Langsa (Indonesian: Kota Langsa, Jawoë: لڠسا‎), is a city in Aceh, Indonesia. It is located on the island of Sumatra. Apart from a small seacoast to the northeast, it borders Manyak Payed District of Aceh Tamiang Regency to the east and is otherwise surrounded by Birem Bayeun District of Aceh Timur Regency (of which the city was formerly a part until 2001) to the north, west and south. The city covers an area of 239.83 square kilometres and had a population of 148,945 at the 2010 Census[2] (compared with 117,256 at the previous 2000 Census); this grew to 185,971 at the 2020 Census,[3] and the official estimate as at mid 2022 was 192,630, comprising 86,788 males and 95,842 females.[1]

Langsa
City of Langsa
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawoëلڠسا
Flag of Langsa
Coat of arms of Langsa
Motto(s): 
Indonesian: Terwujudnya Masyarakat yang Aman, Damai, Bermartabat, Maju, Sejahtera, dan Islami
English: Realization of a Safe Community, Peace, Dignity, Progress, Prosperity with islamic values
Location within Aceh
Location within Aceh
Langsa is located in Aceh
Langsa
Langsa
Location in Aceh, Northern Sumatra, Sumatra and Indonesia
Langsa is located in Northern Sumatra
Langsa
Langsa
Langsa (Northern Sumatra)
Langsa is located in Sumatra
Langsa
Langsa
Langsa (Sumatra)
Langsa is located in Indonesia
Langsa
Langsa
Langsa (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 4°28′48″N 97°57′48″E / 4.48000°N 97.96333°E / 4.48000; 97.96333
CountryIndonesia
RegionSumatra
ProvinceAceh
City Established17 October 2001
Government
 • MayorUsman Abdullah
 • Vice MayorMarzuki Hamid
Area
 • Total239.83 km2 (92.60 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2022 estimate)
 • Total192,630
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 641
Websitelangsakota.go.id

Langsa is located 440 kilometres (273 miles) from the city of Banda Aceh, the province's capital. Langsa is close to its province's southern border and is 167 kilometres (103 miles) from Medan, the capital city of North Sumatra. This makes Langsa a strategic city for trade and traffic between the two provinces.[4]

There are several universities in the city of Langsa both state and private universities. Among them are Samudra University and IAIN Zawiyah Cot Kala, Campus LP3I. The city hosts several schools of nursing and midwifery, including the Academy of Nursing of "Harapan Ibu", the Academy of Nursing "Yayasan Cut Nyak Dhien" and the Academy of Nursing "UMMI".

History edit

Darul Islam Rebellion edit

On 21 September 1953, Darul Islam forces invaded Langsa. They attacked Military Police and Mobile Brigade barracks. TNI repelled DI/TII attack after receiving reinforcement troops from Medan.[5]

Administrative districts edit

The city is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with areas and their population at the 2010[2] and 2020[3] Censuses, together with the official estimates as at mid 2022.[1] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages in each village (urban gampong), and its postal codes.

Kode
Wilayah
Name of
District
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Census
2020
Pop'n
Estimate
mid 2022
Admin
centre
No.
of
villages
Post
codes
11.74.01 Langsa Timur
(East Langsa)
78.23 13,818 16,627 17,152 Seunebuk Antara 16 24411
11.74.04 Langsa Lama 45.02 26,877 33,231 34,378 Meurandeh 15 24411 & 24416
11.74.02 Langsa Barat
(West Langsa)
48.781 30,583 39,553 41,111 Matang Seulimeng 13 24410, 24413,
24414 & 24415
11.74.05 Langsa Baro 61.69 41,804 55,824 58,219 Geudubang Aceh 12 24415
11.73.03 Langsa Kota
(Langsa Town)
6.11 35,863 40,736 41,770 Gampong Teungoh 10 24410, 24412,
24414 & 24416
Totals 239.83 148,945 185,971 192,630 66

Climate edit

Langsa has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from February to April and heavy rainfall in the remaining months.

Climate data for Langsa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
32.4
(90.3)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
32.1
(89.8)
32.0
(89.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88.0)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
27.1
(80.8)
27.4
(81.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
27.1
(80.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 149
(5.9)
83
(3.3)
85
(3.3)
94
(3.7)
179
(7.0)
140
(5.5)
160
(6.3)
200
(7.9)
233
(9.2)
242
(9.5)
237
(9.3)
275
(10.8)
2,077
(81.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

Population edit

Acehnese speakers.

Langsa's population is mainly made up of people of Acehnese, Malay, Javanese, Chinese, and Batak ethnicities. Acehnese is the main language used by people who consider themselves as of Acehnese ethnicity, but the Indonesian language is the official language.

Islam is the religion of the majority in Aceh, including Langsa, but other religions exist, such as Christianity and Buddhism. Buddhism is common among Langsa's ethnically Chinese population.

People from Langsa edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kota Langsa Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.1174)
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ "Langsa profile in Kemendagri.go.id". Archived from the original on 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  5. ^ van Dijk, Cornelis (1981). Rebellion under the Banner of Islam: The Darul Islam in Indonesia. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. p. 307.
  6. ^ "Climate: Langsa". Climate-Data.org. Archived from the original on 15 September 2023. Retrieved 5 November 2020.

External links edit