Adelaide International Airport (IATA: ADL, ICAO: YPAD) is the principal airport of Adelaide, South Australia and the fifth-busiest airport in Australia, servicing just over eight million passengers in the financial year ending 30 June 2017. Located adjacent to West Beach, it is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the city centre. It has been operated privately by Adelaide Airport Limited under a long-term lease from the Commonwealth Government since 29 May 1998.:p 25
Adelaide International Airport
|Operator||Adelaide Airport Limited|
|Location||Adelaide Airport, South Australia|
|Hub for||Alliance Airlines |
Regional Express Airlines
|Focus city for||Virgin Australia |
|Elevation AMSL||20 ft / 6 m|
First established in 1955, a new dual international/domestic terminal was opened in 2005 which has received numerous awards, including being named the world's second-best international airport (5–15 million passengers) in 2006. Also, it has been named Australia's best capital city airport in 2006, 2009 and 2011.
Over the financial year 2018/19, Adelaide Airport experienced passenger growth of 7% internationally and 1.3% for domestic and regional passengers from 2017's quarterly report; this added up to a new record number of passengers who passed through Adelaide Airport at 8,090,000 over the financial year. Adelaide Airport also experienced the greatest international growth out of any Australian port.
An early "Adelaide airport" was an aerodrome constructed in 1921 on 24 ha (59 acres) of land in Albert Park, now Hendon, which took over from the Northfield Aerodrome. The small facility allowed for a mail service between Adelaide and Sydney. To meet the substantial growth in aviation, Parafield Airport was developed in 1927. The demand on aviation outgrew Parafield and the current site of Adelaide Airport was selected at West Torrens (known as West Beach until 1991) in January 1946. An alternative site at Port Adelaide, including a seaplane facility, was considered inferior and too far from the C.B.D. Construction began and flights commenced in 1954. Parafield Airport was turned into a private and military aviation facility.
In 2005 a dual-use $260 million facility replaced both the original 'temporary' domestic and international terminals. The old domestic terminal was closed shortly after the new terminal was opened to flights and was demolished not long after. A new control tower was built west of the current terminal with the old control tower maintained for additional operations.
In October 2006, the new terminal was named the Capital City Airport of the Year at the Australian Aviation Industry Awards in Cairns. In March 2007, Adelaide Airport was rated the world's second-best airport in the 5–15 million passengers category at the Airports Council International (ACI) 2006 awards in Dubai.
On 5 August 2008 Tiger Airways Australia confirmed that Adelaide Airport would become the airline's second hub which would base two of the airline's Airbus A320s by early 2009. On 29 October 2009 Tiger announced it would be housing its third A320 at Adelaide Airport from early 2010. Tiger Airways later shut down its operations from Adelaide only to recommence them in 2013.
In 2011 the airport encountered major problems during the eruption of Puyehue volcano in Chile. The ash cloud caused flights to be cancelled nationwide, with over 40,000 passengers stranded in Adelaide.
International services became regular from 1982 upon the construction of an international terminal.
The original international terminal had only one gate with limited space for passengers. Check in desks were small and waiting space was limited. It was partially demolished[when?] to make the area more secure and allow aircraft to park on the other side of the terminal.
Fiji Airways also upgraded their new Boeing 737-8 MAX aircraft on the Nadi to Adelaide route, but due to the grounding of the 737 MAX aircraft, switched to the Boeing 737-800. However, Fiji Airlines announced that they would no longer fly to Adelaide as of 20 July 2019.
Present terminal buildingEdit
The airport was redeveloped in 2005 at a cost of $260 million. The redevelopment was managed by builders Hansen Yuncken. Before the redevelopment, the old airport terminal was criticised for its limited capacity and lack of aerobridges.
Proposals were developed for an upgraded terminal of world standard. The final proposal, released in 1997, called for a large, unified terminal in which both domestic and international flights would use the same terminal. A combination of factors, the most notable of which was the collapse of Ansett Australia, then a duopoly domestic carrier with Qantas, and the resultant loss of funds for its share of the construction cost, saw the new terminal plans shelved until an agreement was reached in 2002.
