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The City of Brisbane is a local government area that has jurisdiction over the inner portion of the metropolitan area of Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. Brisbane is located in the county of Stanley and is the largest city followed by Ipswich with bounds in part of the county. Unlike LGAs in the other mainland state capitals (Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide), which are generally responsible only for the central business districts and inner neighbourhoods of those cities, the City of Brisbane administers a significant portion of the Brisbane metropolitan area, serving almost half of the population of the Brisbane Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA, formerly statistical division). As such, it has a larger population than any other local government area in Australia.[2] The City of Brisbane was the first Australian LGA to reach a population of more than one million.[3] Its population is roughly equivalent to the populations of Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory combined. In 2016-2017, the council administers a budget of over $3 billion,[4] by far the largest budget of any LGA in Australia.

City of Brisbane
Queensland
SEQ-Councils-Brisbane.png
Map of Brisbane City in South East Queensland
Flag of Brisbane.svg
Flag of the City of Brisbane
Coordinates 27°28′S 153°07′E / 27.47°S 153.12°E / -27.47; 153.12Coordinates: 27°28′S 153°07′E / 27.47°S 153.12°E / -27.47; 153.12
Population 1,131,155 (2016 census)[1] (1st)
 • Density 882/km2 (2,280/sq mi)
Established 1924
Area 1,342.7 km2 (518.4 sq mi)
Lord Mayor Graham Quirk
Council seat Brisbane CBD (City Hall)
Region South East Queensland
State electorate(s) Algester, Aspley, Bulimba, Chatsworth, Clayfield, Cooper, Everton, Ferny Grove, Greenslopes, Inala, Indooroopilly, Lytton, Mansfield, McConnel, Moggill, Mount Coot-tha, Mount Ommaney, Nudgee, Sandgate, South Brisbane, Stafford, Stretton, Sunnybank, Yeerongpilly
Federal Division(s) Brisbane, Bonner, Griffith, Lilley, Moreton, Oxley, Petrie, Ryan
Brisbane City Council logo.png
Website City of Brisbane
LGAs around City of Brisbane:
Somerset Moreton Bay Moreton Bay
Somerset City of Brisbane Moreton Bay
Ipswich Logan Redland

The City derives from cities, towns and shires that merged in 1925. The main offices and Central Library of the Council are at 266 George Street, also known as Brisbane Square. Brisbane City Hall houses the Council Chamber, the offices of the Lord Mayor and Deputy Mayor, meeting and reception rooms and the Museum of Brisbane.

Contents

WardsEdit

SuburbsEdit

The City of Brisbane includes the following settlements:

Inner suburbsEdit

Total: 18

Northern suburbsEdit

Total: 48

Southern suburbsEdit

Total: 54

Eastern suburbsEdit

Total: 28

Western suburbsEdit

Total: 42

HistoryEdit

 
Map of Brisbane at time of amalgamation
 
Brisbane City Hall in the 1930s

The Government of Queensland created the City of Brisbane with a view to uniting the then Brisbane metropolitan area under a single planning and governance structure. The City of Brisbane Act 1924 received assent from the Governor on 30 October 1924. On 1 October 1925, 20 local government areas of various sizes were abolished and merged into the new city,[13] namely:

The Council also assumed responsibility for several quasi-autonomous government authorities, such as the Brisbane Tramways Trust.

