South Tapanuli Regency

South Tapanuli is a regency in North Sumatra. Its seat is Sipirok. This regency was originally very large and contained thousands of cities in Padang Sidempuan. Areas that have separated from South Tapanuli Regency are Mandailing Natal, Kota Padang Sidempuan, Padang Lawas Utara and Padang Lawas Selatan. After the division, the regency seat moved to Sipirok.

South Tapanuli Regency

(Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan)
Official seal of South Tapanuli Regency
Seal
Location of South Tapanuli in North Sumatra
Location of South Tapanuli in North Sumatra
Coordinates: 1°37′N 99°16′E / 1.61°N 99.26°E / 1.61; 99.26Coordinates: 1°37′N 99°16′E / 1.61°N 99.26°E / 1.61; 99.26
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceNorth Sumatra
Regency seatSipirok
Government
 • RegentSyahrul Martua Pasaribu
 • Vice RegentAswin Effendi Siregar
 • Chairman of Regency's Council of RepresentativesHusin Sogot Simatupang (Gerindra)
 • Vice Chairmen of Regency's Council of RepresentativesRahmad Nasution (Golkar) and Borkat (National Mandate Party)
Area
 • Total4,352.86 km2 (1,680.65 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total274,905
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Websitewww.tapselkab.go.id

The regency covers an area of 4,352.86 square kilometers and according to the 2010 census it had a population of 264,108;[1] the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 274,905. These figures exclude the city of Padang Sidempuan, which is virtually surrounded by South Tananuli territory but is independently administered.

There are several attractions in the regency, including Lake Marsabut and Lake Siais. The language used by the people is the Angkola Batak language. The majority religion of the population is Islam. An airport is located in Aek Godang District.

AdministrationEdit

The regency is divided into twelve districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[2]

Name Population
Census 2010[2]
Batang Angkola 32,129
Sayur Matinggi 37,655
Angkola Timur
(East Angkola)
18,553
Angkola Selatan
(South Angkola)
27,500
Angkola Barat
(West Angkola)
41,254
Batang Toru 28,595
Marancar 9,351
Muara Batang Toro 11,401
Sipirok 30,435
Arse 7,871
Saipar Dolok Hole 12,674
Aek Bilah 6,396

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

To the north, the district is bordered by the Central Tapanuli and North Tapanuli districts. The regency borders the Padang Lawas regency in the east, and to the north, the west and the south it borders the Mandailing regency. In the middle of the territory, there is the Padangsidimpuan City, which is entirely surrounded by the South Tapanuli Regency.

SightsEdit

 
Sampuran waterfall in Damparan Hauntas, Saipar Dolok Hole, South Tapanuli Regency

Sights include a waterfall in Damparan, Damparan Hauntas.

ArchaeologyEdit

The Padang Lawas archaeological site is partly located in the regency. The site covers approximately 1,500 km² over the district (kecamatan) of Padangbolak in South Tapanuli, and in Padang Lawas and North Padang Lawas regencies.[citation needed]

The village of Batu Gana in Padangbolak Julu district is the location of a burial site consisting of a megalithic structure.[citation needed]

In the village of Padang Bujur in the same district, one can also find megalithic remains and what seems to be the base for a padmasana.[citation needed]

Other megalithic remains are found at Aek Korsik and Aek Tolong Huta, also in the Padangbolak district.[citation needed]

WildlifeEdit

The critically endangered Tapanuli orangutan lives in the region. It was described as a distinct species in 2017 and represents the first extant species of great ape to be described since the bonobo in 1929.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Seta,William J. Atlas Lengkap Indonesia dan Dunia (untuk SD, SMP, SMU, dan Umum). Pustaka Widyatama. p. 9. ISBN 978-979-610-232-7.
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Reese, April (2017). "Newly discovered orangutan species is also the most endangered". Nature. 551 (7679): 151. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22934. PMID 29120449.

SourcesEdit

  • Simanjuntak, Truman, M. Hisyam, Bagyo Prasetyo, Titi Surti Nastiti (éds.), Archaeology: Indonesian perspective : R.P. Soejono's festschrift, LIPI, Jakarta, 2006, ISBN 979-26-2499-6