Aji Pangeran Tumenggung Pranoto International Airport

Aji Pangeran Tumenggung Pranoto International Airport (IATA: AAP, ICAO: WALS), also known as APT Pranoto Airport or Samarinda Airport, is the main airport in Samarinda, the capital city of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. It is in the district of Sungai Siring. The airport is also colloquially known as Sungai Siring Airport, to distinguish it from its predecessor, the now-closed Temindung Airport. The airport is named after Aji Pangeran Tumenggung Pranoto, the first governor of East Kalimantan who was in office from 1957 to 1961.

Aji Pangeran Tumenggung Pranoto International Airport

Bandar Udara Internasional Aji Pangeran Tumenggung Pranoto
A bird's eye view of Samarinda International Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Indonesia
OperatorUPBU Samarinda (APT Pranoto)
ServesSamarinda and East Kalimantan
LocationNorth Samarinda (Poros) Road, Sungai Siring, North Samarinda, Samarinda
Opened24 May 2018; 4 years ago (2018-05-24)
Hub for
Passenger
Elevation AMSL25 m / 82 ft
Coordinates0°22′25″S 117°15′20″E / 0.37361°S 117.25556°E / -0.37361; 117.25556Coordinates: 0°22′25″S 117°15′20″E / 0.37361°S 117.25556°E / -0.37361; 117.25556
Websitewww.aptpranotoairport.com
Map
AAP is located in Samarinda
AAP
AAP
Location in Samarinda
AAP is located in Indonesia
AAP
AAP
AAP (Indonesia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 2,250 7,382 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers490,737
Movements5,445
Cargo (metric tonnes)3,242
Source: Samarinda International Airport[2]

The airport started commercial operation on 24 May 2018, replacing the Temindung Airport. The airport is operated by UPBU APT Pranoto Samarinda, under the Ministry of Transportation.[3]

Having been in commercial operation since 2018, Samarinda Airport is an important Australian passenger gateway for East Borneo's wildlife,[4][5] and an important contributor to Samarinda's economy, which is lying at BIMP-EAGA[6] and bordering with the new capital of Indonesia.[7] Strategically located at the heart of East Borneo and its proximity to the new capital of Indonesia, the transport authority is enhancing the airport's status as East Borneo's primary international hub airport.[8] In 2019, Samarinda Airport handled 1.1 million passengers and according to Indonesian government, the airport will reach its maximum terminal capacity (1.5 million passengers) if no extra terminal is added.[9]

In the first half of 2021, the airport achieved the third most passenger rebound in East Borneo, recording a 1.22% increase year-on-year, ahead of Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport (fourth place).[10] The figure still remains below the pre-pandemic (2019) levels. However the airport passenger market share actually increased by over 2% (23%) during the first half of 2021, compared to 2020 levels (East Kalimantan).[10][11] The airport was chosen as one of the Top 11 Remarkable International-Class Airports in Indonesia by Wonderful Indonesia in 2020.[12]

HistoryEdit

 
Samarinda International Airport logo before 2018

Sungai Siring Airport was designed as a replacement for the former Samarinda Airport (commonly known as Temindung Airport) originally built in 1973. Located in the densely built-up Sungai Pinang District with a single runway extending into settlements, Temindung had only limited room for expansion to cope with steadily increasing air traffic. By the 2000s, Temindung had become one of Kaltim's busiest airports – it far exceeded its annual passenger and cargo design capacities. One out of every 25 flights experienced delays, largely due to lack of space for aircraft, gates, and runway.[13]

A 1992 planning study by Civil Aviation and Public Works departments identified the district of Sungai Siring, as a possible airport replacement site. Away from the congested city centre, flight paths would be routed over North Samarinda rather than populous urban areas, enabling efficient round-the-clock operation of multiple runways.[14] The Sungai Siring (SGS) airport master plan was completed in 1995. In 1998, however, the government shelved the project for financial and economic reasons. The Airport Location Study was undertaken by Indonesian consultants. This study came up with four recommended locations for overall strategic development in Samarinda. One of the four assumed a new airport at Makroman; a second assumed a new airport at Palaran; the third assumed a new airport at Sungai Siring; and the fourth assumed a new airport at Bayur.[15] In November 2003 the Governor of East Borneo announced that a decision had been made on the Airport Location Study. The strategy was a replacement airport at Sungai Siring, levelled to a height of 25 metres.[16]

The consultants advised that the earliest the airport could be opened was June 2009. However, in reaching the government's decision, this date was modified to December 2007. Construction of the new airport began in 2005.

