Jambi (city)

Jambi is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Jambi. Located on the island of Sumatra, the city is a busy port on the Batang Hari River and an oil- and rubber-producing centre. The city is located 26 km (16 mi) from the ruins of Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds, an important city in the ancient Srivijaya kingdom.

Jambi
City of Jambi
Kota Jambi
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiبندارايا جمبي
Jambi city panoramic in evening
Jambi city panoramic in evening
Official seal of Jambi
Seal
Location within Jambi Province
Location within Jambi Province
Jambi is located in Sumatra
Jambi
Jambi
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Jambi is located in Indonesia
Jambi
Jambi
Jambi (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 1°35′24″S 103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000Coordinates: 1°35′24″S 103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000
Country Indonesia
ProvinceCoat of arms of Jambi.svg Jambi
Founded17 May 1411
City Status1956
Government
 • MayorSyarif Fasha (Golkar)
 • Vice MayorMaulana
Area
 • Total205.38 km2 (79.30 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total531,857
 • Density2,589.6/km2 (6,707/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 741
Websitejambikota.go.id

Nearby towns and villages include Mendalo (5.1 nmi (9.4 km; 5.9 mi)), Kinati (4.1 nmi (7.6 km; 4.7 mi)), Padang (4.5 nmi (8.3 km; 5.2 mi)), Tanjungjohor (3.2 nmi (5.9 km; 3.7 mi)), Paalmerah (2.8 nmi (5.2 km; 3.2 mi)), and Muarakumpe (3.6 nmi (6.7 km; 4.1 mi)). Jambi City itself is an enclave within Muaro Jambi Regency.

Jambi is served by the Sultan Thaha Airport.

HistoryEdit

Jambi City was denoted as the administrative capital of the Jambi autonomic area by the Governor of Sumatra on 17 May 1946. In 1956, Jambi City was given its city status, and eventually became the capital of Jambi province on 6 January 1957.

GeographyEdit

The total land area of Jambi city is 205.38 km2 (79 sq mi). Jambi City is located at the south-western portion of the Sumatran Basin, a low-lying area in Eastern Sumatra with an altitude of 0 to 60m above sea level. A segment of the Batanghari River, the longest river in Sumatra at 1,700 km (1,056 mi), flows through Jambi City.

Jambi City has a tropical climate with a minimum temperature of 22 to 23 °C (72 to 73 °F) and a maximum temperature of 30 to 32 °C (86 to 90 °F). The level of humidity ranges from 82 to 28%. Annual rainfall of Jambi City is 2,296.1 mm (90.4 in), with the rainy season lasting from October to March with 20 rainy days a month. The dry season lasts from April to September with an average of 16 rainy days a month.

ClimateEdit

Jambi has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to the Köppen climate classification. The average annual rainfall is 2347 mm.

Climate data for Jambi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
30.6
(87.1)
31.3
(88.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.5)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 218
(8.6)
193
(7.6)
252
(9.9)
257
(10.1)
180
(7.1)
124
(4.9)
106
(4.2)
133
(5.2)
151
(5.9)
209
(8.2)
270
(10.6)
254
(10.0)
2,347
(92.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[1]

DemographicsEdit

Jambi City is the most populated city in Jambi Province, with 17% of the province's population living in this city.

Administrative districtsEdit

The city of Jambi is subdivided into eight administrative districts (kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census:[2]

  • Kota Baru (139,359)
  • Jambi Selatan (South Jambi) (124,280)
  • Jelutung (60,544)
  • Pasar Jambi (12,800)
  • Telanaipura (92,366)
  • Danau Teluk (11,824)
  • Pelayangan (12,861)
  • Jambi Timur (East Jambi) (77,823)

TransportationEdit

The city is served by Sultan Thaha Airport, which has connections to Jakarta, Batam, Palembang, Medan, Bengkulu, Bandar Lampung and Pekanbaru. Trans-Sumatran Highway crosses the city. Jambi port is located over Batang Hari River. Public transportation includes angkot and ojek. Ride sharing services Grab and Gojek also available.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Jambi City is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Climate: Jambi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

External linksEdit