Ciamis (Sundanese: ᮎᮤᮃᮙᮤᮞ᮪) is a district which serves as the regency seat of Ciamis Regency in West Java, Indonesia.

Ciamis
Regional transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮎᮤᮃᮙᮤᮞ᮪
Alun-alun of Ciamis
Alun-alun of Ciamis
Etymology: Ciamis River (Ciamis means Sweet River in Sundanese)
Ciamis is located in Java
Ciamis
Ciamis
Location in Java and Indonesia
Ciamis is located in Indonesia
Ciamis
Ciamis
Ciamis (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°19′41″S 108°20′1″E / 7.32806°S 108.33361°E / -7.32806; 108.33361Coordinates: 7°19′41″S 108°20′1″E / 7.32806°S 108.33361°E / -7.32806; 108.33361
Country Indonesia
ProvinceWest Java
RegencyCiamis Regency
Government
 • CamatDede Hermawan
 • SecretarySantoso Budi Raharjo
Area
 • Total34.11 km2 (13.17 sq mi)
Elevation202 m (663 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total98,610
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWT)
Postal code
4621x
Area code(+62) 265
Villages12
WebsiteOfficial website

GovernmentEdit

GOVERNMENT Since regional autonomy was implemented in 2001, Ciamis Regency has experienced regional expansion into Ciamis Regency with 30 sub-districts and Banjar City 4 districts. Along with the increase in population in Ciamis Regency and to reduce the span of government control in 2006 Ciamis Regency experienced the expansion of 6 sub-districts, so from 30 sub-districts to 36 sub-districts. Likewise for the number of villages, during the period 2007 – 2009, the number of villages increased by 3 villages. Likewise, for the same period, the number of Neighborhood Associations (RW) and Neighborhood Units (RT) experienced an increase of 27 Rukun Warga (RW) and 92 Rukun Tetangga (RT). The number of civil servants in Ciamis increased from 18,404 people in 2008 to 18,966 people in 2009. Based on the composition of employees by gender, during 2007 - 2009 the average number of male employees increased by 1.37 percent while female employees increased by 6.47 percent. . Furthermore, the available data also shows a decline in the quality of civil servants in terms of education, namely the increasing number of employees with high school education and below, while the number of employees with higher education (Diploma and above) is decreasing, this is due to the appointment of honorary employees who work in local governments. Ciamis Regency with an average education level of less than high school. The political map of Ciamis Regency as a result of the 2009 General Election (PEMILU) shows the dominance of the PDI-P in parliament (DPRD), which is followed by Democrats and Golkar. The number of DPRD members from the PDI-P was 11 people, more than a fifth of the total members of the Ciamis DPRD. The second and third highest numbers were occupied by the Democratic Party and the Golkar Party with 9 and 8 seats, respectively. The Democrat Party is a phenomenal political party, when compared to the previous general election, this political party has slowly and surely experienced a surge in the number of seats in Parliament. (DPRD) Ciamis Regency where in the 2004 General Election only placed 1 seat (2.22%) while in 2009 it jumped to 9 seats (18.00%), and the most surprising thing was the seat gain for the GOLKAR Party where in the previous Election obtained 14 seats (31.11%) reduced to 8 seats (16.00%). To finance development, the government in Ciamis Regency in 2009 spent a budget of nearly 1.348 trillion rupiah as recorded in the realization of the Ciamis Regency APBD. This number increased by 15.91 percent from the APBD in 2007. Of the total APBD of Ciamis Regency of 1.348 trillion, PAD only contributed 0.051 trillion or around 3.84%, while DAU contributed around 1.05 trillion rupiah or around 63.81%. Thus, the financing of development activities in Ciamis Regency is still dependent on the DAU.

