Karangasem Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Karangasem) is a regency (kabupaten) of the island and province of Bali, Indonesia. It covers the east part of Bali, has an area of 839.54 km2 and had a population of 396,487 at the 2010 Census[2] which rose to 492,402 at the 2020 Census;[3] the official estimate as at mid 2022 was 511,300.[1] Its regency seat is the town of Amlapura. Karangasem was devastated when Mount Agung erupted in 1963, killing 1,900 people. Karangasem was a kingdom before Bali was conquered by the Dutch.

Karangasem Regency
Kabupaten Karangasem
ᬓᬩᬸᬧᬢᬾᬦ᭄ᬓᬭᬂᬳᬲᭂᬫ᭄
Karaṅasĕm
The main temple of Besakih
The main temple of Besakih
Coat of arms of Karangasem Regency
Motto(s): 
Raksakeng Dharma Prajahita
English: "Blessing Protection of Dharma to Achieve People's Welfare"
Location within Bali
Location within Bali
Coordinates: 8°23′S 115°31′E / 8.383°S 115.517°E / -8.383; 115.517
Country Indonesia
Province Bali
CapitalAmlapura
Government
 • RegentI Gusti Ayu Mas Sumatri
Area
 • Total324.15 sq mi (839.54 km2)
Elevation
289 ft (88 m)
Population
 (mid 2022 estimate)[1]
 • Total511,300
 • Density1,600/sq mi (610/km2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (ICST)
Area code(+62) 363
Vehicle registrationDK
Websitekarangasemkab.go.id
Portrait of Gusti Bagus Djilantik, regent of Karangasem (1915–1925)

History edit

The history of Karangasem cannot be separated from the history of the founding of the Karangasem Kingdom. The name Karangasem actually comes from the word Karang Semadi. Some records that contain the origin of the name Karangasem are as revealed in the Sading C Inscription found in Geria Mandara, Munggu, Badung. It is further revealed that Mount Lempuyang in the northeast of Amlapura, was originally named Adri Karang which means Karang Mountain or Coral Mountain.

In the historical research of the existence of the temple, Lempuyang is associated with the word Lampu which means chosen, and Hyang which means God (Bathara Guru, Hyang Parameswara). In Adri Karang, Hyang Agnijaya made Lempuyang Luhur Temple as a place to meditate (Karang Semadi). Gradually the name Karang Semadi changed to Karangasem.[4]

Administrative districts edit

The regency is divided into eight districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and population totals at the 2010 Census[2] and the 2020 Census,[3] together with the official estimates as at mid 2022.[1] All districts share the same name as their administrative centres. The table also includes the number of administrative villages in each district (totaling 75 rural desa and 3 urban kelurahan - the latter all in Karangasem District), and its postal codes.

Kode
Wilayah
Name of
District
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Census
2020
Pop'n
Estimate
mid 2022
No.
of
villages
Post
codes
51.07.01 Rendang 109.70 36,931 41,782 42,600 6 80863
51.07.02 Sidemen 35.15 31,617 37,045 38,000 10 80864
51.07.03 Manggis 69.83 44,041 54,608 56,700 12 80871
51.07.04 Karangasem
(district) (a)
94.23 82,606 100,036 103,300 11 (b) 80811
-80813
51.07.05 Abang 134.05 60,965 80,345 84,300 14 80852
51.07.06 Bebandem 81.51 45,160 54,941 56,800 8 80861
51.07.07 Selat 80.35 38,114 44,284 45,400 8 80862
51.07.08 Kubu 234.72 57,053 79,361 84,200 9 80853
Totals 839.54 396,487 492,402 511,300 76

Note: (a) including 6 small offshore islands. (b) including 3 kelurahan - the towns of Karangasem, Subagan and Padang Kerta.

Tourism edit

 
Mount Agung
 
A jetty at Candidasa beach, Bali
 
Geret Pandan Rites
 
One of the fountains in Tirta Gangga water palace

Interesting places include:

  • The major Pura Besakih Hindu temple, sometimes called the Mother Temple of Besakih.
  • Mount Agung, the highest peak in Bali
  • Telaga Waja River, the only rafting spot at eastern Bali
  • Tenganan "the original Bali", a Bali Aga village whose inhabitants who still live according to their ancient traditions
  • Amed, a beach town.
  • Tulamben, a dive site
  • Candidasa, a starting point for visiting the east coast of Bali. East of Candidasa is the village of Bugbug, whose inhabitants celebrate the Perang Dawa (war of the gods) every other year on the full moon of the fourth month, October.
  • Prasi Beach in Prasi village, known as Pantai Pasir Putih "White Sandy Beach)" and also as Virgin Beach. Its white sandy beaches are mainly free of crowds, less polluted, and popular for swimming or snorkeling from April to October. [5] [6]
  • Ujung Water Palace, built by the King Anak Agung Agung Anglurah Ketut Karangasem.
  • Tirta Gangga water palace
  • Puri Agung Karangasem, collectively several royal palaces of the Karangasem kingdom[7]
  • Budakeling, an area where both Hindus and Muslims live. Saren Jawa village is home to 100 Muslim families, surrounded by Balinese Hindu villages following the Siwa-Buda belief system, which is a combination of Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism. The people of Saren Jawa use Balinese first names before their Muslim last names, such as Ni Nyoman Maimunah.[8]
  • Seraya Village, which keeps the Gebug Ende tradition related to scarcity of water during drought season[9]
  • Mencol Hill, the eastern-most hill on Bali island. It is known as a sunrise viewpoint; the temple at the peak of the grassy hill has a view to the east coast and Gili Selang islet.[10]
 
Ujung Water Palace in 1935

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kabupaten Karangasem Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.5107)
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Dawan, Lanang (16 February 2011). "Sejarah Kerajaan Karangasem". Pemecutan-Bedulu-Majapahit. Retrieved 2024-01-14.
  5. ^ Wayan Suadnyana. "Bali White Sand Beach". Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  6. ^ Adji Soedibjo. "Pantai Pasir Putih: Bali's Virgin Beach". Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "Puri Agung Karangasem Royal Palace". July 20, 2018.
  8. ^ "Saren Jawa — a model of harmony". August 25, 2011.
  9. ^ "Gebug Ende or Gebug Seraya". July 20, 2018.
  10. ^ "Mencol". July 18, 2018.

External links edit