Malay Indonesians (Malay: orang Melayu Indonesia; Jawi: اورڠ ملايو ايندونيسيا) are ethnic Malays living throughout Indonesia as one of the indigenous peoples of the island nation. Indonesia has the second largest ethnic Malay population after Malaysia. Indonesian, the national language of Indonesia, is a standardized form of Malacca ("Riau") Malay. There were a number of Malay kingdoms in Indonesia that covered the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan, such as Srivijaya, Melayu Kingdom, Sultanate of Deli, Sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura, Riau-Lingga Sultanate, Sultanate of Bulungan, Pontianak Sultanate, and the Sultanate of Sambas.
|5,365,399 (2010 estimate)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Malay (varieties of Malay, including Indonesian)|
|Sunni Islam (predominantly)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Malaysian Malays, Malay Singaporeans, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Banjarese, Betawi, Thai Malays|
Sumatra is the homeland of the Malay languages, which today spans all corners of Insular Southeast Asia. The Indonesian language, which is the country's official language and lingua franca, was based on Riau-Lingga (or Johor-Riau) Malay. The Malay language has a long history, which has a literary record as far back as the 7th century AD. A famous early Malay inscription, the Kedukan Bukit Inscription, was discovered by the Dutchman M. Batenburg on 29 November 1920, at Kedukan Bukit, South Sumatra, on the banks of the River Tatang, a tributary of the River Musi. It is a small stone of 45 by 80 cm. It is written in Old Malay, a possible ancestor of today's Malay language and its variants. Most Malay languages and dialects spoken in Indonesia are mutually unintelligible to Standard Indonesian. The most widely spoken are Palembang Malay (3.2 million), Jambi Malay (1 million), Bengkulu Malay (1.6 million) and Banjarese (4 million) (although not considered to be a dialect of Malay by its speakers; its minor dialect is typically called Bukit Malay). Besides the proper Malay languages, there are several languages closely related to Malay such as Minangkabau, Kerinci, Kubu and others. These languages are closely related to Malay, but their speakers do not consider their languages to be Malay. There are many Malay-based creoles spoken in the country especially in eastern Indonesia due to contacts from the western part of Indonesia and during colonial rule where Malay replaced Dutch as a lingua franca. The most well-known Malay creoles in Indonesia are Ambonese Malay, Betawi, Manado Malay and Papuan Malay.
Malay ethnic groups in IndonesiaEdit
- Batin people
- Tamiang people
- Palembang people (previously not regarded as part of the Malay people in the 1930 census)
- Bangka Belitung people (previously not regarded as part of the Malay people in the 1930 census)
- Langkat people
- Deli people
- Asahan or Batubara people
- Riau people
- Bengkulu people
Cognate ethnicities in SumatraEdit
- Minangkabau people
- Talang Mamak people
- Orang Laut
- Serawai people
- Pasehmah people
- Lubai people
- Rambang people
Cognate ethnicities in KalimantanEdit
- Senganan people
- Kedayan people
- Tonyoy-Benuaq people
Notable Malay IndonesiansEdit
- Andrea Hirata, Indonesian author
- Raja Ali Haji, a 19th-century historian, member of the royal house of Riau-Lingga and Selangor and National Hero of Indonesia
- Abdul Somad, an Indonesian Islamic imam and scholar from Asahan, Sumatera who resides in Riau
- Tuanku Sultan Otteman II – a former Sultan of Deli, in which the kingdom's capital was Medan, in North Sumatra.
- Sultan Ma'mun Al Rashid Perkasa Alamyah – 9th Sultan of Deli Sultanate
- Sultan Hamid II – former Sultan of the Pontianak Sultanate
- Pangeran Ratu Winata Kusuma of Sambas – heir to the Sultanate of Sambas
- Sultan Syarif Kasim II – 12th Sultan of Siak Sultanate
- Marzuki Alie – speaker of the People's Representative Council, 2009–2014 term
- Hatta Rajasa – the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs in the Second United Indonesia Cabinet. Previously, he was the State Secretary, Minister of Transport and Minister for Research and Technology in the Mutual Assistance Cabinet (2001–2004).
- Amir Hamzah – an Indonesian poet and National Hero of Indonesia.
- Hamzah Haz – an Indonesian politician. He is the head of the United Development Party (PPP) and served as the ninth Vice-President from 2001 until 2004.
- Yusril Ihza Mahendra – former chairman of the Crescent Star Party
- Alex Noerdin – the 15th Governor of South Sumatra
- Muhammad Lukman Edy – the former Minister for Acceleration of Disadvantaged Regions in 2007/2009
- Muhammad Sani – the 2nd Governor of Riau Island
- Rizal Nurdin – the 15th Governor of North Sumatra
- Rusli Zainal – the 13th Governor of Riau
- Tantowi Yahya – Indonesian TV presenter turned politician.
- "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, Dan Bahasa Sehari-Hari Penduduk Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
- "Propinsi Kalimantan Barat - Dayakologi". Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- A. J. Gooszen (1999). A Demographic History of the Indonesian Archipelago, 1880–1942. KITLV Press. p. 88. ISBN 90-6718-128-5.
- Tedjasukmana, Jason (June 25, 2010). "Sex Video Scandal and Indonesia's Porn Obsession". TIME magazine. Retrieved 25 June 2010.