Berau Regency

Berau Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Berau) is one of the seven regencies in East Kalimantan province in Indonesia.[2] The capital is the town of Tanjung Redeb. It has an area of 34,127.17 km² and had a population of 179,079 at the 2010 Census;[3] the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 232,287.[4]

Berau Regency

Kabupaten Berau
Aerial view of Derawan Island
Aerial view of Derawan Island
Coat of arms of Berau Regency
Coat of arms
Location within East Kalimantan
Location within East Kalimantan
Berau Regency is located in Kalimantan
Berau Regency
Berau Regency
Location in Kalimantan and Indonesia
Berau Regency is located in Indonesia
Berau Regency
Berau Regency
Berau Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 2°00′00″N 117°18′00″E / 2.0000°N 117.3000°E / 2.0000; 117.3000
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceEast Kalimantan
CapitalTanjung Redeb
Government
 • RegentMuharram
 • Vice RegentAgus Tantomo
Area
 • Total34,127.17 km2 (13,176.57 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2019)
 • Total232,287
 • Density6.8/km2 (18/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (ICST)
Area code(+62) 554
Websiteberaukab.go.id

Berau was formerly the name of a local sultanate that existed during the Dutch colonial period. In the early 19th century, it was divided into two separate sultanates: Gunung Tabur and Sambaliung.[5]

Administrative DistrictsEdit

Berau Regency is divided into thirteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 Census populations[6] and the more recent official estimates (for mid 2019).[7] The table also includes the location of the district headquarters, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) and offshore islands in each district, and its postal codes.

District
Name
Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Estimate
mid 2016
Admin
centre
Number
of
villages
Number
of
islands
Post
codes
Kelay 6,134.60 4,493 6,340 Sido Bangen 14 - 77362
Talisayan 1,798.00 10,061 11,939 Talisayan 10 1 77375
Tabalar 2,373.45 5,151 7,362 Tubaan 6 2 77374
Biduk-Biduk 3,002.99 5,342 6,744 Biduk-Biduk 6 6 77373
Pulau Derawan (a) 3,858.96 8,372 9,229 Tanjung Batu 5 12 77380
Maratua 4,118.80 3,076 4,011 Maratua Teluk Harapan 4 25 77381
Sambaliung 2,403.86 24,174 36,839 Sambaliung 14 - 77371
Tanjung Redeb 23.76 62,725 67,816 Tanjung Redeb 6 - 77315 (b)
Gunung Tabur 1,987.49 14,938 22,732 Gunung Tabur 11 15 77352
Segah 5,166.40 8,396 11,330 Tepian Buah 13 - 77361
Teluk Bayur
(Bayur Bay)
175.40 20,596 31,088 Teluk Bayur 6 - 77352 (c)
Batu Putih 1,651.42 6,691 8,834 Batu Putih 7 5 77372
& 77373
Biatan 1,432.04 5,064 8,023 Biatan Lempake 8 - 77372
Totals 34,127.17 53,671 232,287 110 66

Notes: (a) while the name of this district literally means "Derawan Island", in practice the district includes a dozen large islands, together with part of the 'mainland' of Kalimantan. (b) except the villages of Gunung Panjang (with a post code of 77311) and Bugis (with a post code of 77312. (c) except the villages of Rinding (with a post code of 77313) and Teluk Bayur and Tumbit Melayu (with a post code of 77315).

Berau Marine Conservation AreaEdit

Konservasi Kawasan Laut (KKL) Berau or Berau Marine Conservation Area is formed in 2005 has 1,321 million hectares area which lies among Pulau Panjang (Long Island), Karangtigau Cape, and Baliktaba Reef. The area has the second highest coral reef biodiversity in Indonesia after Raja Ampat Islands and third highest in the world. The ecosystem covers coral reef, mangrove forest and sea grass.[8]

Literary significanceEdit

The novelist Joseph Conrad made four visits to Berau, stopping at Tanjung Redeb, while employed as the first mate of the merchant vessel S.S. Vidar in 1887–1888. The geographical setting and the lives of the small number of European traders based in Berau made a profound impression on him, and the setting for three of his novels (Almayer's Folly, An Outcast of the Islands and the second part of Lord Jim) is loosely based on Berau. Conrad sometimes refers to the Berau river as Pantai and uses the fictional name Sambir to refer to Tanjung Redeb.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  2. ^ "Kabupaten Berau website". Government of Indonesia. Archived from the original on 2 August 2002. Retrieved 28 April 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Profil Daerah Kabupaten Berau – Statistik Penduduk Menurut Jenis Kelamin
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  5. ^ "Indonesian Traditional States II". World Statesmen.org. Cahoon, Ben. Retrieved 28 April 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  8. ^ "Melindungi Keragaman Hayati Terumbu Karang Tertinggi Ketiga di Dunia KKL Berau". 4 February 2012.
  9. ^ Sherry, Norman (1966). Conrad's Eastern World. Cambridge: University Press.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 2°00′00″N 117°18′00″E / 2.0000°N 117.3000°E / 2.0000; 117.3000