Langsa (Indonesian: Kota Langsa, Jawoë: لڠسا‎), is a city in Aceh, Indonesia. It is located on the island of Sumatra. Apart from a small sea coast to the northeast, it borders Manyak Payed District of Aceh Tamiang Regency to the east and is otherise surrounded by Birem Bayeun District of Aceh Timur Regency (of which the city was formerly a part until 2001) to the north, west and south. The city covers an area of 239.83 square kilometres and had a population of 148,945 at the 2010 Census (compared with 117,256 at the previous 2000 Census); this grew to 185,971 at the 2020 Census.[2]

Langsa
City of Langsa
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawoëلڠسا
Flag of Langsa
Coat of arms of Langsa
Motto(s): 
Indonesian: Terwujudnya Masyarakat yang Aman, Damai, Bermartabat, Maju, Sejahtera, dan Islami
English: Realization of a Safe Community, Peace, Dignity, Progress, Prosperity with islamic values
Location within Aceh
Location within Aceh
Langsa is located in Aceh
Langsa
Langsa
Location in Aceh, Northern Sumatra, Sumatra and Indonesia
Langsa is located in Northern Sumatra
Langsa
Langsa
Langsa (Northern Sumatra)
Langsa is located in Sumatra
Langsa
Langsa
Langsa (Sumatra)
Langsa is located in Indonesia
Langsa
Langsa
Langsa (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 4°28′48″N 97°57′48″E / 4.48000°N 97.96333°E / 4.48000; 97.96333Coordinates: 4°28′48″N 97°57′48″E / 4.48000°N 97.96333°E / 4.48000; 97.96333
CountryIndonesia
RegionSumatra
ProvinceAceh
City Established17 October 2001
Government
 • MayorUsman Abdullah
 • Vice MayorMarzuki Hamid
Area
 • Total239.83 km2 (92.60 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total185,971
 • Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 641
Websitelangsakota.go.id

Langsa is located 440 kilometres (273 miles) from the city of Banda Aceh, the province's capital. Langsa is close to its province's southern border and is 167 kilometres (103 miles) from Medan, the capital city of North Sumatra. This makes Langsa a strategic city for trade and traffic between the two provinces.[3]

There are several universities in the city of Langsa both state and private universities. Among them are Samudra University and IAIN Zawiyah Cot Kala, Campus LP3I. The city hosts several schools of nursing and midwifery, including the Academy of Nursing of "Harapan Ibu", the Academy of Nursing "Yayasan Cut Nyak Dhien" and the Academy of Nursing "UMMI".

Administrative districtsEdit

The city is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with areas and their population at the 2010 and 2020 Censuses.[4] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan and rural desa) in each district.

Name Area
in km2
Population
Census 2010
Population
Census 2020
Number
of
villages
Langsa Timur (East Langsa) 78.23 13,818 16,627 16
Langsa Lama 45.02 26,877 33,231 15
Langsa Barat (West Langsa) 48.781 30,583 39,553 13
Langsa Baro 61.69 41,804 55,824 12
Langsa Kota (Langsa town) 6.11 35,863 40,736 10
Totals 239.83 148,945 185,971 66

ClimateEdit

Langsa has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from February to April and heavy rainfall in the remaining months.

Climate data for Langsa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
32.4
(90.3)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
32.1
(89.8)
32.0
(89.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88.0)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
27.1
(80.8)
27.4
(81.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
27.1
(80.8)
Average low °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 149
(5.9)
83
(3.3)
85
(3.3)
94
(3.7)
179
(7.0)
140
(5.5)
160
(6.3)
200
(7.9)
233
(9.2)
242
(9.5)
237
(9.3)
275
(10.8)
2,077
(81.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

PopulationEdit

Acehnese speakers.

Langsa's population is mainly made up of people of Acehnese, Malay, Javanese, Chinese, and Batak ethnicities. Acehnese is the main language used by people who consider themselves as of Acehnese ethnicity, but the Indonesian language is the official language.

Islam is the religion of the majority in Aceh, including Langsa, but other religions exist, such as Christianity and Buddhism. Buddhism is common among Langsa's ethnically Chinese population.

Although Langsa is a city of rich ethnic and religious diversity, its population tends to be tolerant of each other's differences.

People from LangsaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ Langsa profile in Kemendagri.go.id
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statiustik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ "Climate: Langsa". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 5 November 2020.

External linksEdit