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Shànwěi (Chinese: 汕尾), or Swabue is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Jieyang to the east, Meizhou and Heyuan to the north, Huizhou to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south. It lies approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Shenzhen and the locals speak the Haifeng dialect.

Shanwei

汕尾市
Shanwei
Shanwei
Location of Shanwei in Guangdong
Location of Shanwei in Guangdong
Shanwei is located in China
Shanwei
Shanwei
Location in China
Coordinates: 22°47′04″N 115°21′55″E / 22.78444°N 115.36528°E / 22.78444; 115.36528
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level divisions4
Township divisions53
Municipal seatChengqu
Government
Area
 • Total4,861.79 km2 (1,877.15 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,935,469
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)660
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-15
Licence plate prefixes粤N
Major NationalitiesHan
Coastline(excluding islands)302 km (188 mi)
Shanwei
SWW.svg
"Shanwei", as written in Chinese
Chinese汕尾
Hanyu PinyinShànwěi
Cantonese YaleSaanméih
PostalSwabue
Literal meaningTail or end of the fishing sandbar

Contents

HistoryEdit

Shanwei City was renamed established in 1988. It was politically administered as part of Huizhoufu by the Ming and Qing empires, Shanwei it gained its prefectural and administartive independence from Huizhou during the Nationalist period.

The dominant ethnic population is Hoklo who came as a result of the large decrease in population caused by warfare in the early Qing dynasty in what is now Shanwei.

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Shanwei administers 4 county-level divisions, including 1 district, 1 county-level city and 2 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Chengqu District 城区 Chéng Qū 491,766 421 1,168
Haifeng County 海丰县 Hǎifēng Xiàn 804,107 1,750 459
Luhe County 陆河县 Lùhé Xiàn 314,153 986 318
Lufeng City 陆丰市 Lùfēng Shì 1,688,536 1,671 940
Shenshan Special
Cooperation Zone
深汕特别合作区 Shēnshàn Tèbié
Hézuò Qū

These are further divided into 53 township-level divisions, including 40 towns, 10 townships and 3 subdistricts.

Geography and climateEdit

Shanwei has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild to warm winters, and long, hot, humid summers. Winter begins sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier; there are 10.3 days with 50 mm (1.97 in) or more rainfall. Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) in January to 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 22.6 °C (72.7 °F). The annual rainfall is around 1,891 mm (74 in), about two-thirds of which occurs from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 26% in March to 57% in October, the city receives 1,925 hours of bright sunshine annually.

TransportationEdit

EconomyEdit

According to a December 2011 report, officials from Shenzhen considered Shanwei as one of the major destinations to which air-polluting industries should be relocated from Shenzhen. According to the mayor of Shenzhen, some 4000 Shenzhen factories should be moved to an industrial park in Shanwei.[1]

Recent historyEdit

On the night of December 6, 2005, armed policemen were sent to the village of Dongzhou, located near the coast of Jieshi Bay some 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of central Shanwei, to suppress appeals by residents protesting the lack of compensation for having land confiscated by the government. Several residents were shot dead: the Chinese government claimed that three people were killed, and residents claimed that the number was between 20 and 33, with up to 40 more missing.[2] Other media have reported armed police were sent in after the villagers attacked unarmed police.[3][4]

In 2011, a conflict between the residents of the Wukan village (in Shanwei's Lufeng county-level city, on the Jieshi Bay some 30 km (19 mi) east of Shanwei city center) attracted world media's attention.

LanguageEdit

Generally used is Shanweihua which is similar to Chaozhou dialect and Hoklo, belonging to the Min Nan division of Min Chinese. Haifeng, Lufeng and the urban area have basically the same accent. Most parts of the rural Luhe county formerly part of Lufeng use the peasant Hakka Chinese language belonging to the Xinhui subdialect of the Yuetai dialect. As Shanwei is adjacent to the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong, together with the impact of television programs from Hong Kong and population movements within Guangdong province, many local residents, especially the younger generation, have communication skills in Cantonese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Beijing, Shenzhen to Close Polluting Plants by 2016, Xinhua, 2011-11-27". Bjreview.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  2. ^ French, Howard W. (December 17, 2005). "Chinese Pressing to Keep Village Silent on Clash - International Herald Tribune". Nytimes.com.
  3. ^ "Protest Planned over Land Dispute in China". NPR. 2005-12-16. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  4. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-12/19/content_3940710.htm

External linksEdit