Perum DAMRI

Djawatan Angkoetan Motor Repoeblik Indonesia (DAMRI, literally Motor Transport Enterprise of the Republic of Indonesia) is an Indonesian state-owned company that was formed based on Ministry of Transportation Statement No.01/DAMRI/46 dated 25 November 1946 with a main duty to carry out passenger and cargo transport on the road using motorized vehicles.[1] Under further development as a public company, the name DAMRI is still used as a brand mark of this state-owned company that is still consistently doing its duty to carry out passenger and cargo transport using buses and trucks.

Perusahaan Umum Djawatan Angkoetan Motor Repoeblik Indonesia
Logo Perum DAMRI.png
Damri Airport Bus 6136.jpg
Founded
  • 1943 (1943) as Zyawa Unyu Zigyôsha
  • 25 December 1946 (25 December 1946) as DAMRI
HeadquartersJakarta, Indonesia
Service areaNationwide
Service typeCity transport, airport transport, isolated area transport, tourism transport, intercity transport, inter-country transport
LoungeExecutive & business
Fuel typeDiesel fuel, CNG
Chief executiveSetia N. Milatia Moemin
Websitewww.damri.co.id

DAMRI has a service network that spreads nearly throughout all regions of Indonesia. In its business activities, DAMRI carries out city transport, transport within province, intercity transport, airport transport, tourism transport, logistics transport, transport to isolated areas and Inter-country transport.

HistoryEdit

DAMRI's history officially began in 1943, with the establishment of two enterprises during the Japanese occupation of Java: the Java Transportation Enterprise (Japanese: ジャワ運輸事業社, Hepburn: Jawa Un'yu Jigyōsha, Nihon-shiki: Zyawa Un'yu Zigyôsya) for freight logistics, and the Automobile Board (Japanese: 自動車総局, Hepburn: Jidōsha Sōkyoku, Nihon-shiki: Zidôsha Sôkyoku) for passenger transport. After Indonesia proclaimed independence in 1945, Java Transportation Enterprise changed its name to Djawatan Pengangkoetan (Transport Enterprise) and Automobile Board changed its name to Djawatan Angkoetan Darat (Land Transport Enterprise) as both enterprises were taken over by the Indonesian Department of Transportation.

By 25 November 1946, both enterprises were merged, through a Ministry of Transportation announcement (Indonesian: Maklumat Menteri Perhubungan No.01/DAM/46), into Djawatan Angkoetan Motor Repoeblik Indonesia (DAMRI). It was tasked to "operate land transportation by buses, trucks and other types of motor vehicles".

DAMRI has played an active role during the Indonesian National Revolution, especially during the resistance against the Dutch military aggressions.

In 1961, DAMRI was reorganized as a General Director Board (Indonesian: Badan Pimpinan Umum, BPU). In 1965 the DAMRI BPU became a State Corporation (Indonesian: Perusahaan Negara, PN), and in 1982 it was reorganized as a public corporation.[2][3]

ServicesEdit

DAMRI serves in some types of services. The services that are served by DAMRI are:

Airport TransportEdit

Airport transport is one of the service segments that operates to and from airports. These airport transport segments don't just serve in Jakarta, Indonesia's, but already reaches nearly all airports in Indonesia. This service that is oriented to the happiness of its customers, and will always give the best service with its cost that are relatively cheap, safe and comfortable. This service is called Angkutan Pemadu Moda (APM). Some airports that is currently served by Perum DAMRI is Soekarno-Hatta International Airport,[4] Juanda International Airport[5] and Yogyakarta International Airport[6]

JA ConnexionEdit

On 26 May 2017, BPTJ plans 12 bus routes from Soekarno-Hatta Airport to some hotel in Jakarta.[7] Perum DAMRI will be operating 1 routes, which is Amaris Hotel Thamrin City – SHIA.

City Bus transportEdit

City bus transport is a mode of transportation inside the city and have a specified route. The service ranges into routes in cities, capital cities, provinces or districts. The service ranges in big cities in Indonesia, some are Medan, Batam, Padang, Palembang, Bandar Lampung, Bandung,[8] Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Semarang, Jember, Surabaya,[9] Makassar, Kendari and Manado.

Strategic Business Unit (SBU) TransJakartaEdit

DAMRI operated 66 Zhongtong LCK6180GC Doosan CNG Euro V[10] articulated buses for TransJakarta. Perum DAMRI also operated 21 INKA Inobus Cummins ATC 320 CNG Series, which are now retired for its contract period is over.[11] Main corridors that are served are Corridor 5 (Kampung Melayu-Ancol) Corridor 8 (Harmoni-Lebak Bulus), Corridor 9 (Pluit-Pinang Ranti) and Corridor 10 (PGC-Tanjung Priok). As of January 2021, all operation of the Zhongtong units were ceased.[12] In the near future, DAMRI will be testing an electric bus for TransJakarta.[13]

Inter-City TransportEdit

DAMRI serves in Inter-City transport in Indonesia which is also known as (AKAP). So this service serves from one city to another, and going through province borders. Some are :

[14]

International Cross-Border TransportEdit

Inter-Country Transport is a mode of transportation from a city to another and goes across country borders. DAMRI operates Inter-Country Transport across Indonesia-Malaysia border, serving route between Pontianak, Indonesia to Kuching, Malaysia. Aside from that, DAMRI had also opened a new service from Pontianak to Brunei Darussalam.

DAMRI is also in the process of openinv Inter-Country transport to Papua Nugini and Timor Leste. So, the Inter-Country routes that are served by DAMRI are:

Pioneer transportEdit

DAMRI serves some remote areas that have not been served by other transport companies. Pioneer Transport is a service that serves to the deeps of Indonesia, sometimes routes with unpaved roads. Mostly serves to the deeps of Papua and Kalimantan, where the forests are still thick. Pioneer Transport is an assignment from the government to meet the community's need for transportation so that children can go to school, logistics costs can be reduced, and produce can be distributed. Some routes served are:

LogisticsEdit

DAMRI uses trucks to deliver goods in collaboration with PT Pos Indonesia in Medan, Dumai, Surabaya and Mataram in primary and secondary pathways. DAMRI also serves freight transportation as a canal service from Train logistics and other private parties.

OfficesEdit

Perum DAMRI Head Office

Jl. Matraman Raya No. 25 East Jakarta 13140
Telp. (021) 8583131 (Hunting) Fax. (021) 8504876

Regional Division OfficesEdit

Regional Division I

Jl. Angkasa No. 17 B Kemayoran Jakarta Pusat 10610
Telp. (021) 4246802 Fax. (021) 4246802
Regional Division I Covers West Java, Sumatra

Regional Division II

Jl. Mpu Tantular No. 8 Semarang 50175
Telp. (024) 3544712 Fax. (024) 3586280
Regional Division II Covers Central Java, Kalimantan

Regional Division III

Jl. Raya Kalirungkut No. 7A Surabaya 60293
Telp. (031) 8490118 Fax. (031) 8490142
Regional Division III Covers East Java, Bali, Lombok, NTT, South Sulawesi

Regional Division IV

Jl. Pasifik Indah No. 17 Ex Bengkel PU. Pasir II Jayapura 99117
Telp. (0967) 5620177 Fax. (069) 5620177
Regional Division IV Covers Sulawesi (except South Sulawesi), Maluku, Papua

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Detail" (in Indonesian). Enjoy Jakarta. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Sejarah Singkat" (in Indonesian). Damri Logistics. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Sejarah" (in Indonesian). Damri. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  4. ^ Yudha Najib. "Jadwal, Rute, dan Tarif Bus DAMRI dari dan ke Bandara Soetta" (in Indonesian). Tirto. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Jadwal Lengkap Bus Damri Bandara Juanda Surabaya" (in Indonesian). DailyTransport.id. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  6. ^ Bambang Muryanto. "Citilink makes first commercial landing at new Yogyakarta airport". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Ini Dia Rute 91 Bus JA Connexion". 26 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Trayek DAMRI di Bandung" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Damri Surabaya: Ini Rute, Harga Tiket & Jam Operasionalnya" (in Indonesian). JadwalDamri.com. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Damri: Ini Kelebihan dan Keunikan Bus Impor Zhong Tong". Liputan6. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  11. ^ Fasubkhanali. "Inobus, Bus Buatan INKA Yang Kini Berhenti Beroperasi" (in Indonesian). Kaori Nusantara. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  12. ^ Farozy, Ikko Haidar (10 January 2021). "Armada Zhongtong DAMRI untuk TransJakarta Telah Pensiun". Railway Enthusiast Digest (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  13. ^ Radityasani, Muhammad Fathan. "DAMRI Siapkan Bus Listrik untuk Bus Bandara dan Transjakarta". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Harga Tiket dan Rute Bus Damri" (in Indonesian). E-TiketBus. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  15. ^ Dwifantya. "Daftar Bus Indonesia yang Layani Rute Antar Negara" (in Indonesian). Dream.co.id. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  16. ^ Riva Dessthania Suastha. "Perkuat Konektivitas, RI akan Buka Rute Damri Kupang-Dili" (in Indonesian). CNN Indonesia. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Angkutan Antar Negara" (in Indonesian). Kementerian BUMN. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Bus DAMRI Layani Trayek Perintis di Jawa Barat Lintasi Pantai, Hutan & Pegunungan" (in Indonesian). BeritaTrans.com. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  19. ^ Ganang Adrian. "Damri Buka Rute Angkutan Perintis di Aceh" (in Indonesian). MobilKomersial.com. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  20. ^ Titus Ruban. "Damri Trayek Nabire-Paniai manfaatkan armada lama" (in Indonesian). Jubi. Retrieved 10 April 2020.