DemographicsEdit

Selected historical census data for City of Brisbane local government area
Census year 2001[14] 2006[15] 2011[16] 2016[1]
Population Estimated residents on census night 873,780 956,129 1,041,839 1,131,155
LGA rank in terms of size within Queensland 1st   1st   1st
% of Queensland population 24.37%   24.49%   24.05%   24.05%
% of Australian population 4.66%   4.82%   4.84%   4.83%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
English 25.0%   24.3%
Australian 23.1%   20.2%
Irish 9.5%   9.7%
Scottish 7.4%   7.4%
Chinese 4.1%   5.2%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Mandarin 1.4%   1.9%   2.6%   4.1%
Cantonese 1.4%   1.4%   1.5%   1.5%
Vietnamese 1.3%   1.4%   1.5%   1.6%
Italian 1.1%   0.9%   0.8%
Greek 0.8%   0.7%
Spanish 0.7%   0.9%
Korean 1.0%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 28.0%   27.1%   26.3%   23.1%
Anglican 19.5%   17.2%   14.8%   11.0%
No religion 15.0%   18.5%   23.3%   31.6%
Uniting 7.8%   6.6%   5.6%   4.0%
Presbyterian 3.7%   3.2%
Buddhism 3.0%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$556 A$696 A$770
% of Australian median income 119.3% 120.6% 116.3%
Family income Median weekly family income A$1403 A$1873 A$2091
% of Australian median income 119.8% 126.5% 120.6%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1157 A$1547 A$1746
% of Australian median income 112.7% 125.4% 121.4%
Dwelling structure
Dwelling type Seperate house 74.7%   71.9%   70.9%   67.4%
Semi-detached, terrace or townhouse 6.7% 7.9%     9.7%   10.4%
Flat or apartment 17.2%   19.3%   18.8%   21.3%

HeritageEdit

The Brisbane City Council maintains the Brisbane Local Heritage Register, a list of nominated sites that satisfy the Council's heritage criteria.[17]

GovernanceEdit

The City of Brisbane is governed by the Brisbane City Council, the largest local council in Australia. The Brisbane City Council has its power divided between a Lord Mayor, a parliamentary-style council of twenty-six councillors representing single-member wards of approximately 23,000 voters (roughly equivalent in size to state electorates), and a Civic Cabinet comprising the Lord Mayor, the Deputy Mayor (drawn from the majority on Council) and the chairpersons of the seven standing committees drawn from the membership of Council. Due to the City of Brisbane's status as the country's largest LGA, the Lord Mayor is elected by the largest single-member electorate in Australia. Like all mayors in Queensland, he has very broad executive power.

The seven standing committees of Council are:

  • City Planning Committee
  • Environment, Parks and Sustainability Committee
  • Establishment and Coordination Committee (Civic Cabinet)
  • Field Services Committee
  • Finance and Economic Development Committee
  • Infrastructure Committee
  • Lifestyle and Community Services Committee
  • Public and Active Transport Committee

Following local government elections on 28 April 2012, the Lord Mayor and 18 councillors are members of the Liberal National Party while 7 are from the Australian Labor Party with 1 independent. The current Lord Mayor of Brisbane is Graham Quirk of the LNP, who was elected mayor in his own right on 28 April 2012 after having been appointed to the Lord Mayoralty in April 2011 when Campbell Newman resigned to make an ultimately successful bid to become Premier of Queensland. The current Deputy Mayor is Adrian Schrinner of the LNP. The day-to-day management of Council's operations is the responsibility of the chief executive officer who is currently Colin Jensen.

Elections are held every four years with ballots for the Lord Mayoralty and the individual councillors being held simultaneously. Voting is compulsory for all eligible electors. The election in March 2004 resulted in the unusual situation of Liberal (later LNP after a July 2008 merger) Lord Mayor Campbell Newman co-existing with a Labor majority on Council and a Labor Deputy Mayor, though this resulted in remarkably few conflicts over civic budgets and Council policy. The LNP gained a 5.5% swing on the councillor votes in the March 2008 election, resulting in the Liberals taking control of the council as well (Newman won re-election with 60% of the primary vote). Graham Quirk won re-election as Lord Mayor (having been appointed to the position in April 2011) in 2012 with 61.94% of the vote and the LNP gained an additional 3 wards. The last election was held on 19 March 2016. Lord Mayor Graham Quirk defeated Labor's candidate Rod Harding.[18]

The Brisbane City Council is incorporated under the City of Brisbane Act 1924, while other local governments in Queensland are governed by the Local Government Act 1993.

Council meetings are held at Level 2, City Hall, 64 Adelaide Street, Brisbane City[19] every Tuesday at 2pm except during recess and holiday periods. This temporary venue is in use due to the restoration work being performed on the traditional venue Brisbane City Hall.[20] Meetings are generally open to the public.

Brisbane City Council aims to be carbon neutral by 2026 via the reduction of emissions and carbon offsetting.[21]

HeraldryEdit

The motto of the City of Brisbane is Meliora sequimur, Latin for We aim for better things. The Council's corporate slogan is Dedicated to a better Brisbane. The City's colours are blue and gold. Its corporate logo was introduced in 1982 in preparation for the Commonwealth Games hosted in Brisbane that year. It features a stylised version of Brisbane's City Hall which opened in 1930. The City's floral emblem is the (exotic) poinsettia and its faunal emblem is the graceful tree frog.

Sister citiesEdit

The City of Brisbane has nine sister cities.[22][23][24]

City Country Commenced
Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates 2 February 2009
Auckland New Zealand August 1988
Chongqing China October 2005
Daejeon South Korea 17 June 2002
Hyderabad[25] India 5 October 2010
Kaohsiung Taiwan September 1997
Kobe[26] Japan July 1985
Semarang Indonesia January 1993
Shenzhen[27][28][29] China June 1992

Nice, France was formerly a sister city of Brisbane until the relationship was severed in 1995 as protest against the Chirac government's decision to resume nuclear testing in the Pacific Ocean.[30] Bangkok became a sister city of Brisbane on 7 May 1997, but is no longer listed as a sister city on the Brisbane City Council website.[31][32] Brisbane does not have any sister city relationship with any North American, South American, African or European city.[33]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Brisbane (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 November 2017.   
  2. ^ "Table 1: Population growth and turnover in Local Government Areas (LGAs), 2006 to 2011". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Hiroaki Suzuki; Arish Dastur; Sebastian Moffatt; Nanae Yabuki; Hinako Maruyama (2010). Eco2 Cities: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities. World Bank. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-8213-8046-8. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Council Annual Plan and Budget 2016-17". Brisbane City Council. 2 June 2017. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "2016 Brisbane City Council - Councillor Election - Election Summary". Electoral Commission of Queensland. 19 April 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Bracken Ridge Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Calamvale Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Central Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Chandler Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "Coorparoo Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "The Gap Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  13. ^ City of Brisbane Act 1924 (accessed 23 January 2011)
  14. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "City of Brisbane (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "City of Brisbane (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  16. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "City of Brisbane (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017.   
  17. ^ "QUEENSLAND HERITAGE ACT 1992 - SECT 113". Queensland Consolidated Acts. Queensland Government. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  18. ^ "Battle for Brisbane's City Hall takes shape". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  19. ^ "Meeting dates & locations". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  20. ^ "City Hall Restoration". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  21. ^ "Council's energy aims". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 27 September 2010. 
  22. ^ Yamashita, Kate (9 December 2016). "Brisbane Sister Cities". www.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "Facts & Statistics". Our Brisbane. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 2 January 2008. 
  24. ^ "List of Sister Cities". www.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 21 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  25. ^ Moore, Tony. "Brisbane signs new sister city deal". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "Kobe's Sister Cities". Kobe Trade Information Office. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  27. ^ 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 19 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine., 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 22 March 2008. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  28. ^ 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 13 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine., 20 January 2011. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  29. ^ 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 12 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine., 13 September 2011. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  30. ^ Thomas, Nicholas (2004). Re-Orienting Australia-China Relations: 1972 to the Present. Australia: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 75. ISBN 0-7546-3245-8. Retrieved 12 January 2008. 
  31. ^ "Sister Cities – Brisbane City Council". Retrieved 19 June 2017. [permanent dead link]
  32. ^ "Brisbane". International Affairs Division - Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. 
  33. ^ "Brisbane Sister Cities". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 

External linksEdit