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The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September–9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium (named for Elizabeth II), in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games.[1] Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.

12th Commonwealth Games
1982 Commonwealth Games logo.svg
Host city Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Motto The Friendly Games
Nations participating 46
Athletes participating 1,583
Events 141 events in 12 sports
Opening ceremony 30 September
Closing ceremony 9 October
Officially opened by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Queen's Baton Final Runner Raelene Boyle
Main venue QEII Stadium
XI XIII  >
Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. In this photo Matilda is seen as it goes around the stadium, winking to the crowd, 30 September 1982.

The Chairman of the 1982 Commonwealth Games was Sir Edward Williams.[2]

The 1982 Commonwealth Games Logo was designed by Paulo Ferreira,[3] who was the winner of a nationwide competition held in 1978. The symbol is derived from the form of a bounding kangaroo. The three bands, forming stylized A's (for Australia), are in colours which are common to flags of many Commonwealth countries.

Matilda the kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was represented by a cartoon kangaroo,[4] and a gigantic 13-metre (42 feet 8 inches) high mechanical "winking" kangaroo, who travelled around the stadium and winked at the crowd.

The games were officially opened by The Duke of Edinburgh and closed by The Queen.

Contents

Participating teamsEdit

 
Countries and places which competed at the 1982 games

46 Commonwealth nations and territories took part in the 1982 Commonwealth Games.[5] A total of 1,583 athletes and 571 officials participated in the event.[6] The Griffith University campus was used as an athletes village.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).[7]

Bidding CitiesEdit

Bidding for the XII Commonwealth Games was held in Montreal, Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Lagos, Brisbane, Kuala Lumpur and Birmingham were the biding cities. On 14 July 1976 it was announced that Brisbane had won the rights to stage the Games[8] after the other candidate cities withdrew bids earlier that year.

Brisbane was awarded by default of being the only Candidate City left at the bid election after Birmingham reversed its decision to submit an application.[8] Nigeria's boycott of the Montreal Summer Olympics made Lagos' bid lobbying impractical.[citation needed] The Montreal Summer Olympics were plagued with cost overruns and bidding on a sports festival anywhere in the world was not good politically.

SportsEdit

Sports contested during the 1982 Commonwealth Games included athletics, archery, badminton, Lawn bowls, boxing, cycling, shooting, swimming, diving, weightlifting and wrestling.[9]

The Bruce Highway was used for road cycling events, boxing was held at Brisbane Festival Hall while weightlifting and wrestling were held at Brisbane City Hall.[9]

HighlightsEdit

Opening Ceremony (30 September)Edit

The ceremony at the QEII Stadium was held on a fine but extremely windy day. The wind was so strong that skydivers who were going to descend into the stadium were cancelled.[6] Instead they made an entrance at the closing ceremony.

Day 1 (1 October)Edit

The first event of the Games was 100 kilometres (62 mi) Road Trial in cycling. England won the Gold Medal in the event, and Australia won the Silver Medal—coming second to England by only six seconds.

Other sports which were contested on the first day of competition included swimming and diving, weightlifting, shooting and bowls.

Day 2 (2 October)Edit

Sports contested included swimming, diving, weightlifting, shooting, cycling, bowls and archery.

The day was marred by both Australia and Canada being disqualified in the 4 × 100 metres relay in swimming, both problems occurring during change-overs. The medals awarded for this race went to England, Scotland and New Zealand.

Day 4 (4 October)Edit

Sports contested included swimming, diving, cycling, athletics, archery, hammer throwing and shooting.

The day was marred when Canada was again disqualified, this time in the 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay. Canada protested against the winners, Australia, as well as against their own disqualification.

Closing CeremonyEdit

Elizabeth II closed the Games during a colourful ceremony, which included parachute jumpers (who had originally been also intended as part of the Opening Ceremony display) jumping and landing in a special target area within the stadium and red, white and blue balloons. Matilda the Kangaroo also winked at the Queen. Following the closing of the Games, the Queen and Duke left the stand to be driven from the stadium. However, nobody wanted the Games to end and the Australian team formed a 'guard of honour' and ran beside and behind the car in which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were travelling, as it circled the stadium several times before finally leaving.[10] Team members from other countries also joined in running after the royal car.

