Meizhou (Hakka Chinese: Mòichû) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong province, China. It has an area of 15,864.51 km2 (6,125.32 sq mi), and a population of 3,873,239 million as of the 2020 census. It comprises Meijiang District, Meixian District, Xingning City and five counties. Its built-up or metro area made up of two urban districts was home to 992,351 inhabitants.
Capital of Hakkas in the World
|Coordinates (Meizhou municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Meijiang District|
|• Prefecture-level city||15,864.51 km2 (6,125.32 sq mi)|
|• Urban||3,047.5 km2 (1,176.6 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,047.5 km2 (1,176.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||96 m (315 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,873,239|
|• Density||240/km2 (630/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||330/km2 (840/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||330/km2 (840/sq mi)|
|• Major Nationalities||Han|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-GD-14|
|License Plate Prefix||粤M|
|Languages||Hakka and Cantonese (regional); Standard Mandarin (official)|
Kaying (former; pre-1912)
|Literal meaning||Plum/prune Prefecture|
The name Meizhou comes from the Mei River and the Chinese name for the plum blossom (梅; méi). Meizhou was established as the prefecture of Jingzhou during the Southern Han (917-971). It became Meizhou at the time of Northern Song dynasty (960-1127) and Jiaying Prefecture during the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). After several subsequent shifts of jurisdiction, it became Meizhou City in 1988. Meizhou is now a noted historical and cultural city.
Geography and climateEdit
Meizhou is located in the northeast of Guangdong Province, bordering Fujian Province in the northeast and Jiangxi Province in the northwest. The complex geological structure was formed mainly from granite, spouting rocks, metamorphic rock, shale, sandstone, red rock and limestone. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 23° 23' to 24° 56' N and in longitude from 115° 18' to 116° 56' E, covering an area of 15,836 km2 (6,114 sq mi).
Meizhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild, overcast winters and long, very hot, humid summers. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 12.6 °C (54.7 °F), and in July is 28.9 °C (84.0 °F). From April to June, rainfall is the heaviest and most frequent. Though striking typhoons do not affect the area as much as the coast, the mountainous topography means that flooding is a serious concern.
|Climate data for Meizhou (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||29.5
|Average high °C (°F)||18.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.6
|Average low °C (°F)||8.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−2.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||45.2
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.2||12.1||16.0||16.5||18.7||18.0||14.5||16.6||12.9||6.2||5.2||5.6||150.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||75||78||79||80||79||81||76||78||77||72||71||73||77|
|Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
|Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)|
|Map||Name||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population
|Meijiang District||梅江区||Méijiāng Qū||380,771||570.62||667|
|Meixian District||梅县区||Méixiàn Qū||554,745||2,476.87||224|
|Dabu County||大埔县||Dàbù Xiàn||374,666||2,461.82||152|
|Fengshun County||丰顺县||Fēngshùn Xiàn||478,974||2,706.34||177|
|Wuhua County||五华县||Wǔhuá Xiàn||1,050,528||3,237.83||324|
|Pingyuan County||平远县||Píngyuǎn Xiàn||230,045||1,373.98||167|
|Jiaoling County||蕉岭县||Jiāolǐng Xiàn||205,849||961.64||214|
Meizhou is rich in mineral and tourism resources. It has 48 kinds of minerals including coal, iron, limestone, rare clay and porcelain clay amongst others. Of these reserves manganese is ranked first in Guangdong Province. Meizhou has plenty of water resources, hot springs and certified mineral waters. There are tourism resources such as cultural historic sites constructed during the Tang Dynasty, former residences of notable figures, natural scenery of all kinds, and unique Hakka cultural sights.
Meizhou is a communication hub for the three provinces of Guangdong, Fujian, and Jiangxi and the bridge connecting the coastal and the inland areas. State Highways 205 and 206 run across the city. Expressways, state, provincial county and village highways extend to all parts.
In 2019 the city became the terminus for the Meizhou–Chaoshan high-speed railway which opened a new station at Meizhou West providing high-speed rail links to Guangzhou, Zhuhai, Shenzen, Shantou, Chaoshan, Yichang and Xiamen. The Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway and Meizhou-Kanshi Railway use Meizhou railway station in the city providing regular rail connections to Guangzhou, Xiamen, Shantou, Shenzhen, Dapu, Wuchang and Kunming.
Hakkas are a unique ethnic group of Han Chinese originally from around the Yellow River area, who later migrated south to avoid the chaos of war centuries ago. Due to hostility towards the new immigrants, many were forced into the mountainous regions of Guangdong Province. This migratory tradition has continued with the redistribution of Hakka people to the most remote parts of the world. Many people in Meizhou emigrated during the last century to earn money for their families, with some returning to build in their hometowns.
Many buildings are named after famous people in Meizhou, built by returning Hakkas.
Because of its mountainous location, Meizhou has numerous natural scenic areas and good air quality. Many visitors come to the Yannanfei Tea Garden to climb the mountain.
Education in Meizhou has been highly valued since ancient times. The city is home to Jiaying University, a local university which also attracts students from other provinces. The university is also known for its research into Hakka culture.
During the period after August or September, a sea of pomelos can be seen, especially in village orchards.
Salt baked chicken is among the most well-known Hakka dishes, found also in many other cities. Another local dish is Yong tau foo (stuffed tofu). It is said that when Hakka people first came south, there was no wheat flour for dumplings. So they substituted tofu. Meat based fillings give a special taste that became a feature of Hakka cuisine. Preserved beef and ginger candies are also locally popular.
- Yang Fuqing, rebel leader and Triad mobster
- Tjong A Fie (1860–1921), Hakka Chinese businessman, banker and kapitan (Chinese major) who built a large plantation business in Sumatra, Indonesia (born in Meixian District and based in Sumatra, Indonesia).
- Huang Zunxian (1848–1905), diplomat and reformer
- Seng Saekhu (c. 1840s–unknown), Thai Chinese tax farmer, the patriarch of the Shinawatra clan and the great-grandfather of Thaksin Shinawatra (Thai businessman, politician, visiting professor and former Prime Minister of Thailand) and Yingluck Shinawatra (Thai businesswoman, politician, member of the Pheu Thai Party and Thailand's first female Prime Minister).
- Francis Xavier Ford (1892–1952), first Catholic bishop of Meizhou (Kaying)
- Ye Jianying (1897–1986), Chinese military general
- Lin Fengmian (1900–1991), painter
- Lee Wai Tong (1905–1979), Chinese footballer
- Liu Fuzhi (1917–2013), Chinese politician
- Jana Chen (1989), singer
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meizhou.|
- "China: Guăngdōng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
- https://www.citypopulation.de/en/china/guangdong/admin/[bare URL]
- Origin of the name Meizhou Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Ministry of Culture, P.R.China. "Meizhou Travel and culture". chinaculture.org. Archived from the original on 2006-12-12. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- "Meizhou Geography". meizhou.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- "Investment Environment". Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- "Meizhou West Station Departure Info". China Rail Map. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- "Meizhou Station Departure Info". China Rail Map. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- "Meizhou City - Transport". Archived from the original on 2006-08-22.