Kampar Regency

Kampar is a regency (kabupaten) of Riau Province on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. It has an area of 11,289.28 km2 and had a population of 686,204 at the 2010 Census and 793,005 at the 2015 Census; the latest official estimate (as at 1 July 2019) was 854,441.

Kampar Regency

(Kabupaten Kampar)
Islamic Centre of Kampar in Bangkinang city
Islamic Centre of Kampar in Bangkinang city
Flag of Kampar Regency
Flag
Official seal of Kampar Regency
Seal
Lokasi Riau Kabupaten Kampar.svg
Coordinates: 1°00′40″N 101°14′30″E / 1.01111°N 101.24167°E / 1.01111; 101.24167Coordinates: 1°00′40″N 101°14′30″E / 1.01111°N 101.24167°E / 1.01111; 101.24167
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceRiau
Regency seatBangkinang
Government
 • RegentJefri Noer
Area
 • Total11,289.28 km2 (4,358.82 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2019)[1]
 • Total854,441
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Websitewww.kamparkab.go.id

The regency is divided into 21 districts (kecamatan). The administrative centre of the regency is located at Bangkinang.

Bordered by:

Heading Border
North Bengkalis, Siak and Rokan Hulu Regency
South Kuantan Singingi Regency
West LIma Puluh Kota Regency, West Sumatera
East Pelalawan and Pekanbaru city

GeographyEdit

 
Pekanbaru-Bangkinang Highway Road, across the regency

The Kampar Regency covers an area of 11,289.28 km2, and is an area that lies between 1 ° 00'40 "north latitude to 0 ° 27'00" south latitude and 100 ° 28'30 "- 101 ° 14'30" east longitude. [ 6] The boundaries of Kampar Regency are as follows: North Rokan Hulu and Bengkalis Southern Regency Kuantan Singingi Fifty-City West District (West Sumatra Province) East Pekanbaru, Siak and Pelalawan Kampar district is traversed by two major rivers and several small rivers, including Sungai Kampar about 413.5 km long with an average depth of 7.7 m and an average width of 143 meters. All parts of the river are included in Kampar Regency, which includes the districts of XIII Koto Kampar, Bangkinang, Kuok (formerly Bangkinang West), Kampar, Siak Hulu, and Kampar Kiri. Then the Siak River upstream part of the length of about 90 km with an average depth of 8–12 m across districts Tapung. Major rivers located in Kampar Regency are partly still functioning well as a means of transportation, clean water sources, fish farms, as well as a source of electrical energy (hydropower Koto Panjang). Kampar Regency has a generally tropical climate, the minimum temperature occurring in November and December amounting to 21 °C. The maximum temperature occurs in July with a temperature of 35 °C. The number of rainy days in 2009, the vast majority were around Bangkinang Seberang and Kampar Kiri.

GovernmentEdit

Kampar was originally located in the province of Central Sumatra, established pursuant to Law No. 12 of 1956 with the capital Bangkinang. Then it was moved into Riau province, based on the Law on Emergency Number 19 Year 1957 and confirmed by Law No. 61 1958. Subsequently, for the development of the city of Pekanbaru, Kampar local government agreed to give up some of its territory for the purposes of expansion of the city of Pekanbaru, which was then confirmed by the Indonesian Government Regulation Number 19 of 1987.

In accordance with the Decree of the Governor of the Province of Riau Number: KPTS. 318VII1987 dated July 17, 1987, Kampar District consisted of 19 districts with two Vice Regent. The Vice Regent of Region I is based in Pasir Pangarayan and Vice Regent of Region II in Pangkalan Kerinci. Regent Assistant Region I coordinate the District of Rambah, Tandun, Rokan IV Koto, Kunto Darussalam, Fullness, and Tambusai. Regent Assistant coordinate the District of Region II Langgam, Pangkalan Kuras, Bunut and Kuala Kampar. While other districts are not included maid region regent I & II region directly under the district coordinator. Kampar Regency is currently led by partner Jeffery H. Noer Governor and Deputy Governor H. Ibrahim Ali SH, which is set by the plenary session the General Election Commission (KPU) Kampar for a term of 2011-2016. A 20th district as since been created.

DistrictsEdit

Kampar Regency is divided into twenty-one districts (kecamatan), as a result of the reorganisation of the previous twelve districts. The districts (with their administrative centres) are tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 and 2015 Census populations:[2][3]

Name of District Area
in km2
Population
2010
Census
Population
2015
Census
Administrative
Capital
Kampar Kiri 915.33 26,193 29,987 Lipat Kain
Kampar Kiri Hulu 1,301.25 10,542 11,876 Gema
Kampar Kiri Hilir 759.74 10,089 11,462 Sungai Pagar
Kampar Kiri Tengah 330.59 23,590 19,366 Simalinyang
Gunung Sahilan 597.97 17,145 26,953 Kebun Durian
XIII Koto Kampar 732.40 37,811 24,144 Batu Bersurat
Koto Kampar Hulu 674.00 (a) 18,939 ?
Kuok(b) 151.41 22,128 25,186 Kuok
Salo 207.83 22,775 25,954 Salo
Tapung 1,365.97 82,249 95,476 Petapahan
Tapung Hulu 1,169.15 55,663 81,936 Senama Nenek
Tapung Hilir 1,013.56 52,123 60,106 Sekijang
Bangkinang 177.18 34,899 39,793 Bangkinang (town)
Bangkinang Seberang 253.50 29,087 33,043 Muara Uwai
Kampar 136.28 44,546 50,555 Air Tiris
Kampar Timur 173.08 21,303 24,528 Kampar (town)
Rumbio Jaya 76.92 15,165 17,192 Teratak
Kampar Utara 79.92 15,157 17,242 Sawah
Tambang 371.94 52,634 61,027 Tarai Bangun
Siak Hulu 589.80 85,881 100,253 Pangkalan Baru
Perhentian Raja 111.54 15,404 17,637 Hang Tuah

Notes: (a) 2010 population included in that for XIII Koto Kampar, from which it was split.
(b) formerly named Bangkinang Barat

DemographyEdit

 
Kampar is the most Islamic regency in Riau, make mosque the most majority workship can find here

The Census of Kampar Regency in 2010 recorded 688,204 persons, which consisted of 354,836 male and 333,368 female. Sex ratio (the ratio of the male population to the female population) thus was 109. The Kampar population is Minangkabau who often refer to themselves as Ughang Ocu, spread over most of Kampar region with Tribal Domo, Malay, Piliong / Piliang, Mandailiong, Putopang, Caniago, Kampai, Bendang, etc. In history, ethnicity, customs, and their culture is very close to the Minangkabau society. Particularly with Limopuluah Luhak region. This happens because the new Kampar region apart from Minang since the Japanese colonial period in 1942. According to his H.Takahashi in Japan and Eastern Asia, 1953, the Military Government Kaigun Kampar in Sumatra enter into Shio Riau region as part of a strategy of territorial defense military on the East coast of Sumatra. Furthermore, there is also little ethnic Malays who generally live in the border areas bordering East with Siak and Pelalawan. Followed by ethnic Javanese majority have settled in Kampar since the colonial period and independence through transmigration programs scattered centers of transmigration settlements. Similarly Batak ethnic population found in large enough quantities to work as laborers in the plantation sector and other services. Besides the significant number of migrants of other tribes from West Sumatra Minangkabau who made their living as traders and businessmen. The most densely populated district that is Kampar District is 333 inhabitants / km2, followed by North Kampar District 226 inhabitants / km2. In addition five rather densely populated districts located in the districts of Rumbio Jaya, Bangkinang, Bangkinang West, Perhentian Raja and East Kampar, each -masing 216 inhabitants / km2, 191 inhabitants / km2, 158 inhabitants / km2, 154 and 131 inhabitants / km2 , While two relatively sparsely populated districts namely Kampar Kiri Hulu with a density of 9 inhabitants / km2 and Kampar Kiri Hilir with 13 inhabitants / km2.

ReligionEdit

Kampar Regency has a resident Muslim majority, with minorities of Protestants, Catholics, Buddhists, and Hindus. Islam accounts for nearly 90% of total religious adherents throughout the regency. Subsequent Christian religions are the second larges, accounting for 8.6%. Moslems were the highest in Sub Siak Hulu as many as 63,511 people in 2010, although in general all districts in Kampar have a Muslim majority. Jami Air Tiris is one of the oldest mosques in Kampar Regency.

EconomyEdit

 
a departement store in Bangkinang

Kampar Regency still has a lot of potential that can be exploited, especially in agriculture and aquaculture. Most of the population (67.22%) work in agriculture, plantation and forestry. Only a small fraction (12:22%) were working in the sector of Electricity, Gas and Water, as well as government. As one of the largest area in the province of Riau, Kampar ongoing basis to improve the facilities and infrastructure such as road network (1856.56 km), electricity (72.082 KWH) with 5 units of diesel power plant Hydroelectric Power Plant (HEPP) in Koto length that produces energy with a capacity of 114.240 KWH connected. Other facilities also include telecommunications services (fixed line, mobile phone and internet networks) and water network with a production capacity of 1,532,284 m³. Agriculture Agriculture such as palm oil and rubber, which is one plant that is suitable for land in Kampar regency. Plantation Special plantations for palm oil plantations currently Kampar district has a land area of 241.5 thousand hectares with potential for crude palm oil (CPO) as much as 966 thousand tons. Fishery In the field of aquaculture catfish developed through cages (fish pond in the form of rafts) along the Kampar river, seen the number of cages were lined up neatly along the river kampardan the cooperation between the Government of Kampar PT. Benecom with a total investment of Rp. 30 billion of which in the future will become a center Kampar catfish with a production of 220 tonnes per day.

Tourism and cultureEdit

 
Muara Takus Temple the most famous tourist attraction in kampar and the being a cultural heritage

Kampar Regency has an estimated area of archaeological sites have been there during the Srivijaya namely Muara Takus, this region besides being a cultural heritage area is also a religious tourist destination for Buddhists. In addition Kampar Muslim community, still preserve the tradition Balimau Bakasai i.e. shower bath wash in Kampar River particularly welcome the month of Ramadan.

Then there is also the tradition that is the tradition Ma'awuo fish catch fish together (fishing ban) once a year, especially in the area of Lake Bokuok (District of Mine) and Subayang River in the village of Domo (Kampar Kiri Hulu). Kampar culture can not be separated from the influence of Minangkabau, which is identical with the title Limo Koto Kampar and formerly part of Pagaruyung. Limo Koto consists of Kuok, Salo, Bangkinang, Air Tiris and Rumbio. There are many tribal are still preserved to this day, including kinship models of maternal lines (matrilineal). The concept of custom and tradition together with the concept Minang tribe especially in Luhak Limopuluah.

Language and MusicEdit

Colloquially Kampar society similar to the Minangkabau language, or the so-called language Ocu one variant which is similar to the language used in Luhak Limopuluah. The language is different accent variants Minangkabau language spoken by the people of Luhak Agam, Tanah Datar Luhak Minangkabau and other coastal areas. In addition, Limo Koto Kampar also has some sorts of traditional musical instruments called Calempong and Oguong.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Startistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  2. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010 Archived 2010-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 17 January 2011 (in Indonesian)
  3. ^ Bahan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.