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Jieyang (Chinese: 揭阳; pinyin: Jiēyáng) is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China, part of the Chaoshan region whose people speak Teochew dialect distinct from neighbouring Yue speakers. It is historically important as the hometown of many overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia. It borders Shantou to the east, Chaozhou to the northeast, Meizhou to the north, Shanwei to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south.

Jieyang

揭阳市
Jieyang music fountain
Jieyang music fountain
Location of Jieyang in Guangdong
Location of Jieyang in Guangdong
Jieyang is located in China
Jieyang
Jieyang
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°23′47″N 116°28′57″E / 23.39639°N 116.48250°E / 23.39639; 116.48250
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level division5
Township-level division100
City seatRongcheng District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryYan Zhichan (严植婵)
 • MayorChen Dong (陈东)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,240.5 km2 (2,023.4 sq mi)
 • Coastline (excluding islands)82 km2 (32 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city5,877,025
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
741,674
Time zoneChina Standard
Area code(s)663
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-52
LanguageMin
GDP per capita¥35,327 (2017)
Local dialectTeochew dialect and Hakka
Jieyang
JY name.png
"Jieyang", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Simplified Chinese揭阳
Traditional Chinese揭陽
JyutpingKit3 joeng4
Cantonese YaleKityèuhng
Hanyu PinyinJiēyáng
PostalKityang
Literal meaningRising sun

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Jieyang administers five county-level divisions, including one district, one county-level city (administered on behalf of the province) and three counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Rongcheng District 榕城区 Róngchéng Qū 741,674 182 4,098
Jiedong District 揭东区 Jiēdōng Qū 1,157,720 850 1,362
Jiexi County 揭西县 Jiēxī Xiàn 825,313 1,279 605
Huilai County 惠来县 Huìlái Xiàn 1,097,615 1,207 906
Puning 普宁市 Pǔníng Shì 2,054,703 1,620 1,291

These are further divided into 100 township-level divisions, including 69 towns, 10 townships and 21 subdistricts.

EconomyEdit

Rice cultivation and the textile industry are important to its economy.

TransportEdit

AirEdit

The new Jieyang Chaoshan Airport is the third largest airport complex in Guangdong Province, after Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, and Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. It replaced the Shantou Waisha Airport on 15 November 2011.

RailEdit

Jieyang is located on the Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou Railway.

Language and cultureEdit

The Teochew dialect is predominantly spoken in this region. The Hakka dialect, however, has its limited presence among Hakka people in Jiexi County.

HistoryEdit

The 1930s saw numerous Jieyang inhabitants emigrating overseas. Pontianak and Ketapang in Indonesia, Johor Bahru in Malaysia, Singapore, Cambodia and Thailand have large Overseas Chinese communities of Jieyang origin. In 1991, the Chinese central government approved Jieyang as a prefecture-level city.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Vintoquián (林道乾, Lîm tō-khiân) (?-?), 16th century pirate

ClimateEdit

External linksEdit