List of Indonesian cities by population

Below is a list of Indonesia's 98 cities with their rank in 2020 and their population. Populations in 2010 and in 2020 are official data from the 2010 Census and the 2020 Census, as released by Badan Pusat Statistik or the Indonesian Central Statistics Agency.[1] Populations in 2015 are official data from the 2015 Inter-Census Survey, also as released by the Central Statistics Agency.

Cities proper by populationEdit

The Indonesian law defines a city (kota) as a second-level administrative subdivision of the country, similar to regency (kabupaten). The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a city has non-agricultural economic activities, while a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city. A city is headed by a mayor (walikota).

An administrative city is a city without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The mayor of an administrative city is directly appointed by the Governor. This type of city in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta Province, formerly a municipal city, which consisted of 5 administrative cities and 1 administrative regency.[2]

  • Bold: province's capital city
  • Italics: province's largest city
List of cities proper ranked by 2020 population
Rank Cities Province 2010 census
BPS
[3]
2015 census
BPS
[4][5]
2020 census
BPS
[6]
1 East Jakarta Jakarta 2,693,896 2,826,651 3,037,139
2 Surabaya East Java 2,765,487 2,847,480 2,874,314
3 Bekasi West Java 2,334,871 2,708,721 2,543,676
4 Bandung West Java 2,394,873 2,480,615 2,444,160
5 Medan North Sumatra 2,097,610 2,209,139 2,435,252
6 West Jakarta Jakarta 2,281,945 2,460,739 2,434,511
7 South Jakarta Jakarta 2,062,232 2,183,905 2,226,812
8 Depok West Java 1,738,570 2,099,989 2,056,335
9 Tangerang Banten 1,798,601 2,043,213 1,895,486
10 North Jakarta Jakarta 1,645,659 1,745,697 1,778,981
11 Palembang South Sumatra 1,455,284 1,578,582 1,668,848
12 Semarang Central Java 1,555,984 1,698,777 1,653,524
13 Makassar South Sulawesi 1,338,663 1,447,677 1,423,877
14 South Tangerang Banten 1,290,322 1,538,970 1,354,350
15 Batam Riau Islands 944,285 1,184,978 1,196,396
16 Bandar Lampung Lampung 881,801 977,686 1,166,066
17 Central Jakarta Jakarta 902,973 913,871 1,056,896
18 Bogor West Java 950,334 1,046,579 1,043,070
19 Pekanbaru Riau 897,767 1,035,834 983,356
20 Padang West Sumatra 833,562 901,305 909,040
21 Malang East Java 820,243 850,904 843,810
22 Samarinda East Kalimantan 727,500 811,314 827,994
23 Denpasar Bali 788,589 879,098 725,314
24 Tasikmalaya West Java 635,464 657,169 716,155
25 Serang Banten 577,785 642,205 692,101
26 Balikpapan East Kalimantan 557,579 614,663 688,318
27 Pontianak West Kalimantan 554,764 606,721 658,685
28 Banjarmasin South Kalimantan 625,481 674,739 657,663
29 Jambi Jambi 531,857 575,388 606,200
30 Cimahi West Java 541,177 585,931 568,400
31 Surakarta Central Java 499,337 512,056 522,364
32 Manado North Sulawesi 410,481 425,420 451,916
33 Kupang East Nusa Tenggara 336,239 390,026 442,758
34 Cilegon Banten 374,559 411,554 434,896
35 Mataram West Nusa Tenggara 402,843 449,438 429,651
36 Jayapura Papua 256,705 282,766 398,478
37 Bengkulu Bengkulu 308,544 350,535 373,591
38 Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta 388,627 412,347 373,589
39 Palu Central Sulawesi 336,532 367,600 373,218
40 Ambon Maluku 331,254 410,207 347,288
41 Sukabumi West Java 298,681 317,883 346,325
42 Kendari Southeast Sulawesi 289,966 346,500 345,107
43 Cirebon West Java 296,389 307,319 333,303
44 Dumai Riau 253,803 285,448 316,782
45 Pekalongan Central Java 281,434 296,168 307,150
46 Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan 220,962 259,205 293,457
47 Binjai North Sumatra 246,154 264,440 291,842
48 Kediri East Java 268,507 279,901 286,796
49 Sorong West Papua 190,625 225,022 284,410
50 Tegal Central Java 239,599 245,995 273,825
51 Pematang Siantar North Sumatra 234,698 247,219 268,254
52 Banjarbaru South Kalimantan 199,627 233,726 253,442
53 Banda Aceh Aceh 223,446 250,227 252,899
54 Tarakan North Kalimantan 193,370 234,867 242,786
55 Probolinggo East Java 217,062 228,834 239,649
56 Singkawang West Kalimantan 186,462 207,144 235,064
57 Lubuklinggau South Sumatra 201,308 219,180 234,166
58 Tanjung Pinang Riau Islands 187,359 201,992 227,663
59 Bitung North Sulawesi 187,652 205,379 225,134
60 Padang Sidempuan North Sumatra 191,531 209,550 225,105
61 Pangkal Pinang Bangka Belitung 174,758 195,776 218,569
62 Batu East Java 190,184 200,369 213,046
63 Pasuruan East Java 186,262 194,684 208,006
64 Ternate North Maluku 185,705 212,527 205,001
65 Banjar West Java 175,157 181,331 200,973
66 Gorontalo Gorontalo 180,127 201,858 198,539
67 Madiun East Java 170,964 174,953 195,175
68 Prabumulih South Sumatra 161,984 176,900 193,196
69 Salatiga Central Java 170,332 183,631 192,322
70 Lhokseumawe Aceh 171,163 191,104 188,713
71 Langsa Aceh 148,945 165,534 185,971
72 Palopo South Sulawesi 147,932 168,452 184,681
73 Bontang East Kalimantan 143,683 165,606 178,917
74 Tanjungbalai North Sumatra 154,445 166,782 176,027
75 Tebing Tinggi North Sumatra 145,248 156,619 172,838
76 Metro Lampung 145,471 158,215 168,676
77 Baubau (Bau-Bau) Southeast Sulawesi 136,991 154,570 159,248
78 Bima West Nusa Tenggara 142,579 159,445 155,140
79 Parepare South Sulawesi 129,262 138,604 151,454
80 Blitar East Java 131,968 137,866 149,149
81 Pagar Alam South Sumatra 126,181 133,756 143,844
82 Payakumbuh West Sumatra 116,825 127,615 139,576
83 Gunungsitoli North Sumatra 126,202 135,868 136,017
84 Mojokerto East Java 120,196 125,657 132,434
85 Kotamobagu North Sulawesi 107,459 119,277 123,722
86 Magelang Central Java 118,227 120,769 121,526
87 Bukittinggi West Sumatra 111,312 122,395 121,028
88 Tidore Kepulauan North Maluku 90,055 96,910 114,480
89 Tomohon North Sulawesi 91,553 100,193 100,587
90 Sungai Penuh Jambi 82,293 87,032 96,610
91 Pariaman West Sumatra 79,043 84,594 94,224
92 Subulussalam Aceh 67,446 75,044 90,751
93 Sibolga North Sumatra 84,481 86,499 89,584
94 Tual Maluku 58,082 67,579 88,280
95 Solok West Sumatra 59,396 65,951 73,438
96 Sawahlunto West Sumatra 56,866 60,136 65,138
97 Padang Panjang West Sumatra 47,008 50,875 56,311
98 Sabang Aceh 30,653 33,054 41,197