The new terminal was opened on 7 October 2005 by the Prime Minister John Howard and South Australian Premier Mike Rann. However, Adelaide Airport Limited announced soon afterward that only international flights would use the new facility immediately due to problems with the fuel pumps and underground pipes. These problems related initially to the anti-rusting agent applied to the insides of the fuel pumps, then to construction debris in the pipes. Although international and regional (from December 2005) aircraft were refuelled via tankers, a lack of space and safety concerns prevented this action for domestic jet aircraft, which instead continued operations at the old terminal. The re-fueling system was cleared of all debris and the new terminal was used for all flights from 17 February 2006. The new airport terminal is approximately 850 m (2,790 ft) end to end and is capable of handling 27 aircraft, including an Airbus A380, simultaneously and processing 3,000 passengers per hour. It includes high-amenity public and airline lounges, 14 glass-sided aerobridges, 42 common user check-in desks and 34 shop fronts. Free wireless Internet is also provided throughout the terminal by Internode Systems, a first for an Australian airport.
The first Qantas A380, VH-OQA "Nancy Bird Walton", landed at the airport on 27 September 2008, Several thousand spectators gathered to catch a glimpse of the giant aircraft. This was a 25-minute stopover before it flew on to Melbourne. This was one of several visits the airliner made as part of a pilot training and testing program.
Vickers Vimy museumEdit
In 1919, the Australian government offered £10,000 for the first All-Australian crew to fly an aeroplane from England to Australia. Keith Macpherson Smith, Ross Macpherson Smith and mechanics Jim Bennett and Wally Shiers completed the journey from Hounslow Heath Aerodrome to Darwin via Singapore and Batavia on 10 December 1919. Their Vickers Vimy aircraft G-EAOU (affectionately known as "God 'Elp All Of Us") is now preserved in a purpose-built climate-controlled museum inside the grounds of the airport at . Due to reconfiguration of the terminal buildings, the musuem is now situated inside the long-term car park, but there are no plans to relocate the aircraft into the main terminal building.
In February 2011 a A$100 million building program was launched as part of a five-year master plan, featuring:
- New airport road network to improve traffic flow (completed)
- New multi-storey car park – increasing parking spaces from 800 to 1,650 (completed August 2012)
- New passenger terminal plaza frontage (completed March 2013)
- Walkway bridge connecting new car park and existing terminal building (completed March 2013)
- Terminal concourse extension
- Three new aerobridges
- Terminal commercial projects and passenger facilities
- Relocation of regional carrier Rex
- Relocation of old transportable charter aircraft operators' terminal
- New control tower, twice the height of the old tower, expected to cost A$16.9 million (completed early 2012)
- Addition of Emirates airlines, Qatar Airways, China Southern Airlines and Fiji Airways to the list of airlines serving the airport (completed)
- Atura Hotel (37 m [121 ft] tall, nine levels) (completed September 2018)
- New airside cargo facility (1,500 m2 [16,000 sq ft])
In July 2013, Adelaide Airport became the first Australian airport and second airport worldwide to have Google Street View technology, allowing passengers to explore the arrival and departure sections of the airport before travel.
In late 2018 and early 2019, Adelaide Airport commenced a $165 million terminal expansion project, increasing the length of the terminal, adding more duty free and shopping outlets, and adding more aircraft parking and gates. The upgrades are set to be completed by 2021.
In September 2016, a relocation and major upgrade was completed for the base of the central service region of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia. The base houses the Pilatus PC-12 and Pilatus PC-24, maintenance hangars and ambulance bays.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|
|MASkargo||Kuala Lumpur, Sydney|
|Qantas Freight||Melbourne, Sydney|
|Toll Priority||Canberra, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney|
Traffic and statisticsEdit
|3||Malaysia Kuala Lumpur–International||2,984.4||1.9|
|4||New Zealand Auckland||449.4||11.8|
Route J1X operates an express service to and from the airport to the Adelaide CBD. Routes J1 and J2 operate between the northern, western and southern suburbs, via the CBD and airport - popular areas such as Tea Tree Plaza, Glenelg and Harbour Town are serviced. Routes J7 and J8 operate to West Lakes and Marion.
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