1982 Commonwealth Games
The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September to 9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium (named for Elizabeth II), in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games. Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.
|Host city||Brisbane, Queensland, Australia|
|Motto||The Friendly Games|
|Events||141 events in 12 sports|
|Opening ceremony||30 September|
|Closing ceremony||9 October|
|Officially opened by||Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh|
|Athlete's Oath||Tracey Wickham|
|Queen's Baton Final Runner||Raelene Boyle|
|Main venue||QEII Stadium|
The 1982 Commonwealth Games Logo was designed by Paulo Ferreira, who was the winner of a nationwide competition held in 1978. The symbol is derived from the form of a bounding kangaroo. The three bands, forming stylized A's (for Australia), are in colours which are common to flags of many Commonwealth countries.
Matilda the kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was represented by a cartoon kangaroo, and a gigantic 13-metre (42 feet 8 inches) high mechanical "winking" kangaroo, who travelled around the stadium and winked at the crowd.
Bidding for the XII Commonwealth Games was held in Montreal, Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Lagos, Brisbane, Kuala Lumpur and Birmingham were the bidding cities. On 14 July 1976 it was announced that Brisbane had won the rights to stage the Games after the other candidate cities withdrew bids earlier that year.
Brisbane was awarded by default of being the only Candidate City left at the bid election after Birmingham reversed its decision to submit an application. Nigeria's boycott of the Montreal Summer Olympics made Lagos' bid lobbying impractical. The Montreal Summer Olympics were plagued with cost overruns and bidding on a sports festival anywhere in the world was not good politically.
46 Commonwealth nations and territories took part in the 1982 Commonwealth Games. A total of 1,583 athletes and 571 officials participated in the event. The Griffith University campus was used as an athletes village.
|Participating Commonwealth countries and territories|
|Debuting Commonwealth countries and territories|
Sports contested during the 1982 Commonwealth Games included athletics, archery, badminton, lawn bowls, boxing, cycling, shooting, swimming, diving, weightlifting and wrestling. Table tennis and Australian football were demonstration sports.
- Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Sports Centre
- Chandler Sports Complex: Chandler Aquatic Centre - swimming and diving ; Chandler Sports Hall - badminton and table tennis ; Chandler Theatre - weightlifting ; Chandler Velodrome - track cycling
- Brisbane City Hall - wrestling
- Brisbane Festival Hall - boxing
- Belmont Rifle Range - shooting
- Moorooka Bowls Club - lawn bowls
- Murarrie Recreation Reserve - archery
- Bruce Highway - road cycling
- Brisbane River roads - marathon
- Wynum and Manly roads - 30 km walk
- Woolloongabba Cricket Ground - Australian football demonstration
- Athletes Village - Griffith University and Mount Gravatt College of Advanced Education.
Opening Ceremony (30 September)Edit
The ceremony at the QEII Stadium was held on a fine but extremely windy day. The wind was so strong that skydivers who were going to descend into the stadium were cancelled. Instead they made an entrance at the closing ceremony.
Day 1 (1 October)Edit
The first event of the Games was 100 kilometres (62 mi) Road Trial in cycling. England won the Gold Medal in the event, and Australia won the Silver Medal—coming second to England by only six seconds.
Other sports which were contested on the first day of competition included swimming and diving, weightlifting, shooting and bowls.
Day 2 (2 October)Edit
Sports contested included swimming, diving, weightlifting, shooting, cycling, bowls and archery.
The day was marred by both Australia and Canada being disqualified in the 4 × 100 metres relay in swimming, both problems occurring during change-overs. The medals awarded for this race went to England, Scotland and New Zealand.
Day 4 (4 October)Edit
Sports contested included swimming, diving, cycling, athletics, archery, hammer throwing and shooting.
The day was marred when Canada was again disqualified, this time in the 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay. Canada protested against the winners, Australia, as well as against their own disqualification.
Elizabeth II closed the Games during a colourful ceremony, which included parachute jumpers (who had originally been also intended as part of the Opening Ceremony display) jumping and landing in a special target area within the stadium and red, white and blue balloons. Matilda the Kangaroo also winked at the Queen. Following the closing of the Games, the Queen and Duke left the stand to be driven from the stadium. However, nobody wanted the Games to end and the Australian team formed a 'guard of honour' and ran beside and behind the car in which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were travelling, as it circled the stadium several times before finally leaving. Team members from other countries also joined in running after the royal car.