Ciamis district is divided into 12 administrative villages which are as follows:[1]

  • Benteng
  • Ciamis
  • Cigembor
  • Cisadap
  • Imbanagara
  • Imbanagara Raya
  • Kertasari
  • Linggasari
  • Maleber
  • Panyingkiran
  • Pawindan
  • Sindangrasa

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Ciamis as a province in West Java, is located in the north by Majalengka Regency and Kuningan Regency, in the west by Tasikmalaya Regency and Tasikmalaya City, in the east by Banjar City and Central Java Province, and in the south by the Indonesian Ocean. Based on its geographical location, Ciamis Regency is in a strategic position which is traversed by the National Road across the Province of West Java, Central Java Province and the Provincial Road through the Ciamis – Cirebon – Central Java. Its astronomical location is at 108°20' to 108°40' East Longitude and 7°40'20" to 7o41'20'' South Latitude. The area of ​​Ciamis is 244,479 hectares or 7.73 percent of the total land area of West Java Province. In the context of the development of the West Java Province, Ciamis Regency has 2 (two) Mainstay Areas, namely the East Priangan Mainstay Area and the Pangandaran Mainstay Area. The average air temperature in Ciamis in 2009 ranged from 20.0 °C to 30.0 °C. Places close to the coast have relatively high average air temperatures. Ciamis Regency is located on land with flat-wavy morphology to mountains, with slopes ranging from 0-40% with a distribution of 0-2% located in the middle - northeast to south and 2-40% spread in almost all sub-districts. Soil type is dominated by Latosol, podsolic, alluvial and grumusol. The average rainfall in Ciamis Regency during 2009 was 3 606.50 mm while the rainfall was 177.40 days. The highest rainfall occurred in March of 10 991 (mm) and the lowest occurred in August of 67 (mm) and the highest rainy day occurred in April of 214 and the lowest occurred in August of 16. Based on the climate classification according to Schmidt-Ferguson Ciamis Regency generally has a C climate type. Ciamis Regency is fed by the main river, namely the Citanduy River which flows from Mount Cakrabuana (upstream) in Tasikmalaya Regency and empties into Sagara Anakan, Central Java Province with its tributaries consisting of the Cimuntur River, Cijolang and Ciseel rivers. In the southern part, the Cimedang river flows with its tributaries consisting of the Cikondang river, Cibegal river, Cipaledang river, Cibungur river, Citatah river I, Citatah II river, Cigugur river, Ciharuman river, Cigembor river, Cikuya river, Cijengkol river, Cimagung river and Cicondong river . Most of the Ciamis Regency area is included in the Citanduy Watershed (DAS), while the rest is included in the Cimedang Watershed. Most of the villages in Ciamis are non-coastal villages with a total of 328 villages with the topography of the area mostly in the plains as many as 153 villages and 162 villages on the slopes, while the villages in the Watershed (DAS) are 13 villages.

ClimateEdit

Ciamis has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Ciamis
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.9
(85.8)
28.9
(84.0)
29.2
(84.6)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
30.4
(86.7)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
25.7
(78.3)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
25.5
(77.9)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
21.5
(70.7)
21.1
(70.0)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 445
(17.5)
384
(15.1)
407
(16.0)
310
(12.2)
299
(11.8)
189
(7.4)
255
(10.0)
164
(6.5)
212
(8.3)
305
(12.0)
382
(15.0)
416
(16.4)
3,768
(148.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[2]

Education

Education is one of the important aspects in people's lives that play a role in improving the quality of life. One of the indicators of education is the Literacy Rate in Ciamis Regency from 2007-2009 seen an increase in the percentage of the population who are literate in 2007 by 96.57 percent, increasing to 97, 01percent in 2009. Likewise for the Average Length of Schooling for the residents of Ciamis Regency, this indicator is shown by the average length of schooling for 2007 of 6.78, increasing in 2009 to 7.09 years, or deciding to stop when 2nd grade of middle school. Achievements in the field of education are closely related to the availability of educational facilities. At the elementary school level in Ciamis Regency for the 2009/2010 academic year, an average teacher teaches 17 elementary school students. The higher the level of education, the less burden on a teacher, where for the junior high school level on average a teacher teaches 21 students and at the high school level the burden of a teacher only teaches 13 students. The school's capacity for the number of students must be balanced so that the teaching and learning process can run well. The more students in one school, the lower the student's absorption of the material. The capacity of the school's capacity for elementary education in Ciamis Regency reaches 137 people, while at the junior high school level the capacity is 301 people and at the high school level of 273 people.

HISTORY

The process of the birth of the anniversary of Ciams Regency, began with the issuance of the Decree of the Regional House of Representatives of the Ciamis Regency on October 6, 1970 Number: 36/X/KPTS/DPRD/1970 AND NUMBER: 5/ll/KPTS/DPRD/1971, concerning the formation of the committee for the preparation of history of galuh, in which the committee was accompanied by a team of historians from Ikip Bandung, led by DRS. RD. H. Said Raksanegara. The formation of a committee for the preparation of the history of galuh is intended to explore and study the history of galuh as a whole, considering that there are several alternatives in determining the anniversary, whether to use it! Titimangsa Rahyangta in Medang Jati, namely the establishment of the Galuh Kingdom by Wretikkandayun on 23 March 612 AD or the Rakean Jamri era which was also called Raiyang Sanjaya before the Manarah came to power, or will take the date and year from the events, as follows: The name of Galuh Regency was changed to Ciamis Regency by the Regent, RD. Tumenggung Sastra Winata in 1916; Moving the center of government from Imbanagara to Cibatu (ciamis) by the Regent of RD. AA Wiradikusumah on January 15, 1815; Or the transfer of the center of Galuh Regency from garatengah which is located around cineam (tasikmalaya) to barunay (imbanagara) on June 12, 1642. The result of the hard work of the galuh history writing committee and the Bandung Ikip history expert team, finally concluded that the anniversary of Ciamis Regency fell on June 12, 1642, which was later confirmed by a decree of the Regional People's Representative Council of Ciamis Regency on 17 mel 1972 number: 22/v/ kpts/dprd/1972. With the decision of the DPRD, it is hoped that the puzzle about the anniversary of Ciamis Regency will not be contested anymore and it is also hoped that the whole community will know, so that they will be more enthusiastic about building this Galuh Tatar, in line with the fighting motto of the Ciamis Regency, namely: Gawe Rahavu use Heubeul Jaya Dinabuana to pursue / realize Mahayunan Ayuna Kadatuan. The word galuh comes from the Sanskrit language, which means gemstone, the kingdom of galuh means the kingdom of beautiful sparkling gems, fertile and prosperous gemah ripah loh jinawi, safe and peaceful kertaraharja. From history it is revealed that the founder of the Galuh kingdom was Wretikkandayun, he was the youngest son of Kandiawan who ruled the Kendan kingdom for 15 years (597 612) who later became a hermit in Layungwatang (brass area) and had the title Rajawesi Dewaraja or Sang Layungwatang. Wretikkandayun was based in Medangjati, but he founded a new government center and was named Galuh (which is located more or less in the present village of Karangkamulyan). he was crowned on the 14th suklapaksa month of caitra year 134 caka (approximately March 23, 612 AD). the date was chosen really according to tradition Tarumanagara, because it is not only done on a full day but also on that date the sun rises right at the eastern point. The aim of wretikkandayun to build a government center in the Karangkamulyan area (now) is to free itself from Tarumanagara, which has been a superpower for a long time. Therefore, in order to realize his obsession he had a good relationship with the Kalingga kingdom in Central Java, even his youngest son took an oil bath in an arranged marriage with Parwati, the eldest daughter of Maharanissima.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Ciamis Subdistrict in Figures 2020". Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  2. ^ "Climate: Ciamis". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.

Pembrov Jawa Barat https://jabarprov.go.id/index.php/pages/id/1047

External linksEdit