Medals by countryEdit

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1982 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Australia 39 39 29 107
2   England 38 38 32 108
3   Canada 26 23 33 82
4   Scotland 8 6 12 26
5   New Zealand 5 8 13 26
6   India 5 8 3 16
7   Nigeria 5 0 8 13
8   Wales 4 4 1 9
9   Kenya 4 2 4 10
10   Bahamas 2 2 2 6
11   Jamaica 2 1 1 4
12   Tanzania 1 2 2 5
13   Malaysia 1 0 1 2
  Hong Kong 1 0 1 2
15   Fiji 1 0 0 1
  Zimbabwe 1 0 0 1
17   Northern Ireland 0 3 3 6
18   Uganda 0 3 0 3
19   Zambia 0 1 5 6
20   Guernsey 0 1 1 2
21   Bermuda 0 0 1 1
  Singapore 0 0 1 1
  Swaziland 0 0 1 1
Total 143 141 153 437

Medals by eventEdit

AquaticsEdit

ArcheryEdit

AthleticsEdit

BadmintonEdit

BowlsEdit

BoxingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men   Abraham Wachire (KEN)   John Lyon (ENG)   Lucky Siame (ZAM)
  Leonard Makhanya (SWZ)
Flyweight Men   Michael Mutua (KEN)   Joseph Kelly (SCO)   Grant Richards (AUS)
  Albert Musankabala (ZAM)
Bantamweight Men   Joe Orewa (NGR)   Roy Webb (NIR)   Ray Gilbody (ENG)
  Richard Reilly (AUS)
Featherweight Men   Peter Konyegwachie (NGR)   Peter Hanlon (ENG)   Rodney Harberger (AUS)
  Winfred Kabunda (ZAM)
Lightweight Men   Hussein Khalili (KEN)   James McDonnell (ENG)   Brian Tink (AUS)
  Steve Larrimore (BAH)
Light Welterweight Men   Christopher Ossai (NGR)   Charles Owiso (KEN)   Clyde McIntosh (ENG)
  David Chibuye (ZAM)
Welterweight Men   Chris Pyatt (ENG)   Laston Mukobe (ZAM)   Charles Nwokolo (NGR)
  Chenanda Machaiah (IND)
Light Middleweight Men   Shawn O'Sullivan (CAN)   Nick Croombes (ENG)   Roland Omoruyi (NGR)
  Tom Corr (NIR)
Middleweight Men   Jimmy Price (ENG)   Douglas Sam (AUS)   Jeremiah Okoroduddu (NGR)
  Kevin McDermott (CAN)
Light Heavyweight Men   Fine Sani (FIJ)   Jonathan Kirisa (UGA)   Kevin Barry (NZL)
  Joseph Poto (ZAM)
Heavyweight Men   Willie DeWit (CAN)   Harold Hylton (ENG)   Willy Isangura (TAN)
  Mohammed Abdallah (KEN)

CyclingEdit

DivingEdit

ShootingEdit

PistolEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Free Pistol Men/Open   Tom Guinn (CAN) 553   Geoffrey Robinson (ENG) 543   Phil Adams (AUS) 540
Free Pistol - Pairs Men/Open   Phil Adams & John Tremelling (AUS) 1077   Barrie Wickens & Rex Hamilton (NZL) 1075   Geoffrey Robinson & Frank Wyatt (ENG) 1074
Centre-Fire Pistol Men/Open   John Cooke (ENG) 580   James Cairns (SCO) 579   Noel Ryan (AUS) 577
Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs Men/Open   Noel Ryan & Alexander Taransky (AUS) 1151   Mohinder Lal & Ashok Pandit (IND) 1138   John Cooke & John Gough (ENG) 1131
Rapid-Fire Pistol Men/Open   Lee Kui Nang (HKG) 583   Jim Timmerman (CAN) 583   John Cooke (ENG) 582
Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs Men/Open   Peter Heuke & Alexander Taransky (AUS) 1160   James Cairns & Hugh Hunter (SCO) 1152   Sharad Cahuran & Ramakrishnan Vij (IND) 1151
Air Pistol Men/Open   George Darling (ENG) 576   Phil Adams (AUS) 573   Tom Guinn (CAN) 571
Air Pistol - Pairs Men/Open   Phil Adams & Gregory Colber (AUS) 1128   Geoffrey Robinson & George Darling (ENG) 1126   Jim Timmerman & Tom Guinn (CAN) 1125

RifleEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Small Bore Rifle, Prone Men/Open   Alan Smith (AUS) 1184   Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1184   Bill Watkins (WAL) 1177
Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs Men/Open   Malcolm Cooper & Mike Sullivan (ENG) 1187   Colin Harris & Bill Watkins (WAL) 1183   Patrick Vamplew & Ernest Sopsich (CAN) 1180
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions Men/Open   Alister Allan (SCO) 1146   Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1145   Guy Lorion (CAN) 1144
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs Men/Open   Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG) 2301   Guy Lorion & Jean-François Sénécal (CAN) 2279   Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO) 2277
Full Bore Rifle Men/Open   Arthur Clarke (SCO) 387   Lord John Swansea (WAL) 385   Charles Trotter (GGY) 384
Full Bore Rifle - Pairs Men/Open   Keith Affleck & Geoffrey Ayling (AUS) 572   John Bloomfield & Dick Rowling (ENG) 570   David Calvert & Hazel Mackintosh (NIR) 563
Air Rifle Men/Open   Jean-François Sénécal (CAN) 574   Matthew Guille (GGY) 572   Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 570
Air Rifle - Pairs Men/Open   Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO) 1137   Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG) 1126   Norbert Jahn & Anton Wurfel (AUS) 1123

ShotgunEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Trap Men/Open   Peter Boden (ENG) 191   Terry Rumbel (AUS) 190   Peter Croft (ENG) 190
Trap - Pairs Men/Open   Jim Ellis & Terry Rumbel (AUS) 190   Peter Croft & Peter Boden (ENG) 186   James Young & Martin Girvan (SCO) 183
Skeet Men/Open   John Woolley (NZL) 197   Ian Hale (AUS) 196   Wally Sykes (ENG) 195
Skeet - Pairs Men/Open   Brian Gabriel & Fred Altmann (CAN) 191   Jim Sheffield & Wally Sykes (ENG) 190   Alex Crikis & Ian Hale (AUS) 190

SwimmingEdit

WeightliftingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight - Overall Men   Nick Voukelatos (AUS) 207.5   Grunadan Kambiah (IND) 200   Lawrence Tom (NGR) 192.5
Bantamweight - Overall Men   Geoff Laws (ENG) 235   Bijar Kumar Satpathy (IND) 227.5   Lorenzo Orsini (AUS) 222.5
Featherweight - Overall Men   Dean Willey (ENG) 267.5   Tamil Selvin (IND) 245   Chua Koon Siang (SIN) 242.5
Lightweight - Overall Men   David Morgan (WAL) 295   Bill Stellios (AUS) 285   Patrick Bassey (NGR) 277.5
Middleweight - Overall Men   Steve Pinsent (ENG) 312.5   Tony Pignone (AUS) 305   Jacques Demers (CAN) 302.5
Light Heavyweight - Overall Men   Newton Burrowes (ENG) 325   Guy Greavette (CAN) 320   Cosmas Idioh (NGR) 317.5
Middle Heavyweight - Overall Men   Robert Kabbas (AUS) 337.5   Peter Pinsent (ENG) 335   Mike Sabljak (AUS) 325
Sub Heavyweight - Overall Men   Oliver Orok (NGR) 350   Gary Langford (ENG) 350   Kevin Roy (CAN) 340
Heavyweight - Overall Men   John Burns (WAL) 347.5   Joe Kabalan (AUS) 325   Mario Leblanc (CAN) 315
Super Heavyweight - Overall Men   Dean Lukin (AUS) 377.5   Bob Edmond (AUS) 347.5   Bassey Ironbar (NGR) 320

WrestlingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men   Ram Chander Sarang (IND)   Steve Reinsfield (NZL)   Maldwyn Cooper (CAN)
Flyweight Men   Mahabir Singh (IND)   Ray Takahashi (CAN)   Ken Hoyt (AUS)
Bantamweight Men   Brian Aspen (ENG)   Ashok Kumar (IND)   Chris Maddock (NZL)
Featherweight Men   Bob Robinson (CAN)   Cris Brown (AUS)   Augustine Atasie (NGR)
Lightweight Men   Jagminder Singh (IND)   Zsigmund Kelevitz (AUS)   Lloyd Renken (CAN)
Welterweight Men   Rajinder Singh (IND)   Ken Reinsfield (NZL)   Brian Renken (CAN)
Middleweight Men   Chris Rinke (CAN)   Wally Koenig (AUS)   Jai Parkash Kangar (IND)
Light Heavyweight Men   Clark Davis (CAN)   Kartar Singh (IND)   Nigel Sargeant (NZL)
Heavyweight Men   Richard Deschatelets (CAN)   Satpal Singh (IND)   Murray Avery (AUS)
Super Heavyweight Men   Wyatt Wishart (CAN)   Rajinder Singh (IND)   Albert Patrick (SCO)

Aboriginal movement protestsEdit

The Brisbane Commonwealth Games were also noted by large-scale protests by the Aboriginal rights movement in Australia, which brought to the centre of international media attention the lack of land rights, poor living condition and suppression of personal and political rights in Queensland in particular, and in Australia as a whole.[12] The protests, which were followed by large-scale arrests, are a significant event in the history of the Australian Aboriginal movement.[13]

Games identityEdit

Edit

The Games brand identityEdit

MascotEdit

 
Matilda[14] the Kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games (shown here at the Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. In this photo Matilda is seen as it goes around the stadium, winking to the crowd.

The massive Matilda prop from the opening ceremony was relocated to Wet'n'Wild Water World, a water park in the Gold Coast hinterland. Unfortunately, in 2007, Matilda lay out the back of Wet'n'Wild in pieces, until 2011, when the winking icon found a new home at the back of the Kybong Matilda fuel station (now a Puma fuel station), near Gympie in South East Queensland, and has been thrilling visitors and locals with her impressive stature.[15]

LegacyEdit

In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the 1982 Commonwealth Games were announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "Defining Moment".[16]

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Queensland Sport and Athletic Centre". Austadiums.com. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  2. ^ "Commemorating the life of Sir Edward Williams". 2004. Supreme Court of Queensland Library. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-03-17. 
  6. ^ a b Phil Lutton. "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Past Commonwealth Games". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Cole, John R. (1984). Shaping a city. Albion, Queensland: William Brooks Queensland. pp. 350–353. ISBN 0-85568-619-7. 
  9. ^ a b McBride, Frank; et al. (2009). Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. pp. 274–275. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6. 
  10. ^ "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbanetimes.com.au. 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  11. ^ "Commonwealth Games Medallists - Boxing". Gbrathletics.com. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  12. ^ Spencer Reiss with Carl Robinson, "Aborigines Vs. Queensland", Newsweek: International Edition, 11 October 1982, p. 13
  13. ^ Foley, Gary. "A Short History of the Australian Indigenous Resistance 1950 - 1990". The Koori History Website. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  15. ^ Peters, Daniel (2015-08-04). "'Winking Matilda' from 1982 Commonwealth Games sits outside a service station | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  16. ^ Bligh, Anna (10 June 2009). "PREMIER UNVEILS QUEENSLAND’S 150 ICONS". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 

ReferencesEdit

  • "XII Commonwealth Games - The Official Pictorial History" —Channel 9 "Today Tonight", O & B Holdings Pty. Ltd., (1982)

External linksEdit