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The Batang Hari (Sungai Batanghari) is the longest river in Jambi province, Sumatra island,[1] Indonesia, about 600 km northwest of the capital Jakarta.[2]

Batang Hari River
Batang Hari, Sungai Batanghari, Djambi-rivier
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Samenvloeiing van de Tembesirivier en de Batang Hari in het district Rawas Sumatra TMnr 60002829.jpg
The Batang Hari photographed during the 1877-79 Sumatra Expedition
Batang Hari River is located in Sumatra
Batang Hari River
Location of river mouth
Batang Hari River is located in Indonesia
Batang Hari River
Batang Hari River (Indonesia)
ProvinceWest Sumatra, Jambi
RegencySolok, Solok Selatan, Dharmasraya, Bungo, Tebo, Batang Hari, Muaro Jambi, Tanjung Jabung, Jambi City
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Rasan
 ⁃ locationSolok Regency, West Sumatra
MouthMalacca Strait
 ⁃ location
East Tanjung Jabung Regency, Jambi


It originates in the Minangkabau Highlands, home of the Minangkabau people, and flows to the east coast of Sumatra. Trans-Sumatran Highway (AH25) crosses the river at the city of Jambi which is located near the mouth of the river. The river is used by the local population for fish cultivation, transportation, mining, and personal hygiene.[3]


The river flows in the central area of Sumatra with predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[4] The annual average temperature in the area is 23 °C. The warmest month is April, when the average temperature is around 24 °C, and the coldest is January, at 22 °C.[5] The average annual rainfall is 2383 mm. The wettest month is December, with an average of 344 mm rainfall, and the driest is August, with 90 mm rainfall.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Reviving Batanghari's heyday". Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  2. ^ Sungai Batang Hari at (cc-by); Last updated 2013-06-04; Database dump downloaded 2015-11-27
  3. ^ "Uses of the Batanghari River". Sumatran Feet. 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  4. ^ Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  5. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016.
  6. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016.

External linksEdit