Pagar Alam (sometimes written as Pagaralam, Jawi: ڤاݢر عالم‎), is a city in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Before established as a definitive city, Pagaralam was an administrative city in Lahat Regency. It has an area of 633.66 km²[2] and a population of 126,181 at the 2010 Census[3] and 143,844 at the 2020 Census.[4]

Pagar Alam
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiڤاݢر عالم
Coat of arms of Pagar Alam
Nickname(s): 
"Besemah"
Motto(s): 
Besemah Kota Perjuangan (Besemah, The City of Struggle)
Location within South Sumatra
Location within South Sumatra
Pagar Alam is located in Sumatra
Pagar Alam
Pagar Alam
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Pagar Alam is located in Indonesia
Pagar Alam
Pagar Alam
Pagar Alam (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 4°1′0″S 103°15′0″E / 4.01667°S 103.25000°E / -4.01667; 103.25000Coordinates: 4°1′0″S 103°15′0″E / 4.01667°S 103.25000°E / -4.01667; 103.25000
Country Indonesia
Province South Sumatra
Government
 • MayorIda Fitriati
 • Vice MayorNovirzah Djazuli
Area
 • Total633.66 km2 (244.66 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total143,844
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 730
Websitepagaralamkota.go.id

Pagaralam is located by the Bukit Barisan Mountains, at the feet of Mount Dempo, a volcano and the highest mountain in South Sumatra. It is 298 km southwest from the province capital city of Palembang and 60 km southwest of Lahat. The city is bounded by Bengkulu Province to the south, Jarai District to the north, Kota Agung District to the east and Tanjung Sakti Pumi District to the west. Pagaralam is the one of the main suppliers of vegetables in Palembang. Its location in the highland makes the city slightly cooler than many of the other South Sumatra cities; this, together with its astounding landscape, makes the city one of the main tourist destinations in South Sumatra and it is often visited by local tourists, especially from Palembang. Currently, the city is led by Alpian Maskoni as the mayor of the city.

GeographyEdit

Pagaralam is located by the Bukit Barisan Mountains, at the feet of Mount Dempo. Much of the soil in the city consists of latosol and andisol with rugged and hilly topography. The soil in this city is classified as soil with high fertility (class I).

DemographyEdit

In 2000, Pagaralam population was only 112,025 and it increased to 126,181 ten years later, and 143,844 after a further decade. One of the factors in the population increase has been the settlement of migrants who want to live in this city. Beside the city's native inhabitants, the Malay (Besemah), the city population also consists of several other groups, such as the Javanese, Minang, Batak, Chinese, Arabs, and Indians.

Administrative DistrictsEdit

Pagar Alam is administratively divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census [5] and 2020 Census populations.[6] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

District
Name
Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
Density
per km2
(2020)
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Dempo Selatan
(South Dempo)
239.08 11,611 12,783 53.5 5 31521
Dempo Tengah
(Central Dempo)
151.96 12,663 14,749 97.1 5 31520
Dempo Utara
(North Dempo)
123.98 19,934 23,031 185.8 7 31510
Pagar Alam Selatan
(Southern Pagar Alam)
63.17 44,755 50,361 797.2 8 31522 - 31529
Pagar Alam Utara
(Northern Pagar Alam)
55.47 37,218 42,920 773.8 10 31511 - 31519
(a)
Totals 633.66 126,181 143,844 227.0 35

Note: (a) excluding the kelurahan of Sukorejo, which has a post code of 31551.

ClimateEdit

Pagar Alam has an elevation moderated tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Pagar Alam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
27.8
(82.0)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.8
(82.0)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.9
(82.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.1
(64.6)
18.3
(64.9)
18.6
(65.5)
18.6
(65.5)
18.0
(64.4)
17.5
(63.5)
17.7
(63.9)
17.9
(64.2)
18.2
(64.8)
18.3
(64.9)
18.0
(64.4)
18.1
(64.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 321
(12.6)
257
(10.1)
284
(11.2)
284
(11.2)
229
(9.0)
142
(5.6)
126
(5.0)
151
(5.9)
177
(7.0)
255
(10.0)
286
(11.3)
313
(12.3)
2,825
(111.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

TransportationEdit

Atung Bungsu AirportEdit

Atung Bungsu Airport is the only airport in Pagar Alam. It is opened on 28 February 2013.[8] With air transport it now is less than one hour from Palembang, instead of eight hours using land transportation.[9]

EducationEdit

CollegesEdit

  1. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Tarbiyah (STIT)
  2. Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan & Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Muhammadiyah Pagar Alam
  3. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE) Lembah Dempo Pagar Alam]
  4. Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Pagaralam (STTP) Simpang Mbacang

TourismEdit

Beside its landscapes, the city also offer heritage tourism with a lot of megalithic sites. The Pagaralam government will build an integrated tourism area in a 26 hectare bamboo forest at Curup Jahe in North Pagaralam.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ LETAK GEOGRAFI DAN TOPOGRAFI DAERAH
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. ^ "Climate: Pagar Alam". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  8. ^ "Lapangan terbang Atung Bungsu Pagaralam diresmikan". February 28, 2013.
  9. ^ Irene Sarwindaningrum (June 15, 2015). "Kota Pagar Alam: Atung Bungsu Pembuka Pintu..."
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-07-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit