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Introduction

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Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government. The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

Coat of Arms of Canada (1957).jpg More about...Canada, its history and culture

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Canadians (French: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Read more...

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A photograph of a woman wearing a grey hat, a yellow-and-white striped shirt, and blue jeans playing a guitar and singing into a microphone
Kellie Loder at one of two free coffeehouses in Newfoundland in December 2012

Kellie Loder (born 1988) is an independent singer-songwriter from Newfoundland who plays drums, guitar and piano. She has released two Contemporary Christian albums: The Way in 2009 and Imperfections & Directions in 2010. With a voice that St. John's-based newspaper The Telegram has described as "powerful yet serene and soulful", she has won critical recognition at the annual MusicNL awards in Newfoundland, as well as the Juno Awards, Canada's top music prizes. Read more...

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men's lacrosse player running with the ball

Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball. Players use the head of the lacrosse stick to carry, pass, catch, and shoot the ball into the goal. Read more...

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The history of Canadian women covers half the population, but until recent years only comprised a tiny fraction of the historiography. The history of women in Canada is influenced by many events, notably major events of the 20th century such as the Persons Case, brought by five women - The Famous Five - in 1927 and decided in 1929. Read more...

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Current events

October 21, 2019 – 2019 Canadian federal election
Voters in Canada go to the polls to elect members of the 43rd Canadian Parliament. Polls show Justin Trudeau's Liberals and Andrew Scheer's Conservatives deadlocked with equal numbers of support after a divisive campaign. (CBC News) (CTV News) (HuffPost)
September 27, 2019 – September 2019 climate strikes, Individual and political action on climate change
An estimated two million people across the world participate in strikes to encourage action on climate change, with a total of 6 million during the week, including up to 500,000 protesters in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. (The Guardian) (CBC)


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Vancouver, British Columbia, viewed from the south with mountains behind. Blended exposure version. 20 stitched images.
Panoramic view of Vancouver
Credit: Mfield (Matthew Field)

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