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Morotai Island Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Pulau Morotai) is a regency of North Maluku province, Indonesia, located on Morotai Island. The population was 52,860 at the 2010 Census.

Morotai Island Regency

Kabupaten Pulau Morotai
Official seal of Morotai Island Regency
Seal
Location within Maluku Islands
Location within Maluku Islands
Morotai Island Regency is located in Maluku
Morotai Island Regency
Morotai Island Regency
Location in Maluku, Halmahera and Indonesia
Morotai Island Regency is located in Halmahera
Morotai Island Regency
Morotai Island Regency
Morotai Island Regency (Halmahera)
Morotai Island Regency is located in Indonesia
Morotai Island Regency
Morotai Island Regency
Morotai Island Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 2°18′N 128°25′E / 2.300°N 128.417°E / 2.300; 128.417Coordinates: 2°18′N 128°25′E / 2.300°N 128.417°E / 2.300; 128.417
Country Indonesia
Province North Maluku
Incorporated26 November 2008[1]
CapitalDaruba
Government
 • RegentBenny Laos
 • Vice RegentAsrun Padoma
Area
 • Total2,476 km2 (956 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total52,860
Time zoneUTC+9 (IEST)
Area code(+62) 921
Websitepulaumorotaikab.go.id

Contents

HistoryEdit

During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Morotai was generally within the sphere of influence of the powerful sultanate on the island of Ternate. It was the core of a larger region, called Moro, that included the island and the coastline of Halmahera closest to Morotai to the south.

In the mid-sixteenth century, the island was also the site of a Portuguese Jesuit mission. The Muslim states on Ternate and Halmahera resented the outpost for its proselytising activities, and managed to drive the mission from the island in 1571, as a part of a larger Portuguese retreat in the region. In the seventeenth century, Ternate further exerted its power over Morotai by repeatedly forcing major parts of the population to move off the island. Early in the century most of the population was moved to Dodinga, a small town in a strategic spot on Halmahera's west coast. Later, in 1627 and 1628, Sultan Hamzah of Ternate had much of the Christian population of the island moved to Malayu, on Ternate, where they could be more easily controlled.

World War IIEdit

The island was captured by the Japanese in early 1942. Morotai's southern plain was taken by American forces in September 1944 during the Battle of Morotai, and used as a staging point for the Allied invasion of the Philippines in early 1945, and of Borneo in May and June of that year. Japanese soldier Teruo Nakamura was discovered in the Morotai jungle in 1974, as one of the World War II Japanese soldiers who held out subsequent to the Japanese military's surrender.

Post-independenceEdit

Morotai became its own regency in 2008, separating from the North Halmahera Regency.[2]

GeographyEdit

Morotai is a rugged, forested island lying to the north of Halmahera. It has an area of some 1,800 square kilometres (690 sq mi), stretching 80 kilometres (50 mi) north-south and no more than 42 kilometres (26 mi) wide. The regency's largest town is Daruba, on the island's south coast. Almost all of Morotai's numerous villages are coastal settlements; a paved road linking those on the east coast starts from Daruba and will eventually reach Berebere, the principal town on Morotai's east coast, 68 kilometres (42 mi) from Daruba.

AdministrationEdit

The regency is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 Census populations.

Name English name Area in
sq.km
Population
Census 2010
Morotai Selatan South Morotai 373.02 17,547
Morotai Timur East Morotai 265.04 7,779
Morotai Selatan Barat Southwest Morotai 696,73 11,078
Morotai Jaya Great Morotai 440.59 7,067
Morotai Utara North Morotai 567.04 9,226

EconomyEdit

The island is heavily wooded and produces timber and resin and has a subsistence fishing industry. In October 2010, the Indonesia government requested assistance of the Republic of China (Taiwan) to help exploiting this island.[3] In 2011 the company PT Halmahera Development & Investment was looking to invest in eco-tourism on the island of Morotai; also small projects to help the people and children of morotai are being planned or unfold like "Help Morotai" a small non-profit origination that is focused on helping children of the Island.[4][5]

EnergyEdit

Currently 3MW Diesel generators across 3 locations one with 2MW, and 2 at 0.5MW. The electrification ratio is reported as 80%. Eight potential locations for micro-hydro were identified by ESDM/KKP.

Morotai AerodromeEdit

The provincial government make an effort to turn Pitu Airport into an international aerodrome to boost tourists.[6] 'Pitu' means seven due to they have seven lanes of take off and landing built in World War II.

ReferencesEdit

  • Andaya, Leonard (1993). The world of Maluku: eastern Indonesia in the early modern period. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Villiers, John (1988). Las Yslas de Esperar en Dios: The Jesuit Mission in Moro 1546-1571. Modern Asian Studies 22(3):593-606.
  1. ^ Law Number 53 of the Year 2008 about the Formation of Morotai Island Regency in North Maluku Province (Indonesian: Undang-Undang Nomor 53 Tahun 53 tentang Pembentukan Kabupaten Pulau Morotai di Provinsi Maluku Utara)
  2. ^ "UU 53 Tahun 2008" (PDF). People's Representative Council (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  3. ^ http://news.msn.com.tw/news1892384.aspx
  4. ^ http://morotai-island.com/index.html
  5. ^ https://www.facebook.com/pages/Help-Morotai-Indonesia/129940680454616.
  6. ^ http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/68703/morotai-airport-to-be-turned-into-international-aerodrome