Medals by countryEdit
This is the full table of the medal count of the 1982 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.
Medals by eventEdit
|Free Pistol||Men/Open||Tom Guinn (CAN)||553||Geoffrey Robinson (ENG)||543||Phil Adams (AUS)||540|
|Free Pistol - Pairs||Men/Open||Phil Adams & John Tremelling (AUS)||1077||Barrie Wickens & Rex Hamilton (NZL)||1075||Geoffrey Robinson & Frank Wyatt (ENG)||1074|
|Centre-Fire Pistol||Men/Open||John Cooke (ENG)||580||James Cairns (SCO)||579||Noel Ryan (AUS)||577|
|Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs||Men/Open||Noel Ryan & Alexander Taransky (AUS)||1151||Mohinder Lal & Ashok Pandit (IND)||1138||John Cooke & John Gough (ENG)||1131|
|Rapid-Fire Pistol||Men/Open||Lee Kui Nang (HKG)||583||Jim Timmerman (CAN)||583||John Cooke (ENG)||582|
|Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs||Men/Open||Peter Heuke & Alexander Taransky (AUS)||1160||James Cairns & Hugh Hunter (SCO)||1152||Sharad Cahuran & Ramakrishnan Vij (IND)||1151|
|Air Pistol||Men/Open||George Darling (ENG)||576||Phil Adams (AUS)||573||Tom Guinn (CAN)||571|
|Air Pistol - Pairs||Men/Open||Phil Adams & Gregory Colber (AUS)||1128||Geoffrey Robinson & George Darling (ENG)||1126||Jim Timmerman & Tom Guinn (CAN)||1125|
|Small Bore Rifle, Prone||Men/Open||Alan Smith (AUS)||1184||Malcolm Cooper (ENG)||1184||Bill Watkins (WAL)||1177|
|Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs||Men/Open||Malcolm Cooper & Mike Sullivan (ENG)||1187||Colin Harris & Bill Watkins (WAL)||1183||Patrick Vamplew & Ernest Sopsich (CAN)||1180|
|Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions||Men/Open||Alister Allan (SCO)||1146||Malcolm Cooper (ENG)||1145||Guy Lorion (CAN)||1144|
|Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs||Men/Open||Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG)||2301||Guy Lorion & Jean-François Sénécal (CAN)||2279||Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO)||2277|
|Full Bore Rifle||Men/Open||Arthur Clarke (SCO)||387||Lord John Swansea (WAL)||385||Charles Trotter (GGY)||384|
|Full Bore Rifle - Pairs||Men/Open||Keith Affleck & Geoffrey Ayling (AUS)||572||John Bloomfield & Dick Rowling (ENG)||570||David Calvert & Hazel Mackintosh (NIR)||563|
|Air Rifle||Men/Open||Jean-François Sénécal (CAN)||574||Matthew Guille (GGY)||572||Malcolm Cooper (ENG)||570|
|Air Rifle - Pairs||Men/Open||Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO)||1137||Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG)||1126||Norbert Jahn & Anton Wurfel (AUS)||1123|
|Trap||Men/Open||Peter Boden (ENG)||191||Terry Rumbel (AUS)||190||Peter Croft (ENG)||190|
|Trap - Pairs||Men/Open||Jim Ellis & Terry Rumbel (AUS)||190||Peter Croft & Peter Boden (ENG)||186||James Young & Martin Girvan (SCO)||183|
|Skeet||Men/Open||John Woolley (NZL)||197||Ian Hale (AUS)||196||Wally Sykes (ENG)||195|
|Skeet - Pairs||Men/Open||Brian Gabriel & Fred Altmann (CAN)||191||Jim Sheffield & Wally Sykes (ENG)||190||Alex Crikis & Ian Hale (AUS)||190|
|Flyweight - Overall||Men||Nick Voukelatos (AUS)||207.5||Grunadan Kambiah (IND)||200||Lawrence Tom (NGR)||192.5|
|Bantamweight - Overall||Men||Geoff Laws (ENG)||235||Bijar Kumar Satpathy (IND)||227.5||Lorenzo Orsini (AUS)||222.5|
|Featherweight - Overall||Men||Dean Willey (ENG)||267.5||Tamil Selvin (IND)||245||Chua Koon Siang (SIN)||242.5|