The construction period was very slow; specialists considered only 2–3-year period was sufficient for this aviation project. There was uncertain future of the airport construction after Panitia Pengadaan BSB manipulated the nomination of PT NCR as the contractor. It was originally believed that BPKP preferred to keep everything investigated and minimise financial commitments for the project temporarily, therefore stopping all construction. In practice, the airport did not finish in time for the investigation. However, the government of East Borneo gave an additional year's deadline.[17][18]

Construction of the new airport was only part of the MP3EI Master Plan, which also involved construction of new road and rail links to the airport. The detailed design for the airport terminal was awarded to Arkonin,[19][20] with Airmas Asri as specialist designers for airport related aspects. The terminal characterised by wingspanned curve roof and solar-powered rooftops.[21] Project architects were PT Waskita Karya. The airport was Indonesia's second-best airport construction project, according to Indonesia.go.id.[22]

The airport was officially opened in an opening ceremony by President of Indonesia Joko Widodo and Governor Awang Faroek on 24 May 2018,[23][24] concluding the twelve-year construction that cost US$0.4 billion.

On 30 April 2019 at 10:35, Vatican ambassador Piero Pioppo, landed at the new airport and became the first ambassador to arrive at the new airport.[25] On 18 November 2019, Malaysian ambassador Zainal Abidin Bakar, landed at the new airport and became the second ambassador to arrive at the new airport.[26][27] On 17 December 2020 at 10:21 Samarinda Time, AirAsia flight 981, carrying its Head of Government Relations, Eddy Krismeidi, landed at the new airport and became the first Malaysian airline to arrive at the new airport.[28][29]

 
AirAsia (flight QZ981) became the first Malaysian airline to touch down at Samarinda International Airport.

CompositionEdit

Annual passenger traffic at AAP airport. See source Wikidata query.
Operations and statistics[30][31]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tonnes)
Aircraft
movement
2018 100,900 63 3,170
2019 1,112,700 206 11,020
Capacity
Passenger (current) 1,112,700
Passenger (ultimate) 1,500,000
Number of destinations
Indonesia 12

The airport covers an area of 470 hectares (1.8 sq mi). The airport has 4 boarding gates,[32] with four jet bridge gates. All jet bridges are capable of handling the Airbus A320. The airport has one runway, which is 2,250 metres (7,380 ft) in length and 45 metres (148 ft) wide. The runway is planned to be lengthened to 3,000 m in the future to accommodate wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A330, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, and Boeing 777. The airport has a total capacity of 1.5 million passengers annually and terminal has an area of 16,468 m2 (177,260 sq ft).

Future developmentEdit

 
Map showing the development's land of Samarinda International Airport.

In 2018, Ahmad Wicaksono (University of Tokyo), Aviantara Wahyu Nugraha (University of Brawijaya) et al., expected significant passenger growth in Samarinda International Airport, it will serve over 9 million passengers in 2023 - 6 times the airport capacity in 2018, suggested the government to upgrade North Samarinda Road (Jalan Poros) to make sure people can get to the airport easily and quickly.[33][34] According to Muhammadiyah University West Sumatra journal, the government should develop full-fledged passenger services and an extensive retail and dining offerings in SRIA to fully meet passenger demand.[35]

In June 2019, the airport authority unveiled plans to develop the airport. The main focus is to improve the overall capacity and aircraft handling ability of the airport. Apron facilities will be upgraded, so they can handle 22 Boeing aircraft.[36][37] The airport authority also plans to build a new passenger terminal (completion 2023), with an area measuring 120,000 square metres (1,300,000 sq ft).[38] Additional cargo terminal, 133,895-square-metre (1,441,230 sq ft) cargo facilities and 68,000-square-metre (730,000 sq ft) aircraft maintenance facilities will be built as well.[36] The project began in 2020, cost US$22.7 million and expected to be completed in 2023.[39][40][41]

