Kampar Regency

Kampar is a regency (kabupaten) of Riau, Indonesia. It has an area of 11,289.28 km2 and had a population of 686,204 at the 2010 Census,[2] 793,005 at the 2015 Intermediate Census and 841,332 at the 2020 Census.[3] The administrative centre of the regency is located at Bangkinang town.

Kampar Regency
(Kabupaten Kampar)
Islamic Centre of Kampar in Bangkinang city
Islamic Centre of Kampar in Bangkinang city
Flag of Kampar Regency
Coat of arms of Kampar Regency
Lokasi Riau Kabupaten Kampar.svg
Coordinates: 1°00′40″N 101°14′30″E / 1.01111°N 101.24167°E / 1.01111; 101.24167Coordinates: 1°00′40″N 101°14′30″E / 1.01111°N 101.24167°E / 1.01111; 101.24167
Regency seatBangkinang
 • RegentJefri Noer
 • Total11,289.28 km2 (4,358.82 sq mi)
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total841,332
 • Density75/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)

Bordered by:

Heading Border
North Bengkalis, Siak and Rokan Hulu Regency
South Kuantan Singingi Regency
West LIma Puluh Kota Regency, West Sumatera
East Pelalawan and Pekanbaru city


Pekanbaru-Bangkinang Highway Road, across the regency

The Kampar Regency covers an area of 11,289.28 km2, and is an area that lies between 1 ° 00'40 "north latitude to 0 ° 27'00" south latitude and 100 ° 28'30 "- 101 ° 14'30" east longitude. [ 6] The boundaries of Kampar Regency are as follows: North Rokan Hulu and Bengkalis Southern Regency Kuantan Singingi Fifty-City West District (West Sumatra Province) East Pekanbaru, Siak and Pelalawan. The Kampar Regency is traversed by two major rivers and several small rivers, including Sungai Kampar about 413.5 km long with an average depth of 7.7 m and an average width of 143 metres. All parts of the river are included in Kampar Regency, which includes the districts of XIII Koto Kampar, Bangkinang, Kuok (formerly Bangkinang West), Kampar, Siak Hulu, and Kampar Kiri. Then the Siak River upstream part of the length of about 90 km with an average depth of 8–12 m across Tapung District. Major rivers located in Kampar Regency are partly still functioning well as a means of transportation, clean water sources, fish farms, as well as a source of electrical energy (hydropower Koto Panjang). Kampar Regency has a generally tropical climate, the minimum temperature occurring in November and December amounting to 21 °C. The maximum temperature occurs in July with a temperature of 35 °C. The number of rainy days in 2009, the vast majority were around Bangkinang Seberang and Kampar Kiri.


Kampar was originally located in the province of Central Sumatra, established pursuant to Law No. 12 of 1956 with the capital Bangkinang. Then it was moved into Riau province, based on the Law on Emergency Number 19 Year 1957 and confirmed by Law No. 61 1958. Subsequently, for the development of the city of Pekanbaru, Kampar local government agreed to give up some of its territory for the purposes of expansion of the city of Pekanbaru, which was then confirmed by the Indonesian Government Regulation Number 19 of 1987.

In accordance with the Decree of the Governor of the Province of Riau Number: KPTS. 318VII1987 dated July 17, 1987, Kampar District consisted of 19 districts with two Vice Regent. The Vice Regent of Region I is based in Pasir Pangarayan and Vice Regent of Region II in Pangkalan Kerinci. Regent Assistant Region I coordinate the District of Rambah, Tandun, Rokan IV Koto, Kunto Darussalam, Fullness, and Tambusai. Regent Assistant coordinate the District of Region II Langgam, Pangkalan Kuras, Bunut and Kuala Kampar. While other districts are not included maid region regent I & II region directly under the district coordinator. Kampar Regency is currently led by partner Jeffery H. Noer Governor and Deputy Governor H. Ibrahim Ali SH, which is set by the plenary session the General Election Commission (KPU) Kampar for a term of 2011-2016. A 20th district as since been created.

Administrative DistrictsEdit

Kampar Regency is divided into twenty-one districts (kecamatan), as a result of the reorganisation of the previous twelve districts. The districts (with their administrative centres) are tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 and 2020 Census populations:[4][5]

Name of District Area
in km2
Kampar Kiri 915.33 26,193 32,583 Lipat Kain
Kampar Kiri Hulu 1,301.25 10,542 10,972 Gema
Kampar Kiri Hilir 759.74 10,089 12,593 Sungai Pagar
Gunung Sahilan 597.97 17,145 20,384 Gunung Sahilan
Kampar Kiri Tengah 330.59 23,590 27,470 Simalinyang
XIII Koto Kampar 732.40 37,811 23,535 Batu Bersurat
Koto Kampar Hulu 674.00 (a) 19,717 Tanjung
Kuok (b) 151.41 22,128 25,897 Kuok
Salo 207.83 22,775 25,802 Salo
Tapung 1,365.97 82,249 101,524 Petapahan
Tapung Hulu 1,169.15 55,663 80,108 Sinama Nenek
Tapung Hilir 1,013.56 52,123 57,769 Kota Garo
Bangkinang Kota 177.18 34,899 37,247 Bangkinang (town)
Bangkinang 253.50 29,087 33,802 Muara Uwai
Kampar 136.28 44,546 51,206 Air Tiris
Kampa (c) 173.08 21,303 23,959 Kampar (town)
Rumbio Jaya 76.92 15,165 18,138 Teratak
Kampar Utara 79.84 15,157 18,057 Sawah
Tambang 371.94 52,634 98,939 Sungai Pinang
Siak Hulu 689.80 85,881 102,886 Pangkalan Baru
Perhentian Raja 111.54 15,404 18,744 Pantai Raja
Totals 11,289.28 686,204 841,332 Pantai Raja

Notes: (a) 2010 population included in that for XIII Koto Kampar, from which it was split.
(b) formerly named Bangkinang Barat. (c) formerly named Kampar Timur.