|Lightweight - Overall||Men||David Morgan (WAL)||295||Bill Stellios (AUS)||285||Patrick Bassey (NGR)||277.5|
|Middleweight - Overall||Men||Steve Pinsent (ENG)||312.5||Tony Pignone (AUS)||305||Jacques Demers (CAN)||302.5|
|Light Heavyweight - Overall||Men||Newton Burrowes (ENG)||325||Guy Greavette (CAN)||320||Cosmas Idioh (NGR)||317.5|
|Middle Heavyweight - Overall||Men||Robert Kabbas (AUS)||337.5||Peter Pinsent (ENG)||335||Mike Sabljak (AUS)||325|
|Sub Heavyweight - Overall||Men||Oliver Orok (NGR)||350||Gary Langford (ENG)||350||Kevin Roy (CAN)||340|
|Heavyweight - Overall||Men||John Burns (WAL)||347.5||Joe Kabalan (AUS)||325||Mario Leblanc (CAN)||315|
|Super Heavyweight - Overall||Men||Dean Lukin (AUS)||377.5||Bob Edmond (AUS)||347.5||Bassey Ironbar (NGR)||320|
|Light Flyweight||Men||Ram Chander Sarang (IND)||Steve Reinsfield (NZL)||Maldwyn Cooper (CAN)|
|Flyweight||Men||Mahabir Singh (IND)||Ray Takahashi (CAN)||Ken Hoyt (AUS)|
|Bantamweight||Men||Brian Aspen (ENG)||Ashok Kumar (IND)||Chris Maddock (NZL)|
|Featherweight||Men||Bob Robinson (CAN)||Cris Brown (AUS)||Augustine Atasie (NGR)|
|Lightweight||Men||Jagminder Singh (IND)||Zsigmund Kelevitz (AUS)||Lloyd Renken (CAN)|
|Welterweight||Men||Rajinder Singh (IND)||Ken Reinsfield (NZL)||Brian Renken (CAN)|
|Middleweight||Men||Chris Rinke (CAN)||Wally Koenig (AUS)||Jai Parkash Kangar (IND)|
|Light Heavyweight||Men||Clark Davis (CAN)||Kartar Singh (IND)||Nigel Sargeant (NZL)|
|Heavyweight||Men||Richard Deschatelets (CAN)||Satpal Singh (IND)||Murray Avery (AUS)|
|Super Heavyweight||Men||Wyatt Wishart (CAN)||Rajinder Singh (IND)||Albert Patrick (SCO)|
Aboriginal movement protestsEdit
The Brisbane Commonwealth Games were also noted by large-scale protests by the Aboriginal rights movement in Australia, which brought to the centre of international media attention the lack of land rights, poor living condition and suppression of personal and political rights in Queensland in particular, and in Australia as a whole. The protests, which were followed by large-scale arrests, are a significant event in the history of the Australian Aboriginal movement.
Bid and interim logoEdit
The Games brand identityEdit
The Matilda mascot from the opening ceremony was relocated to Wet'n'Wild Water World, a water park in the Gold Coast hinterland. Unfortunately, in 2007, Matilda lay out the back of Wet'n'Wild in pieces, until 2011, when the winking icon found a new home at the back of the Kybong Matilda fuel station (now a Puma Energy station), near Gympie, and has been thrilling visitors and locals with her impressive stature.
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- Spencer Reiss with Carl Robinson, "Aborigines Vs. Queensland", Newsweek: International Edition, 11 October 1982, p. 13
- Foley, Gary. "A Short History of the Australian Indigenous Resistance 1950 - 1990". The Koori History Website. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- Peters, Daniel (2015-08-04). "'Winking Matilda' from 1982 Commonwealth Games sits outside a service station | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- Bligh, Anna (10 June 2009). "PREMIER UNVEILS QUEENSLAND'S 150 ICONS". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "XII Commonwealth Games - The Official Pictorial History" —Channel 9 "Today Tonight", O & B Holdings Pty. Ltd., (1982)