It will enable the airport to cater for Samarinda and new Indonesian capital’s air traffic demand,[39][40][41] also to serve passengers from North Balikpapan to Bontang in 2045.[36] Combined with the new apron facilities, it is estimated that the airport would be able to meet forecast annual passenger throughput of about 20 million.[42]

In 2020, two architectural students have released their design for the airport's new terminal, Fitria Wulan Sari, et al. (Yogyakarta University of Technology)[43] and Prita Eriani Putri et al. (Diponegoro University).[44] The new passenger terminal project is one of Indonesia core projects in 2022 (Prioritas RKP 2022).[45]

In July 2021, Samarinda Government announced their ground transport plan, there will be an enhancements to road networks to connect services between Samarinda/East Kalimantan (Balikpapan, Bontang) and Samarinda International Airport.[46]

Master plan 2036Edit

Samarinda International Airport is nearly reaching its operational capacity,[9] as Samarinda economy booms. Multi Konsulindo[47] served as the consultant for Samarinda Airport (APT Pranoto) Master Plan 2036, a blueprint that will ensure SRIA can meet the growing demand for aviation services. The airport will undergo major expansion plans north of the airport.[48] As part of Samarinda Rail network, a dedicated rail link from the urban area to the airport will be built. It will run from Samarinda Station (Air Putih) along North Sempaja and terminate at the airport.[49]

Samarinda Project 2026 (RPJMD 2026)Edit

On 19 July 2021, Samarinda Government announced their latest version of the rail network plan. The plan will focus on building fastest transport service from the city to the airport. Samarinda SkyTrain, a dedicated high-speed rail link as part of Samarinda MRT (rapid transit) network, will be built. The line will make intermediate stop at South Sempaja.[50]

On 12 August 2021, the government published Samarinda Project 2026 (RPJMD 2026), a series of Samarinda infrastructure projects during the early 2020s. One of the ten core projects is construction of new high-speed rail link to the airport.[51] Chief Secretary of Samarinda, Sugeng Chairuddin recommended to extend the airport line south to include Samarinda Station in Sungai Kunjang (Big Mall).[52][53] It will take approximately 12 minutes to reach the airport from South Sempaja station.[54]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Batik AirDenpasar,[55] Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Makassar, Yogyakarta–International
CitilinkJakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Surabaya
Garuda IndonesiaBanjarmasin, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Lion AirSurabaya[56]
NAM AirBanjarmasin, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Melak, Surabaya, Tarakan[57]
Super Air JetSurabaya[58][59]
Susi AirKongbeng, Long Apung, Long Pahangai
Wings AirBerau

Air trafficEdit

Passenger facilitiesEdit

 
Samarinda VVIP Centre

The VVIP building is located within the airport and has its own terminal and facilities separate from the public terminal. It provides services for executive aircraft and passengers, including a passenger lounge.[60]

Cargo facilitiesEdit

In 2021, Samarinda Airport handles 3,242 tonnes of cargo.[2] UK air cargo company, Menzies Aviation plc operates one air cargo terminal at the airport.[61][62][63] The 1,148-square-metre (12,360 sq ft) cargo terminal[64] has a capacity of 16 thousand tonnes a year.[65]

Airport based ground servicesEdit

The Air Traffic Control (ATC) building, located at the centre of the airfield, is the nerve centre of the entire air traffic control system. 16 air traffic controllers and supporting staff work to provide air traffic control services.[66]

Ground transportEdit

The airport is connected to inner Samarinda by the North Samarinda (Poros) Road.

BusEdit

DAMRI operates two bus routes to the airport from various parts of Samarinda.[67] Frequent minibuses (Sun) link the airport to East Kutai (East Kalimantan).[68]

TaxiEdit

The airport is served by six different types of taxi, distinguished by their colour:

  • GrabAirport[69]
  •   Aerocab
  •   Angkasa
  • Kilat[70]
  •   Sentra[71]
  •   Primkopau

AccoladesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit