Cimahi (Indonesian pronunciation: [tʃimahi]) is a landlocked city located immediately west of the larger city of Bandung, in West Java Province, Indonesia and within the Bandung Metropolitan Area. It covers an area of 40.37 km2 and had a population at the 2010 Census of 541,177[1] and at the 2020 Census of 568.400.[2] The city is a major textile producer, and is home to several military training centres.[3]

Cimahi
City of Cimahi
Kota Cimahi
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮎᮤᮙᮠᮤ
Alun-alun Cimahi
Alun-alun Cimahi
Flag of Cimahi
Coat of arms of Cimahi
Motto: 
Saluyu Ngawangun Jati Mandiri
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Cimahi City is located in Java
Cimahi City
Cimahi City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Cimahi City is located in Indonesia
Cimahi City
Cimahi City
Cimahi City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°52′16″S 107°33′17″E / 6.8712°S 107.5548°E / -6.8712; 107.5548Coordinates: 6°52′16″S 107°33′17″E / 6.8712°S 107.5548°E / -6.8712; 107.5548
Country Indonesia
ProvinceWest Java coa.svg West Java
Government
 • Acting MayorNgatiyana
Area
 • Total40.37 km2 (15.59 sq mi)
Elevation
685 m (2,247 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total568,400
 • Density14,000/km2 (36,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code+(62) 22
Websitecimahikota.go.id

GeographyEdit

 
Tangkuban Perahu and Burangrang seen from Citeureup

Cimahi, located 180 km south east of Jakarta, is situated between Bandung and West Bandung Regency.[4] Cimahi comprises three districts (kecamatan), which in turn are sub-divided into fifteen urban villages (kelurahan). Its lowest elevation is 685 metres (2,247 ft) above sea level and directs to Citarum River. Its highest elevation is 1,040 metres (3,410 ft) above sea level, which is part of the slope of mount Tangkuban Perahu and Burangrang. The Cimahi River flows through the city and Cimahi also has two Springs, named Cikuda and Cisontok.[5]

ClimateEdit

Cimahi has an elevation moderated tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from June to September and heavy rainfall from October to May.

Climate data for Cimahi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.9
(82.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
21.9
(71.4)
22.2
(72.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.9
(66.0)
18.7
(65.7)
18.7
(65.7)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
16.3
(61.3)
16.9
(62.4)
17.7
(63.9)
18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
17.9
(64.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 259
(10.2)
236
(9.3)
269
(10.6)
271
(10.7)
188
(7.4)
87
(3.4)
77
(3.0)
83
(3.3)
96
(3.8)
189
(7.4)
292
(11.5)
309
(12.2)
2,356
(92.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

HistoryEdit

The name Cimahi was taken from the Cimahi river that flows through the city. The word originated from the Sundanese language and literally means "enough water". Residents of Cimahi get their water supply from the river.[7]

Cimahi's prominence increased in 1811, when Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels constructed the Great Post Road. A checkpoint, known as Loji, was built in Cimahi Square. Between 1874 and 1893, the Cimahi rail station and a railroad connecting Bandung and Cianjur was built. The building of military training centers and other military buildings was started in 1886. Cimahi was granted district status in 1935. In 1975, Cimahi became the first administrative city in West Java and the third in Indonesia. Cimahi was then granted full city status in 2001.[8]

Administrative districtsEdit

The city of Cimahi is divided into three administrative districts (Indonesian: kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[1] and the 2020 Census.[9] An elected mayor leads the city administration. The table also includes the location of the district administration, the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district and its post codes.

Name Area
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010[1]
Pop'n
Census
2020[10]
Admin
centre
No.
of
vill.
Post
codes
Cimahi Selatan
(South Cimahi)
16.94 230,623 240,990 Utama 5 40531
-40535
Cimahi Tengah
(Central Cimahi)
10.11 163,070 161,758 Cimahi 6 40521
-30526
Cimahi Utara
(North Cimahi)
13.32 147,484 165,652 Cibabat 4 40511
-40514
Total city 40.37 541,177 568,400 15

TourismEdit

 
Cimahi Railway Station

Cimahi has various tourist hotspots, such as Alam Wisata Cimahi, Pandiga Recreation Sport, Rumah Pajang, Lembur Batik and Kampung Adat Cirendeu. According to the local tourist office, these offer distinctive experiences in nature, cuisine, handicrafts and traditional community.[11] Additionally, there are some buildings of historical interest, such as Dustira Hospital, Ereveld Cemetery, Military Prison and Sudirman Building.[12]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ "PENGANTAR DARI WALIKOTA CIMAHI" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  4. ^ "GEOGRAFI" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Data Wilayah" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Climate: Cimahi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  7. ^ "SEJARAH" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Sejarah" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 22 August 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  9. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik 2021.
  10. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik 2021.
  11. ^ "WISATA" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  12. ^ "Heritage Dan Pusat Pendidikan Militer" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Sumber". www.tokohindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 20 June 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  14. ^ "Biografi Sule" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2015.

External linksEdit