Shanwei

Shanwei (Chinese: 汕尾), or Swabue is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Jieyang to the east, Meizhou and Heyuan to the north, Huizhou to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south. It lies approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Shenzhen and the locals speak the Haifeng dialect.

Shanwei
汕尾市
Swabue
Shanwei
Shanwei
Location of Shanwei in Guangdong
Location of Shanwei in Guangdong
Shanwei is located in China
Shanwei
Shanwei
Location in China
Coordinates (Shanwei municipal government): 22°47′14″N 115°22′32″E / 22.7872°N 115.3756°E / 22.7872; 115.3756Coordinates: 22°47′14″N 115°22′32″E / 22.7872°N 115.3756°E / 22.7872; 115.3756
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level divisions4
Township divisions53
Municipal seatChengqu
Government
Area
 • Total4,861.79 km2 (1,877.15 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,935,469
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)660
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-15
Licence plate prefixes粤N
Major NationalitiesHan
Coastline(excluding islands)302 km (188 mi)
Shanwei
SWW.svg
"Shanwei", as written in Chinese
Chinese汕尾
Hanyu PinyinShànwěi
Cantonese YaleSaanméih
PostalSwabue
Literal meaningTail or end of the fishing sandbar

HistoryEdit

Shanwei City was renamed established in 1988. It was politically administered as part of Huizhoufu (惠州府) by the Ming and Qing empires, Shanwei it gained its prefectural and administrative independence from Huizhou during the Nationalist period.

The dominant ethnic population is Hoklo who came as a result of the large decrease in population caused by warfare in the early Qing dynasty in what is now Shanwei.

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Shanwei administers 4 county-level divisions, including 1 district, 1 county-level city and 2 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Chengqu District 城区 Chéng Qū 491,766 421 1,168
Haifeng County 海丰县 Hǎifēng Xiàn 804,107 1,750 459
Luhe County 陆河县 Lùhé Xiàn 314,153 986 318
Lufeng City 陆丰市 Lùfēng Shì 1,688,536 1,671 940
Shenshan Special
Cooperation Zone
深汕特别合作区 Shēnshàn Tèbié
Hézuò Qū

These are further divided into 53 township-level divisions, including 40 towns, 10 townships and 3 subdistricts.

Geography and climateEdit

Shanwei has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild to warm winters, and long, hot, humid summers. Winter begins sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier; there are 10.3 days with 50 mm (1.97 in) or more rainfall. Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) in January to 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 22.60 °C (72.7 °F). The annual rainfall is around 1,891 mm (74 in), about two-thirds of which occurs from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 26% in March to 57% in October, the city receives 1,925 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shanwei (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
28.4
(83.1)
30.0
(86.0)
32.1
(89.8)
32.2
(90.0)
34.5
(94.1)
38.0
(100.4)
35.2
(95.4)
35.7
(96.3)
34.7
(94.5)
33.2
(91.8)
29.4
(84.9)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
19.7
(67.5)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
28.4
(83.1)
30.0
(86.0)
31.1
(88.0)
31.2
(88.2)
30.9
(87.6)
28.8
(83.8)
25.6
(78.1)
21.7
(71.1)
26.2
(79.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
15.8
(60.4)
18.3
(64.9)
22.2
(72.0)
25.4
(77.7)
27.4
(81.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
27.3
(81.1)
24.8
(76.6)
21.2
(70.2)
17.2
(63.0)
22.6
(72.7)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.2
(55.8)
15.7
(60.3)
19.8
(67.6)
22.9
(73.2)
25.0
(77.0)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
24.4
(75.9)
21.7
(71.1)
17.9
(64.2)
14.0
(57.2)
19.8
(67.7)
Record low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.5
(40.1)
7.0
(44.6)
9.6
(49.3)
15.6
(60.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
21.5
(70.7)
18.2
(64.8)
13.9
(57.0)
8.4
(47.1)
2.1
(35.8)
2.1
(35.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26.7
(1.05)
56.1
(2.21)
92.9
(3.66)
155.2
(6.11)
267.1
(10.52)
325.6
(12.82)
324.7
(12.78)
341.1
(13.43)
215.2
(8.47)
37.1
(1.46)
25.5
(1.00)
23.7
(0.93)
1,890.9
(74.44)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.1 9.2 11.3 12.5 14.8 17.7 16.6 16.0 11.2 5.3 4.1 4.2 129.0
Average relative humidity (%) 70 76 79 82 83 85 84 84 78 70 68 67 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.9 101.8 94.7 104.5 135.6 166.3 228.6 201.4 191.4 204.9 180.1 170.0 1,925.2
Percent possible sunshine 43 32 26 28 33 41 55 51 52 57 55 51 43
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[1][2]

TransportationEdit

EconomyEdit

Ties with ShenzhenEdit

According to a December 2011 report, officials from Shenzhen considered Shanwei as one of the major destinations to which air-polluting industries should be relocated from Shenzhen. According to the mayor of Shenzhen, some 4000 Shenzhen factories should be moved to an industrial park in Shanwei.[3]

CropsEdit

Farming is a large part of Shanwei’s economy, thanks to it’s relatively warm climate. Many different types of crops are planted, rice, sesame, sweet potatoes, corn, bananas, just to name a few. 29 families and 42 species of plants are planted in total, on it’s 96.6 thousand hectares of farmland. Together with the timber and fish industry, the agriculture industry makes 25099 million Chinese yuan yearly.[4]

FisheriesEdit

Shenwei have a rich and diverse sea ecosystem, it’s a famous fishing ground in Guangdong. With a vast amount of fish, shrimp, crab, shellfish, and seaweed found, the fishing industry there has been thriving for centuries. Currently 25099 million Chinese yuan are earned from the fishing industry, including other harvest industries such as agriculture each year.[5]

TourismEdit

With it’s long, interesting coastline and unique customs, Shanwei has an great potential for tourism. The few major tourist points in Shanwei are Lufeng Jieshi Xuanwu Mountain Tourist Area, Shanwei Fengshan Ancestral Temple Tourist Area, Red Bay Tourist Area, Haifeng Lotus Mountain Resort, Tongdingshan Tourist Area, Haifeng Red Palace Red Square Former Residence, Peng Pai Martyr's Former Residence, Shuide Mountain Tourist Resort, Luhe Luodong Shiwai Meiyuan Tourist Area, Lufeng Fushan Mazu Tourist Area, Lufeng Jinxiang Beach Seascape Area, Lufeng Qingyun Mountain, Luhe God Elephant Mountain Park, Luhe Red Spine Forest Ecological Park. It’s also one of the 13 communist revolution starting point in China, which can be use as an selling point.[6]

Recent historyEdit

On the night of December 6, 2005, a protest had broke out for land confiscated by the government. To calm the protest, armed police were sent to the village of Dongzhou after the aggressive villagers attacked the unarmed police.[7][8] It was reported by the Chinese government that, three people were found dead after the protest. However, the number was doubted by media to be between 20 to 40.[9]

In 2011, a conflict between the residents of the Wukan village (in Shanwei's Lufeng county-level city, on the Jieshi Bay some 30 km (19 mi) east of Shanwei city center) attracted world media's attention.

LanguageEdit

Generally used is Haifeng dialect which is similar to Chaozhou dialect and Hoklo, belonging to the Min Nan division of Min Chinese. Haifeng, Lufeng and the urban area have basically the same accent. Most parts of the rural Luhe county formerly part of Lufeng use the peasant Hakka Chinese language belonging to the Xinhui subdialect of the Yuetai dialect.

As Shanwei is near the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong, together with the impact of television programs from Hong Kong and population movements within Guangdong province, many local residents, especially the younger generation, have communication skills in Cantonese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  2. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  3. ^ "Beijing, Shenzhen to Close Polluting Plants by 2016, Xinhua, 2011-11-27". Bjreview.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  4. ^ "汕尾市 广东省情网" (in Chinese). 广东省人民政府地方志办公室. Feb 19, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  5. ^ "汕尾市 广东省情网" (in Chinese). 广东省人民政府地方志办公室. Feb 19, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  6. ^ "汕尾市 广东省情网" (in Chinese). 广东省人民政府地方志办公室. Feb 19, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  7. ^ "Protest Planned over Land Dispute in China". NPR. 2005-12-16. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  8. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-12/19/content_3940710.htm
  9. ^ French, Howard W. (December 17, 2005). "Chinese Pressing to Keep Village Silent on Clash - International Herald Tribune". Nytimes.com.

External linksEdit