanic alluvium. While in the middle of the regency are hills mostly formed by sedimentary rocks, in the south there is a mountain (Sanggabuana) with a height of about 1,291 metres above sea level. The regency is roughly equidistant from Jakarta and Bandung, and the two metropolitan areas have a combined home population of over 40 million people.
The estimated population in mid 2020 was 2,370,488 comprising 1,213,004 male and 1,157,484 female. The general population is ethnically Sundanese, with Islam adherents comprising 98.17% of the population according to the 2010 census.
The football club Persika Karawang, which plays in Liga 2, is based in Karawang's Singaperbangsa Stadium. The city had also hosted the Madura United F.C. between 2010 and 2012 when it was known as Pelita Jaya Karawang.
Currently, according to the data of the Indonesian Industrial Zone Association (HKI), there are at least nine major industrial areas, namely Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC), Bukit Indah City, Surya Cipta Industrial Area, Karawang Jabar Industrial Estate, Podomoro Industrial Park, Kujang Industrial Area, Karawang Mitrakarawang Industry, GT Tech Park Karawang, and Artha Industrial Hill.
A new main airport for Greater Jakarta and the heavily populated surrounding area is planned for bids in 2014; it is located within the regency, to provide relief to severely congested Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, the nation's largest gateway, as well as overloaded Bandung Airport. The new airport is expected to have space for 4 long runways 2,136 by 19 metres (7,008 ft × 62 ft) and 2 jumbo terminals. The current airport takes up some 18 square kilometers of land, in all likelihood a similar allocation of land will be required.
Trans-Java main rail line runs across the central part of the Regency, with a stop at Karawang Station. Likewise, Jakarta's main airport is also mulled for the regency. The Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road runs through the regency, connecting to Cipularang Toll Road which goes to Purwakarta and Bandung. This district will also be crossed by Jakarta-Bandung a fast train.
Karawang adipati (regents) during the Mataram and colonial periodsEdit
- Prince Singaperbangsa (1633-1677), under the title Adipati Kertabumi III
- Raden Anom Wirasuta (1677-1721), son of Singaperbangsa
- Raden Jayanegara (1721-1731), son of Wirasuta, under the title Adipati Panatayuda II
- Raden Singanegara (1752-1786), son of Jayanegara, under the title Adipati Panatayuda IV
- Raden Singasari (1786-1809), son-in-law of Singanegara, under the title Raden Adipati Aria Singasari
- Raden Aria Sastradipura (1809-1811), son of Singanegara
- Raden Adipati Suryalaga (1811-1813), eldest son of Raden Adipati Suryalaga, adipati of Sumedang
- Raden Aria Sastradipura (1811-1820), son of Singanegara
- Raden Adipati Suryanata (1821-1829), son-in-law of Sastradipura
- Raden Adipati Suryawinata (1829-1849), younger brother of Suryanata
- Raden Muhammad Enoh (1849-1854), under the title Raden Sastranegara
- Raden Adipati Sumadipura (1854-1863), son of Sastradipura, under the title Raden Tumenggung Aria Sastradiningrat I, builds the pendopo (regent palace) and the Grand Mosque of Purwakarta
- Raden Adikusumah (1883-1886), under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat II
- Raden Surya Kusumah (1886-1911), son of Adikusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
- Raden Tumenggung Aria Gandanagara (1911-1925), younger brother of Surya Kusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
- Raden Adipati Aria Suryamiharja (1925-1942)
- Raden Panduwinata (1942-1945), under the title Raden Kanjeng Pandu Suriadiningrat, last bupati to reside in Purwakarta, moves to Subang.
- Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
- http://www.gatra.com/2010-08-25/artikel.php?id=140930[permanent dead link]
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
- Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
- "Penduduk Menurut Kelompok Umur dan Agama yang Dianut - Kabupaten Karawang". sp2010.bps.go.id. Statistics Indonesia.
- "Para Naga Penguasa Jakarta Beradu Perkasa di Karawang". Kompas. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- "Karawang Airport ready for kick-off in 2014". thejakartapost.com.
Media related to Karawang Regency at Wikimedia Commons