Top ten largest urban centres[citation needed]Edit

The followings are the largest core cities in Indonesia (excluding satellite cities)[citation needed]:

Ranking City Region Population 2020 Image
1 Jakarta Jakarta 10,562,088  
2 Surabaya East Java 2,874,314  
3 Bandung West Java 2,444,160  
4 Medan North Sumatera 2,435,252  
5 Palembang South Sumatera 1,668,848  
6 Semarang Central Java 1,653,524  
7 Makassar South Sulawesi 1,423,877  
8 Batam Riau Islands 1,196,396  
9 Bandar Lampung Lampung 1,166,066  
10 Pekanbaru Riau 983,356  

Built-up urban areasEdit

The followings are the contiguous urban areas in Indonesia, with a population of over one half million, according to Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study. Demographia defines an urban area (urbanised area agglomeration or urban centre) as a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (metropolitan area), without regard for administrative boundaries (city).[7]

Rank Urban area Area
(km2)
Estimated
population[7]
1 Jakarta 3,540 34,540,000
2 Bandung 487 7,065,000
3 Surabaya 911 6,499,000
4 Medan 478 3,632,000
5 Semarang 259 1,992,000
6 Makassar 178 1,952,000
7 Palembang 221 1,889,000
8 Yogyakarta 230 1,568,000
9 Malang 212 1,493,000
10 Denpasar 177 1,389,000
11 Batam 243 1,362,000
12 Pekanbaru 239 1,118,000
13 Surakarta 477 1,106,000
14 Cirebon 105 1,017,000
15 Bandar Lampung 107 978,000
16 Samarinda 102 960,000
17 Padang 99 796,000
18 Banjarmasin 65 710,000
19 Tasikmalaya 62 671,000
20 Pontianak 62 660,000
21 Balikpapan 124 645,000
22 Jambi city 78 595,000
23 Serang 65 585,000
24 Cilegon 122 525,000

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sensus Penduduk 2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior.
  3. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/Indonesia.html
  4. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/Indonesia.html
  5. ^ 2015 Inter-census Survey by Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.
  6. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/Indonesia.html
  7. ^ a b "Demographia World Urban Areas, 16th Annual Edition" (PDF). February 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2020.