Kampar is the most Islamic regency in Riau, make mosque the most majority workship can find here

The Census of Kampar Regency in 2010 recorded 688,204 persons, which consisted of 354,836 male and 333,368 female. The Census in 2020 recorded 841,332 persons, which consisted of 431,295 male and 410,037 female. Sex ratio (the ratio of the male population to the female population) thus was 105.2 in 2020. The Kampar population is Minangkabau who often refer to themselves as Ughang Ocu, spread over most of Kampar region with Tribal Domo, Malay, Piliong / Piliang, Mandailiong, Putopang, Caniago, Kampai, Bendang, etc. In history, ethnicity, customs, and their culture is very close to the Minangkabau society. Particularly with Limopuluah Luhak region. This happens because the new Kampar region apart from Minang since the Japanese colonial period in 1942. According to his H.Takahashi in Japan and Eastern Asia, 1953, the Military Government Kaigun Kampar in Sumatra enter into Shio Riau region as part of a strategy of territorial defense military on the East coast of Sumatra. Furthermore, there is also little ethnic Malays who generally live in the border areas bordering East with Siak and Pelalawan. Followed by ethnic Javanese majority have settled in Kampar since the colonial period and independence through transmigration programs scattered centers of transmigration settlements. Similarly Batak ethnic population found in large enough quantities to work as laborers in the plantation sector and other services. Besides the significant number of migrants of other tribes from West Sumatra Minangkabau who made their living as traders and businessmen. The most densely populated district that is Kampar District with 376 inhabitants / km2, followed by Tambang District with 266 inhabitants / km2, Rumbio Jaya District with 236 inhabitants / km2 and Kampar Utara District with 226 inhabitants / km2. The two relatively sparsely populated districts namely Kampar Kiri Hulu with a density of 8 inhabitants / km2 and Kampar Kiri Hilir with 17 inhabitants / km2.


Kampar Regency has a resident Muslim majority, with minorities of Protestants, Catholics, Buddhists, and Hindus. Islam accounts for nearly 90% of total religious adherents throughout the regency. Subsequent Christian religions are the second larges, accounting for 8.6%. Moslems were the highest in Sub Siak Hulu as many as 63,511 people in 2010, although in general, all districts in Kampar have a Muslim majority. Jami Mosque of Air Tiris is one of the oldest mosques in Kampar Regency.


a departement store in Bangkinang

Kampar Regency still has a lot of potential that can be exploited, especially in agriculture and aquaculture. Most of the population (67.22%) work in agriculture, plantation and forestry. Only a small fraction (12:22%) were working in the sector of Electricity, Gas and Water, as well as government. As one of the largest area in the province of Riau, Kampar ongoing basis to improve the facilities and infrastructure such as road network (1856.56 km), electricity (72.082 KWH) with 5 units of diesel power plant Hydroelectric Power Plant (HEPP) in Koto length that produces energy with a capacity of 114.240 KWH connected. Other facilities also include telecommunications services (fixed line, mobile phone and internet networks) and water network with a production capacity of 1,532,284 m³. Agriculture Agriculture such as palm oil and rubber, which is one plant that is suitable for land in Kampar regency. Plantation Special plantations for palm oil plantations currently Kampar district has a land area of 241.5 thousand hectares with potential for crude palm oil (CPO) as much as 966 thousand tons. Fishery In the field of aquaculture catfish developed through cages (fish pond in the form of rafts) along the Kampar river, seen the number of cages were lined up neatly along the river kampardan the cooperation between the Government of Kampar PT. Benecom with a total investment of Rp. 30 billion of which in the future will become a center Kampar catfish with a production of 220 tonnes per day.

Tourism and cultureEdit

Muara Takus Temple the most famous tourist attraction in kampar and the being a cultural heritage

Kampar Regency has an estimated area of archaeological sites have been there during the Srivijaya namely Muara Takus, this region besides being a cultural heritage area is also a religious tourist destination for Buddhists. In addition Kampar Muslim community, still preserve the tradition Balimau Bakasai i.e. shower bath wash in Kampar River particularly welcome the month of Ramadan.

Then there is also the tradition that is the tradition Ma'awuo fish catch fish together (fishing ban) once a year, especially in the area of Lake Bokuok (District of Mine) and Subayang River in the village of Domo (Kampar Kiri Hulu). Kampar culture can not be separated from the influence of Minangkabau, which is identical with the title Limo Koto Kampar and formerly part of Pagaruyung. Limo Koto consists of Kuok, Salo, Bangkinang, Air Tiris and Rumbio. There are many tribal are still preserved to this day, including kinship models of maternal lines (matrilineal). The concept of custom and tradition together with the concept Minang tribe especially in Luhak Limopuluah.

Language and MusicEdit

Colloquially Kampar society similar to the Minangkabau language, or the so-called language Ocu one variant which is similar to the language used in Luhak Limopuluah. The language is different accent variants Minangkabau language spoken by the people of Luhak Agam, Tanah Datar Luhak Minangkabau and other coastal areas. In addition, Limo Koto Kampar also has some sorts of traditional musical instruments called Calempong and Oguong.

Notable KamparEdit

Kampar People


  1. ^ Badan Pusat Startistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010 Archived 2010-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 17 January 2011 (in Indonesian)
  5. ^ Bahan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.