South Tapanuli Regency
South Tapanuli is a regency in North Sumatra. Its seat is Sipirok. This regency was originally very large and contained thousands of cities in Padang Sidempuan. Areas that have separated from South Tapanuli Regency are Mandailing Natal, Kota Padang Sidempuan, Padang Lawas Utara and Padang Lawas Selatan. After the division, the regency seat moved to Sipirok.
South Tapanuli Regency
(Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan)
Location of South Tapanuli in North Sumatra
|• Regent||Syahrul Martua Pasaribu|
|• Vice Regent||Aswin Effendi Siregar|
|• Chairman of Regency's Council of Representatives||Husin Sogot Simatupang (Gerindra)|
|• Vice Chairmen of Regency's Council of Representatives||Rahmad Nasution (Golkar) and Borkat (National Mandate Party)|
|• Total||4,352.86 km2 (1,680.65 sq mi)|
|• Density||63/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (WIB)|
The regency covers an area of 4,352.86 square kilometers and according to the 2010 census it had a population of 264,108; the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 274,905. These figures exclude the city of Padang Sidempuan, which is virtually surrounded by South Tananuli territory but is independently administered.
There are several attractions in the regency, including Lake Marsabut and Lake Siais. The language used by the people is the Angkola Batak language. The majority religion of the population is Islam. An airport is located in Aek Godang District.
|Muara Batang Toro||11,401|
|Saipar Dolok Hole||12,674|
To the north, the district is bordered by the Central Tapanuli and North Tapanuli districts. The regency borders the Padang Lawas regency in the east, and to the north, the west and the south it borders the Mandailing regency. In the middle of the territory, there is the Padangsidimpuan City, which is entirely surrounded by the South Tapanuli Regency.
The Padang Lawas archaeological site is partly located in the regency. The site covers approximately 1,500 km² over the district (kecamatan) of Padangbolak in South Tapanuli, and in Padang Lawas and North Padang Lawas regencies.
Other megalithic remains are found at Aek Korsik and Aek Tolong Huta, also in the Padangbolak district.
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The critically endangered Tapanuli orangutan lives in the region. It was described as a distinct species in 2017 and represents the first extant species of great ape to be described since the bonobo in 1929.
- Seta,William J. Atlas Lengkap Indonesia dan Dunia (untuk SD, SMP, SMU, dan Umum). Pustaka Widyatama. p. 9. ISBN 978-979-610-232-7.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Reese, April (2017). "Newly discovered orangutan species is also the most endangered". Nature. 551 (7679): 151. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22934. PMID 29120449.
- Simanjuntak, Truman, M. Hisyam, Bagyo Prasetyo, Titi Surti Nastiti (éds.), Archaeology: Indonesian perspective : R.P. Soejono's festschrift, LIPI, Jakarta, 2006, ISBN 979-26-2499-6
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